WBEZ | Kenya http://www.wbez.org/tags/kenya Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Sex Won't Make You Dance Better; Sex in a Pool Won't Prevent Pregnancy http://www.wbez.org/news/sex-wont-make-you-dance-better-sex-pool-wont-prevent-pregnancy-114604 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/npr_kenya_finalart_wide-582eed174a66d62efec113dbf225053895c95b0b-s800-c85.jpeg" alt="" /><p><p>To be a girl in the Viwandani slum of Nairobi, Kenya, means sleeping in a one-room shack with as many as eight members of your family. It means convincing your parents that your monthly school fees are worth struggling to save for. It means scrounging for rags or old mattress stuffing to fashion a sanitary pad so you can go to school during that time of the month.</p><p>And for too many, it means ignorance about reproductive health.</p><p>I am a health care educator who has spent a decade working with women and families in the slums of Nairobi. When I meet with adolescents, as I did recently with a group of 75 in Viwandani, I talk about how to manage menstrual periods and the benefits of delaying pregnancy. On this particular visit, I was also there to deliver much-needed sanitary pads donated by girls&#39; schools in the Baltimore-Washington area.</p><p>As I began talking with the girls, ages 11 to 15, they explained they already knew how to avoid getting pregnant. No, their strategies didn&#39;t involve abstaining from sex or using condoms. Here&#39;s what they said would prevent pregnancy: taking a hot bath, drinking hot water, jumping vigorously after sex, having sex in a standing position, or having sex when it is raining or in a swimming pool.</p><p>Their answers saddened me. But I probably shouldn&#39;t have been shocked. According to the 2014&nbsp;<a href="https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/PR55/PR55.pdf" target="_blank">Kenya Demographic Health Survey</a>, the rate of contraceptive use is lowest among women ages 15 to 19, and 15 percent of them have already given birth.</p><p>These numbers have contributed to alarming rates of maternal mortality: Globally, complications related to pregnancy and childbirth are&nbsp;<a href="http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs364/en/">leading causes of death</a>&nbsp;among girls ages 15 to 19.</p><p>When asked why they and their friends engage in sex at an early age, the girls explained their beliefs that sex reduces pains from their period and that a girl is able to dance well if she&#39;s had sex. They also mentioned hunger as a reason. When parents are not able to provide food or clothing, the girls can get these items from men in exchange for sex.</p><p>This is not just a Kenya problem.</p><p>This week, health leaders from around the world are meeting in Indonesia for the International Conference on Family Planning. One key part of the agenda is addressing youth reproductive health. As the&nbsp;<a href="http://fpconference.org/2016/youth/">program notes</a>, there are more than 2 million adolescents with HIV, and one in 10 worldwide births is to a girl age 15 to 19.</p><p>Of course, many devoted people and organizations are already on a mission to address these issues.</p><p>But there are still girls out there, like the ones at my meeting in Nairobi, who don&#39;t even think of contraceptives as a way to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Once I told them about those options, however, they were receptive to them.</p><p>So there is still a need to better understand what drives pregnancy among adolescents and come up with targeted interventions.</p><p>One avenue of opportunity is in the classroom. When I meet with girls in Nairobi, I find they are hungry for the knowledge and skills that will lead to a bright future. The best way to achieve this is to prevent them from dropping out of school. Studies have shown that staying in school reduces the chances of girls getting pregnant or marrying early, lowers rates of HIV infection and puts them on track to acquire a career.</p><p>We also need parents, churches and other community structures to share reproductive health information with the adolescents. It&#39;s time that this education becomes part of the curriculum in schools globally.</p><p>That way, to be a girl in the Viwandani slum of Nairobi, Kenya, can mean earning a degree and going on to enjoy a productive life.</p><div id="res464280285"><div>&nbsp;</div></div><p><em>Jane Otai is an&nbsp;<a href="http://www.aspeninstitute.org/policy-work/global-health-development/our-breakthrough-solutions/new-voices-fellowship/fellows/otai">Aspen fellow</a>&nbsp;and a community health educator working in Kenya for&nbsp;<a href="http://www.jhpiego.org/">Jhpiego</a>, an international health nonprofit organization and an affiliate of Johns Hopkins University.</em></p><p><em>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/01/25/463977658/sex-doesnt-make-you-dance-better-sex-in-a-pool-wont-stop-pregnancy?ft=nprml&amp;f=463977658"> via NPR</a></em></p></p> Mon, 25 Jan 2016 14:36:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/sex-wont-make-you-dance-better-sex-pool-wont-prevent-pregnancy-114604 Is Netflix Chill? Kenyan Authorities Threaten to Ban the Streaming Site http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/netflix-chill-kenyan-authorities-threaten-ban-streaming-site-114555 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Netflix_custom-2c2245672da9df77e2a9854e025c74ecacb24ccf-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>When Netflix announced its&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/2016/01/07/462293379/netflix-goes-global-with-expansion-into-130-new-countries">expansion to 130 countries</a>, including Kenya, Nairobi-based IT specialist Mark Irungu says he was thrilled.