WBEZ | Chinese http://www.wbez.org/tags/chinese Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Why are thousands of Chicago's Chinese buried out in Stickney? http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/why-are-thousands-chicagos-chinese-buried-out-stickney-112017 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/stickneychinesechrinemeng.jpg" title="At Mount Auburn Cemetery in Stickney, visitors can burn gifts for their dead ancestors at this altar created for the purpose. (Monica Eng/WBEZ)" /></div><p>For nearly a century Chicago&rsquo;s Chinese have been making spring pilgrimages to southwest suburban Stickney.</p><p>It&rsquo;s not for the food &mdash; in fact they usually bring their own. And it&rsquo;s not for their culture &mdash; the suburb is historically Bohemian. But there are more than 8,000 other reasons to visit: the graves of their ancestors that reside way in the back of Mount Auburn Memorial Park.</p><p>On a recent early spring morning, Vivian and Kevin Mei were there with three generations of their family. And they were having a picnic on their grandfather&rsquo;s grave.</p><p>&ldquo;We brought a whole roasted pork, some of our granddad&rsquo;s favorite shrimp dumplings, we brought bread, we brought beverages, chicken and duck,&rdquo; Mei said while an uncle took a cleaver to the pig.</p><p>&ldquo;You bring what they liked to eat when they were alive,&rdquo; Kevin added.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p>Sharing foods that ancestors loved is an important part of this annual tradition called Qing Ming. Families are also encouraged to visit on special dates in the fall to make sure dead relatives are well-prepared for the cold days ahead.&nbsp;</p><p>During these times each year, thousands of Chicagoans like the Meis flock to Mount Auburn carrying plastic bags and bakery boxes bulging with pastries, pork buns and meat.&nbsp;</p><p>Long rows of cars snake down the narrow road leading back to the Chinese section where an altar provides a safe place for burning paper money and gifts for the dead.</p><p>&ldquo;My understanding is that you first light the incense to open the path,&rdquo; Grace Fong said, &ldquo;and then you can burn the rest of the gifts.&rdquo;</p><p>Jim Yong was carrying bags heavy with food when he arrived with his wife and small children.&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;Every year, we come out and visit them and feed them, just do the normal thing,&rdquo; he said. &ldquo;And pretty much just bringing the two little ones to show them what the Chinese tradition is about.&rdquo;<br /><br /><span style="font-size:22px;">Why Stickney?</span></p><p>Yong&rsquo;s been trekking to this blue collar suburb since he was a kid, but like a lot of visitors, he was never quite sure why this location was chosen.&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;My understanding when Chinatown started &mdash; and this is from my great- grandparents &mdash; was that they were selling donations,&rdquo; he explained. &ldquo;And each person who donated some money would get a spot here.&rdquo;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p>There are a lot of family stories like that, trying to make sense of why people who lived in the city &mdash; one with plenty of cemeteries &mdash; would make Stickney their final resting place.</p><p>Source after source suggested asking the Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association in Chinatown. After all, this social service agency has been setting up Chinese burials at Mount Auburn for almost 100 years. But the CCBA wasn&rsquo;t all that helpful. In fact, they said they couldn&rsquo;t find any original documents related to those early years.</p><p>Still, one official who calls himself &ldquo;GK&rdquo; offered a couple of theories.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br /><br />&ldquo;Could be the reason they went to Mount Auburn was because it was not really a Catholic cemetery or any particular religious denomination cemetery, just a regular cemetery on the Southwest side,&rdquo; he said. &ldquo;And to get down there was an easy route down Ogden [Avenue] before 55 was ever built.&rdquo;</p><p>But 91-year-old Eunice Wong thinks there&rsquo;s a more sinister angle. She&rsquo;s the daughter of the late, powerful Chicago businessman Tom Chan Sr. Chan&rsquo;s first wife was buried at Rosehill Cemetery on the North Side around 1920. But when it came time to bury Chan himself in 1944, &ldquo;They refused to have him buried,&rdquo; she said.</p><p><span style="font-size:22px;">Incense and misunderstanding</span></p><p>&ldquo;They said their other clients did not like the Chinese burning incense and stuff like that,&rdquo; Wong recalled. &ldquo;They said they dirtied up the cemetery because they bring food and all that kind of stuff.&rdquo;</p><p>Indeed, stories from the <a href="http://undereverystone.blogspot.com/2013/04/the-chinamen-who-were-asked-to-leave.html">Chicago Daily Tribune in 1944</a> pretty much confirm Wong&rsquo;s version of Caucasian-only policy and her father&rsquo;s exclusion.</p><p>But they also indicate Rosehill&rsquo;s main objection was the Chinese practice of digging up bones and sending them back to China. Back then, many Chinese believed a person&rsquo;s final resting place should be in his native soil. Rosehill&rsquo;s management told the Tribune in 1944 its other clients were freaked out by &ldquo;the scenes and the stench.&quot;</p><p>Wong&rsquo;s family, however, didn&rsquo;t want to dig up any bones. They were here to stay, so they couldn&rsquo;t understand the exclusion.&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;We were angry because it would have been so much simpler if he could have been buried there,&rdquo; she said. &ldquo;And that&rsquo;s how we ended up at Mount Auburn.