WBEZ | John F. Kennedy http://www.wbez.org/tags/john-f-kennedy Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Finding poetry in Kennedy assassination http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-11-22/finding-poetry-kennedy-assassination-94275 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2011-November/2011-11-22/4335366409_e3ffef2175_o.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Tuesday marked the 48th anniversary of President John F. Kennedy’s assassination. The moment has worked itself deep into the American psyche, spawning commissions, books, movies and theories all bent on uncovering what really happened that day. Author and poet <a href="http://www.colum.edu/academics/english_department/Faculty/Faculty_Profiles/Tony_Trigilio.php">Tony Trigilio</a> was fascinated by the mystery surrounding Kennedy’s assassination. He poured over the Warren Commission Report and then, he started reading Lee Harvey Oswald’s personal diary. But he didn’t find conspiracy; he found poetry. The result was<a href="http://www.blazevox.org/index.php/Shop/Poetry/historic-diary-by-tony-trigilio-196/"> <em>Historic Diary</em></a> - his latest collection of poems.</p><p>Web extra: Tony Trigilio reads two poems from his book <em>Historic Diary</em>: <em>Kiss Junie and Rachel for me, I love you, be sure to buy shoes for June</em>, and <em>The Manchurian Cadidate.</em></p></p> Tue, 22 Nov 2011 16:04:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-11-22/finding-poetry-kennedy-assassination-94275 Global Activism: Stories from the Peace Corps http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-04/global-activism-stories-peace-corps-90095 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2011-August/2011-08-03/Kennedy_greeting_Peace_Corps_volunteers,_1961.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>This year marks the 50th anniversary of the Peace Corps. In 1960, Senator John F. Kennedy challenged students at the University of Michigan to serve their country in the cause of peace by living and working in developing countries.</p><p>That speech laid the foundation for what became the Peace Corps. Since its founding, more than two hundred thousand Americans have volunteered to serve communities in need all over the world and to help promote a better understanding between Americans and other cultures.</p><p>Today we mark the anniversary of the Peace Corps with a few former volunteers who've been featured on our <a href="http://www.wbez.org/globalactivism" target="_self"><em>Global Activism </em></a>series: Amy Maglio, founder of the <a href="http://womensglobal.org/" target="_blank">Women’s Global Education Project</a>; Patsy Mertz, founder of <a href="http://www.ivorycoastaid.org/" target="_blank">Ivory Coast Mothers and Children</a>; and Barbara Janes, who belonged to the first group of volunteers in 1961.</p></p> Thu, 04 Aug 2011 18:10:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-04/global-activism-stories-peace-corps-90095 Evolution of Chicago's handgun ban http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-06-27/evolution-chicagos-handgun-ban-88376 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2011-June/2011-06-27/102835733.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Chicago’s top cop Garry McCarthy has been criticized for <a href="http://www.nbcchicago.com/blogs/ward-room/emanuel-mccarthy-sabina-124439094.html" target="_blank">recent comments</a> he made about gun control in a predominately black parish. Race relations were a factor when the City of Chicago first implemented a hand gun registry in 1968. To learn how Chicago got there, contributer <a href="http://www.robertloerzel.com/" target="_blank">Robert Loerzel</a> explored the history, using archival recordings from the <a href="http://www.uic.edu/depts/lib/specialcoll/services/rjd/findingaids/Crawfordf.html" target="_blank">Bob Crawford Audio Archive</a> at the University of Illinois at Chicago.<br> <br> ANNOUNCER ON WFAA-TV, DALLAS: You’ll excuse me if I’m out of breath. A bulletin, this is from the United Press, from Dallas. President Kennedy and Governor John Connelly have been cut down by assassins' bullets in downtown Dallas. They were riding in an open automobile when the shots were fired. The president, his limp body carried in the arms of his wife, Jacqueline, was rushed to Parkland Hospital.</p><p>AUDIO: Taps being played at JFK's funeral.