</p><p>He had never failed to&nbsp;find ways to stream&nbsp;Netflix, even when it was blocked in Kenya.</p><p>But, he says, touching his heart, &quot;that morning, when I saw that Netflix is global? I can&#39;t compare it to anything else.&quot;</p><p>And then he delivers one of the sweetest analogies about media access I have ever heard: &quot;Think of it as a child who tries to get sugar from the sugar bowl. And they&#39;re doing it illegally when Mom&#39;s not looking. And one day Mom says, &#39;Hey, you can have all the sugar you want.&#39; &quot;</p><p>His sugar? It&#39;s the Netflix drama&nbsp;<a href="http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2707408/">Narcos</a>, which follows the rise and fall of Pablo Escobar and his Colombian drug cartel. Irungu finished watching Season 1 in a day.</p><p>His joy that day wasn&#39;t just about the convenience of being able to stream legally or the superior quality that his legitimate subscription bestowed. It was about feeling invited, included in the global community.</p><p>And then Kenya&#39;s film ratings agency threatened to take that sugar away.</p><p>The chairman of Kenya&#39;s Film Classification Board Jackson Kosgei threatened to block Netflix for inappropriate content. Netflix countered that parental controls are part of the site.</p><p>The board, which regulates what films and TV shows can be shown on Kenyan media, also said that Netflix had failed to seek a license to broadcast its content in Kenya.</p><p>But it&#39;s not even clear the Kenyan agency has the legal authority to ban the streaming site. It depends on whether Netflix is classified as a traditional broadcaster or an online platform like YouTube.</p><p>Legal issues aside, the film board&#39;s threats sparked national debate.</p><p>Newspaper columnists are debating the pros and cons of binge watching. Pro: It&#39;s incentive for your kids stay home at night, a good thing in a dangerous city like Nairobi.&nbsp;Cons: They&#39;re binge-watching.</p><p>And then there&#39;s concern about the future of Kenya&#39;s nascent film industry, which has often struggled to compete for a local audience against foreign films.</p><p>On the set of the TV show&nbsp;Pendo&nbsp;(Love), the cast and crew were on break because the power was out. Again.</p><p>The show&#39;s director Gilbert Lukalia is working with a tiny budget and can&#39;t afford a good generator. And he says can&#39;t compete with the high-quality productions on Netflix.</p><p>&quot;We can compete on one small element and that&#39;s a story &mdash; we have good stories,&quot; say Lukalia.</p><p>Still, Lukalia is himself is a Netflix fan. He&#39;s opposed to a ban on Netflix and says the film board should spend more time promoting Kenyan talent.</p><p>And maybe, as his country beings to produce bigger and better shows, a platform like Netflix could help bring binge-worthy Kenyan stories to the rest of the world.</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/01/21/463807063/is-netflix-chill-kenyan-authorities-threaten-to-ban-the-streaming-site?ft=nprml&amp;f=463807063" target="_blank"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Thu, 21 Jan 2016 15:41:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/netflix-chill-kenyan-authorities-threaten-ban-streaming-site-114555 How Maasai Women in Kenya are Helping to Make Your Cosmetics http://www.wbez.org/programs/world/2015-12-17/how-maasai-women-kenya-are-helping-make-your-cosmetics-114214 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/15446551817_936259a48b_z.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/story_main/public/story/images/aloecutting_169.jpg?itok=znAWry5x" style="height: 349px; width: 620px;" title="Priscilla Lekootoot shows how she harvests leaves from the aloe secundiflora plants at Twala Cultural Manyatta. (PRI/Anne Bailey)" typeof="foaf:Image" /></p><div><p>It&rsquo;s a day-long drive from Kenya&#39;s capital&nbsp;Nairobi to Twala in Laikipia County. The last 50 miles is along a dusty road, and then you arrive at the farm of the Twala Cultural Manyatta. It&rsquo;s oasis-like, and the moment you enter the gate, the fresh smell of greenery strikes a contrast with the aridity&nbsp;you leave behind.</p></div><div><article about="/stories/2015-12-16/how-maasai-women-kenya-are-helping-make-your-cosmetics" typeof="sioc:Item foaf:Document"><p dir="ltr">Even more striking for me are the two dozen Maasai women lined up in front of the mud wall of their compound, bedecked in brightly colored beaded jewelry. The second my car door opens, they break into song.</p><div><img alt="Maasai women tend to 40 acres of aloe at the Twala Cultural Manyatta." src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/original_image/public/_MG_3068.jpg?itok=UAk1p_y1" style="height: 413px; width: 620px;" title="Maasai women tend to 40 acres of aloe at the Twala Cultural Manyatta." typeof="foaf:Image" /></div></article></div><p>I had inquired how much press they&rsquo;ve received. &ldquo;Not much,&rdquo; was the answer from Joseph Lentunyoi, the agronomist from the&nbsp;<a href="http://permaculturenews.org/2013/01/24/laikipia-permaculture-centre-a-new-centre-for-kenya/" target="_blank">Laikipia Permaculture Project</a>. He&#39;s&nbsp;crucial in many ways to the success of the women in Twala.