WBEZ | latino http://www.wbez.org/tags/latino Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en I'm white in Barcelona but in Los Angeles I'm Hispanic? http://www.wbez.org/programs/world/2015-10-28/im-white-barcelona-los-angeles-im-hispanic-113546 <p><header><figure><div id="file-92880"><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/story_main/public/story/images/shopping_CROP.jpg?itok=L_CIxlgi" style="height: 349px; width: 620px;" title="(Jonathan Alcorn/Reuters)" typeof="foaf:Image" /><div><p>&nbsp;</p></div></div></figure></header><div><article about="/stories/2015-10-28/im-white-barcelona-los-angeles-im-hispanic" typeof="sioc:Item foaf:Document"><p><em>&quot;You&#39;re not white, where are you from?&quot;</em></p><p>This is how I was greeted a few months ago by a young Black man I interviewed in Los Angeles for a story I was working on.</p><p>Having lived in the United States for more than six years, the question did not surprise me, as it was not the first time I had to answer it.</p><p>I was born and raised in Barcelona, in northeast Spain, and although I had never given much thought to this matter, I always thought I was white. With dark Mediterranean features, but white.</p><p>How else could I define myself if someone asked me about my race?</p><p>In 2009, I moved to Miami&nbsp;and soon I became aware of the deep racial divide that still exists in this country. In America, the definition of what being white means is much more limited than in Spain.</p><p>Genetically speaking, we Spaniards are a mix of the different civilizations that have settled in the Iberian Peninsula throughout the centuries: the Visigoths from northern Europe, the Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans from the&nbsp;Mediterranean region and the Moors from northern Africa.</p><p>That&#39;s&nbsp;why in the same family you can have someone with blond hair and blue eyes and someone with darker features.</p><p>In Spain we have had cases of racism in football stadiums and other instances, but race is not something we talk about. Unlike in other countries, in official documents you are never asked to choose your racial background.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe align="middle" allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="315" scrolling="no" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/ocxUDGl4dNE?rel=0" width="540"></iframe></p><p style="text-align: justify;">When I moved to the U.S. in 2009, because I am from Spain I was labeled Hispanic or Latino, a category that has been used by the U.S. government from the 1970s to define the people from Spanish-speaking countries. Without debating the accuracy of those words, there is agreement that Latino refers to a common language and cultural heritage.</p><p style="text-align: justify;">Nevertheless, many in the U.S. mistakenly believe that Latino it is also a racial category.This became evident to me when in 2013 I moved to California to work as a correspondent for BBC Mundo. Chatting with my new colleagues in the office &mdash; most of whom are British, Australians and Americans of Anglo-Saxon descent &mdash; I realized that they made a distinction between them, the whites, and we, the Latinos or &quot;browns.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Brown&quot; is the word used in the U.S. to describe the race of those who are neither white nor black.</p><p>In California, I have had similar experiences with some interviewees and with some of my American friends, who talk about &quot;white people&quot; as a group to which I do not belong.</p><p>Last time I visited my family in Spain, I told my mother that in California they do not consider me white.</p><p>&quot;What do they think your are then?&quot; she asked me.</p><p>&quot;Latino,&quot; I said.</p><p>&quot;Latino? But you are not from Latin America. You are from Europe. This Americans are crazy,&quot; she told me.</p><p>Since coming here, I&#39;ve asked myself this question many times: <em><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T847sn72od4" target="_blank">Why is it so difficult for some in this country&nbsp;to understand that Hispanics are a multiracial community</a>, and that there are also white Hispanics, as well as black Hispanics or Asian Hispanics?</em></p><p>The truth is that many Americans of Anglo-Saxon descent do not consider white anyone coming from Latin America or Spain, unless they have blue eyes and blond hair, and sometimes not even those &mdash; if they speak Spanish.</p><p>To make sure that what I&#39;m telling you is true, a few months ago I did an experiment with one of my English colleagues from the BBC in Los Angeles.</p><p>&quot;If you had to fill out the census form for me, which racial category would you choose?&quot; I asked him.</p><p>He looked at me and said: &quot;Well, you&#39;re not white nor black ... Hispanic maybe?&quot; he said.</p><p>I told him that &quot;Hispanic&quot; is not a race but an ethnic category and a little bit confused he replied: &quot;You&#39;re right, so I do not know.&quot;</p><p>I got a similar reply from a colleague who is of Mexican descent, who after staring at my face for a few seconds trying to find the answer to my question in my facial features, chose &quot;Hispanic&quot; as my race.</p><p>I believe that my confusion about which race I belong to is shared by many Hispanics living in the U.S.</p><p>In the 2010&nbsp;census, 53 percent of Hispanics identified themselves as whites.</p><p>A curious fact of that survey is that between 2000 and 2010, 2.5 million Latinos &mdash; of a total population of over 50 million &mdash; changed their race, becoming white.</p><p>U.S. media interpreted those figures as a sign that Hispanics aspire to join the white majority, as Italians and Irish people did a century ago, when they were not universally considered white because of their Catholic background.</p><p>In my case, I interpret those statistics as an example of the privileges that whites have enjoyed in the U.S. since the country was founded, and the discrimination that still affects racial minorities who aspire to change race, if only on paper.</p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/8750313731_e31de388c2_z.jpg" style="height: 344px; width: 620px;" title="(flickr/George A. Spiva Center for the Arts)" /></div><p>Does it matter that in the U.S. you are not considered white?</p><p>I would like to think not, but the reality tells a very different story.</p><p>For me, living in this country has taught me the many nuances that still exist when it comes to talking about race, a concept in itself controversial, considered outdated by many, but that here is as valid as ever.