WBEZ | racism http://www.wbez.org/tags/racism Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en How black students at Mizzou are coping with threats http://www.wbez.org/news/how-black-students-mizzou-are-coping-threats-113780 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Sean Adams-d74384e8af01bd4aab5786ad57c1080c6fb136d1-s700-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res455899841" previewtitle="Sean Adams helped set up the hub where black students could hang out, eat, nap, and study. &quot;They don't feel like they're being protected,&quot; he said."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Sean Adams helped set up the hub where black students could hang out, eat, nap, and study. &quot;They don't feel like they're being protected,&quot; he said." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/13/Sean%20Adams-d74384e8af01bd4aab5786ad57c1080c6fb136d1-s700-c85.jpg" style="height: 465px; width: 620px;" title="Sean Adams helped set up the hub where black students could hang out, eat, nap, and study. &quot;They don't feel like they're being protected,&quot; he said. (Adrian Florido/NPR)" /></div><div><p>After&nbsp;<a href="http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2015/11/11/some-at-u-of-missouri-on-edge-after-social-media-threats-of-violence/75559034/">anonymous threats</a>&nbsp;targeting black students at the University of Missouri were posted online Tuesday evening, saying things like, &quot;I&#39;m going to shoot any black people tomorrow, so be ready,&quot; the fear on campus grew quickly.</p></div></div><p>Some black students were so scared that they left their dorms to stay with friends off campus. Others didn&#39;t go that far, but did stay inside and away from windows.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">if you&#39;re at <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/mizzou?src=hash">#mizzou</a>, PLEASE be safe &amp; look out for each other. exams don&#39;t mean a thing if you&#39;re not around to take them. <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/MizzouTerrorist?src=hash">#MizzouTerrorist</a></p>&mdash; jiggy stardust✨️ (@trillton) <a href="https://twitter.com/trillton/status/664291519042469889">November 11, 2015</a></blockquote><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>&nbsp;</p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">UPDATE: no KKK on campus. Just racists yelling n-word aka normal <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mizzou?src=hash">#Mizzou</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/MSAPresident">@MSAPresident</a> made ONE error in midst of strong/mature leadership.</p>&mdash; Sam White (@samwhiteout) <a href="https://twitter.com/samwhiteout/status/664326762919288832">November 11, 2015</a></blockquote><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">There is no immediate threat to campus. Please do not spread rumors and follow <a href="https://twitter.com/MUalert">@MUAlert</a> at <a href="https://t.co/6BXzIBsDxU">https://t.co/6BXzIBsDxU</a> for updates.</p>&mdash; MU Alert (@MUalert) <a href="https://twitter.com/MUalert/status/664311405970137088">November 11, 2015</a></blockquote><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>&nbsp;</p><p>But within a couple of hours, some black students, frustrated by the campus police&#39;s assertion that the campus was safe, began to mount a counter response.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">these are the type of racist threats <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mizzou?src=hash">#Mizzou</a> students are receiving and this is how their professors are responding <a href="https://t.co/D9iikvFWGf">pic.twitter.com/D9iikvFWGf</a></p>&mdash; the other one (@imfromraleigh) <a href="https://twitter.com/imfromraleigh/status/664287697217830912">November 11, 2015</a></blockquote><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Sean Adams, a senior and a member of a black fraternity at Mizzou, began offering rides to students too afraid to walk outside.</p><p><img alt="The Black Culture Center at the University of Missouri." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/13/Black%20Culture%20Center-c63138c7dd00d6862e8106c713b796a8aa406dd6-s700-c85.jpg" style="width: 310px; height: 232px; float: right; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="The Black Culture Center at the University of Missouri. (Adrian Florido/NPR)" /></p><p>He went back to his apartment after midnight, where friends had gathered to spend the night.</p><p>Close to 1am, he got a call from a friend, angry that so many students had been made to feel so afraid.</p><p>They felt like they had to do more.</p><p>They and a small group contacted the Black Culture Center on campus and asked if they could convert it into a refuge of sorts for the school&#39;s black students &mdash; a &quot;safe space&quot; where they could go to study, eat, nap, and feel comforted by others.</p><div id="res455900027" previewtitle="Students snacked on donated food."><div><p>By 8:30 that morning, it was up and running.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><img alt="Students snacked on donated food." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/13/Black%20Culture%20Center%202-55977c28edc05721d613667c77a4d1969de7c611-s700-c85.jpg" style="height: 465px; width: 620px;" title="Students snacked on donated food.(Adrian Florido/NPR)" /></p></div></div><p>Out front, several black male students acted as escorts for students too afraid to walk on campus alone. Inside, students ate donated snacks and did homework. Some watched TV. Others slept on plush couches.</p><div id="res455898600" previewtitle="This group of students volunteered to serve as escorts for students afraid to walk on campus alone."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="This group of students volunteered to serve as escorts for students afraid to walk on campus alone." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/13/Student%20Escorts-5cefbfe526e1c189dcedaa4108ac9d30c4b45060-s700-c85.jpg" style="height: 465px; width: 620px;" title="This group of students volunteered to serve as escorts for students afraid to walk on campus alone. (Adrian Florido/NPR)" /></div><div><p>The threats to student safety<a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/two-personal-statements-help-explain-situation-mizzou-113696" target="_blank"> felt like a punch in the stomach</a>, said Adams, &quot;but at the same time, for that to keep us from doing certain things and control us emotionally, we just couldn&#39;t let that happen . . . A lot of people are scared, and that&#39;s what this environment is for, for reassurance, to build confidence and make sure everybody knows they&#39;re not alone.&quot;</p></div></div><p>Junior Whitney Thompson agreed, explaining that fear needs a breeding ground. &quot;If you surround yourself with people who aren&#39;t afraid,&quot; says Thompson, &quot;eventually, if you are afraid, that kind of dwindles down because it has nowhere to feed off of and grow.&quot;</p><div id="res455898366" previewtitle="Junior Whitney Thompson helped set up the student hub at the Black Culture Center. &quot;If you surround yourself with people who aren't afraid, eventually, if you are afraid, that kind of dwindles down because it has nowhere to feed off of and grow,&quot; she said."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Junior Whitney Thompson helped set up the student hub at the Black Culture Center. &quot;If you surround yourself with people who aren't afraid, eventually, if you are afraid, that kind of dwindles down because it has nowhere to feed off of and grow,&quot; she said." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/13/Whitney%20Thompson-43f396df5a8efba84a5f6d574167cacd08032a02-s700-c85.jpg" style="height: 465px; width: 620px;" title="Junior Whitney Thompson helped set up the student hub at the Black Culture Center. &quot;If you surround yourself with people who aren't afraid, eventually, if you are afraid, that kind of dwindles down because it has nowhere to feed off of and grow,&quot; she said. (Adrian Florido/NPR)" /></div></div><p>Fear, and how to handle it, is something a lot of black students have talked about in the last couple of days. Most have said that although they&#39;re afraid, they feel they have to hide it. At the Black Culture Center, among other black students, they can let it out.</p><p>Last night, several hundred students packed into a large meeting room. A student named Ida stood up to speak.</p><p>&quot;I don&#39;t know what to do,&quot; she said, &quot;I have class at 9:30 in the morning. Why am I scared to walk by myself at 9:30 in the morning? I know we&#39;re supposed to be strong. I know we&#39;re supposed to not let them see us sweat. But why am I scared at nine o&#39;clock in the morning?&quot;</p><div id="res455898113" previewtitle="By Tuesday night, students had broken down the small tent city that had served as the center of protest."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="By Tuesday night, students had broken down the small tent city that had served as the center of protest." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/13/Tent%20City-6443950e2cbc348de46cfadb5c678ffa33ff7407-s700-c85.jpg" style="height: 465px; width: 620px;" title="By Tuesday night, students had broken down the small tent city that had served as the center of protest. (Adrian Florido/NPR)" /></div><div><div><p>Another student put her arms around Ida&#39;s shoulders. Then, grad student Reuben Faloughi led the group in a decompression exercise. The exercise allowed students to shout out how they were feeling &mdash; tired and stressed, many said. But those feelings didn&#39;t stop what happened next.</p></div></div></div><p>Hundreds of students poured out of the Black Culture Center and onto the street. They marched to the main student center in the middle of campus. A call and response broke out, unifying the students voices:</p><p>&quot;Show me what democracy looks like!&quot;</p><p>&quot;This is what democracy looks like!&quot;</p><p>&quot;Tell me what democracy looks like!&quot;</p><p>&quot;This is what democracy looks like!&quot;</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/11/13/455895346/how-black-students-at-mizzou-are-coping-with-the-threats?ft=nprml&amp;f=455895346" target="_blank"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Fri, 13 Nov 2015 12:25:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/how-black-students-mizzou-are-coping-threats-113780 Free speech vs. political correctness on college campuses http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-11-11/free-speech-vs-political-correctness-college-campuses-113742 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP_977690620801.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="attachment_95939"><img alt="Members of black student protest group Concerned Student 1950 hold hands following the announcement that University of Missouri System President Tim Wolfe would resign Monday, Nov. 9, 2015, at the university in Columbia, Mo. Wolfe resigned Monday with the football team and others on campus in open revolt over his handling of racial tensions at the school. (Jeff Roberson/AP)" src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/media.wbur.org/wordpress/11/files/2015/11/1111_university-missouri-624x402.jpg" style="height: 399px; width: 620px;" title="Members of black student protest group Concerned Student 1950 hold hands following the announcement that University of Missouri System President Tim Wolfe would resign Monday, Nov. 9, 2015, at the university in Columbia, Mo. Wolfe resigned Monday with the football team and others on campus in open revolt over his handling of racial tensions at the school. (Jeff Roberson/AP)" /><p>&nbsp;</p></div><p>Its been a busy week for college protesters. On Tuesday, hundreds marched at Yale University, protesting alleged racial insensitivity on campus. This came after s<a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9IEFD_JVYd0" target="_blank">tudent anger was raised to the boiling point</a> when a sociology professor and his wife, both of whom oversee a student residence, emailed students saying it might be reasonable not to ban Halloween costumes that some consider offensive, but instead to use them as an <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gM-VE8r7MSI" target="_blank">opportunity for dialogue</a>.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">That student&#39;s conduct was ridiculous and unacceptable. She violated his physical. Kudos to him <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/YaleHalloween?src=hash">#YaleHalloween</a> <a href="https://t.co/uGNMEkYB7H">https://t.co/uGNMEkYB7H</a></p>&mdash; Marc Christopher (@MCC1701) <a href="https://twitter.com/MCC1701/status/663852982556090368">November 9, 2015</a></blockquote><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>&nbsp;</p><p>At the University of Missouri, both Chancellor R. Brown Loftin and President Tim Wolfe&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/mizzou-president-resigns-over-handling-racial-issues-113703" target="_blank">stepped down</a>&nbsp;as protests over alleged systemic racism and bias escalated to include a hunger strike and the football team refusing to play.</p><p>While many applaud the student actions, some are questioning whether the climate of sensitivity on college campuses has evolved into a climate of over-sensitivity, where students are considered fragile and unable to cope with opinions that make them even slightly uncomfortable.</p><p>Greg Lukianoff, president and CEO of the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, wrote a recent piece in <em>The Atlantic </em>called &ldquo;<a href="http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2015/09/the-coddling-of-the-american-mind/399356/" target="_blank">The Coddling of the American Mind</a>.&rdquo; While Lukianoff recognizes and opposes racism, bullying and threats, he maintains that many students and administrators have taken the concept of &ldquo;student comfort&rdquo; too far.</p><p>Lukianoff joins&nbsp;<a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2015/11/11/free-speech-political-correctness" target="_blank"><em>Here &amp; Now&rsquo;s</em></a> Jeremy Hobson to discuss the concept of college &ldquo;coddling,&rdquo; and how it&rsquo;s affecting students.</p></p> Wed, 11 Nov 2015 14:01:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-11-11/free-speech-vs-political-correctness-college-campuses-113742 Ferguson in the classroom: How one college took up race and policing this semester http://www.wbez.org/news/ferguson-classroom-how-one-college-took-race-and-policing-semester-113695 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/textbooks_vert-534fac576daa88590feb5e53eb24b1bc942b7315-s1400.jpeg" alt="" /><p><div id="res454870181"><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="&quot;Black Lives Matter: Race, Resistance and Popular Protest&quot; is among the most popular courses at NYU's Gallatin School." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/05/teaching-ferguson_custom-df2847ef8aa3a96b4d69727c36e5c15da9c983f1-s800-c85.jpeg" style="height: 324px; width: 620px;" title="&quot;Black Lives Matter: Race, Resistance and Popular Protest&quot; is among the most popular courses at NYU's Gallatin School. (Errin Whack)" /></div><div><div><p>Last Thanksgiving, NYU junior Micah Finkelman sat down to dinner with her white, liberal, Ohio family the same week a St. Louis County grand jury declined to indict Ferguson police officer Darren Wilson in the shooting death of Michael Brown.</p></div></div></div><p>Finkelman&#39;s parents had watched the dramatic news coverage of clashes between police, protesters, and looters and wondered what to make of the images. Their daughter struggled to explain why the Black Lives Matter movement should matter to them. But now, she&#39;s spent a semester in a classroom gathering the evidence to make her case.</p><p>&quot;In some ways, I&#39;m always going to be sort of removed from the emotion of it, because of my skin color, because of my privilege,&quot; Finkelman said. &quot;But [this class] has allowed me to understand where people are coming from. I need to contextualize it, and it helps when I have academic books to back me up when I go home and talk to people who have barely heard of the movement.&quot;</p><p>A course called&nbsp;<a href="http://gallatin.nyu.edu/academics/courses/detail.FA2015.IDSEM-UG1849.001.html">Black Lives Matter: Race, Resistance and Popular Protest</a>&nbsp;is among the most popular at NYU&#39;s Gallatin School, where Finkelman is enrolled. The class filled up quickly last spring, had a long wait list, and has had consistently overflowing attendance &mdash; including some students willing to audit the course without getting a credit, just for the chance to soak up the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.blacklivesmattersyllabus.com/frankleonrobertsr/">syllabus</a>.</p><p>Despite being barely a year old, the Black Lives Matter movement has sparked similar curriculum on campuses including&nbsp;<a href="https://web.library.emory.edu/news-events/news/archives/2015/coursera-lafayette-nonviolence.html">Emory University in Atlanta</a>, Dartmouth College, the University of Michigan, and the University of Florida as demonstrations on and around college campuses have led to classroom discourse. At NYU, students have wrestled with questions of criminal justice, race and the media and the history of protest in America, putting the current campaign on a continuum of black struggle reaching back to slavery.</p><div id="res454244650"><aside><div><p>&quot;I was expecting a room full of black faces...That&#39;s not what I got. I&#39;m actually happy for that. It has allowed for a rich diversity of experiences in a very fruitful way.&quot;</p></div></aside></div><p>The NYU course has also featured high-profile participants in Black Lives Matter, including Professor Cornel West and activist DeRay Mckesson, both of whom were arrested in Ferguson. Professor Frank Leon Roberts, who is black, said the idea for the class came to him after wanting to bring conversations he was having with students about the events in the news into an academic setting.</p><p>&quot;It&#39;s this idea that when you get young people together and put them in a classroom, something happens,&quot; Roberts said. &quot;One of the things (Mckesson) said that I think is really true, is that Twitter and the classroom are the two last radical spaces in America.&quot;</p><p>The relationship between black activism and academia is not a new one. Several leaders of the civil rights movement, including Congressman John Lewis and former NAACP Chairman Julian Bond, began gaining steam while they were still students. And in the midst of that era, the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. taught a&nbsp;<a href="http://www.morehouse.edu/newscenter/our-lessons-with-martin-luther-king-eight-students-recall-a-special-class-at-morehouse-college/">class</a>&nbsp;on social philosophy at his alma mater, Morehouse College, in 1962.</p><p>It was the only class he would ever teach. The handful of students enrolled &mdash; some of whom, like Bond, were already engaged in the movement &mdash; took those lessons and went on to become activists in their own right.</p><p>More broadly, other social movements have also been the subject of real-time examination on college campuses recently, with courses on 2010&#39;s Arab Spring and the 2011 Occupy movement being taught at colleges from Roosevelt to Pace in the years immediately following those uprisings.</p><p>Chevaun Samuels, a 20-year-old political science major at NYU, recalled being in his room when the non-indictment verdict came down for Wilson. &quot;I remember getting very upset and walking from Chinatown to 42nd Street to join a protest,&quot; Samuels said. &quot;After that, I was just like, I need to be in this movement. It&#39;s time to make an impact, to make our voices heard.&quot;</p><div id="res454889466"><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Black Lives Matter has sparked curriculum on campuses including NYU, Emory University in Atlanta, Dartmouth College, the University of Michigan and the University of Florida." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/05/textbooks_custom-22aebed778638721b99bb617ba4ddfa218aca34c-s400-c85.jpeg" style="height: 227px; width: 320px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" title="Black Lives Matter has sparked curriculum on campuses including NYU, Emory University in Atlanta, Dartmouth College, the University of Michigan and the University of Florida. (Errin Whack)" /></div><div><div><p>Samuels said taking the class was a must for him; he squeezed onto the class roll after being waitlisted. &quot;I knew about the movement on a broader spectrum, but...I needed to understand the building blocks of the movement before I could understand what the movement was about,&quot; he said. Samuels and his classmates debate and dissect different aspects of the movement for three hours a week, exploring topics from the ethics of black rage to the prison industrial complex, and looking at how the Black Lives Matter movement intersects with gender, democracy, and religion.</p></div></div></div><p>On a recent Thursday, the class began with a roundup of the past week&#39;s events as they related to Black Lives Matter before launching into a discussion about reform or abolition as a solution to mass incarceration in America. Discourse ranged from emotional to empathetic in an environment of mutual respect.</p><p>&quot;Everyone is genuinely and thoughtfully engaging with the subject matter of the class,&quot; said Shelly Pires, a junior from Framingham, Mass, who is black. &quot;I think the non-black people in the class are sometimes just as active voices. Everyone who&#39;s in this class is really, really interested in being there.&quot;</p><p>The class&#39;s diversity came as a surprise to Roberts. &quot;I was expecting a room full of black faces,&quot; he said. &quot;That&#39;s not what I got. I&#39;m actually happy for that. It has allowed for a rich diversity of experiences in a very fruitful way.&quot;</p><p>Now more than halfway through the class, Finkelman is looking forward to Thanksgiving this year. During a recent visit from her parents, she lent her mom her copy of&nbsp;<em><a href="http://catalog.sevenstories.com/products/are-prisons-obsolete">Are Prisons Obsolete</a></em>?