&rdquo;</p><p>In recent years the Chinese community has been welcomed back to Rosehill, which came under new ownership in 1991.&nbsp;<br /><br />Still, the majority have stuck with Stickney &mdash; Jim Yong among them.&nbsp;</p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/chinesegraves.jpg" title="Many Chinese families bring gifts of food when they visit their ancestors at Mount Auburn Memorial Park in Stickney. (WBEZ/MONICA ENG) " /></p><p>On the windy Qing Ming weekend, his kids were cheerfully spreading rainbow-colored towels on their great-grandparents graves, as their dad explained the day.</p><p>&ldquo;We burn incense,&rdquo; Yong said. &ldquo;We also burn money so they can have have their spending and clothes and everything like that. Then we just pretty much stay with them for the rest of the day.&rdquo;</p><p>For now, Qing Ming traditions remain strong at Mount Auburn. On certain spring weekends it can feel like many of the Chicago area&rsquo;s 100,000 Chinese (many foreign-born) are throwing a big family reunion in a single spot. Many have even started to schedule their visits before or after the holiday to avoid the crowds.</p><p>But, it&rsquo;s unclear just how long the younger generations will keep up the practice. Twenty-something barista Kevin Mei says he&rsquo;s not even sure which days he&rsquo;s supposed to visit. So how does he know when to go?</p><p>&ldquo;Grandma just tells me, &lsquo;It&rsquo;s time to go!&rdquo;</p><p><em>Monica Eng is a WBEZ producer and co-host of the Chewing The Fat podcast. Follow her at</em><a href="https://twitter.com/monicaeng"> <em>@monicaeng</em></a> <em>or write to her at meng@wbez.org</em></p></p> Tue, 12 May 2015 08:28:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/why-are-thousands-chicagos-chinese-buried-out-stickney-112017 Afternoon Shift: How different cultures honor the dead http://www.wbez.org/programs/afternoon-shift/2015-04-20/afternoon-shift-how-different-cultures-honor-dead-111910 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/gifts%20for%20the%20dead.jpg" style="height: 349px; width: 620px;" title="(Photo Courtesy of Monica Eng)" /></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/201763673&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><font color="#333333"><span style="font-size: 24px; line-height: 22px;">Chinese Americans stay connected to the past during Ching Ming holiday</span></font></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p dir="ltr" style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Earlier this month, thousands of Chicago area Chinese poured into a little-known cemetery in west suburban Stickney. They were there for Ching Ming, one of the two most important memorial holidays on the Chinese calendar. &nbsp;Despite being generations away from China, many immigrants still engage in ancient ancestor worship traditions that link them to their past and their family&rsquo;s country of origin. WBEZ&rsquo;s Monica Eng and Chicago author Wen Huang join us to discuss to discuss how different cultures mourn and honor the dead and how those traditions evolve.</p><p dir="ltr"><strong><span id="docs-internal-guid-64e02661-d8d6-0fc3-7eaf-5eb701df7c75">Guests: </span></strong></p><ul dir="ltr"><li><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-64e02661-d8d6-0fc3-7eaf-5eb701df7c75"><a href="https://twitter.com/monicaeng">Monica Eng</a></span> is a WBEZ reporter and co-host of WBEZ&rsquo;s Chewing the Fat podcast.</em></li><li><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-64e02661-d8d6-0fc3-7eaf-5eb701df7c75"><a href="http://wenwrites.com/">Wen Huang</a></span> is the author of &ldquo;The Little Red Guard.&rdquo;</em></li></ul></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/201763675&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="font-size: 24px; line-height: 22px; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">Art exhibit uses found material to show the life of a community</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p dir="ltr" style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">South Shore artist Faheem Majeed&#39;s first solo museum exhibition at the Museum of Contemporary Art explores the relationship between people and the communities they live in. It features a room-sized installation and sculptural works made from the kinds of materials you might find in a neighborhood: particleboard to shutter windows, scrap metal, discarded signs. WBEZ&rsquo;s Natalie Moore caught up with Faheem at the MCA and brings us this interview from inside one of his installations.</p><strong><span id="docs-internal-guid-64e02661-d8d7-fb54-ca6d-efc5811c5602">Guest: </span></strong><em><a href="http://www.faheemmajeed.com/">Faheem Majeed</a> is a Chicago-area artist.</em></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/201766543&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-size: 24px; line-height: 22px;">Designers and community members collaborate on Pullman District development</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p dir="ltr" style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Now that parts of Pullman have been named the city&rsquo;s first national monument, teams of architects, engineers, and designers are brainstorming ideas for the future of the historic Pullman District. On Saturday April, 18 the teams presented their ideas and took public comment on the proposals. Richard Wilson is an urban planner and helped organize the event. He joins us with details.</p><strong><span id="docs-internal-guid-64e02661-d8d9-b405-73aa-6e18abfe225c">Guest: </span></strong><em><a href="http://smithgill.com/team/senior_team/richard_wilson/">Richard Wilson</a> is an urban planner based in Chicago.