</p></article></div><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-10-28/im-white-barcelona-los-angeles-im-hispanic" target="_blank"><em> via PRI&#39;s The World</em></a></p></p> Wed, 28 Oct 2015 16:29:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/world/2015-10-28/im-white-barcelona-los-angeles-im-hispanic-113546 The future of the United States immigrant population in one graphic http://www.wbez.org/news/future-united-states-immigrant-population-one-graphic-113090 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Jihye Jang of Korea participates in a naturalization ceremony at the Chicago Cultural Center on July 3, 2013 in Chicago, Illinois..jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res444210514" previewtitle="Jihye Jang of Korea participates in a naturalization ceremony at the Chicago Cultural Center on July 3, 2013 in Chicago, Illinois."><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Jihye Jang of Korea participates in a naturalization ceremony at the Chicago Cultural Center on July 3, 2013 in Chicago, Illinois." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/09/28/gettyimages-172583116_custom-20c4a6d32137827e471c70182cd070ac356d1982-s700-c85.jpg" style="height: 399px; width: 600px;" title="Jihye Jang of Korea participates in a naturalization ceremony at the Chicago Cultural Center on July 3, 2013 in Chicago, Illinois. (Scott Olson/Getty Images)" /></div><div><p>Here&#39;s something you probably knew: Asians have become the fastest growing minority in this country.</p></div></div><p>Today, the Pew Research Center released&nbsp;<a href="http://www.pewhispanic.org/2015/09/28/modern-immigration-wave-brings-59-million-to-u-s-driving-population-growth-and-change-through-2065/">new analysis</a>&nbsp;that shows that by 2055, Asians will pass Latinos as the largest immigrant group in the country.</p><p>Here&#39;s a graphic that shows past, present and projected future pivots in the country&#39;s immigrant population:</p><p data-pym-src="http://apps.npr.org/dailygraphics/graphics/immigrant-groups-20150928/child.html">&nbsp;</p><div id="res444193456"><div id="responsive-embed-immigrant-groups-20150928">Of course these numbers will translate into a country that looks very different from what it looks like now. Here&#39;s a paragraph from the Pew report that summarizes the effect on the overall population:</div></div><blockquote><div><p><em>&quot;Non-Hispanic whites are projected to become less than half of the U.S. population by 2055 and 46% by 2065. No racial or ethnic group will constitute a majority of the U.S. population. Meanwhile, Hispanics will see their population share rise to 24% by 2065 from 18% today, while Asians will see their share rise to 14% by 2065 from 6% today.&quot;</em></p></div></blockquote><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/09/28/444193182/the-future-of-the-united-states-immigrant-population-in-one-graphic?ft=nprml&amp;f=444193182" target="_blank"><em>via NPR&#39;s The Two-Way</em></a></p></p> Mon, 28 Sep 2015 13:43:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/future-united-states-immigrant-population-one-graphic-113090 Latino Chicago parishioners hold high hopes for Pope's visit http://www.wbez.org/news/latino-chicago-parishioners-hold-high-hopes-popes-visit-113021 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/rosary.jpg" alt="" /><p><div><strong>LINDA WERTHEIMER, HOST</strong>:</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Washington is normally pretty blase about visiting leaders, but the pope&#39;s visit this coming week appears to be different. People are coming to town. Hotels are already filling up. Traffic is already jammed. Father Manuel Dorantes says the pope&#39;s visit will have special meaning for his parish, the Church of the Immaculate Conception on 44th in southwest Chicago. The Mexican-born priest told me most of his parishioners are, like Francis, from Latin America. Most of them are undocumented. Many are poor. I asked him what the people in his pews are hoping to hear from Francis.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>MANUEL DORANTES:</strong> I think what my community hopes to hear is a message of embrace, an embrace of their reality, specifically the issue of immigration, the issue of violence that is affecting our city, the issue of families being segregated because of the immigration issue and racism, to be honest with you. It&#39;s a constant battle for my community.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>WERTHEIMER</strong>:<strong> </strong>You said families are segregated - separated, you mean? Like some of them are back home in whatever country they left?</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>DORANTES</strong>: Yes, on one end, it&#39;s people who have left their home countries and the family members that are still back home. And also, people who have been separated through our deportation system.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>WERTHEIMER</strong>: The Holy Father will preside at a mass of canonization when he&#39;s in Washington for Father Junipero Serra. Do you think your parishioners will take notice of that? Will they care about it?</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>DORANTES</strong>: Definitely. To them, it&#39;s a point of pride in recognizing that this man, who is now going to be recognized as a saint of the church, was a missionary, and he went out of his own experience in Spain to come to the new world. And it&#39;s very much a similar type of experience for them. That&#39;s the experience of many of my parishioners - coming from their own country, leaving their country behind and coming into a new reality.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>And so the fact that he is becoming a saint, the fact that the Pope is canonizing him and the very fact that Junipero Serra, the very first time that he brought the gospel to the United States - at least to the Southwest part of the United States - he did it in Spanish, in the language of my community. It&#39;s an immense point of pride and joy in knowing that one of our own will become a saint in this nation.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>WERTHEIMER</strong>: The first American-Hispanic saint.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>DORANTES</strong>: Yeah.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>WERTHEIMER</strong>: But it&#39;s also true that there are some native communities that are concerned because they think that a lot of people died - a lot of native-born people died when the Europeans came to the United States. Is that concerning?