&nbsp;by scholar and ex-Black Panther Angela Davis.</p><p>&quot;For me to be able to give my mom a 100-page book that lays out how the system is set up to be disadvantageous to African-Americans is huge,&quot; Finkelman explained. &quot;I got that through this class. My parents were just here and I was able to talk to them,&quot; she said. &quot;I&#39;ve seen them evolve since Ferguson in tremendous ways, in the same way; I&#39;ve seen myself evolve.&quot;</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/11/09/454055691/ferguson-in-the-classroom-how-one-college-took-up-race-and-policing-this-semeste?ft=nprml&amp;f=454055691"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Mon, 09 Nov 2015 11:13:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/ferguson-classroom-how-one-college-took-race-and-policing-semester-113695 Northwestern study minimizes racism one nap at a time http://www.wbez.org/news/northwestern-study-minimizes-racism-one-nap-time-113530 <p><p dir="ltr">I think of myself as a feminist. I actually have <a href="http://nerdettepodcast.com/">a podcast that celebrates women in science</a>.</p><p dir="ltr">So who knew even I could have an unconscious bias against women in science?</p><p dir="ltr">Well, <a href="http://faculty.wcas.northwestern.edu/~paller/">Ken Paller</a>, for one.</p><p dir="ltr">He&rsquo;s a psychology professor at Northwestern University, and he says no matter how open minded you think you are, you harbor unconscious stereotypes.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;We might use those stereotypes as a shortcut sometimes,&rdquo; Paller said.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;If you meet a new person, you don&#39;t know them yet, you might look at their external appearance and make judgment about what they might be and what their personality might be like. That can be a mistake. It can be a difficult shortcut, but yet it&#39;s a common shortcut that people make.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">The official term for those shortcuts is implicit social bias, and Paller said we all have at least a little bit of it. Paller told me about <a href="https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/takeatest.html">a test you can take online to measure your own bias</a>.</p><p dir="ltr">So I took it.</p><p dir="ltr">And I found out that I have a moderate automatic preference for men in science over women in science.</p><p dir="ltr">When I think about it, that makes sense. I&rsquo;ve always considered the humanities to be more feminine, and the sciences to be more masculine.</p><p dir="ltr">I know that&rsquo;s irrational, but it&rsquo;s more common than we might think.</p><p dir="ltr"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/implicit_gj_wbez.JPG" style="height: 227px; width: 320px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" title="Dana Bozeman in her office in downtown Chicago. (WBEZ/Greta Johnsen)" />One Sunday afternoon, I met up with Dana Bozeman, a friend of a friend who said she was willing to take the test with me and talk about her results.</p><p dir="ltr">Bozeman is African American. Like me, she was a little nervous to find out what her subconscious tendencies were.</p><p dir="ltr">But more than that, she was curious. She decided to find out how biased she might be about race.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;Ok, here we go,&rdquo; she said with a deep breath.</p><p dir="ltr">Ten minutes later, after a sort of matching game, Bozeman read me the outcome of her test.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;Your results: Your data suggest a moderate automatic preference for European Americans compared to African Americans,&rdquo; Bozeman read with narrowed eyes.</p><p dir="ltr">She shook her head. &ldquo;I&rsquo;m not terribly surprised.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">Bozeman said she wasn&rsquo;t surprised because she sees negative media coverage of black people everywhere. And that sometimes makes her feel negative toward black people.</p><p dir="ltr">Feeling that way completely goes against her own values.</p><p dir="ltr">But Paller, the psychologist at Northwestern, says that kind of dissonance is also completely universal.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;Virtually everyone has an implicit social bias for race and gender,&rdquo; Paller said.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;We pick it up from the media, from our inculturation over many years. So these are longstanding habits. And we wouldn&rsquo;t expect to change them overnight.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:24px;"><strong>Treating bias during sleep</strong></span></p><p dir="ltr">The thing is, Paller&rsquo;s team did change them overnight.</p><p dir="ltr">Or at least, during an afternoon nap.</p><p dir="ltr">Paller knew that all sorts of experts have been using the <a href="https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/takeatest.html">Implicit Association Test</a>, the same one Bozeman and I took, to reduce bias. What he wanted to find out was if he could help make somebody less biased on a long term basis by using sleep, and some very specific sounds.</p><p dir="ltr">Here&rsquo;s how he did it: First, he&rsquo;d measure people&rsquo;s bias by having them take the implicit association test. It&rsquo;s almost like a matching game.</p><p dir="ltr">When I visited the lab, I played around with it. It was NOT easy. You have to push certain keys as quickly as possible, and your response time is measured by the millisecond. Test subjects play the game over and over, trying to get faster at making the connections that defy their own stereotypes.</p><p dir="ltr">Paller and his team were testing for two stereotypes: gender bias, and racial bias. Every time subjects played the game for gender, and connected science words with women, &nbsp;they&rsquo;d hear a unique sound. When they connected positive words with the faces of African Americans, they&rsquo;d hear another tone. Then, while the subjects are curled up in a tiny room to take a 90-minute nap, Paller and his team reinforced the learning that just happened by playing one of those two sounds over and over again. A subject would hear the sound in his or her sleep more than 100 times.</p><p dir="ltr">The theory is, if people heard the same sound while they slept, they&rsquo;d better remember the training they just learned.</p><p dir="ltr">And it works.</p><p dir="ltr">Paller, whose expertise is memory storage during sleep, says when we&rsquo;re lying in bed, we might seem to be at rest, but our brains are still hard at work, filing away memories and ditching information we don&rsquo;t need.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;A lot of complicated brain processing is happening during sleep. It&rsquo;s not like your laptop, when you shut it off to sleep and nothing happens,&rdquo; Paller said.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;Instead, the brain is continually processing information and we&rsquo;re trying to understand what&rsquo;s happening when that memory processing is happening.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">By playing those sounds while a subject slept, Paller was able to reinforce the positive stereotypes. And there were signs that it could actually last.</p><p dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:24px;"><strong>Fighting bias in everyday life</strong></span></p><p dir="ltr">What all this means for real life is that we have to be more in tune with our own negative stereotypes, and then keep resetting them.