</p><p>The assassination of President John F. Kennedy shocked the nation in 1963. The years that followed were a time of civil-rights protests, police brutality, race riots and increasing urban crime. Chicago's murder rate more than doubled in the 1960s. Some people, including Mayor Richard J. Daley, said stricter gun laws were needed. Tensions flared in 1966 when Martin Luther King, Jr. came to Chicago. He spoke at Solider Field on July 10.</p><p>KING: Now is the time to get rid of the slums and the ghettos of Chicago. Now is the time to make justice a reality all over this nation. Now is the time.</p><p>King preached nonviolence, but two days after his speech, African-Americans rioted on the West Side, after police shut off the water spraying from a fire hydrant in the middle of a heat wave. Snipers fired at police from rooftops. Six officers were shot and wounded. Two black residents were killed by police gunfire.</p><p><em>MUSIC: Mothers of Invention, "Trouble Every Day"</em></p><p>President Lyndon Johnson got on the phone with Mayor Daley. The White House secretly recorded their call, as Daley made the case for gun control.<br> <br> WHITE HOUSE TAPE DALEY: Something has to be done, Mr. President, about the sale of the guns.</p><p>Daley's voice can be heard faintly on the tape. Here's actor Neil Giuntoli, reading Daley's words to LBJ.</p><p>GIUNTOLI/DALEY: Outside the suburbs in the city, we have control, but what the hell, in the suburbs, there are — you go out to all around our suburbs and you've got people out there, especially the non-white, are buying guns right and left. Shotguns and rifles and pistols and everything else. There's no registration. … There's no, and you know, they've had trouble with this national gun law, but after the president's assassination, someone ought to do something.<br> JOHNSON: We thought so, but you can't get the Congress to vote for it, these damn conservation leagues and everybody come—<br> GIUNTOLI/DALEY: By God, when they see this thing that happens here, they get surprised...</p><p><em>MUSIC: The Montgomery Gospel Trio, the Nashville Quartet, and Guy Carawan, "We Shall Overcome."</em></p><p>Daley blamed outside agitators for bringing violence to Chicago, but King was pleading with Chicago's blacks to stop the violence. At the time, conservatives blamed the civil-rights movement for creating disorder. Politicians made speeches about "law and order." Some of them seemed to be using that phrase as a code for racial repression. Still, crime was increasing, and many people really were concerned about it.</p><p><em>MUSIC: Buffalo Springfield, "For What It's Worth."</em></p><p>In 1967, Daley pushed for a state law requiring the registration of all guns. His bill was defeated. The Illinois General Assembly approved a Republican compromise. It was supported by the National Rifle Association and Illinois State Rifle Association. Instead of registering every gun, the state registered gun owners. It was the Firearm Owners Identification Card.</p><p>The compromise wasn't good enough for Daley. In January 1968, the City Council ordered the registration of all firearms in Chicago. But before Daley's ordinance took effect, America was stunned by another assassination.</p><p>ROBERT F. KENNEDY: Martin Luther King was shot and was killed tonight in Memphis, Tennessee.</p><p>"VIOLENT TRIBUTE" TV REPORT: By 4 o'clock Friday afternoon, huge portions of the West Side ghetto were aflame.</p><p>Daley issued an executive order that temporarily banned the sale of all guns and ammo. And—as for the arsonists—he ordered police to "shoot to kill."</p><p>RICHARD J. DALEY: Men poised with Molotov cocktails, incendiaries or firebombs of any kind are the same as the assassins who pulled the triggers on the gun that killed the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. and the late President John F. Kennedy. We cannot resign ourselves to the proposition that civil protest must lead to death and devastation, to the abandonment of the law that is fundamental for the preservation of the rights of all people and their freedom.</p><p>A month after the riots, Daley's new gun law took effect. Chicagoans registered 165,000 guns. And then, another assassination made news.</p><p>KENNEDY PRESS AIDE FRANK MANKIEWICZ: Senator Robert Francis Kennedy died at 1:44 a.m. today, June 6, 1968.