</p><p dir="ltr">Publicity or not, they are eager to talk about what they have done at the Twala Cultural Manyatta. In four years, the 140 women have turned an overworked scrap of land &mdash; 40 acres actually, a not-altogether-inappropriate echo of the false promise of property to freed slaves after the Civil War &mdash; into a model of sustainable agriculture.</p><p dir="ltr">After all, stats indicate that women own barely one percent of the land in Kenya, even though they haul the firewood, till the fields, fetch the water, raise the children, and more.</p><p dir="ltr">&nbsp;</p><div><img alt="Agronimist Joseph Lentunyoi has been working with local women's groups in Laikipia to grow and sell aloe to LUSH cosmetics." src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/original_image/public/joseph2.jpg?itok=abzDeWvH" style="height: 380px; width: 620px;" title="Agronimist Joseph Lentunyoi has been working with local women's groups in Laikipia to grow and sell aloe to LUSH cosmetics in England for the past two years. (PRI/Anne Bailey)" typeof="foaf:Image" /><div><p>But here more than 15 years ago, the women organized themselves into the Twala Cultural Manyatta (&ldquo;manyatta&rdquo; means &ldquo;settlement&rdquo; or &ldquo;compound&rdquo; in Maasai), and they pressured their husbands and men in their village to give them some land. They got that scrappy, arid 40 acres. And they got to work. They say their husbands like what they&rsquo;re seeing.</p></div></div><p dir="ltr">That&rsquo;s because women like Florence Larpei and Priscilla Lekootoot are making money growing aloe, and selling the leaves to the British cosmetics company Lush.</p><p><a href="http://www.lushusa.com/Melting-Pot/article_melting-pot,en_US,pg.html" target="_blank"><img src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/thumbnail/public/charity%20pot.jpg?itok=jQ3TRAgv" style="height: 150px; width: 150px; float: right; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="SUPPORT THE TWALA WOMEN: Part of the proceeds from every Charity Pot go to Lush's &quot;sLush fund.&quot; The Maasai women have used this money to invest in fencing to protect the aloe from being trampled on by wild elephants and camels." typeof="foaf:Image" /></a></p><p dir="ltr">They&rsquo;re also harvesting honey.&nbsp;And growing food. And raising goats&nbsp; It&rsquo;s a sustainable ecosystem.</p><p dir="ltr">More specifically it&rsquo;s permaculture.&nbsp;&ldquo;It&rsquo;s a human system, a people system,&rdquo; explains Letunyoi. &ldquo;It&rsquo;s about soils, the environment and fair share. How do we take care of ourselves?&nbsp;How do we get our food? And make sure that our soils are not degraded. We don&rsquo;t use chemical fertilizers. We have to look at alternative livelihoods for all locals. We have to take care of the culture.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr"><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/original_image/public/story/images/169lead_lush.jpg?itok=Px53i0_A" style="height: 349px; width: 620px;" title="More than 140 Maasai women harvest aloe secundiflora leaves at the Twala Cultural Manyatta in Laikipia to export to LUSH cosmetics.(PRI/Anne Bailey)" typeof="foaf:Image" /></p><div><div><p>I really got along with Letunyoi.&nbsp;He reminded me of a Senegalese farmer I met in Togo, where&nbsp;I was a Peace Corps volunteer, who believed in this kind of farming system &mdash;&nbsp;only at the time, it didn&rsquo;t have the name &ldquo;permaculture.&rdquo;</p></div></div><p dir="ltr">When Letunyoi helped create his project about two years ago, he says it was not easy to preach the gospel of permaculture to the Maasai. They&rsquo;re pastoralists &mdash; herding cattle and goats and sheep &mdash; and not really prone to growing crops.</p><p dir="ltr">But among the Maasai, he says,&nbsp;&ldquo;The women&rsquo;s groups are easy to work with because they&rsquo;re already organized,&rdquo; he points out. &ldquo;They are ambitious and they are patient.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">Aloe <em>secundiflora</em><em>&nbsp;</em>leaves were already known to the Maasai as a cure to wounds, for deworming animals and people, and as the source of a local wine. All the womens&rsquo; groups needed, says Letunyoi,&nbsp;was a little nudge.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;The aloe was already growing all over and they know about it, so when we brought the idea of soap-making, selling leaves to whatever companies and other places, they clicked very fast and they said, &lsquo;Yeah, this is exactly what we wanted &mdash; an alternative to pastoralism.&rsquo;&rdquo;</p><div><img alt="Some of the Maasai women working at Twala Cultural Manyatta" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/original_image/public/_MG_3133.jpg?itok=HoHtlwO-" style="height: 413px; width: 620px;" title="Some of the Maasai women working at Twala Cultural Manyatta. (PRI/Anne Bailey)" typeof="foaf:Image" /><div><p>When Lekootoot showed me around the Twala aloe field, she did so with the reverence of someone who unlocked the gate to a personal Eden. After all, this field of aloe is bringing the Twala women more than $3000 each year. That&rsquo;s more than double the per capita GDP in Kenya.</p></div></div><p dir="ltr">The Twala women are focused, they&rsquo;ve got a vision that includes bee-keeping, growing food for themselves, selling aloe to Lush and making money.&nbsp;And they have managed to maintain their cultural connections to pastoralism.