</p><p dir="ltr">Dana Bozeman, the woman who took the bias test, says her results will make her reconsider her own thoughts and actions.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;I think I also think about it for my children,&rdquo; Bozeman said.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;I recognize that...they have a lot more positive images that I have&hellip;. I mean, my children were born in 2006 and 2008. So to them, the president&rsquo;s always been black.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">Experts say you can think of implicit bias as a bad habit.</p><p dir="ltr">Every time you catch yourself thinking or behaving against your values, you have to stop yourself and try to correct it.</p><p dir="ltr">They say that means intentionally seeking out, and interacting with, people with different experiences and backgrounds from your own.</p><p dir="ltr"><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-820e66b6-aee0-f38c-fbfd-3968df600333"><a href="http://www.northwestern.edu/newscenter/stories/2015/05/unlearning-implicit-social-biases-during-sleep.html">The Northwestern study</a>, called Unlearning implicit social biases during sleep, was published in &nbsp;<a href="http://www.sciencemag.org/content/348/6238/1013.short">the journal Science</a> earlier this year. It was coauthored by Xiaoqing Hu, James Antony, Jessica Creery, Iliana Vargas, and Galen Bodenhausen.</span></em></p><p><em>Greta Johnsen is a reporter and host for WBEZ. Follow her <a href="https://twitter.com/gretamjohnsen">@gretamjohnsen</a>.</em></p></p> Tue, 27 Oct 2015 18:58:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/northwestern-study-minimizes-racism-one-nap-time-113530 Street artists hired by 'Homeland' hide accusations of show's racism in plain sight http://www.wbez.org/news/street-artists-hired-homeland-hide-accusations-shows-racism-plain-sight-113375 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Artists say they took jobs painting graffiti on the set of Homeland to leave subversive messages. They say this one reads, Homeland is racist.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res449047664" previewtitle="Artists say they took jobs painting graffiti on the set of Homeland to leave subversive messages. They say this one reads, &quot;Homeland is racist.&quot;"><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Artists say they took jobs painting graffiti on the set of Homeland to leave subversive messages. They say this one reads, &quot;Homeland is racist.&quot;" src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/15/arabianstreetartists9_wide-5000ce6e7c41182ce5599e11df15db12ade622d3-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 348px; width: 620px;" title="Artists say they took jobs painting graffiti on the set of Homeland to leave subversive messages. They say this one reads, &quot;Homeland is racist.&quot; (Courtesy of the artists)" /></div><div><p>&quot;Homeland is racist.&quot;</p></div></div><p>&quot;There is no Homeland.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Homeland is not a series.&quot;</p><p>For the observant Arabic speakers watching last Sunday&#39;s episode of&nbsp;Homeland,&nbsp;these are some of the messages they may have noticed scrawled on the walls behind main character Carrie Mathison. For the rest of the TV audience, well, they didn&#39;t have to wait long to find out.</p><p>On Thursday, the three artists hired to design the set of a Syrian refugee camp with Arabic graffiti&nbsp;<a href="http://www.hebaamin.com/news/">blogged</a>&nbsp;about &quot;hacking&quot; the show with subversive messages.</p><div id="res449047134" previewtitle="Artists hired to paint Arabic graffiti on sets for the TV show Homeland say this message reads, &quot;Homeland is not a series.&quot;"><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Artists hired to paint Arabic graffiti on sets for the TV show Homeland say this message reads, &quot;Homeland is not a series.&quot;" src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/15/arabianstreetartists1_wide-ced2369501363fa9ebd0448319a42ea7720a8ebc-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 349px; width: 620px;" title="Artists hired to paint Arabic graffiti on sets for the TV show Homeland say this message reads, &quot;Homeland is not a series.&quot; (Courtesy of the artists)" /></div><div><div><p>The &quot;Arabian Street Artists,&quot; as they refer to themselves in the post, are Heba Amin, Caram Kapp and Stone. They say they were initially reluctant to be a part of the show, because they see the show&#39;s portrayal of the Middle East and its people, particularly Muslims, as racist. But they decided to use the opportunity to make a statement.</p></div></div></div><p>And make a statement they did.</p><p>In the blog post revealing their actions, they wrote that they wanted to undercut the message of the show:</p><blockquote><div><p><em>&quot;The series has garnered the reputation of being&nbsp;<a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2014/10/02/homeland-is-the-most-bigoted-show-on-television/" target="_blank">the most bigoted show on television&nbsp;</a>for its inaccurate, undifferentiated and highly biased depiction of Arabs, Pakistanis, and Afghans, as well as its gross misrepresentations of the cities of Beirut, Islamabad- and the so-called Muslim world in general. For four seasons, and entering its fifth, Homeland has maintained the dichotomy of the photogenic, mainly white, mostly American protector versus the evil and backwards Muslim threat.&quot;</em></p></div></blockquote><div id="res449049207" previewtitle="Graffiti artists say this hidden-in-plain-sight insult says, &quot;Homeland is a watermelon,&quot; meaning it shouldn't be taken seriously."><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Graffiti artists say this hidden-in-plain-sight insult says, &quot;Homeland is a watermelon,&quot; meaning it shouldn't be taken seriously." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/15/arabianstreetartists4_wide-100607570f4d928b8e2e3c8a73ae2677fe04c43a-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 349px; width: 620px;" title="Graffiti artists say this hidden-in-plain-sight insult says, &quot;Homeland is a watermelon,&quot; meaning it shouldn't be taken seriously. (Courtesy of the artists)" /></div><div><p>&nbsp;</p></div></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 16 Oct 2015 11:30:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/street-artists-hired-homeland-hide-accusations-shows-racism-plain-sight-113375 Ta-Nehisi Coates looks at the physical toll of being black In America http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/ta-nehisi-coates-looks-physical-toll-being-black-america-112359 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/009_coat_9780812993547_art_r1_slide-4df52283385472ac1bbf65bde10b599512ac09d9-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>When writer Ta-Nehisi Coates sat down at NPR&#39;s New York studios a few days ago, he got a little emotional.</p><p>It was the first time that Coates, <a href="http://www.theatlantic.com/author/ta-nehisi-coates/">who writes for The Atlantic</a>, had held a copy of his latest book, <em>Between the World and Me</em>.</p><p>This book is personal, written as a letter to his teenage son Somari. In it, we see glimpses of the hard West Baltimore streets where Coates grew up, his curiosity at work on the campus of Howard University and his early struggles as a journalist.