</em></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/201766564&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><font color="#333333"><span style="font-size: 24px; line-height: 22px;">Emergency room visits for mental health care skyrocket in Chicago</span></font></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p dir="ltr" style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">From 2009 to 2013 there was a 37% &nbsp;increase in discharges from Chicago emergency rooms for mental health, according to data obtained from the state. The Emergency Room visits grew, as both the city and state cut services. WBEZ&rsquo;s Shannon Heffernan visited an ER that literally is rebuilding parts of its hospital to accommodate the rise and she joins us with more.</p><strong><span id="docs-internal-guid-64e02661-d8db-3f6c-ad9e-e13bbe191d02">Guest: </span></strong><em><a href="https://twitter.com/shannon_h">Shannon Heffernan</a> is a WBEZ reporter.</em></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/201766786&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><font color="#333333"><span style="font-size: 24px; line-height: 22px;">Tech Shift: U.S. Technology Chief pushes for diversity in tech</span></font></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p dir="ltr" style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">On Friday April, 17 the Chief Technology Officer of the United States brought fifty tech organizers from around the country to Washington for a meet-up at the White House. The idea was to spark a conversation about how communities can get citizens more involved in technology. Demond Drummer of Smart Chicago, attended the event and joins us to talk about the meet-up and what his organization is working toward locally in Chicago.</p><strong><span id="docs-internal-guid-64e02661-d8de-2687-62bb-ae8fa5369b9a">Guest: </span></strong><em><a href="https://twitter.com/citizendrummer">Demond Drummer</a> is managing director of Smart Chicago.</em></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/201766586&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="font-size: 24px; line-height: 22px; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">Shadow of corruption nothing new for Byrd-Bennett, Chicago or Illinois</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p dir="ltr" style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;"><span id="docs-internal-guid-64e02661-d8e0-8782-810b-abe71e2ac2b4">Chicago Public Schools CEO Barbara Byrd-Bennett is taking a leave of absence as the FBI digs into possible corruption charges involving CPS and a $2.5 million no-bid contract awarded to a principal training academy where she previously worked. This isn&#39;t the first time in her career that Byrd-Bennett has been under investigation. Dick Simpson, professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago and author of </span>Corrupt Illinois: Patronage, Cronyism, and Criminality, joins us to discuss how this situation fits into Illinois&#39; legacy of corruption.</p><strong><span id="docs-internal-guid-64e02661-d8e0-8782-810b-abe71e2ac2b4">Guest: </span></strong><em><a href="http://pols.uic.edu/political-science/people/faculty/dsimpson">Dick Simpson</a> is professor of political science at UIC.</em></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/201766603&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-size: 24px; line-height: 22px;">Judge dismisses all charges against CPD detective in Rekia Boyd shooting death</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p dir="ltr" style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">On Monday afternoon, a Cook County judge unexpectedly ended the trial of Chicago police detective, Dante Servin, charged with involuntary manslaughter in the shooting death of 22-year old Chicago woman, Rekia Boyd. WBEZ&rsquo;s Chip Mitchell joins us live from the Leighton Criminal Courthouse with details.</p><strong><span id="docs-internal-guid-64e02661-d8e1-d140-94f5-f82806ba2abb">Guest: </span></strong><em><a href="https://twitter.com/ChipMitchell1">Chip Mitchell</a> is WBEZ&rsquo;s West Side Bureau reporter.</em></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/201766601&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><font color="#333333"><span style="font-size: 24px; line-height: 22px;">Hammond Police Department to wear body cameras</span></font></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p dir="ltr" style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Police in Hammond, Indiana will soon be the first in Northwest Indiana to wear body cameras. The purchase is the direct result of an ugly incident that took place last September when Hammond police officers pulled over a family for not wearing seatbelts. &nbsp;The dramatic altercation that followed was captured on a cell phone video and went viral, inviting comparisons to Ferguson, Missouri. Now Hammond&rsquo;s mayor hopes the new cameras will shed more light on such incidents in the future. WBEZ&rsquo;s Michael Puente joins us with more.</p><strong><span id="docs-internal-guid-64e02661-d8e3-65a4-bd9d-37263d4a7e38">Guest: </span></strong><em><a href="http://www.twitter.com/mikepuentenews">Michael Puente</a> is WBEZ&rsquo;s Northwest Indiana Bureau reporter.</em></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/201766594&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="font-size: 24px; line-height: 22px; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">Illinois State&#39;s Attorney Office will no longer prosecute marijuana misdemeanor cases</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p dir="ltr" style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">The Cook County State&rsquo;s Attorney Office will no longer prosecute most misdemeanor marijuana cases. The announcement was made on April, 20 at press conference with State&rsquo;s Attorney Anita Alvarez. It&rsquo;s part of a larger overhaul of how the office handles low-level drug offenses. &nbsp;WBEZ&rsquo;s Susie An was at the press conference and she joins us with details.