</p><p dir="ltr">It shows what can happen when you&rsquo;re organized, and then you get a little boost from the outside.</p><p dir="ltr">&mdash;<a href="http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-12-16/how-maasai-women-kenya-are-helping-make-your-cosmetics" target="_blank"><em> via PRI&#39;s The World</em></a></p></p> Thu, 17 Dec 2015 16:51:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/world/2015-12-17/how-maasai-women-kenya-are-helping-make-your-cosmetics-114214 How Does Your Life Stack Up Against a Kenyan Woman's? http://www.wbez.org/programs/world/2015-12-17/how-does-your-life-stack-against-kenyan-womans-114193 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://www.wbez.org/" alt="" /><p><header><div><figure><div id="file-94871"><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/story_main/public/story/images/kenya-quiz-lead.jpg?itok=6hYmqs1D" style="height: 349px; width: 620px;" title="(PRI/Faye Orlove)" typeof="foaf:Image" /><div>&nbsp;</div></div></figure></div></header><aside><aside><div id="dfp-ad-pri_ros_atf_300x600-wrapper"><div id="dfp-ad-pri_ros_atf_300x600"><div id="google_ads_iframe_/1009951/PRI_STORY_ATF_0__container__">The Across Women&#39;s Lives team is currently on the ground in Kenya reporting&nbsp;stories about women and entrepreneurship&nbsp;for a special series we&#39;re calling&nbsp;<a href="http://www.pri.org/series/owning-it">#OwningIt</a>.</div></div></div></aside></aside><div><article about="/stories/2015-12-14/how-does-your-life-stack-against-kenyan-womans" typeof="sioc:Item foaf:Document"><p>You might already know that Kenya trains the world&#39;s top distance runners, produces some of the most sought-after coffees, and is home to several of Africa&#39;s most popular wildlife parks and safari destinations.&nbsp;</p><p>But did&nbsp;you know that Kenya is expected to be the world&#39;s&nbsp;<a href="http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-02-25/the-20-fastest-growing-economies-this-year" target="_blank">third fastest growing economy</a>&nbsp;in 2015, after China and the Philippines?&nbsp;Or that its capital, Nairobi, has become Africa&#39;s &#39;Silicon Valley,&#39; attracting regional tech start-ups, venture capital firms and international tech giants?</p><p>What about Kenyan women? How&nbsp;much do you really know about them beyond what you&#39;ve seen in the news? Time to test your knowledge! Check out our&nbsp;interactive quiz below to see how your home country stacks up against Kenya and its women.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><div style="text-align: center;"><iframe align="left" frameborder="0" height="10450" scrolling="no" src="http://admin.pri.org/sites/default/files/kenya-quiz-2.html" style="width: 620px;" width="620"></iframe></div></article></div><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 14 Dec 2015 10:10:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/world/2015-12-17/how-does-your-life-stack-against-kenyan-womans-114193 Payoffs For Prediction: Could Markets Help Identify Terrorism Risk? http://www.wbez.org/news/payoffs-prediction-could-markets-help-identify-terrorism-risk-113994 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/gettyimages-497231546_wide-a7323d0cb404702d158eb5c2e2f040af1dcc1a65-s700-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res457725749" previewtitle="A flower is placed inside a bullet hole in the window of Le Carillon restaurant in tribute to the victims of the terror attacks on November 15 in Paris, France."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="A flower is placed inside a bullet hole in the window of Le Carillon restaurant in tribute to the victims of the terror attacks on November 15 in Paris, France." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/28/gettyimages-497231546_wide-a7323d0cb404702d158eb5c2e2f040af1dcc1a65-s700-c85.jpg" style="height: 348px; width: 620px;" title="A flower is placed inside a bullet hole in the window of Le Carillon restaurant in tribute to the victims of the terror attacks on November 15 in Paris, France. (Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)" /></div><div><div><p>Trying to predict terrorism is a chancy business &mdash; and one that can have disastrous consequences.</p></div></div></div><p>But more than a decade ago, the Defense Department had an idea. What about a policy analysis market &mdash; not a think tank, not a board, not a center, but amarket?</p><p>In a prediction market, people put real money on their ideas for what will happen in the future.</p><p>The idea was dropped because of public outrage. But Stephen Carter, a Yale law professor, novelist and columnist for&nbsp;<em>Bloomberg View</em>,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.bloombergview.com/articles/2015-11-20/preventing-terrorism-through-markets">thinks it might be wise to revive it.</a></p><p>He explains why to NPR&#39;s Scott Simon.</p><div><hr /></div><p><strong><span style="font-size:18px;">Interview Highlights</span></strong></p><p><strong>On how the markets would work, and why people objected</strong></p><p>Prediction markets &mdash; markets like political prediction markets, where people risk money on the presidential election, things like that &mdash; have been remarkably successful in many different areas. So a little more than a decade ago, the Defense Department thought ... &quot;Why don&#39;t we try to do a prediction market that would include all sorts of measures of international instability?