</p><p>Coates also reflects on what it meant, and what it means, to inhabit a black body in America. He gets at the physical consequences of slavery and racial discrimination, and he brings to bear his big fear that his life and the lives of his loved ones might end unnaturally.</p><p>&quot;When we think about the myriad evils that spring from racism, that spring from white supremacy,&quot; he tells NPR&#39;s Michele Norris, &quot;one of the realizations I had while writing this book was that ultimately, these all are things that endanger the body.&quot;</p><p><span style="font-size:24px;">Interview Highlights</span></p><p><strong>On the West Baltimore neighborhood where Coates grew up</strong></p><p>It was a neighborhood which had been subjected to housing discrimination, right? So you had a group of people who physically could not move, who did not have the same sort of choices that other people did. You had a group of people who did not have the same sort of opportunities that other people did in terms of jobs and educations.</p><p>So the neighborhood tended to be a little more violent than other neighborhoods of the same economic description.</p><p><strong>On the physical repercussions of racism</strong></p><p>There can be no more physical process than somebody literally taking your body and putting it to whatever their selfish usages might be. Unfortunately, it doesn&#39;t end there. it proceeds right through Jim Crow. And all the laws, the horrible laws, passed during Jim Crow &mdash; the inability to work where you wanted, the inability to vote, the lack of mobility throughout the South &mdash; ultimately these laws were enforced though violence.</p><p><strong>On moving to a safer neighborhood, and then back</strong></p><p>I can remember for the first time in my life, a few years back, I lived in a neighborhood that was not majority black, that was not considered a &quot;ghetto.&quot; I quickly moved back.</p><p>But I think about how I would walk down the street, and how my need to constantly be on guard, to watch everything, was suddenly removed. I remember physically feeling different. My body felt different. I felt more at ease than I had in any other neighborhood that I had lived in, in my life.</p><p>We lived in that neighborhood for three years.</p><p>I left because I love black people. I love living around black people. Home is home. We suffer under racism and the physical deprivations that come with that, but beneath that we form cultures and traditions that are beautiful.</p><p><strong>On fear</strong></p><p>It was everywhere. It was even manifested in shows of strength, when people were trying to act like they weren&#39;t afraid.</p><p>We look at young black kids with a scowl on their face, walking a certain way down the block with their sweatpants dangling, however, with their hoodies on. And folks think that this is a show of power or a show of force.</p><p>But I know, because I&#39;ve been among those kids, it ultimately is fear. The very need to exhibit your power in that sort of way is really to ward off other people because you&#39;re afraid of what could actually happen to you.</p><p><strong>On what it means to love America</strong></p><p>I love America the way I love my family &mdash; I was born into it. And there&#39;s no escape out of it. But no definition of family that I&#39;ve ever encountered or dealt with involves never having cross words with people, never having debate , never speaking directly. On the contrary, that&#39;s the very definition in my house, and the house that I grew up in, of what family is.</p><p><span style="font-size:24px;">An Excerpt From <em>Between The World And Me</em></span></p><p><em>Reprinted by arrangement with Spiegel &amp; Grau, an imprint of Random House, a division of Penguin Random House LLC. Copyright &copy; 2015 by Ta-Nehisi Coates.</em></p><p>One day, I was in Chicago, reporting a story about the history of segregation in the urban North and how it was engineered by government policy. I was trailing some officers of the county sheriff as they made their rounds. That day I saw a black man losing his home. I followed the sheriff &#39;s officers inside the house, where a group of them were talking to the man&#39;s wife, who was also trying to tend to her two children. She had clearly not been warned that the sheriff would be coming, though something in her husband&#39;s demeanor told me he must have known. His wife&#39;s eyes registered, all at once, shock at the circumstance, anger at the officers, and anger at her husband. The officers stood in the man&#39;s living room, giving him orders as to what would now happen. Outside there were men who&#39;d been hired to remove the family&#39;s possessions. The man was humiliated, and I imagined that he had probably for some time carried, in his head, alone, all that was threatening his family but could not bring himself to admit it to himself or his wife. So he now changed all that energy into anger, directed at the officers. He cursed. He yelled. He pointed wildly. This particular sheriff &#39;s department was more progressive than most. They were concerned about mass incarceration. They would often bring a social worker to an eviction. But this had nothing to do with the underlying and relentless logic of the world this man in- habited, a logic built on laws built on history built on contempt for this man and his family and their fate.</p><p>The man ranted on. When the officers turned away, he ranted more to the group of black men assembled who&#39;d been hired to sit his family out on the street. His manner was like all the powerless black people I&#39;d ever known, exaggerating their bodies to conceal a fundamental plunder that they could not prevent.</p><p>I had spent the week exploring this city, walking through its vacant lots, watching the aimless boys, sitting in the pews of the striving churches, reeling before the street murals to the dead. And I would, from time to time, sit in the humble homes of black people in that city who were entering their tenth decade of life. These people were pro- found. Their homes were filled with the emblems of honorable life&mdash;citizenship awards, portraits of husbands and wives passed away, several generations of children in cap and gown. And they had drawn these accolades by cleaning big houses and living in one-room Alabama shacks before moving to the city. And they had done this despite the city, which was supposed to be a respite, revealing itself to simply be a more intricate specimen of plunder. They had worked two and three jobs, put children through high school and college, and become pillars of their community. I admired them, but I knew the whole time that I was merely encountering the survivors, the ones who&#39;d endured the banks and their stone-faced con- tempt, the realtors and their fake sympathy&mdash;&quot;I&#39;m sorry, that house just sold yesterday&quot;&mdash;the realtors who steered them back toward ghetto blocks, or blocks earmarked to be ghettos soon, the lenders who found this captive class and tried to strip them of everything they had. In those homes I saw the best of us, but behind each of them I knew that there were so many millions gone.