</p><strong><span id="docs-internal-guid-64e02661-d8e5-3a9e-9792-1b2ae551bf72">Guest: </span></strong><em><a href="http://www.twitter.com/soosieon">Susie An</a> is a WBEZ reporter.</em></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 20 Apr 2015 16:49:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/afternoon-shift/2015-04-20/afternoon-shift-how-different-cultures-honor-dead-111910 Luxury brands court Chinese students http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/luxury-brands-court-chinese-students-111127 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/CHINESE STUDENT1 (lavinia).jpg" alt="" /><p><p>On a recent blustery night, stylish Chinese college students lined the aisles of the Bloomingdale&rsquo;s department store in downtown Chicago. They were sipping cucumber cocktails and checking out the latest fashions modeled by and for Chinese students.</p><p>They&rsquo;d been invited by the high-end retailer in an effort to connect with a new generation of U.S. college student from Mainland China.</p><p>&ldquo;The reason they want to reach us is very simple because we are going to buy their product,&rdquo; said party attendee Kim, a marketing major at DePaul University.</p><p>Kim is one of the 274,000 Chinese students attending college in the States. That number has tripled in the last six years, cementing China as the biggest source of international students to the U.S. for several years running.</p><p>But these are not the thrifty Chinese grad students of yesteryear. According to the U.S. Department of Commerce, Chinese students (who are now about half graduate students and half undergrads) spent $8 billion in the U.S. in 2013 alone.</p><p>&ldquo;These are the elites of the Chinese population,&rdquo; said Peggy Blumenthal, a senior counselor at the Institute for International Education. &ldquo;They&rsquo;re mostly from cities and used to spending for big brands and used to having a new car and a new watch.&rdquo;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p>The spending power of these students hasn&rsquo;t been lost on U.S. government officials.</p><p>Earlier this month, the state department relaxed rules on visas for Chinese students, expanding them to five years. As Secretary of State John Kerry was handing out the first batch, he told one Kansas University grad returning to the states to remember to &ldquo;spend a lot of money.&rdquo;</p><p>Wen Huang is a Chicago based writer and China watcher who came to Springfield Illinois as a Chinese grad student 24 years ago. And as he recalls it, things were very different then.&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;I came here with $76 in my pocket, which was the case with lots of Chinese students who came in the 1990s and 80s,&rdquo; he said. &ldquo;We would shop at Venture. That was like a Walmart place. We never had money to buy name brand stuff but we felt that everything that was made in America was name brand. On weekends we&rsquo;d treat ourselves to Old Country Buffet and then go shopping at Venture.&rdquo;&nbsp;</p><p>Most students at that time came on scholarships, but the Chinese undergrads flooding American colleges today are supported largely by family money.</p><p>&ldquo;They are the children of either government officials or the children of entrepreneurs who have amassed a huge fortune during China&rsquo;s economic boom over the last 7 or 8 years,&rdquo; Huang said.</p><p>Others come from middle class families who have channeled much of their resources into the future of their single child.</p><p>Chinese-American college student Solomon Wiener is majoring in East Asian Studies at Dennison University. Although he has traveled to China, he is still amazed by the spending power of this new wave of Chinese students.<br />&nbsp;&nbsp;<br />&ldquo;I drive a Lexus but my friend from China drives a Ferrari,&rdquo; he noted before hitting the runway in a sleek gray Hugo Boss suit. &ldquo;There is just a lot of cash coming from China and the kids are just able to afford these brands.&rdquo;</p><p>That&rsquo;s why Chicago-based publisher John Robinson recently launched a new digital magazine Mandarin Campus in addition to his flagship magazine Mandarin Quarterly. He co-sponsored the Bloomingdale&rsquo;s event.</p><p>&ldquo;Mandarin Campus was born out of brands&rsquo; increasing interest in this lucrative demographic that&rsquo;s the Chinese university student,&rdquo; said Robinson who spent several years in China and speaks fluent Mandarin. &ldquo;The editorial focus is a little younger, a little more rock-and-roll than say Mandarin Quarterly, which is targeting sort of early-to-mid-career professionals.&rdquo;</p><p>The stories in these two magazines focus on business and career advice, fashion, and dining and lifestyle issues. Much of the content would be at home in Chicago magazine, if Chicago were written entirely in Chinese. The magazines are aimed at helping readers fashionably navigate mainstream Chicago (and San Francisco and New York where Quarterly is also published). But, they are also about marketing these high-end brands.</p><p>&ldquo;Brands like Omega, Burberry, Cartier, Tiffany, Bloomingdale&rsquo;s and Saks have all reached out to our business and asked for our support in their efforts to effectively engage Chinese,&rdquo; Robinson said.