</p><p>In August, police and demonstrators clashed at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.</p><p>SCENE FROM <em>AMERICAN REVOLUTION 2</em> DOCUMENTARY: Kill! Kill! Kill! Kill! Hey, kill! C'mon, kill! C'mon! C'mon, I'm over here! Shoot! Use those knives, c'mon! Shoot to kill! Kill! Shoot to kill! C'mon. Kill!</p><p><em>MUSIC: The MC5, "Kick Out the Jams."</em></p><p>Chicago Mayor Richard J. Daley continued pushing for gun control. In 1972, he testified at Congress and called for a national ban on handguns. Here's some of his testimony, re-enacted by Neil Giuntoli:</p><p>DALEY/GIUNTOLI: As far as I'm concerned, the only purpose of a handgun in unauthorized hands is to kill ... The handgun makes no positive contribution to our society. It kills — whether by accident or on purpose.</p><p>When Daley died in 1976, his hopes for gun laws remained unfulfilled. Four years later, another series of violent events prompted more calls for gun control.</p><p>CHANNEL 2: Channel 2, the 10 o'clock news...</p><p>It all started on December 8, 1980.</p><p>WALTER JACOBSON: The handgun that killed John Lennon, the .38-caliber pistol, is manufactured solely for the purpose of killing people. All handguns that are manufactured in the United States are solely for the purpose of killing people. They have nothing to do with hunting, for sport or for food. They are for murdering people. Period.</p><p><em>MUSIC: John Lennon, "Watching the Wheels."</em></p><p>Over the coming weeks, gunfire claimed eleven lives at the Cabrini-Green public housing project. By now, Jane Byrne was the mayor of Chicago, and she was calling for stricter gun laws. To show solidarity with the residents, Byrne moved into Cabrini-Green on March 31, 1981. One day earlier, another shooting made national headlines.</p><p><em>VOICES: Mr. President Reagan! Mr. President! [shots, screaming]</em></p><p>And then, on May 13, yet another assassination attempt, this time in Rome.</p><p>CBS — DAN RATHER: They heard gunfire and saw the pope turn pale and collapse, bloody, into the arms of his aides. Pope John Paul II had been shot.</p><p>Amid the growing concern, the suburb of Morton Grove outlawed handguns. In early 1982, Mayor Byrne urged the Chicago City Council to prohibit all new handguns.</p><p>BYRNE: There are human beings all over this city that tonight, tonight, may innocently be shot by a criminal with a nonregistered gun, who will get away with it. And are we to sit and say, because nobody did it before, we won't do it now? The city is too important, and its people are too important.</p><p>The City Council debated the ordinance on March 19, 1982. Aldermen Richard Mell and Marian Humes spoke out against it.</p><p>HUMES: This is a con game that's being run here, that's all it is.</p><p>Aldermen Timothy Evans and Edward Burke supported the ban.</p><p>BURKE: What it does do, hopefully, is put a freeze on the number of handguns that are presently opened by people in the city of Chicago.</p><p>The City Council approved the ordinance by a vote of thirty to eleven. And what‘s been the result? NRA Lawyer Stephen Halbrook says it hasn’t had any effect on crime.</p><p>HALBROOK: I think it's made it impossible for law-abiding citizens to have handguns to protect their families in their own homes.</p><p>City of Chicago lawyer Benna Solomon disagrees. She says the law is an important tool for police to make arrests.</p><p>SOLOMON: Because we have a handgun ordinance… when a police officer is on surveillance or on patrol and sees a suspicious bulge in someone's waistband, that alone provides probable cause to believe that a crime has been committed... So it allows the police officer to intervene, right then and there.</p><p>Last year, the Chicago police seized more than 8,000 guns. Homicides decreased 10 percent in 2009, but the death toll was still staggering: 458 murders. Out of that total, 352 people were killed with handguns.</p><p><em>MUSIC: The Jimi Hendrix Experience, “Hey Joe.”</em></p></p> Mon, 27 Jun 2011 12:56:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-06-27/evolution-chicagos-handgun-ban-88376 Global Activism: Stories from the Peace Corps http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/%5Bfield_program_ref-title-raw%5D/global-activism-stories-peace-corps <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//Kennedy_greeting_Peace_Corps_volunteers,_1961.