</p><p>And I knew that there were children born into these same caged neighborhoods on the Westside, these ghettos, each of which was as planned as any subdivision. They are an elegant act of racism, killing fields authored by federal policies, where we are, all again, plundered of our dignity, of our families, of our wealth, and of our lives. And there is no difference between the killing of Prince Jones and the murders attending these killing fields because both are rooted in the assumed inhumanity of black people. A leg- acy of plunder, a network of laws and traditions, a heritage, a Dream, murdered Prince Jones as sure as it murders black people in North Lawndale with frightening regularity. &quot;Black-on-black crime&quot; is jargon, violence to language, which vanishes the men who engineered the covenants, who fixed the loans, who planned the projects, who built the streets and sold red ink by the barrel. And this should not surprise us. The plunder of black life was drilled into this country in its infancy and reinforced across its history, so that plunder has become an heirloom, an intelligence, a sentience, a default setting to which, likely to the end of our days, we must invariably return.</p><p>The killing fields of Chicago, of Baltimore, of Detroit, were created by the policy of Dreamers, but their weight, their shame, rests solely upon those who are dying in them. There is a great deception in this. To yell &quot;black- on-black crime&quot; is to shoot a man and then shame him for bleeding. And the premise that allows for these killing fields&mdash;the reduction of the black body&mdash;is no different than the premise that allowed for the murder of Prince Jones. The Dream of acting white, of talking white, of being white, murdered Prince Jones as sure as it murders black people in Chicago with frightening regularity. Do not accept the lie. Do not drink from poison. The same hands that drew red lines around the life of Prince Jones drew red lines around the ghetto.</p></p> Fri, 10 Jul 2015 11:56:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/ta-nehisi-coates-looks-physical-toll-being-black-america-112359 Worldview: FIFA warns Russia about racist fans prior to 2018 World Cup http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-03-11/worldview-fifa-warns-russia-about-racist-fans-prior-2018-world-cup <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/AP917826053843.jpg" style="height: 409px; width: 620px;" title="PSG fans light flares during the Champions League round of 16 first leg soccer match between Paris Saint Germain and Chelsea at the Parc des Princes stadium in Paris, France, Tuesday, Feb. 17, 2015. (AP Photo/Christophe Ena)" /></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/195391129&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px;">Racism in soccer</span></p><p dir="ltr"><span id="docs-internal-guid-76eb36c6-0a65-bb33-f482-de2599d52aae">London club Chelsea will play Paris St Germain (PSG) in the second leg of their round of 16 clash in the Champions League. &nbsp;Last month, supporters of Chelsea shoved a black passenger off a train at a Paris metro stop while shouting racist chants. This happened hours after Chelsea tied with the local Parisian team, PSG, in a heated Champions League match. This is only the most recent example of racism in the sport, both against fans and players. With the World Cup heading to Russia in 2018, FIFA worries that racial tensions in the region will disrupt the highly anticipated tournament. </span></p><p><strong>Guest:&nbsp;</strong><em><a href="https://twitter.com/willtidey">Will Tidey</a> is the Global Sports Manager for <a href="https://twitter.com/Bleacherreport">Bleacher Report</a>.</em></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/195391417&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px;">WHO urges countries to cut downon sugars</span></p><p><span id="docs-internal-guid-9a981408-0a67-b184-350e-c454f962b08b">A new report from the World Health Organization says the world is eating too much sugar. It calls upon nations to cut their added sugar consumptions to less than 10 percent of total calories in the name of reducing non communicable diseases. These free sugars include things like honey, syrups, fruit juices and concentrates. But already some Canadians are saying it shouldn&rsquo;t include maple syrup. The sugar industry in the US is also unhappy about the study. Here to talk to us about it is the author of the report Dr Francesco Branca and Chewing the Fat cohosts Monica Eng and Louisa Chu.</span></p><p><span><strong>Guests:&nbsp;</strong></span></p><p><em><a href="https://twitter.com/louisachu">Louisa Chu</a> and <a href="https://twitter.com/monicaeng">Monica Eng</a> are the hosts of the <a href="http://www.wbez.org/content/chewing-fat-podcast-louisa-chu-and-monica-eng">Chewing the Fat</a> podcast.</em></p><p><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-9a981408-0a68-3054-bda3-2930e906cc9b">Dr Francesco Branca is the </span>Director of <a href="https://twitter.com/WHO">WHO</a>&rsquo;s Department of Nutrition for Health and Development.</em></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/195391775&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_artwork=false&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px;">Global Notes: The Nile Project</span></p><p dir="ltr"><span id="docs-internal-guid-c153a514-0a69-9233-b10f-f22e0fd4799a">The Nile River runs through 11 African countries and is the primary source of water for two of them: Sudan and Egypt. But drought, floods and pollution remains a threat. &nbsp;This week on Global Notes, Morning Shift and Radio M host Tony Sarabia introduces us to the musical collective The Nile &nbsp;Project, whose mission-through music- is to inspire cultural curiosity, highlight regional connections, and showcase the potential of trans-boundary cooperation. We&rsquo;ll also talk with Nile Project co-founder Egyptian ethnomusicologist Mina Girgis.</span></p><p dir="ltr"><strong>Guests:</strong></p><p dir="ltr"><em><a href="https://twitter.com/wbezsarabia">Tony Sarabia</a> is the host of <a href="https://twitter.com/WBEZmorning">WBEZ Morning Shift</a>.</em></p><p dir="ltr"><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-c153a514-0a6a-1de9-a49f-2a58fd6f1a18"><a href="https://twitter.com/minagirgis">Mina Girgis</a> is an Egyptian Ethnomusicologist and Co-founder of &nbsp;<a href="https://twitter.com/nileproject">The Nile Project</a>.</span></em></p></p> Wed, 11 Mar 2015 14:47:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-03-11/worldview-fifa-warns-russia-about-racist-fans-prior-2018-world-cup Worldview: A history of racism and slavery in Brazil http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-03-02/worldview-history-racism-and-slavery-brazil-111643 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/AP978020942239_0.jpg" style="height: 413px; width: 620px;" title="Brazil's President Dilma Rousseff speaks during a ceremony launching the Bem Simples program, at Planalto presidential palace in Brasilia, Thursday, Feb. 26, 2015. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)" /></div></div><div class="image-insert-image "><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/193895570&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_artwork=false&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe><font color="#333333" face="Arial, sans-serif"><span style="font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px;">Racism and slavery in Brazil</span></font></div><div class="image-insert-image "><p dir="ltr"><span id="docs-internal-guid-393f7673-dc5d-d247-5a04-b5989fb01369">Brazil&rsquo;s Afro population has dealt with centuries of historic structural racism and disenfranchisement. One of these groups, known as Quilombolas or Quilombos, are landless and descend from escaped or former African slaves. The administration of current Brazilian president, Dilma Rousseff, has been accused of &ldquo;dragging its feet&rdquo; on executing an already established &nbsp;reparations regime. We&rsquo;ll talk about racism in Brazil and current remedies with Ruth Needleman, professor emerita of Labor Studies at Indiana University. She&rsquo;s researched social justice issues, especially in the Americas and global South, for decades.