</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>DORANTES</strong>: You know, from our experiences, these Latino immigrants - did this constantly, right, going back to the colonization. You know, it&#39;s literally the Franciscans were baptizing - my forefathers, my foremothers were baptizing them. And soldiers were basically pointing swords towards them. That&#39;s part in parcel of the way we have received the faith.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Now, it&#39;s important to recognize that one thing that often happens is that we begin to see a reality of the 16th century with eyes and with the knowledge that we have in 2015. On the other hand, though, there are things that are defensible, and there are things that are not defensible. And the mistreatment of a human being is not acceptable. And the church claims in her teaching that a saint is not perfect. And often, I think, that&#39;s when we get into the struggle. We assume that because the person is being canonized that they were doing everything right. That&#39;s not what the church really understands.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>WERTHEIMER</strong>: Are you excited about the fact that Pope Francis is going to be traveling around the United States, meeting with all sorts of people, Catholics and others as well?</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>DORANTES</strong>: I am. I think our young people and my community is looking for him to build bridges. Not just to come and just reaffirm Catholics or to confirm Latino Catholics and their faith. To bring people who are maybe very different, who may think differently, who may have different ideologies, different political agendas, and to provide an encounter between them. Our country is completely divided, where we have proponents who claim that what we need is walls - walls of separation. And you can, you know, apply this to either the economy or to social issues.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>And so at a point where our country is so divided, I hope and I&#39;m so excited - I really can&#39;t wait to hear, you know, many of his speeches. But the one of, really, a lot of significance, for me at least through symbolism, is going to be when he makes that address at Independence Mall, where he&#39;ll be using the podium that President Lincoln used to deliver the Gettysburg Address. And I feel that we&#39;re in a different time today, but yet the situation is very similar to what President Lincoln had to deal with back in his day - a country that was divided.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>And through that speech, at least historians claim that, that speech really turned things, turned the wave, you know, for the North and the South to be united again and for brothers to recognize that they were killing their own brothers. The pope is going to be using the same podium. And my hope is that as we are so divided politically, ethnically, racially - you name it, the division exists and it&#39;s very tangible - that he will be able to build bridges among us. And that&#39;s why I&#39;m so excited.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>WERTHEIMER</strong>: Father Manuel Dorantes, he&#39;s the pastor of Immaculate Conception parish in Chicago. Thank you very much.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>DORANTES</strong>: Thank you.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/2015/09/20/441936817/latino-chicago-parishioners-hold-high-hopes-for-the-popes-visit" target="_blank"><em>via NPR</em></a></div></p> Tue, 22 Sep 2015 10:11:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/latino-chicago-parishioners-hold-high-hopes-popes-visit-113021 Why so few white kids land in CPS — and why it matters http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/why-so-few-white-kids-land-cps-%E2%80%94-and-why-it-matters-111094 <p><p>Legal segregation may be over in Chicago, but <a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/race-out-loud/segregated-education-k-12-100456" target="_blank">racial isolation is well documented</a> in Chicago Public Schools.&nbsp;</p><p>CPS can <a href="http://www.cps.edu/Pages/MagnetSchoolsConsentDecree.aspx" target="_blank">no longer use race</a> as an admittance factor and more and more students are <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/education/more-chicago-kids-say-no-their-neighborhood-grammar-school-110604" target="_blank">eschewing their neighborhood schools</a> for other options. Education watchers argue there&rsquo;s a two-tier system in the district, and that <a href="http://www.wbez.org/eight-forty-eight/2012-04-25/chicagos-middle-class-not-interested-hidden-gem-high-schools-98519" target="_blank">attracting middle-class families</a> is a Sisyphean task.</p><p>Our segregated school system compelled the following Curious City question from a woman who wanted to remain anonymous:</p><p dir="ltr" style="text-align: center;"><em>What percentage of white Chicago school age children attend public school?</em></p><p>Well, the short answer is 51 percent... according to the Census.</p><p>So roughly half of all white children who <em>could </em>go to CPS do, while the other half gets their education somewhere else. By comparison, the number of African-American school-age children who attend CPS is higher than 80 percent.&nbsp;</p><p>Part of this can be explained by a huge gap in the total number of eligible students based on race. More on that later, but first, let&rsquo;s take a closer look at how white parents decide where to send their kids to school.</p><p><span style="font-size:22px;">Where should our kids go to school?</span></p><p>Of course, choosing where to enroll your child in school is an intense and private family decision. Some parents want their children to get a religious education, others want better resources, and sometimes where to go to school is simply a matter of logistics.</p><p>Alice DuBose lives in Andersonville and says she never had a problem with the neighborhood public school. But she did have a problem with its location relative to her job.</p><p>When her children were in elementary school, DuBose worked at the University of Chicago. She enrolled her three children in the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools on campus.</p><p>&ldquo;I could drop the kids off in the morning and go on to work and it was really great when I was working here because then I could just go over and see my daughters, participate in classroom activities to it was absolutely fantastic in that way,&quot; DuBose said.