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Each Thursday on our <a href="http://www.wbez.org/globalactivism" target="_blank">Global Activism</a> series, we hear about an individual who’s decided to work to make the world a better place. On today’s segment we thought we’d do something a little different.</p><p>In 1960 Senator John F. Kennedy challenged students at the University of Michigan to serve their country in the cause of peace by living and working in developing countries. That speech was the beginning of the Peace Corps. The Peace Corps was Kennedy’s idea but it was his brother in law, Sargent Shriver, who would establish the agency and serve as its first director. Earlier this month Sargent Shriver passed away. We thought we’d remember his legacy today with several former Peace Corps volunteers.&nbsp;</p><p>Amy Maglio is the founder of the<a href="http://womensglobal.org/" target="_blank"> Women’s Global Education Project</a>. Patsy Mertz is the founder of <a href="http://www.ivorycoastaid.org/" target="_blank">Ivory Coast Mothers and Children</a>. Barbara Janes served as part of the very first Peace Corps class in 1961, in Pakistan. They have all been featured on the Global Activism series and they join us to reminisce about the Peace Corps.<br> &nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 27 Jan 2011 16:54:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/%5Bfield_program_ref-title-raw%5D/global-activism-stories-peace-corps Passing the torch: 50 years after President Kennedy's inauguration http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/passing-torch-50-years-after-president-kennedys-inauguration <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//Kennedy inauguration_0.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Thursday is the 50th anniversary of John F. Kennedy&rsquo;s inauguration. And as far away in time and place as that event sounds, some argue that Chicago can take a little credit &ndash; that Kennedy might not have been president without former Mayor Richard J. Daley and his very public support.<br /><br />To celebrate the milestone, the <a href="http://www.jfklibrary.org/" target="_blank">John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum</a> released digital copies of its archives. &quot;Eight Forty-Eight&quot; listened to tape from his epic inaugural address to a civic luncheon in Chicago and found more than a few gems. And that some things never change.<br /><br />To honor the silver anniversary of President John F. Kennedy&rsquo;s inauguration, the show revisited significant moments of his presidency and had experts reflect on his legacy.<br /><br />The voices of former <a href="http://www.fcc.gov/" target="_blank">Federal Communications Commission</a> chair <a href="http://www.museum.tv/eotvsection.php?entrycode=minownewton" target="_blank">Newton Minow</a>, the founding director of the <a href="http://nmaahc.si.edu/" target="_blank">National Museum of African American History and Culture Lonnie Bunch</a>, writer <a href="http://www.carolfelsenthal.com/" target="_blank">Carol Felsenthal</a> and the executive director of the ACLU of Illinois <a href="http://il.aclu.org/site/PageServer?pagename=IL_Content_2009MemberConfConnell" target="_blank">Colleen Connell</a>.</p></p> Thu, 20 Jan 2011 14:45:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/passing-torch-50-years-after-president-kennedys-inauguration VIDEO: On 50th Anniversary, Watch JFK's Inaugural Address http://www.wbez.org/story/around-nation/video-50th-anniversary-watch-jfks-inaugural-address <p><p>On this 50th anniversary of President John F. Kennedy's "ask not" inaugural address — <a href="http://www.npr.org/2011/01/18/133018777/jfks-inaugural-speech-still-inspires-50-years-later" target="_blank">a speech that still inspires many Americans</a> all these years later — thanks to C-SPAN's online library we can all watch and hear it again.</p><p>There's a <a href="http://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/FKennedyI" target="_blank">38-minute video of the inauguration posted here</a>. We've used C-SPAN's editing tool to zero in on the newly sworn-in president's address, which lasted about 15 minutes, and you can watch in the player below. Just hit the "play" button.</p><p>The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum has another <a href="http://www.jfklibrary.org/Asset-Viewer/BqXIEM9F4024ntFl7SVAjA.aspx" target="_blank">video view of the speech posted here</a>.