&quot; &mdash; where there&#39;ll be a coup, what government might be at risk, where the economy might fall. And it included questions about terrorism as something we might try to predict. ...</p><p>There was a public outcry. People complained [that] this would mean people are earning money from terror attacks. That is, if you bet right in the prediction market, obviously, you&#39;d get a payoff. And so it was dropped.</p><p><strong>On how putting money on the line improves people&#39;s predictions</strong></p><p>One of the theories of prediction markets is that all of us have lots and lots of opinions. We rarely have anything at stake. And so not having anything at stake, we tend to make bad predictions or to stick to our ideological preferences and things like that.</p><p>There&#39;s a lot of evidence that when people actually have something at stake, when there&#39;s a payoff that comes as a result of being right, people&#39;s judgments over time tend to get better &mdash; especially if they&#39;re judging short-term events, but often when they&#39;re judging long-term events as well.</p><p>The policy analysis market, as it was planned back in the early 2000s, wasn&#39;t going to pay out large sums of money. It was going to give people small sums of money to see whether the market forces, the information held by different people being aggregated in the market, could serve as a kind of predictive tool to lay alongside all the other predictive tools that people use.</p><p><strong>On who would participate in such a market</strong></p><p>The idea would be, in the initial effort ... experts of various kinds. They didn&#39;t have to be necessarily experts in international relations but certainly experts in a variety of related fields, because one of the things that markets do very, very well is that they rapidly integrate information that&#39;s known only to a few people. ...</p><p>Think about the way, for example, the stock market works. If you and I own shares of a stock, and we notice the stock is dropping suddenly, we might not know why it&#39;s dropping. But that&#39;s certainly going to affect our judgment whether we should be holding that stock or not. And so it&#39;s the same idea that if there are different experts who have different views, especially if you can combine the views in different ways. For example, would a U.S. intervention in&nbsp;this&nbsp;country make a terror attack more likely in&nbsp;that&nbsp;country?</p><p><strong>On whether terrorists could follow the markets and change their behavior</strong></p><p>That would be an interesting question. Right now, we make a decision. We say we&#39;re going to harden particular targets to make them difficult for terrorists to attack. So yes, terrorists do act rationally and choose another target - they choose a less hardened target. The question is whether it could respond very rapidly to changing information.</p><p>Large terror attacks take a lot of work and a lot of planning. And if the market predicted a high probability of an attack in a particular place, it&#39;s not as though it&#39;s a trivial matter for a terror group to suddenly switch all of its resources to another place.</p><p>I&#39;m not suggesting this would work. It would be a tool that would be used alongside other tools. And I&#39;m just suggesting an experiment to see if it can improve the accuracy of intelligence forecast.</p><p><strong>On the reaction from some that the idea is hideous</strong></p><p>It is hideous in a sense. It is. There&#39;s no question. I share the revulsion of people who say, &quot;But people shouldn&#39;t profit from this.&quot; On the other hand, if allowing people to profit from this, from making these predictions, improved our ability to predict, then it might be something worth trying because of the lives it would save on the other side.</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/2015/11/28/457672529/reviving-payoff-for-prediction-of-terrorism-risk?ft=nprml&amp;f=457672529" target="_blank"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Mon, 30 Nov 2015 14:52:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/payoffs-prediction-could-markets-help-identify-terrorism-risk-113994 Why Didn't The World Say 'We Are All Kenyans' Last April? http://www.wbez.org/news/why-didnt-world-say-we-are-all-kenyans-last-april-113845 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/gettyimages-469714924a_custom-fafbf4e548679cc02a4e691cd7157c83bce625e7-s1300-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res456382193" previewtitle="A woman in Nairobi attends a concert in honor of the victims of the terrorist attack that took 147 lives at Garissa University College in April."><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="A woman in Nairobi attends a concert in honor of the victims of the terrorist attack that took 147 lives at Garissa University College in April." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/17/gettyimages-469714924a_custom-fafbf4e548679cc02a4e691cd7157c83bce625e7-s1300-c85.jpg" style="height: 413px; width: 620px;" title="A woman in Nairobi attends a concert in honor of the victims of the terrorist attack that took 147 lives at Garissa University College in April. (Simon Maina/AFP/Getty Images)" /></div><div><div><p>When you search for #ParisAttacks, you get nearly 2.2 million results on Google.</p></div></div></div><p>When you search for #KenyaAttacks, you get about 300.