&nbsp;&quot;It was more convenient. If we had gone to a neighborhood school, I could&rsquo;ve never participated in classroom activities.&quot;</p><p>It also didn&rsquo;t hurt that Laboratory is a well-regarded private school with lots of resources. Mayor Rahm Emanuel&rsquo;s children go there.</p><p>&ldquo;Lab&rsquo;s terrific,&rdquo; DuBose continued. &ldquo;Great teaching, smaller classrooms. All the things that we all want for our children.&rdquo;</p><p>DuBose&rsquo;s daughters attended there until 8th grade and then went on to attend Whitney Young &ndash; a CPS selective enrollment school. Now DuBose hopes her son follows in their footsteps.</p><p>The reality is many middle-class parents, including those not initially in CPS, jockey to get their children in selective public high schools like Whitney Young.</p><p><span style="font-size:22px;">&lsquo;Support Neighborhood Public Schools&rsquo;</span></p><p>Not far from Lab in Hyde Park, is a white family who was committed to CPS from the very beginning.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/joy%20clendenning%20michael%20scott%20hyde%20park.jpg" title="Joy Clendenning, left, and Michael Scott, right, live in Chicago's Hyde Park neighborhood. All four of their children have enrolled or graduated from a Chicago public school. (WBEZ/Natalie Moore)" /></div><p>Joy Clendenning and Michael Scott live in Hyde Park. They didn&rsquo;t choose the neighborhood because of the schools. Scott grew up there and has strong family ties and Clendenning loves the quirky intellectualism of the area. The couple say they believe in public education and always knew their children would attend CPS. A sign in their window says &lsquo;Support Neighborhood Public Schools.&rsquo;</p><p>All four of their children attended Ray Elementary through sixth grade. The oldest went to Kenwood Academy&rsquo;s 7th and 8th grade academic center and stayed for high school. He&rsquo;s now a freshman at Occidental College. The second oldest is a sophomore at Whitney Young and started in its academic center. Their twins are currently in 8th grade at Kenwood. &nbsp;</p><p>Ray is a neighborhood school that also accepts students outside its attendance boundary through a lottery. 20 percent of its students are white and 55 percent black. Kenwood is the neighborhood high school and is 86 percent black. Their son was one of only a couple of white students in his graduating class.</p><p>&ldquo;Kenwood was a very good place for Sam and we never thought &#39;this was too black,&#39;&rdquo; Scott said.</p><p>Clendenning says they&#39;re concerned about how many schools and neighborhoods are segregated.</p><p>&quot;And we definitely think it&rsquo;s a problem that people in our neighborhood don&rsquo;t give the public schools a serious try,&quot; she added.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/yearbookphoto1.png" title="Sam Clendenning was one of only a handful of white students in his graduating class at Kenwood Academy. (Photo courtesy of Joy Clendenning) " /></div><p>Our Curious City question asker &ndash; who again wants to remain anonymous &ndash; raised a similar point in a follow-up email:</p><blockquote><p><em>I asked this question because I&#39;ve noticed in my small sampling of visiting public schools, other than a few of the magnet schools, it seems that we have a segregated school system along race lines.</em></p></blockquote><p><span style="font-size:22px;">Few school-age white children in the city</span></p><p>We know Chicago is almost equal parts black, Latino and white, but that&rsquo;s not the case when it comes to the city&rsquo;s youth. So while roughly a third of Chicago&rsquo;s total population is white, most of those numbers skew older. That means there aren&rsquo;t that many white school-age children to begin with.</p><p>Of the some 400,000 students enrolled in CPS K-12, 180,274 are Hispanic, 163,595 are black and just 33,659 are white. Even if all 65,259 eligible white students in the city went to CPS, they&rsquo;d still be far outnumbered by students who are black and brown.</p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/school%20age%20eligibility1.png" title="Data measures K-12 enrollment. Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, Chicago Public Schools " /></div><p>Why does any of this matter?</p><p>&ldquo;Honestly, when you look at the data, it&rsquo;s very disturbing,&rdquo; Elaine Allensworth told WBEZ. Allensworth is the director of the Consortium on Chicago School Research at the University of Chicago.</p><p>&ldquo;Because I do think we think of ourselves as a multi-ethnic city, a city of racial diversity. But then when you look at the numbers and you see how many schools are one-race schools and how segregated schools are based on race, I don&rsquo;t think that&rsquo;s where we want to be as a society,&quot; she said.</p><p>Segregation is made worse by the low number of white students overall.</p><p>&ldquo;We have a lot of neighborhoods in the city that are 90 percent or more African American or less than 10 percent African American. In fact, the vast majority of the city has that degree of racial segregation,&rdquo; Allensworth said.</p><p>In other words, if we don&rsquo;t live together, we don&rsquo;t tend to learn together.</p><p><a href="http://schools.wbez.org/chicagoschools" target="_blank"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/SchoolsPromo1_0_0.jpg" style="float: left;" title="Click to launch 2010 map. " /></a><span style="font-size:22px;">Segregated neighborhoods, segregated schools</span></p><p>Take Mt. Greenwood, for example, on the Southwest Side. 82 percent of the student body is white &ndash;&nbsp;the highest percentage in all of CPS. And that makes sense. Mt. Greenwood, the neighborhood, is a majority white community.</p><p>The same holds true for many majority black communities.</p><p>As a result, the schools that serve the neighborhoods are also highly segregated based on race,&rdquo; Allensworth continued. &ldquo;So we have many many schools in the district that are close to 100 percent African American.&rdquo;</p><p><a href="http://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Finteractive.wbez.org%2Fschools%2Fthe-big-sort.html&amp;sa=D&amp;sntz=1&amp;usg=AFQjCNEk2nK5oAwUsugvrZs7E0f7b8ZPzQ" target="_blank">Those poor-performing schools are typically in poor, black communities</a>&nbsp;that are suffering from substantial unemployment and lack of resources.</p><p>&ldquo;When we look at which schools are struggling the most, they are in the absolutely poorest neighborhoods in the city. &nbsp;We&rsquo;re talking about economic segregation,&rdquo; Allensworth said.