</p><p>We'll also post a transcript of the address (courtesy of the Kennedy library) below.</p><p></p><p><blockquote></p><p>"Vice President Johnson, Mr. Speaker, Mr. Chief Justice, President Eisenhower, Vice President Nixon, President Truman, Reverend Clergy, fellow citizens:</p><p>"We observe today not a victory of party but a celebration of freedom — symbolizing an end as well as a beginning — signifying renewal as well as change. For I have sworn before you and Almighty God the same solemn oath our forbears prescribed nearly a century and three-quarters ago.</p><p>"The world is very different now. For man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life. And yet the same revolutionary beliefs for which our forebears fought are still at issue around the globe—the belief that the rights of man come not from the generosity of the state but from the hand of God.</p><p>"We dare not forget today that we are the heirs of that first revolution. Let the word go forth from this time and place, to friend and foe alike, that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans — born in this century, tempered by war, disciplined by a hard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage — and unwilling to witness or permit the slow undoing of those human rights to which this nation has always been committed, and to which we are committed today at home and around the world.</p><p>"Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty.</p><p>"This much we pledge — and more.</p><p>"To those old allies whose cultural and spiritual origins we share, we pledge the loyalty of faithful friends. United there is little we cannot do in a host of cooperative ventures. Divided there is little we can do — for we dare not meet a powerful challenge at odds and split asunder.</p><p>"To those new states whom we welcome to the ranks of the free, we pledge our word that one form of colonial control shall not have passed away merely to be replaced by a far more iron tyranny. We shall not always expect to find them supporting our view. But we shall always hope to find them strongly supporting their own freedom — and to remember that, in the past, those who foolishly sought power by riding the back of the tiger ended up inside.</p><p>"To those people in the huts and villages of half the globe struggling to break the bonds of mass misery, we pledge our best efforts to help them help themselves, for whatever period is required—not because the communists may be doing it, not because we seek their votes, but because it is right. If a free society cannot help the many who are poor, it cannot save the few who are rich.</p><p>"To our sister republics south of our border, we offer a special pledge — to convert our good words into good deeds — in a new alliance for progress — to assist free men and free governments in casting off the chains of poverty. But this peaceful revolution of hope cannot become the prey of hostile powers. Let all our neighbors know that we shall join with them to oppose aggression or subversion anywhere in the Americas. And let every other power know that this Hemisphere intends to remain the master of its own house.</p><p>"To that world assembly of sovereign states, the United Nations, our last best hope in an age where the instruments of war have far outpaced the instruments of peace, we renew our pledge of support — to prevent it from becoming merely a forum for invective —t o strengthen its shield of the new and the weak — and to enlarge the area in which its writ may run.</p><p>"Finally, to those nations who would make themselves our adversary, we offer not a pledge but a request: that both sides begin anew the quest for peace, before the dark powers of destruction unleashed by science engulf all humanity in planned or accidental self-destruction.</p><p>"We dare not tempt them with weakness. For only when our arms are sufficient beyond doubt can we be certain beyond doubt that they will never be employed.</p><p>"But neither can two great and powerful groups of nations take comfort from our present course — both sides overburdened by the cost of modern weapons, both rightly alarmed by the steady spread of the deadly atom, yet both racing to alter that uncertain balance of terror that stays the hand of mankind's final war.</p><p>"So let us begin anew — remembering on both sides that civility is not a sign of weakness, and sincerity is always subject to proof. Let us never negotiate out of fear. But let us never fear to negotiate.