WBEZ | racial disparity http://www.wbez.org/tags/racial-disparity Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Study finds race gap in breast cancer deaths in many cities http://www.wbez.org/story/study-finds-race-gap-breast-cancer-deaths-many-cities-97525 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2012-March/2012-03-21/mammo machine.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>African-American women with breast cancer in Chicago are <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21190070">more likely to die of their disease </a>than white women.</p><p>Now a new study by Chicago researchers finds that <a href="http://www.cancerepidemiology.net/webfiles/images/journals/CANEP/CANEP375.pdf">the disparity is a widespread problem in major cities. </a>A team from the <a href="http://www.suhichicago.org/">Sinai Urban Health Institute </a>calculated the race gap in breast cancer mortality for the nation's 25 biggest cities, and found that more than half of them have a significant disparity.</p><p>“In the United States the number of deaths that occur each year because of the disparity, not because of [just] breast cancer, is 1,700,” said <a href="http://www.suhichicago.org/about-suhi/staff/steve-whitman">Steven Whitman</a>, director of the Institute. “That's about five a day.”</p><p>Chicago was among the worst cities, with black women in the city 61 percent more likely to die than white women. Memphis had the largest disparity, and three other cities fared worse than Chicago: Denver, Houston and Los Angeles. All of the data are based on the years 2005-2007.</p><p>The study authors have connections with the <a href="http://www.chicagobreastcancer.org/">Metropolitan Breast Cancer Task Force, </a>whose research indicates that societal factors – “racism,” as Whitman bluntly put it – are mainly responsible for the disparity. Task force members say unequal access to screening mammograms is largely to blame, and point out that Illinois' program providing screening to low-income women is nearly broke. Other public health researchers note that genetics likely plays a significant role in the race gap as well.</p><p>The study was funded by the <a href="http://www.avonfoundation.org/">Avon Foundation </a>and published in the journal <a href="http://www.cancerepidemiology.net/">Cancer Epidemiology</a>.</p></p> Thu, 22 Mar 2012 02:34:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/study-finds-race-gap-breast-cancer-deaths-many-cities-97525 Study shows minority drug offenders more likely to recieve prison sentence in Illinois http://www.wbez.org/story/anita-alvarez/study-shows-minority-drug-offenders-more-likely-recieve-prison-sentence-illinois <p><p>A new report finds that African Americans in Illinois are five times more likely than whites to be sent to prison for low-level drug offenses. A state commissioned study looked at arrest data from 102 counties including Cook.&nbsp;</p> <div>Pamela Rodriguez is Director of Treatment Alternatives for Safe Communities, or TASC, a non-profit agency that assisted in the study. She said the data available for the study was lacking and better data centralization is necessary in order to understand racial disparity in the justice system.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>&ldquo;Not only is it 102 counties,&rdquo; she said. &ldquo;But if you understand the police are separate from the courts, which are separate the prosecutors, which are separate from the public defender, and all have independent data systems as well.&rdquo;</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>The report makes recommendations for policy changes such as offering alternative treatment options for drug offenders, and removing barriers to employment for drug-related arrests that do not end in conviction.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Critics of the report, including Cook County's State's Attorney Anita Alvarez, charge it was based on too small of a case sample, and failed to take into account the role that gang membership plays in drug arrests and sentencing.</div></p> Mon, 31 Jan 2011 21:05:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/anita-alvarez/study-shows-minority-drug-offenders-more-likely-recieve-prison-sentence-illinois