&nbsp;</span></p><div><strong>Guest:&nbsp;</strong><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-393f7673-dc5e-5fa1-0c20-dfc37e7b1fd0">Ruth Needleman is a p</span>rofessor emerita of Labor Studies at <a href="https://twitter.com/IUBloomington">Indiana University</a>.</em></div><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/193901611&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_artwork=false&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe><div>&nbsp;</div><div><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px;">The Passenger: Holocaust put to opera</span></div><div><p dir="ltr"><span id="docs-internal-guid-3d6991d7-dc5f-e79a-0848-6615da9d4d5a">An opera that&rsquo;s getting its Chicago premiere takes a look at a difficult subject through an unusual lens. &ldquo;The Passenger&rdquo; is set partly in Auschwitz during World War II. The opera was nearly lost to history. It was written behind the Iron Curtain, and never performed during the composer&rsquo;s lifetime. Mezzo soprano Daveda Karanas is part of the recent revival of this work. She&rsquo;s here to give us a unique glimpse into the history of this tragic period in history, and the twisting path of the opera itself.&nbsp;</span></p><p dir="ltr"><strong>Guest:&nbsp;</strong><em><a href="https://twitter.com/Louisianadiva">Daveda Karanas</a> is the messo soprano for &quot;<a href="http://www.lyricopera.org/passenger">The Passenger</a>.&quot;</em></p></div></div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div></p> Mon, 02 Mar 2015 15:11:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-03-02/worldview-history-racism-and-slavery-brazil-111643 International Human Rights Day http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-12-10/international-human-rights-day-111216 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/project_story.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>To mark International Human Rights Day, we&#39;ll take a look at global race relations, conditions for farm workers in Mexico and musicians under threat for the political messages in their music.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-could-ferguson-happen-abroad/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-could-ferguson-happen-abroad.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-could-ferguson-happen-abroad" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: International Human Rights Day" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Wed, 10 Dec 2014 11:23:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-12-10/international-human-rights-day-111216 Suspicion lingers over Ebola treatment http://www.wbez.org/news/suspicion-lingers-over-ebola-treatment-110977 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/african food truck.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Last Friday, Illinois health officials presented plans to deal with any future Ebola cases in the state. These include establishing a test lab, taking the temperature of some foreign travelers, and forming a task force aimed at better communication.</p><p>But a trip to a nearby West African lunch truck revealed that big communication gaps still remain in some parts of the city.&nbsp;</p><p>As the West African vendor served up plates of fufu and goat, he said that, so far, he hadn&rsquo;t seen any shortages in ingredients imported from Africa.&nbsp;<br /><br />But a customer standing in line thought the vendor was, instead, being asked about the safety of West African food.&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;Ebola cannot infect our food,&rdquo; said the cab driver who only wanted to be identified as Chris. &ldquo;Because our food is properly cooked. It is cooked to at least 90 degrees.&rdquo;</p><p>Chris continued by sharing his view on the true origin of Ebola.</p><p>&ldquo;That thing (Ebola) is a white man&rsquo;s disease,&rdquo; he said. &ldquo;They created it in a lab to kill us, and to make the pharmaceutical companies rich.&rdquo;</p><p>Within minutes, fellow cab drivers joined in the conversation, asking &ldquo;Why is it that the black man who came from Africa, he died? But the white man lived. We won&rsquo;t let anyone fool us anymore.&rdquo;</p><p>While some of these views may seem extreme, they echo a larger question in the world health community about why an Ebola vaccine has been so long in coming.&nbsp;</p><p>Laurie Garrett is a Senior Fellow for Gobal Health at the Council on Foreign Relations. She said market forces affect the development of these medications.</p><p>&ldquo;Because it&rsquo;s so rare, and it occurs among very poor people, where is the financial market incentive for the pharmaceutical industry to get in there and commercialize it?&rdquo; she asked.</p><p>Indeed, until recently, that incentive has not existed. But it did get a big push last month when the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation committed $50 million to addressing Ebola.&nbsp;</p><p>Still, Garrett says there are other factors that have slowed progress on an Ebola vaccine.</p><p>&ldquo;How do you clinically test a vaccine against a disease that you cannot possibly ethically induce in your test subjects, and that occurs so rarely,&rdquo; she asks. &ldquo;Also, you don&rsquo;t really have a population that is routinely exposed in order to test how well the vaccine really works.&rdquo;</p><p>One Liberian-born, American professor offered up an answer to that question. He believes human trials have already begun...on unsuspecting Africans as part of a plan by the U.S. Department of Defense. The Delaware State plant pathologist detailed these suspicions in a letter that went viral last month in Liberia&rsquo;s largest daily paper, further fueling speculation.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p>This and other factors have driven continuing suspicion about a racial component to the outbreak.<br /><br />&ldquo;The white woman who went to England: she was healed,&rdquo; Chris, the cab driver, noted. &ldquo;The nurse who went to Spain: She was healed. The white boy who who came to America. He was healed. But the black man who came to Texas, in America&mdash;in America he died.&rdquo;&nbsp;</p><p>Last week, Illinois&rsquo; Director of Public Health LeMar Hasbrouck stressed that communication will be key in the Ebola fight. And that the new task force would have to: &ldquo;Coordinate public messaging so we are not giving different messages to different audiences, so we are all on the same page there.&rdquo;</p><p>WBEZ asked Hasbrouck&rsquo;s department how and if it planned to address some of the racially-based perceptions on Ebola. The department did not respond.</p><p><em>Monica Eng is a WBEZ producer and co-host of the Chewing The Fat podcast. Follow her at <a href="http://twitter.com/monicaeng" target="_blank">@monicaeng</a>&nbsp;or write to her at meng@wbez.org</em></p></p> Wed, 22 Oct 2014 13:51:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/suspicion-lingers-over-ebola-treatment-110977