</p><p>The Parisian response is a reaction to the terrorist attacks last Friday, which took 129 lives and injured far more. People around the world have expressed solidarity. Facebook users are coloring their profile photos with the red-white-and-blue French flag, and the hashtags #PrayforParis, #WeAreAllParisians and #ParisAttacks are trending on Twitter.</p><div id="res456362117">But Kenya has suffered two terrorist attacks of similar scale. In the 2013 attack on Westgate Mall in Nairobi, 67 died. The attack on Garrissa University College in eastern Kenya on April 2 killed 147.</div><p>When those attacks happened, the world wasn&#39;t silent &mdash; people spoke up using #KenyaAttacks and #GarissaAttacks. But the response wasn&#39;t nearly as strong.</p><div id="res456362660" previewtitle="Evans Wadongo of Kenya wonders whether people are so used to bad news from Africa that a terrorist attack doesn't generate a lot of attention."><div><div><p>The same can be said about recent terrorist attacks in&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/11/12/455784294/more-than-30-reported-killed-in-beirut-bombing-of-hezbollah-area">Lebanon.</a></p></div></div></div><p><img alt="Evans Wadongo of Kenya wonders whether people are so used to bad news from Africa that a terrorist attack doesn't generate a lot of attention." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/17/_mg_8814_custom-bb6238f73a9259b8741a758869e97b87eff90b2d-s500-c85.jpg" style="height: 206px; width: 310px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" title="Evans Wadongo of Kenya wonders whether people are so used to bad news from Africa that a terrorist attack doesn't generate a lot of attention." /></p><p>To hear a Kenyan&#39;s perspective, I spoke with&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/01/18/373803890/smoke-got-in-his-eyes-and-inspired-a-new-kind-of-lamp">Evans Wadongo</a>, 29, who grew up in a rural district and now lives in Nairobi, where he runs&nbsp;<a href="http://sustainabledevelopmentforall.org/about-us/about-us.html">Sustainable Development For All</a>, a nonprofit group that promotes solar power, education and economic betterment.</p><p><strong>What was your reaction to the news from Paris?</strong></p><p>It&#39;s a shock &mdash; something you don&#39;t expect to happen in Europe, really. For me, the shock was also about the magnitude of it &mdash; the fact that there were multiple locations and the scale of the damage.</p><p><strong>Did you have the same kind of reaction when Kenya was struck by terrorists?</strong></p><p>It was unexpected and very shocking.</p><p><strong>Do you think the world&#39;s reactions to the events in Paris and Kenya were different?</strong></p><p>Certainly it&#39;s different. More people are standing up for the French people and trying to support them.</p><p><strong>How does that make you feel?</strong></p><p>We are definitely feeling there&#39;s more value attached to humanity if a tragedy happens in Europe.</p><p><strong>Why do you think that is? Racism?</strong></p><p>For certain people it may be a bit of racism, but I also feel it&#39;s a lack of understanding. It&#39;s just that people are so used to negative things coming out of certain parts of the world &mdash; of Africa, of Asia, of South America. It&#39;s the norm. People expect bad things to happen. When something bad happens in Europe or the U.S., it&#39;s unusual. If something bad happens in some other part of the world, it&#39;s usual.</p><p><strong>Does that make you angry?</strong></p><p>It kind of makes me angry, but it also makes me feel that we need to have more positive stories coming out of Africa so when something bad happens, more people will feel sympathy with the situation.</p><p><strong>Any other reasons you can think of for the difference in reaction?</strong></p><p>More people know about ISIS as opposed to&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2015/04/07/398004455/amid-the-chaos-in-somalia-al-shabab-expands-its-terrorist-reach">al-Shabab</a>&nbsp;[an Islamist group that originated in Somalia and was responsible for both Kenyan attacks]. ISIS has taken root in so many countries but people pay less attention to al-Shabab, which follows the same ideology.</p><p><strong>What reaction to the Paris event are you hearing from your acquaintances in Kenya?</strong></p><p>People are hoping this will create more awareness that this thing can happen anywhere, there should be more support. Terrorism is terrorism. We all need to come together and support each other and condemn what happened in one voice.</p><p><strong>When people say, &quot;We are all Parisians&quot; do you feel left out?</strong></p><p>I don&#39;t see any problem with people saying that. But they should say the same thing if something bad happens in any part of the world. If it happens in Nigeria, say, &quot;We are all Nigerians.&quot;</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://bc.ca/radio/q" target="_blank"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Wed, 18 Nov 2015 15:34:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/why-didnt-world-say-we-are-all-kenyans-last-april-113845 Global Activism: Educating girls in Kenya and Sengal http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-educating-girls-kenya-and-sengal-113160 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/GA-WGEP_1.