</p><p>Lavina, a Chinese marketing major at Loyola, served as one of the evening&rsquo;s models, sporting fashions from Theory and Burberry. Like a lot of the students at the party, she lives downtown and shops along the Magnificent Mile.&nbsp;<br />&ldquo;There&rsquo;s a lot of clothes I like to wear and the place I like to go shopping is at Bloomingdale&rsquo;s,&rdquo; she said. &ldquo;I&rsquo;m a very loyal customer because I live three blocks away, so it&rsquo;s very near and convenient.&rdquo;</p><p>The shifting financial dynamics of China have allowed the surge in enrollment at U.S. universities.&nbsp; But what&rsquo;s behind the new openness to parties and fashion that were never a part of student life for someone like Wen Huang?<br />&ldquo;The current education system is different in mainland China,&rdquo; said DePaul marketing major Caroline. &ldquo;We are more open to the foreign cultures like American and European cultures.&nbsp; We get more and more information about them and so when we came here we learned there are parties and different things we have to attend. We are starting to get used to that environment, and it is making us change.&rdquo;</p><p>Despite the continued double-digit growth in Chinese enrollment last year, Huang predicted it will start tapering off soon.</p><p>He cited the slowing Chinese economy and the recent anti-corruption campaign under Chinese president Xi Jinping that has put the country&rsquo;s rich and powerful under a microscope.</p><p>&ldquo;Right now they are under close scrutiny,&rdquo; Huang said. &ldquo;And sending your children abroad is becoming an easy target for investigation.&rdquo;</p><p>So does that mean Coach, Tiffany, Bloomingdale&rsquo;s and Burberry are wasting their time courting the young Chinese consumer? Huang said no<ldquo;i a="" as="" because="" buy="" buying="" cheaper="" china="" designer="" have="" he="" higher="" in="" lot="" much="" of="" only="" p="" pay="" s="" said.="" see="" still="" students="" t="" than="" the="" they="" thing="" think="" to="" will="" you=""></ldquo;i></p><p><em>Monica Eng is a WBEZ producer and co-host of the Chewing The Fat podcast. Follow her at&nbsp;<a href="https://twitter.com/monicaeng">@monicaeng</a> or write to her at meng@wbez.org</em></p></p> Wed, 19 Nov 2014 18:21:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/luxury-brands-court-chinese-students-111127 Colombia suspends peace talks http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-11-19/colombia-suspends-peace-talks-111125 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP211048770500.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The Colombian government has suspended peace talks with the leftist guerrilla group FARC after the kidnapping of an army General. Gimena Sanchez of the Washington Office on Latin America joins us to explain what this means for the peace process.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-28/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-28.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-28" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Colombia suspends peace talks" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Wed, 19 Nov 2014 13:10:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-11-19/colombia-suspends-peace-talks-111125 Nail salon workers to get access to Asian language licensing exams http://www.wbez.org/news/nail-salon-workers-get-access-asian-language-licensing-exams-109099 <p><p>It&rsquo;s no surprise to walk into a nail salon and find mostly Asian staff. But despite a concentration of Vietnamese, Korean and Chinese professionals in the cosmetology and nail technology industries, Illinois has never offered the licensing exams in Asian languages. Now the state is looking to change that.</p><p>&ldquo;You know why I opened a cosmetology school in Chinatown?&rdquo; said Mora Zheng, owner of the Elle International Beauty Academy in Chinatown. &ldquo;Because I just want to let more Chinese people work legally, have good benefits, have a good salary.&rdquo;</p><p>As a small group of students sat huddled around a table in a nearby room, applying fake nail tips to plastic mannequin hands, Zheng explained that jobs in the beauty industry are popular with Asian immigrants because the schooling only takes a few months. She said that allows them to start earning money quickly. According to the <a href="http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes395092.htm" target="_blank">Bureau of Labor Statistics</a>, average yearly income for manicurists and pedicurists in Illinois is $26,720.</p><p>But Zheng said she&rsquo;s noticed a disturbing trend: lots of students finish school, but don&rsquo;t get licensed to practice.</p><p>&ldquo;Some people, they (are) scared (of the) English written examination,&rdquo; said Zheng, referring to the licensing exam administered by the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation. &ldquo;They&rsquo;re scared to fail.&rdquo;</p><p>The <a href="http://www.idfpr.com/profs/info/NailTech.asp" target="_blank">IDFPR</a> offers the cosmetology and nail technician licensing exams in English and Spanish. Zheng said it&rsquo;s time to add Chinese, because otherwise, qualified professionals end up working illegally in nail salons, and they are not paid fair wages.</p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Nail%20tech%20exam%203.JPG" style="height: 201px; width: 300px; float: right;" title="Most of the students at the Botanic School of Nail Technology on Chicago’s North Side are native speakers of Vietnamese, Korean, or Chinese. School owner Rosemary Hyunh has crafted a bilingual curriculum to help them pass the written licensing exam in English. (WBEZ/Jian Chung Lee)" />&ldquo;We shouldn&rsquo;t have to work harder if there&rsquo;s no rational basis for the exams to only be in English,&rdquo; said Anne Shaw, a lawyer and advocate for Chicago&rsquo;s Chinese-American community. Zheng enlisted Shaw&rsquo;s support when she started to cast around for allies to bring the issue to the state&rsquo;s attention. Shaw said the fact that the exam is already offered in Spanish shows that the state does not deem English to be an essential skill for the profession.