&ldquo;There are other schools in affluent African-American communities that do not face the same kind of problems.&rdquo;</p><p>Segregated schools have always been an issue in Chicago, but it <em>looked </em>different back in the day.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/1964%20to%202013%20draft3.png" title="Sources: Chicago Public Schools Racial Ethnic Surveys and Stats and Facts" /></div></div><p>In the 1960s, CPS&rsquo;s student body was roughly 50 percent white and 50 percent black. Over time white students in the district steadily disappeared. Many neighborhoods transitioned from white to black. Depopulation also played a role.</p><p><span style="text-align: center;">In 1975, whites made up about 25 percent of the student body. By 2013 only 9 percent of CPS students were white.</span></p><p>WBEZ asked CPS officials to weigh in on these numbers. They failed to address the segregation issue and emailed some boilerplate language about &ldquo;serving a diverse population.&rdquo;</p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/CPS 2013 pie chart3.png" style="height: 361px; width: 300px; float: right;" title="Source: Chicago Public Schools Race/Ethnic Report School Year 2013-2014" /><span style="font-size:22px;">Where are the white students in CPS?</span></p><p>Again, we know half of white school-age children in Chicago attend CPS. But the question of where they go in CPS is also something that piqued the curiosity of our question asker.</p><p>She wondered if they are disproportionately attending magnet and other selective enrollment schools.</p><p>The answer appears to be, yes.</p><p>Overall, 9 percent of the CPS student population is white. But it&rsquo;s more than double that at magnet, gifted and classical elementary schools. And in the eight selective enrollment high schools &ndash; like Whitney Young &ndash; nearly a quarter of students are white.</p><p>&ldquo;It&rsquo;s a very small number of students though because those schools don&rsquo;t serve a large number of students,&rdquo; according to Elaine Allensworth. &ldquo;We really haven&rsquo;t seen that much of a shift in terms of attracting more white students [overall].&rdquo;</p><p>Although our question asker focused on white students, there&rsquo;s another racial shift worth mentioning.</p><p>Beyond black and white, the real story of CPS today may be that it&rsquo;s becoming more Latino.&nbsp;</p><p><em><a href="http://www.wbez.org/users/nmoore-0" rel="author" target="_blank">Natalie Moore</a> is WBEZ&rsquo;s South Side Bureau reporter. Follow Natalie on <a href="https://plus.google.com//104033432051539426343" rel="me" target="_blank">Google+</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://twitter.com/natalieymoore" target="_blank">Twitter</a>.</em></p><p><em style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 22px;">Correction: An earlier version of this story misstated the requirements for attending Ray Elementary. It is a neighborhood school that accepts students outside its attendance boundaries through a lottery, not testing.</em></p></p> Wed, 12 Nov 2014 15:56:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/why-so-few-white-kids-land-cps-%E2%80%94-and-why-it-matters-111094 Protesters want Obama to end mass deportations http://www.wbez.org/news/protesters-want-obama-end-mass-deportations-109982 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/protest1.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>More than 200 people, including groups of children, are staging a two-day march drawing attention to mass deportations of undocumented immigrants. The protesters want the Obama administration to end the practice by executive order.</p><p>The march, which began this morning at the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement office in downtown Chicago before heading west. It is an extension of this past weekend&rsquo;s National Day of Action against deportations.</p><p>As of this month, around 2 million undocumented people have been deported since Barack Obama took office, which is approaching the record set by his predecessor, George W. Bush.</p><p>Immigration reform advocates have shifted their focus recently&nbsp; to putting an emphasis on the number of mass deportations. Previously their priority was pushing for immigration reform legislation. An immigration bill passed the U.S. Senate early last year but has stalled in the House since June).</p><p>&ldquo;Two million (is) too many,&rdquo; says Rosi Carrasco, with Organized Communities Against Deportations. &ldquo;It is possible to stop deportations with the organization, determination, and strength of our community. President Obama can use his executive authority to avoid that detention centers continue to profit from human suffering.&rdquo;</p><p>The Chicago-area protests will continue into tomorrow. Lawrence Benito is executive director of the Illinois Commission for Immigrant and Refugee Rights, and he says the focus on mass deportations highlights the continued frustration he has with Obama -- who he said pledged to pursue immigration reform as an agenda item he would tackle during his second term.</p><p>&ldquo;He promised our communities that passing immigration reform would be a priority,&rdquo; says Benito. &ldquo;Instead he has prioritized enforcement. He can remedy the situation while Congress debates immigration reform, through administrative relief.&rdquo;</p><p>Advocates want the president to take the same approach he did in 2012 when he ended the deportation for so-called &ldquo;Dreamers,&rdquo; young people who were brought into the country with undocumented relatives.&nbsp;</p><p>Marchers began their demonstration at ICE shortly after 10 a.m today. Their route wends through the city, including a stop in the heavily Latino South Side community of Pilsen, before decamping tonight in the western suburbs.</p><p>Tuesday&rsquo;s events are scheduled to start at the Broadview Detention Center. That is where more people are scheduled to take part in civil disobedience protests.</p><p><em>Follow WBEZ Host/Producer Yolanda Perdomo on <a href="https://twitter.com/yolandanews">Twitter</a> and <a href="https://plus.google.com/u/0/106564114685277342468/posts/p/pub">Google+</a></em></p></p> Mon, 07 Apr 2014 12:55:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/protesters-want-obama-end-mass-deportations-109982 Some Illinois lawmakers angry with U.S Sen. Kirk over immigration http://www.wbez.org/news/some-illinois-lawmakers-angry-us-sen-kirk-over-immigration-107685 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/immigration_130613_kk.