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><span id="docs-internal-guid-4b588d21-2976-7d00-8616-dfbc99afabe3">In Africa, the overwhelming majority of girls drop out of school after the 6th grade. Global Activist, Amy Maglio, was living in Senegal and decided she must do something to help more girls get into school and stay there. She created the Women&#39;s Global Education Project (<a href="http://www.womensglobal.org/">WGEP</a>) to support girls&rsquo; education in Senegal and Kenya. Maglio will update us on what WGEP has been doing lately to help girls in those countries escape extreme poverty, through education.<iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/226484831&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe></span></p><p dir="ltr" style="text-align: center;"><strong><a href="http://womensglobal.org/events/ndajee-2015-2/"><span id="docs-internal-guid-4b588d21-29c9-bca6-697f-169383023063">EVENT: WGEP&rsquo;s Gala: &nbsp;NDAJEE 2015</span></a></strong></p><p dir="ltr" style="text-align: center;"><span id="docs-internal-guid-4b588d21-29c9-bca6-697f-169383023063">Monday October 5th, 2015, 6-9pm</span></p><p dir="ltr" style="text-align: center;"><span id="docs-internal-guid-4b588d21-29c9-bca6-697f-169383023063">Nellcôte Restaurant</span></p><p dir="ltr" style="text-align: center;">833 W Randolph Street, Chicago IL</p><p dir="ltr"><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="360" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/EiLEXpl44S4" width="640"></iframe></p></p> Thu, 01 Oct 2015 11:30:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-educating-girls-kenya-and-sengal-113160 Obama Visits Kenya http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-07-24/obama-visits-kenya-112475 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Obama pic 3.jpg" title="U.S. President Barack Obama waves after being greeted by Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta, right, on his arrival at the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi, Kenya Friday, July 24, 2015. Obama began his first visit to Kenya as U.S. president Friday. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)" /></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/216187008&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_artwork=false " width="100%"></iframe></p><p><strong style="font-size: 24px;">Obama Vists Kenya as President</strong></p><p>President Obama heads to Kenya today. This is the first time he will visit his father&rsquo;s home country since he was elected president. The visit is filled with anticipation. There was discussion of making the visit a national holiday. In the town of Funyula in Busia County, which by borders Siaya County, the home area of President Obama&#39;s late father, the radio station there is calling today &ldquo;Obama Day.&rdquo; We&rsquo;ll check in with Phylis Nasubo Magina who is in Funyula. She&rsquo;s the managing director of The ABCs of Sex Education, where she leads a team of 49 community educators providing sex education and HIV prevention. Ken Opalo, an assistant professor at Georgetown University also joins us to discuss Obama&rsquo;s visit. He&rsquo;s originally from Kenya.</p><p><strong>Guests: </strong></p><p>Phylis Nasubo Magina is the Kenya Country Director of The ABCs of Sex Education</p><p>Ken Opalo Ken Opalo is an assistant professor at Georgetown University&rsquo;s School of Foreign Service and a blogger. He&rsquo;s originally from Kenya.<iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/216187612&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_artwork=false " width="100%"></iframe></p><p><span style="font-size:24px;"><strong>Weekend Passport:</strong></span></p><p>Each week global citizen Nari Safavi helps listeners plan their international weekend. This week he&rsquo;ll tell us about an exhibit on North Korea, the film Hiroshima Mon Amor and Bomba Estereo: Album Release Show</p><p><strong>Guests:</strong></p><p>Nari Safavi is co-founder of Pasfarda Arts and Cultural Exchange</p><p>Alice Wielinga is a participating artist in North Korean Perspectives</p><p>Marc Prüst] is curator of North Korean Perspectives<iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/216188449&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_artwork=false " width="100%"></iframe></p><p><span style="font-size:24px;"><strong>Milos Stehlik talks with Omar Sy, star of the film &#39;Samba&#39;</strong></span></p><p>Film contributor Milos Stehlik sits down with Omar Sy, star of the new film &ldquo;Samba.&rdquo; It&rsquo;s the latest film by the team that brought us &ldquo;The Intouchables. &#39;Samba&#39; tells the story of an undocumented kitchen worker who&rsquo;s battling deportation. The movie follows his struggles and budding romance with the immigration case worker who&rsquo;s trying to help him stay in France.</p><p><strong>Guests:</strong></p><p>Omar Sy, French actor and comedian, star of the film &ldquo;Samba&rdquo;</p><p>Milos Stehlik is WBEZ&rsquo;s film contributor and director of Facets Multimedia</p></p> Fri, 24 Jul 2015 13:55:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-07-24/obama-visits-kenya-112475 Global Activism: Afreaka promotes sex education and awareness in Kenya http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-afreaka-promotes-sex-education-and-awareness-kenya-112166 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/GA-Afreaka_0.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><span id="docs-internal-guid-bce7ffbf-d9f3-fd4f-50eb-0a01240df5e9">For our </span><em>Global Activism</em> segment, we&#39;ll revisit with Dana Degrazia. &nbsp;Upon moving to Kenya for school, she was &ldquo;shocked&rdquo; from &ldquo;the lack of factual information in all areas of sex education.