</p><p>Shaw believes expanding language access to the licensing exams will have far-ranging, positive effects. She argued that not only would it make it easier for immigrants to earn an honest living, but that the overall state economy would benefit by easing the way for small business owners.</p><p>Still, Shaw was surprised to learn from Zheng that the licensing exams weren&rsquo;t already offered in Asian languages.</p><p>&ldquo;You know, I really don&rsquo;t believe there was any intent to discriminate,&rdquo; Shaw said. &ldquo;This is one of the downsides of not having someone that&rsquo;s elected that has an Asian-American background. We have zero state legislators that are Asian-American.&rdquo;</p><p>But Shaw and Zheng found an ally in the office Governor Pat Quinn with his appointment of Theresa Mah. Mah is a longtime activist and organizer in Chicago who serves as Gov. Quinn&rsquo;s chief liaison to the Asian-American community. The IDFPR will soon offer the cosmetology licensing exam in Chinese, and plans to offer translations of the nail technician licensing exam in Korean and Vietnamese. According to <a href="http://files.nailsmag.com/Market-Research/NAILSbb12-13stats.pdf" target="_blank">Nails Magazine</a>, Illinois is among the ten states with the largest number of Vietnamese nail technicians.</p><p>But some argue that translating the licensing exams could harm the industry.</p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Nail%20tech%20exam%202.JPG" style="float: left; height: 225px; width: 300px;" title="Mora Zheng, owner of the Elle International Beauty Academy in Chinatown, says many educated nail technicians work without licenses because they fear they will fail the English written exam. She is pushing to have the exam translated into Chinese. (WBEZ/Odette Yousef)" />&ldquo;I really think it shouldn&rsquo;t be translated,&rdquo; said Rosemary Hyunh, owner of the Botanic School of Nail Technology on Chicago&rsquo;s North Side. &ldquo;It&rsquo;s just going to be too many nail salons,&rdquo; she explained. Hyunh, a Vietnamese-American raised in Chicago&rsquo;s Argyle Street neighborhood, said her views are shaped by her family&rsquo;s experience in the nail industry.</p><p>Hyunh said some of her relatives immigrated two decades ago to California, where they had successful nail shops. But she said their fortunes changed once California began offering its written manicurist exam in Vietnamese in 1996.</p><p>&ldquo;It got exploded so big over there that the prices started dropping,&rdquo; said Hyunh. &ldquo;So they had to find new states to start this whole new nail industry again.&rdquo; Hyunh said her aunts and uncles fled California to start new businesses in Chicago, a relatively unsaturated market.</p><p>Could something similar happen here? Chicago <a href="http://docs.chicityclerk.com/journal/2009/may13_2009/may13_2009_Zoning.pdf" target="_blank">zoning laws</a> prohibit personal service establishments, including nail salons, to locate within 1000 feet of each other. But Mora Zheng says even if competition heats up, that&rsquo;s no reason not to translate the tests. She tells her students if they do their best, they&rsquo;ll be fine.</p><p>&ldquo;Prepare yourself well, (and) you don&rsquo;t need to worry about others,&rdquo; Zheng declared. &ldquo;That&rsquo;s why I tell my students, &lsquo;in your heart, always sunshine.&rsquo;&rdquo;</p><p>Hyunh said even though most of her students don&rsquo;t speak English as a native language, she&rsquo;s crafted a bilingual curriculum that helps them pass the licensing exams in English. She understands that translating the tests could help some immigrants get on their feet faster, but Hyunh said she won&rsquo;t be changing her teaching methods.</p><p><em>Odette Yousef is WBEZ&rsquo;s North Side Bureau reporter. Follow her <a href="https://twitter.com/oyousef">@oyousef</a> and <a href="https://twitter.com/WBEZoutloud" target="_blank">@WBEZOutLoud</a>.</em></p></p> Wed, 06 Nov 2013 17:38:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/nail-salon-workers-get-access-asian-language-licensing-exams-109099 Chinese Roots of Mah Jongg http://www.wbez.org/series/chicago-amplified/chinese-roots-mah-jongg-107392 <p><div>In this discussion, the Chicago Chinese community shares its history and rich connection with Mah Jongg, the game they warmly refer to as &ldquo;M. J.&rdquo; We also talk about differences in methods of play, and the game&rsquo;s important role in both the Jewish and the Chinese American communities.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>This program was created in collaboration with the Chinese-American Museum of Chicago and generously supported by The Covenant Foundation.</div><div><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/CHM-webstory_14.jpg" title="" /></div><div>Recorded live on Tuesday, May 21, 2013 at the Chicago History Museum.