</p><p>"Let both sides explore what problems unite us instead of belaboring those problems which divide us.</p><p>"Let both sides, for the first time, formulate serious and precise proposals for the inspection and control of arms—and bring the absolute power to destroy other nations under the absolute control of all nations.</p><p>"Let both sides seek to invoke the wonders of science instead of its terrors. Together let us explore the stars, conquer the deserts, eradicate disease, tap the ocean depths and encourage the arts and commerce.</p><p>"Let both sides unite to heed in all corners of the earth the command of Isaiah — to "undo the heavy burdens . . . (and) let the oppressed go free." <br />And if a beachhead of cooperation may push back the jungle of suspicion, let both sides join in creating a new endeavor, not a new balance of power, but a new world of law, where the strong are just and the weak secure and the peace preserved.</p><p>"All this will not be finished in the first one hundred days. Nor will it be finished in the first one thousand days, nor in the life of this Administration, nor even perhaps in our lifetime on this planet. But let us begin.</p><p>"In your hands, my fellow citizens, more than mine, will rest the final success or failure of our course. Since this country was founded, each generation of Americans has been summoned to give testimony to its national loyalty. The graves of young Americans who answered the call to service surround the globe.</p><p>"Now the trumpet summons us again — not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need—not as a call to battle, though embattled we are — but a call to bear the burden of a long twilight struggle, year in and year out, 'rejoicing in hope, patient in tribulation' — a struggle against the common enemies of man: tyranny, poverty, disease and war itself.</p><p>"Can we forge against these enemies a grand and global alliance, North and South, East and West, that can assure a more fruitful life for all mankind? Will you join in that historic effort?</p><p>"In the long history of the world, only a few generations have been granted the role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. I do not shrink from this responsibility — I welcome it. I do not believe that any of us would exchange places with any other people or any other generation. The energy, the faith, the devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it — and the glow from that fire can truly light the world.</p><p>"And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you — ask what you can do for your country.</p><p>"My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man.</p><p>"Finally, whether you are citizens of America or citizens of the world, ask of us here the same high standards of strength and sacrifice which we ask of you. With a good conscience our only sure reward, with history the final judge of our deeds, let us go forth to lead the land we love, asking His blessing and His help, but knowing that here on earth God's work must truly be our own. "</p><p></blockquote> Copyright 2011 National Public Radio. To see more, visit <a href="http://www.npr.org/">http://www.npr.org/</a>.<img src="http://metrics.npr.org/b/ss/nprapidev/5/1295542632?&gn=VIDEO%3A+On+50th+Anniversary%2C+Watch+JFK%27s+Inaugural+Address&ev=event2&ch=103943429&h1=Government,History,National+News,Politics,John+F.+Kennedy,The+Two-Way,Around+the+Nation,U.S.,Home+Page+Top+Stories,News&c3=D%3Dgn&v3=D%3Dgn&c4=133083181&c7=1001&v7=D%3Dc7&c18=1001&v18=D%3Dc18&c19=20110120&v19=D%3Dc19&c20=1&v20=D%3Dc20&c31=128010892,127612725,127602855,127602596,126946701,103943429,133083458,132907079,131551086,131357655,130357600,130215202,129919600,129865776,129828651,129679032,133082632,131694431,128692498,127602855,127602331,103943429,133076715,127606515,127602855,103943429,133075087,133075085,127602855,127602446,103943429,133074915,127602855,127602331,125944306,103943429,133074370,129641447,127602855,103943429,131844642,127602855,127602596,127602464,103943429,133073661,133073645,132783213,132769262,132764894,127606515,127602855,127602446,103943429&v31=D%3Dc31&c45=MDA0OTc2MjAwMDEyNjk0NDE4OTI2NmUwNQ001"/></p></p> Thu, 20 Jan 2011 10:45:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/around-nation/video-50th-anniversary-watch-jfks-inaugural-address