&rdquo; So she started an NGO called &ldquo;<a href="http://www.afreakareal.org/">Afreaka</a>&rdquo; to utilize &ldquo;sexual education through urban art and music, leaving the listener feeling empowered by their knowledge and choices.&rdquo; But in time, Dana came across numerous cases of unreported sexual violence. As a result, her program evolved to provide support for sexual violence victims and to encourage them to pursue legal justice. For <em>Global Activism</em>, Dana will update us on her progress and specifically, the Githurai bus case, that has made global headlines.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/206604806&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe></p></p> Thu, 21 May 2015 09:06:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-afreaka-promotes-sex-education-and-awareness-kenya-112166 Worldview: Battling AIDS in Kenya through sexual education http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-04-06/worldview-battling-aids-kenya-through-sexual-education-111828 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img a="" adolescents="" adults="" alt="" and="" ap="" are="" at="" ben="" better="" by="" catching="" center="" choices="" class="image-original_image" comprised="" due="" either="" for="" group="" healthy="" high="" hiv="" hiv-positive="" in="" kenya.="" kenyan="" korogocho="" neighborhood="" non-governmental="" of="" or="" organization="" photo="" risk="" run="" slum="" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/AP728020647221.jpg" style="height: 394px; width: 620px;" the="" their="" title="In this photo taken Monday, Feb. 16, 2015, a child holds a book while attending an HIV prevention session entitled " to="" who="" /></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/199561514&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><font color="#333333" face="Arial, sans-serif"><span style="font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Sex education in Kenya</span></font></p><p>As Kenya grapples with the aftermath of last week&rsquo;s terrorist attack on Garissa University College, security is not the only issue the country faces. It also has one of the world&rsquo;s highest HIV rates.&nbsp; According to USAID, in Kenya, an estimated 1.6 million people live with HIV/AIDS. Of those, 1.1 million are children left orphaned by AIDS. We&rsquo;ll talk with two organizations that work to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS and care for the children left orphaned by the disease. Kathy Tate Bradish, executive director of the ABC&rsquo;s of Sex Education and Phylis Nasubo Magina, Kenya country director of the ABC&rsquo;s of Sex Education, join us to talk about instructing Kenyan farmers to teach HIV prevention and sex education in their own communities. Robert Barasa, executive director of Ember Kenya Grandparent Empowerment, also joins us to talk about Kenyan grandparents caring for AIDS orphans.</p><p><strong>Guests:</strong></p><p dir="ltr"><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-d8b2ee66-9097-25dc-7829-f582d22aea8f">Phylis Nasubo Magina is the Kenya Country Director of <a href="http://www.abcsofsex-ed.org">The ABCs of Sex Education</a>.</span></em></p><p dir="ltr"><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-d8b2ee66-9097-25dc-7829-f582d22aea8f">Robert Barasa is the executive director of <a href="http://emberkenya.org">Ember Kenya Grandparent Empowerment </a></span><a href="http://emberkenya.org">Project</a>.</em></p><p><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-d8b2ee66-9097-25dc-7829-f582d22aea8f">Kathy Tate Bradish is the executive director of the <a href="https://twitter.com/ABCsofSexEd">ABC&rsquo;s of Sex Education</a>.</span></em></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/199561854&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">A history of US intervention in Puerto Rico</span></p><p>Puerto Rico&rsquo;s relationship with the U.S. as a controlled territory is long and complicated.&nbsp; Denis joins us to discuss the legacy of U.S. influence in Puerto Rico through his book&nbsp;<em>War Against All Puerto Ricans Revolution and Terror in America&rsquo;s Colony</em>. The book looks back at the history of U.S. intervention into the politics of Puerto Rico and is based on interviews, oral histories, congressional testimony and recently de-classified FBI files from the 1898 U.S. invasion through today.&nbsp;</p><p><strong>Guest:&nbsp;</strong></p><p><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-9aee726c-909a-a368-9357-4e7d1c103f3e"><a href="https://twitter.com/NelsonADenis">Nelson A. Denis</a> is the author of </span></em>War Against All Puerto Ricans Revolution and Terror in America&rsquo;s Colony.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/199562820&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><font color="#333333" face="Arial, sans-serif"><span style="font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">World History Minute: The first modern olympics</span></font></p><p>For today&rsquo;s World History Minute, historian John Schmidt, takes us back to this day in 1896 when the Olympic games were revived in Athens.</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong></p><p><a href="https://chicagohistorytoday.wordpress.com/">John Schmidt</a> is an historian and author of &ldquo;On This Day in Chicago History.&rdquo;</p></p> Mon, 06 Apr 2015 15:59:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-04-06/worldview-battling-aids-kenya-through-sexual-education-111828