</div></p> Tue, 21 May 2013 14:10:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/chicago-amplified/chinese-roots-mah-jongg-107392 Top 5 Chinese restaurants in Chicago http://www.wbez.org/blog/steve-dolinsky/top-5-chinese-restaurants-chicago <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//tofu-chinese.JPG" alt="" /><p><p style="text-align: center;"><img style="width: 488px; height: 303px;" alt="" title="" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-February/2011-02-02/tofu.JPG" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"><em>photo of mapo tofu from Lao Sze Chuan by Joseph Storch</em></p><p style="text-align: left;">The Year of the Rabbit is here, and while <a href="http://www.stevedolinsky.com/site/epage/53597_693.htm">I have a thing </a>about consuming the actual animal (<em>you</em> try to digest 10 courses on Iron Chef), I have no problem sharing some of my favorite Chinese restaurants in Chicago. Each one offers something unique, and more importantly, delicious. <em>Gung hay fat choy!</em></p><p>1. <a href="http://maps.google.com/maps/place?hl=en&amp;um=1&amp;ie=UTF-8&amp;q=lao+szechuan+chicago&amp;fb=1&amp;gl=us&amp;hq=lao+szechuan&amp;hnear=Chicago,+IL&amp;cid=9844276538813714152">Lao Sze Chuan</a><br />For spicy, piquant, crunchy and aromatic dishes that don&rsquo;t hold back the heat levels for amateurs. Also a great assortment of rarely-found Chinese vegetable preparations and hot pot for a group.</p><p>2. <a href="http://www.sunwahbbq.com/">Sun Wah BBQ</a><br />For the incomparable Peking duck, sold by the truckload and deftly sliced as a first-course with puffy <em>gua bao</em>, then wok-fried with vegetables for a hearty second course and boiled into a rich stock for a bracing third round.</p><p>3.<a href="http://maps.google.com/maps/place?hl=en&amp;um=1&amp;ie=UTF-8&amp;q=Shui+Wah+chicago&amp;fb=1&amp;gl=us&amp;hq=Shui+Wah&amp;hnear=Chicago,+IL&amp;cid=14174573783806619508"> Shui Wah</a><br />For homemade dim sum made to order, that is, you fill out the tidy card and they bring you the steamed or fried mini-treats as soon as they&rsquo;re ready. Try the crispy calamari &ldquo;fries&rdquo; dusted with chili powder.</p><p>4. <a href="http://www.chicagotastycity.com/">Tasty City</a><br />Where my trusted colleague Kevin Pang gets his Hong Kong café groove on, and the poached, hacked chicken will make you realize what you&rsquo;ve been missing all these years; the beguiling dipping sauce is pure bliss. Who knew the Chinese could make a sweet tea as good as down South?</p><p>5. <a href="http://www.minghincuisine.com/">MingHin</a><br />Part of the new regime of higher-end, creature comfort-driven Chinese restaurants that are ditching the fluorescent lights and egg rolls, and instead, are bringing with them the 21st century dishes from Hong Kong and Shanghai.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><img height="411" width="500" alt="" title="" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-February/2011-02-02/hot pot.JPG" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"><em>photo of hot pot at Lao Sze Chuan by Joseph Storch</em></p></p> Thu, 03 Feb 2011 12:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blog/steve-dolinsky/top-5-chinese-restaurants-chicago Something You Should Eat: Liquid custard bao from Triple Crown http://www.wbez.org/blog/steve-dolinsky/something-you-should-eat-liquid-custard-bao-triple-crown <p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe height="350" frameborder="0" width="500" src="http://player.vimeo.com/video/19289331?title=0&amp;byline=0&amp;color=c40215"></iframe></p> <p>With the Year of the Rabbit upon us this Thursday night, I figured many of you will be making the trek down to Chinatown, so here's another dessert option, which absolutely beats the industrially-made fortune cookie. First, let me just say&nbsp;I consider myself a huge fan of any kind of <em>bao</em> or Chinese bun. Initially, the love affair was limited to the ubiquitous red-tinged, steamed BBQ pork buns called <em>char siu bao</em>, but it's moved way beyond that savory snack package. Recently, I had a sweet dessert bun at <a href="http://www.triplecrownchicago.com/">Triple Crown</a> in Chinatown, called<em> lao sa bao</em>, which translates to &quot;flowing sand bun.&quot; &nbsp;There are egg yolks - and plenty of sugar involved - but I love the gritty, sweet lava that oozes from these warm buns, especially after plowing off a few steamer trays full of <em>har gao</em> and <em>chow fun</em>. &nbsp;Incidentally, I had another excellent version of the <em>lao sa bao</em> about a week ago at the new <a href="http://www.minghincuisine.com/">MingHin Cuisine</a> in the Chinatown Square Mall. Totally different exterior (more flaky than squishy) and I think it actually edges out the Triple Crown version. You'll have to decide for yourself. Happy New Year!</p></p> Tue, 01 Feb 2011 12:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blog/steve-dolinsky/something-you-should-eat-liquid-custard-bao-triple-crown Chinatown closer to new field house, library http://www.wbez.org/story/25th-ward/chinatown-closer-new-field-house-library <p><p>Chinatown residents are inching closer to winning some city resources that they&rsquo;ve lobbied for during the last several years.&nbsp;Chicago&rsquo;s City Council <a href="http://www.chicagoparkdistrict.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/news.detail/object_id/00c4ff41-589f-47dd-93df-17a5e68a8219.cfm">allocated funding</a> in September for a new field house to replace one that was torn down nearly 50 years ago. More recently, the <a href="http://www.chipublib.org/">Chicago Public Library</a> and city officials identified a site for a new library branch and have started moving to acquire the property.&nbsp;The progress comes just as Chinese-Americans observe their 100-year anniversary in Chicago&rsquo;s South Side Chinatown.</p><p>The field house has been a particular sore point for young and elderly Chinatown residents alike. &ldquo;When I started fighting for this thing I had children,&rdquo; said Leonard Louie, President of the Ping Tom Memorial Park Advisory Council. &ldquo;And I think today my grandchildren are old enough to be able to use it. That's how long it's been.