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Local lawmakers are calling out Illinois U.S. Senator Mark Kirk for voting not to debate immigration reform at a federal level.</p><p>State representatives, senators, Chicago aldermen and community leaders met at Benito Juarez High School in Pilsen where Illinois lawmakers signed the Dream Act two years ago.</p><p>Cook County Commissioner Jesus Garcia said he is shocked and dismayed at how Kirk is representing Illinois when it comes to immigration.</p><p>&ldquo;This is about leadership. It&rsquo;s about the future of the country. It&rsquo;s about what is in Illinois&rsquo; best interest,&rdquo; he said. &ldquo;Sen. Kirk is out of touch with what is going on in Illinois and in the country.&rdquo;</p><p>Kirk has said he wants to see a bipartisan strategy to strengthen border security before moving forward for immigration overhaul.</p><p>Ald. Rey Colon (35th) said his drive to Benito Juarez from the Humboldt Park neighborhood was evidence of Latinos&rsquo; positive effect on a community.</p><p>&ldquo;I couldn&rsquo;t help but notice the number of businesses that are immigrants - businesses that are fueling our economy,&rdquo; Colon said.</p><p>&ldquo;These are Sen. Kirk&rsquo;s constituents. The children in this school are Sen. Kirk&rsquo;s constituents, and all these people are crying out for reform,&rdquo; he said.</p><p>U.S. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.) says he wants a final vote on the bill by July 4.</p><p><em>Katie Kather is an arts &amp; culture reporting intern at WBEZ. Follow her <a href="http://twitter.com/ktkather" target="_blank">@ktkather</a>.&nbsp;</em></p></p> Thu, 13 Jun 2013 16:13:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/some-illinois-lawmakers-angry-us-sen-kirk-over-immigration-107685 Illinois Appellate Court welcomes first elected Latino Justice http://www.wbez.org/news/illinois-appellate-court-welcomes-first-elected-latino-justice-104175 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Justice Reyes.JPG" alt="" /><p><p><span id="internal-source-marker_0.26012183292489943">The Illinois Appellate Court welcomed its first ever Latino elected to the bench this week.</span><br /><br />Jesse Reyes won a seat to the Illinois Appellate Court last March after serving more than a decade as a Cook County Circuit Court Judge. He was sworn in Monday afternoon in Chicago.<br /><br />&ldquo;I&rsquo;m so proud of the opportunity that I have been given by the voters to serve as Justice of the Illinois Appellate Court,&rdquo; Reyes said. &ldquo;And I&rsquo;m going to work my hardest to make all of them proud of me.&rdquo;<br /><br />In 2008, Reyes served as the first Latino president of the Illinois Judges Association and became the first Latino to win a county-wide judicial election in Cook County.<br /><br />Federico Rodriguez heads the Hispanic Lawyers Association of Illinois. Rodriguez said Latinos represent 5 percent of the estimated 400 judges in Cook County.<br /><br />Rodriguez said even with Reyes&rsquo; election, the number of judges isn&rsquo;t reflective of the county&rsquo;s 24 percent Latino population.<br /><br />&ldquo;Jesse Reyes election is significant because we can see that a name like Reyes is electable where it wouldn&rsquo;t have been so before,&rdquo; Rodriguez said. &ldquo;So, it&rsquo;s a good thing, from our perspective. There&rsquo;s still a lot more work needs to be done.&rdquo;<br /><br />Reyes is proud of breaking these barriers, but said race shouldn&rsquo;t be the only focus.<br /><br />&ldquo;I was elected on my record, I was elected on my 14 years as a trial court judge with a diverse experience,&rdquo; Reyes said.<br /><br />Reyes said he hopes community outreach will inspire young people to pursue a career in the justice system.<br /><br />&ldquo;I&rsquo;m going to make sure that we bring together the Illinois Appellate court and the community,&rdquo; he said. &ldquo;Not only the Hispanic community, but all minority communities together.&rdquo;</p></p> Tue, 04 Dec 2012 10:16:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/illinois-appellate-court-welcomes-first-elected-latino-justice-104175 Out of the Shadows: Trading the couch for the curandero http://www.wbez.org/story/out-shadows-trading-couch-curandero-93347 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//story/photo/2011-October/2011-10-20/Latino candles flickr peppergrass.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><em>According to the latest Youth Risk Behavior Survey from the <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/" target="_blank">Centers for Disease Control and Prevention</a>, over 15 percent of Latino youth in the United States have considered attempting suicide. By comparison, rates for black and white youth were 13 percent. Experts say cultural stigmas, as well as a lack of education, can lead many families to reject mainstream treatment for mental health issues. Instead, some look to traditional treatments from their homeland. WBEZ’s Aurora Aguilar shared the story for <a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/out-shadows" target="_blank">Out of the Shadows</a>.</em><br> &nbsp;<br> For the past 25 years, Jerry Flores and his family owned and operated La Botanica Emanuel in Little Village. The small corner shop sells religious candles and books on homeopathic medicine. And on any given day, you could find a line of customers waiting for the services offered here.</p><p>“Card readings, spiritual cleansings, what we call ‘somabadas.’ Someone threw out their arm, their knees,” recounted Jerry Flores.<br> <br> Flores and his family are curanderos, or “spiritualists who cure.” Their talents for healing are passed on generation to generation. Many Mexicans believe folk healing can fix everything from a broken heart to a broken psyche.<br> <br> “Basically we try to help the people, we always put God first. Like the saying goes, we are here to help people spiritually as well as physically. Our number one recommendation is prayer,” Flores explained.<br> <br> People come to La Botanica Emanuel asking for advice on important matters or sometimes, to get a spiritual tune-up. Others have bigger issues.<br> <br> “People come with their kids. It’s because their kids are aggressive and they don’t know how to control them. They hear noises or feel someone with them, behind them. Some kids come with bruises and marks and they think they were dreaming but it’s happening. You know, there are good spirits and bad spirits. So, we recommend what to do.” a Spanish-speaking Leti Flores, Jerry’s wife, explained.