&rdquo;</p> <div>Louie himself used to play basketball at the old field house at Hardin Park, before the state tore it down in 1962 to expand the Dan Ryan Expressway. At the time, said Louie, Chinatown residents were promised that they&rsquo;d soon get another field house. Instead, Louie and other residents say children now often play volleyball over sidewalk fences, because there&rsquo;s no proper facility or community center. &ldquo;It's definitely a problem because you just have kids hanging out on the street and looking for things to do,&rdquo; said Louie. &ldquo;You're in a situation where you're just asking for trouble.&rdquo;</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>The Chicago City Council approved a $10 million allocation from the <a href="http://www.cityofchicago.org/content/dam/city/depts/dcd/tif/narratives/T_037_RiverSouthFA.pdf">River South TIF District</a> to finally build the facility near the southern end of <a href="http://pingtompark.org/Welcome%20to%20Ping%20Tom%20Park.html">Ping Tom Memorial Park</a>.&nbsp;At that price, park leaders will likely have to pare back their original vision for the facility.&nbsp;&ldquo;The original plans for the field house were to include a natatorium, which is an indoor swimming pool,&rdquo; said Louie.&nbsp;But park district officials estimate that could cost anywhere from $15 million to $18 million. More recent field houses, like the <a href="http://www.chicagoparkdistrict.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/parks.results.cfm">Taylor-Lauridsen Playground Park</a> and <a href="http://www.chicagoparkdistrict.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/parks.detail/object_id/cc227392-429c-42df-adec-bdb4023e94de.cfm">Jesse Owens Park</a>, did not include swimming pools, and ran just below $10 million. Still, Louie hopes whatever the city builds could be expanded to include a swimming pool later. He and other park leaders are also exploring the possibility of raising additional money to fund the natatorium.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Calls for a new library have also reached the right ears. Though the current Chinatown library is far from large, it has among the highest circulation rates in the city. &ldquo;It&rsquo;s a very literate community,&rdquo; said Chicago Public Library spokesman Ruth Lednicer.&nbsp;For a long time, movement toward building a larger and newer facility was stymied by an inability to find a proper site. But now Chinatown and city officials agree that a privately-owned lot on the southwest corner of Wentworth Ave and Archer Ave holds enough space.&nbsp;</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Right now, the parcel holds a parking lot and a small grocery store, both owned by the same person. The city&rsquo;s development committee recently approved a preliminary move to acquire the property through eminent domain.&nbsp;That matter is expected to come before the City Council at its meeting on February 9.&nbsp;But officials will also continue to negotiate with the property owner, who expressed an interest in jointly developing the land with the city to include a library.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Meanwhile, <a href="http://www.dannysolis.org/">Alderman Daniel Solis</a> (25th Ward) said he&rsquo;s working on getting a TIF district approved to fund the construction of the library.&nbsp;&ldquo;Specifically how much, it&rsquo;s too early to tell,&rdquo; said Solis. &ldquo;But the TIF would also look at opening up opportunities for other developments in the area.&rdquo;</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>These developments are perhaps some of the early fruits of a recent political awakening in Chicago&rsquo;s Chinatown.&nbsp;C.W. Chan, a founder of the <a href="http://www.caslservice.org/">Chinese American Service League</a>, <a href="http://www.wbez.org/story/news/politics/chinatown-looks-centennial-aims-political-clout">told WBEZ</a> in May that as the Chinese-American population in Chinatown and its surrounding areas grew quickly during the last twenty years, the community&rsquo;s needs grew, too. &ldquo;Recently the community has really been working very hard together to really take an inventory of our community needs,&rdquo; said Chan, &ldquo;and to see whether we can really have a much better working relationship with our elected officials to present our needs and to secure the kind of resources that we need in the community.&rdquo; &nbsp;</div></p> Fri, 21 Jan 2011 21:42:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/25th-ward/chinatown-closer-new-field-house-library Children of prison inmates face discrimination in China http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/children-prison-inmates-face-discrimination-china <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//parents-in-prison-sun-village-china_306x199.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Reports from the United Nations suggest there&rsquo;s widespread abuse going on in Chinese prisons. The children of inmates are also often mistreated. <br />They&rsquo;re shunned by society and they fall through the cracks of China&rsquo;s welfare system. Most of the children are left to fend for themselves. But there&rsquo;s an organization working to change that. The World Vision Report&rsquo;s Elise Potaka brings us the story from Beijing.</p><p><em>This story originally aired on the </em><a href="http://www.worldvisionreport.org/">World Vision Report</a><em>. We got it from the</em> <a target="_blank" href="http://www.prx.org/pieces/37412-truck-decorator">Public Radio Exchange</a>.<br />&nbsp;</p></p> Wed, 12 Jan 2011 17:59:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/children-prison-inmates-face-discrimination-china