<br> <br> Leti often recommends is a <em>limpia,</em> or a spiritual cleansing. Flores lit a musky incense and prayed to the saints, asking for the customer's safety, health and luck. She showered the customer with sweet-scented oil infused with natural herbs. The prayer part and the curandero motioning, like they are pulling out bad spirits from the body, mimic the healing practices that take place in some Christian churches. The curandero’s rituals, however, are very private. A parent whose child was participating in a limpia refused to be interviewed for this story. But she swore it lifted her child’s aggression, symptoms that some experts might flag as a mood disorder.<br> <br> Michael Kelly, a professor of social work at Loyola University in Chicago, was working as a social worker in Addison, Illinois in the 1990’s. He laughed and said that most ethnic groups in this country don’t want what they offer. The Chicago suburb was well populated by Latinos, many of them poor. He often found it difficult to connect with them, but not just because he's a white guy from Oak Park.<br> <br> “I couldn’t use traditional psychological language to engage them. It wasn’t interesting. They even sometimes thought it was a barrier because they weren’t sure what I was going to do to them. I had to learn a cultural frame, but I had to learn a lot of both the cultural frame but also this spiritual piece, traditions and dynamics,” said Kelly.<br> <br> As a public employee, he said se couldn’t ask about religious or spiritual beliefs when he was a counselor. But he found that Latinos often brought up the topic themselves.<br> <br> “They would casually say before they were taking a trip or making a big decision, ‘We’re going to see a curandero,’ and I would say, a ‘Cura-what?’” Kelly remembered.<br> <br> One of the children he worked with was Jose, who heard voices telling him to hurt people. He had taken a knife to his sister, which in the medical-model world, Kelly said, met criteria for psychotic symptoms.<br> &nbsp;<br> Kelly himself found that Jose met the criteria for schizophrenia, and advised the mother to hospitalize him. She politely refused and said she would instead take him to a curandera. The mother believed some devil had taken over Jose.<br> <br> “They often speak to people who are possessed or supernatural,” Kelly said.<br> <br> Kelly asked if he could meet with the curandera and when he did, he brokered a deal.&nbsp; He asked the curandera to counsel the mother but convince her to get him psychologically evaluated. The curandera obliged and so did the mother. Jose eventually was placed on medication—and Kelly found a way in.<br> <br> “We were walking on eggshells talking to these parents and here they go to this curandero, they get more information and they end up telling them to do a lot of things,” Kelly explained.<br> <br> More importantly, the curandera spoke to Jose’s mom about her son’s behavior in a way she could relate to. Many Mexican immigrants know little about mental illness or refuse to admit that it’s an ailment. Lack of Spanish-language information on the topic and universal stigma against mental illness don’t help matters. The curandera talked to the mom about “nervios,” meaning anxiety or unease like the less severe symptoms of mental illness.<br> <br> “There are kind of third-rail words to not use, often the words that white, Anglo medical professional want to use like ‘depression,’ like ‘anxiety;’ or big ticket ones like, ‘Bipolar,’ ‘PTSD.’ Those are not terms they want to apply. They are pejorative.&nbsp; If I could talk to a mother about her daughter having ‘nervios,’ I could get some movement to get her to do a screen, if there was someone culturally competent. Cause sometimes you can get someone to the water but you can’t get them to drink,” Kelly explained.<br> <br> Irma Hernandez is the program coordinator of the Hispanic Diagnostic and Family Support Program in Chicago.<br> <br> “Last year we had a year and half wait for a diagnostic. Which was ridiculous, you know? It was embarrassing to tell parents that they had to wait a year and a half to come to our clinic. But the reality is we’re a small program we’re a state funded program and budget cuts don’t allow us to hire any more staff,” Hernandez said.<br> <br> The clinic where she works is one of two that cater specifically to diagnosing Latinos with mental illness in Chicago. In addition to access, Hernandez says another huge barrier is deep-set cultural traditions.<br> <br> “A lot of these families have been living in either very rural towns or places where they don’t have access. They do the herbal sweeps; they sweep the body up and down,” Hernandez explained.<br> <br> She said that mental health professionals need to acknowledge that their patients’ lives depend on open lines of communication.<br> <br> “Our role here is not to criticize back in our country this is what you do, especially when parents are desperate. As long as parents know they are being respected, they don’t have a problem with trying something else,” Hernandez said.<br> <br> Latinos and Native Americans have the highest suicide related fatalities of any young population in the country, according to the Center for Disease Control.</p><p>Experts say that the importance of family and tradition in these cultures underscores the need to find creative ways to engage mentally ill patients in these communities.<br> &nbsp;</p><p><strong>Join the conversation: Ask experts about mental illness in our <a href="http://www.wbez.org/story/live-chat-ask-experts-about-childhood-mental-illness-93156">live chat</a>.</strong></p></p> Fri, 21 Oct 2011 22:31:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/out-shadows-trading-couch-curandero-93347 FMEL shocks Chicagoans into a new world of Latino electronic music http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-23/fmel-shocks-chicagoans-new-world-latino-electronic-music-90922 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2011-August/2011-08-23/Kampion.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>Stephanie Manriquez and Charly Garcia, co-founders of the <a href="http://fmelchicago.org/%20" target="_blank">Latin Electronic Music Festival </a>- called “<a href="http://fmelchicago.org/%20" target="_blank">FMEL</a>” from its initials in Spanish - are taking Chicagoans into the brave new world of electronic music.</p><p>“We want to have new digital contemporary art and music from Latin America, so we created this space,” Manriquez says.</p><p>The digital art at the heart of the Fest starts with music. Local and visiting musicians and composers working within a variety of genres are showcased. These sound artists compose music and use both created and sampled sound to compose pieces that can be very abstract, to those which have more recognizable melodies or rhythms with a Latin influence.</p><p>But all the pieces incorporate technology as an essential instrument: from computers, IPads, video projection, to the manipulation of devices to make sounds.</p><p>Many electronic artists also work with images that accompany their music. This visual component is also very important, as Manriquez describes: “each of our artists or our showcases [they] come with a projection in the back that makes the complement on their sounds, the image moves as the sound goes.”</p><p><a href="http://fmelchicago.org/%20">The Latin Electronic Music Festival</a> is in its fourth year. Since its start, it’s gone from only showcasing 3 projects to 9 this year and moved to other corners of the city - from a central location in Pilsen to venues on the city’s North and South Sides. But one thing has not changed: the fest always includes workshops for youth that teach elements of digital music production. In fact, says Manriquez, the workshops are at the heart of the motivation for the festival.</p><p>“We are trying to bring these concepts to a community that is not aware of the electronic,” Manriquez says. “These new concepts, we are trying to put them in our daily vocabulary.”</p><p>The workshops cover topics such as Internet radio, VJing, and something called circuit bending, which Manriquez describes: "Circuit bending is the manipulation of toys or instruments that are low voltage and only use double AA batteries. We open them up and then we modify their sounds.”</p><p>The workshops take students from the Latino community into the digital world in a way that isn’t threatening; it’s actually inviting. They develop skills in Math, Physics and computers. It’s all a part of circuit-bending, even though it’s not that obvious, as 16-year-old Monica Gonzalez explains, “It’s really fun I’m learning a lot of things…this doesn’t really involve words it involves creativity and thinking of different sounds.”</p><p>At the same time, it teaches young people how to use mistakes, with a touch of hacking, as an artistic tool to create music. Yair Lopez, who is teaching the circuit-bending workshop at Pro Arts in Pilsen, describes how this happens with vinyl records: “There’s scratches and weird noise and the perfect loop. The loop in music is a cycle where you can repeat and repeat and repeat…Tum tum tum tum… that is a loop.¨</p><p>Selling people on the idea error and odd noises as art isn’t always easy. Each year the organizers thought that money woes would mean the Festival might not happen.</p><p>“We are trying to explain that this kind of culture, this kind of movement, it’s needed in our communities, the digital,” explains Manriquez. “It’s hard to explain what we’re trying to do, and it’s relatively new, so it’s hard to have big funds into it.”</p><p>To keep it alive, a varied group of Latino media, businesses and community organizations have stepped up to the plate. The community is beginning to recognize the value of joining the digital era, and the musicians … well, they just love the freedom, says Leonardo Ciccone. “There’s less rules, referees, less, ‘don’t do this, don’t do that."</p><p>Ciccone is a Chicago-based music composer and producer who grew up in Mexico City and has participated in the Festival 3 times. He explains his interest in the fest: “It responds a lot better to new things…like the Jeff Mills quote, he’s the father of Detroit Techno, he says electronic music is exciting because people when people hear something they’ve never heard before they cheer, whereas in rock and roll, people cheer when they hear they song they’ve heard fifty times and that they really like.”</p><p>Fest co-founder Charly Garcia agrees that, “It’s time to create something in the U.S. and create that bridge between Latin America, Chicago and other countries.”</p></p> Tue, 23 Aug 2011 15:03:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-23/fmel-shocks-chicagoans-new-world-latino-electronic-music-90922 Teatro Vista up for New York and Chicago honors http://www.wbez.org/blog/onstagebackstage/2011-04-01/teatro-vista-new-york-and-chicago-honors-84628 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//blog/photo/2011-April/2011-04-01/www.teatrovista.jpg" alt="" /><p><div style="text-align: center; "><img alt="" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-April/2011-04-01/www.teatrovista.jpg" style="width: 600px; height: 83px; " title=""></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><div><p>You just can't get away from&nbsp;<a href="http://www.teatrovista.org/">Teatro Vista</a>&nbsp;these days, the little Off-Loop Latino theater troupe that could. It's not enough that Teatro Vista has a new co-production at the Goodman Theatre right now (the world premiere of Tanya Saracho's "<a href="http://www.goodmantheatre.org/season/Production.aspx?prod=117">El Nogalar</a>," running through April 24), but just today (April 1, but it's no joke) the Off Broadway League in New York announced that four Teatro Vista artists have been nominated for the 2011 Lucille Lortel Award for their work on "<a href="http://www.victorygardens.org/onstage/chad-deity-reviews.php">The Elaborate Entrance of Chad Deity</a>," the Victory Gardens Theater/Teatro Vista hit from 2009 that moved Off-Broadway to the Second Stage Theatre and took the Big Apple by storm. Nominated for Lortel Awards are playwright Kristoffer Diaz, Teatro Vista Ensemble member Desmin Borges (the lead actor in "Chad Deity" both here and in New York) and Teatro Vista Resident Artists Mikhail Fiksel (sound designer) and Jesse Klug&nbsp;(lighting designer). The Lortel Awards will be announced on May 1.</p><p>But there's even more going on for Teatro Vista and Diaz. The company is picking up the Artistic Leadership Award at the May 16 annual gala of the League of Chicago Theatres, and then Teatro Vista will conclude its 20th anniversary season with the world premiere of "<a href="http://teatrovista.com/stage/freedom-ny.html">Freedom, NY</a>" by Jennifer Barclay and starring--who else?--Desmin Borges. The show (also featuring Chicago veteran actor Cheryl Lynn Bruce) will run May 8-June 12 at Theater Wit, 1229 W. Belmont. As for Diaz, he'll see "The Elaborate Entrance of Chad Deity" staged next Jan. 3-Feb. 4 at the prestigious Actor's Theatre of Louisville.</p></div></div></p> Fri, 01 Apr 2011 21:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blog/onstagebackstage/2011-04-01/teatro-vista-new-york-and-chicago-honors-84628