WBEZ | Italy http://www.wbez.org/tags/italy Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Political turmoil in Italy and fresh cafeteria food http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-10-01/political-turmoil-italy-and-fresh-cafeteria-food-108813 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/US embassy tehran fixed.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: 'Museo Sans', 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 15px; line-height: 24px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">The U.S. government has shutdown but Italy might also be on the verge of collapse. Iranian American Ahmad Sadri joins us to discuss where U.S.-Iranian relations are headed.</span></p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-political-turmoil-in-italy-and-making-ca/embed?header=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-political-turmoil-in-italy-and-making-ca.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-political-turmoil-in-italy-and-making-ca" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Political turmoil in Italy and fresh cafeteria food" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Tue, 01 Oct 2013 13:19:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-10-01/political-turmoil-italy-and-fresh-cafeteria-food-108813 An Italian family escapes from bombings during WWII by bicycle http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/italian-family-escapes-bombings-during-wwii-bicycle-108498 <p><p>Tea Cejtin was a just a teenager growing up in the city of Turin when Mussolini joined forces with Hitler, and pulled her home country of Italy into World War II.</p><p>At first, the bombings were minor.</p><p>But then the Americans joined the war effort. Cejtin visited the Chicago StoryCorps booth with her daughter, Helen, to tell what happened next.</p><p><strong>Tea:</strong>&nbsp; So came 1942 and the U.S.A. decided to come into (the) war. It was the great difference for us.&nbsp; They were coming to bomb our cities, not one plane or two airplanes, but formations of airplanes.</p><p><strong>Helen:</strong> What were people doing in the shelter?</p><p><strong>Tea</strong>: Oh, everybody was scared. Some people cried, some people screamed, and other people were saying the litany: &lsquo;Ora pro nobis, ora pro nobis&rsquo; (pray for us, pray for us), all the saints they could think of. And some people trembled.</p><p><strong>Helen:</strong> What were you doing?</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Tea circa WWII.jpg" style="float: right; height: 225px; width: 175px;" title="Tea circa WWII (Photo courtesy of her family)" /></div><p><strong>Tea:</strong> Yeah, it seems to me that I was trembling, mainly. Then, at the end of this huge bombing &hellip; it would be around 2, 3 a.m., and the city was light like daytime because there were so many fires.</p><p>At this point, Maria&rsquo;s family decided Turin (Torino in Italian) had become too dangerous, and they had to leave.</p><p><strong>Tea: </strong>We thought that we should go to a little town nearby, about 25 kilometers from Torino, but how do we go? We took bicycles. But my mother didn&rsquo;t know how to go on a bicycle. My father was able to find a tandem.</p><p>To find out what happened next, click on the audio above.</p><p><em>Katie Mingle is a producer for WBEZ and the Third Coast Festival.&nbsp;</em></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="450" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Fplaylists%2F6250422" width="100%"></iframe></p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 23 Aug 2013 10:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/italian-family-escapes-bombings-during-wwii-bicycle-108498 Earthquakes in China, Berlusconi's final appeal and extraodinary rendition http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-07-23/earthquakes-china-berlusconis-final-appeal-and-extraodinary-rendition <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/China earthquake.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Author Wenguang Huang weighs in on how the Chinese government is responding to Monday&#39;s earthquakes and also takes the pulse of the Chinese economy. Italian former prime minister Silvio Berlusconi could be banned from politics, and Panama releases an ex-CIA agent.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F102303841&amp;color=ff6600&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/china-s-economy-berlusconi-s-final-appeal-and-extr.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/china-s-economy-berlusconi-s-final-appeal-and-extr" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Earthquakes in China, Berlusconi's final appeal and extraodinary rendition" on Storify</a>]</noscript></p></p> Tue, 23 Jul 2013 11:14:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-07-23/earthquakes-china-berlusconis-final-appeal-and-extraodinary-rendition How the NATO peoples helped settle Chicago, Part 1 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-05/how-nato-peoples-helped-settle-chicago-part-1-99022 <p><p>How about something on the impending NATO summit that's free of controversy? For the next three days, I’ll be doing capsule summaries of how the peoples from the 28 countries each did their part to build Chicago. &nbsp;</p><p><strong>Bulgaria</strong>—The first Bulgarians settled in Chicago during the first years of the 20<sup>th</sup> Century. Their numbers were not great, though distinct enclaves developed in Lincoln Square and Albany Park. Immigration has increased in the last 20 years and some sources claim that over 100,000 Bulgarians currently live in metro Chicago.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Bulgaria-Church.JPG" title="St. John of Rila Bulgarian Orthodox Church--5944 W. Cullom Ave."></div></div><p><strong>Canada</strong>—In 1880, Canadians were Chicago’s third-largest immigrant group, after the Germans and the Irish. Most of them were English-speaking and could easily assimilate into the local culture. Today there are probably a lot of Chicagoans with a Canadian background, but you’d never know it—unless you ask one of them to say “about.”</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Czech-Cermak%20%28LofC%29.jpg" style="float: left;" title="A Czech immingrant to Chicago: Anton Cermak (Library of Congress)"></div><p><strong>Czech Republic</strong>—Czechs were commonly referred to as Bohemians in the earliest census reports. Their homeland was then ruled by foreign powers. In the 1870s, large numbers of Czechs began coming to Chicago.</p><p>Most of the immigrants settled on the Lower West Side, along the axis of 18<sup>th</sup> Street. The neighborhood became known as Pilsen, after a city in Bohemia. The more prosperous Czechs later moved west into South Lawndale and suburban Cicero and Berwyn.</p><p>Anton Cermak was the Czech prototype of the poor immigrant who made good. He entered politics, got rich, became Mayor of Chicago, and had a major street named after him. Though almost all Chicagoland’s 500,000 Czechs now live in the suburbs, the old 18<sup>th</sup> Street area is still known as Pilsen.</p><p><strong>Estonia</strong>—Because their homeland was ruled by their bigger neighbors, early Estonian immigrants were classified as Russian or German. Independence came in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Estonian House, in Lake County, serves as a cultural center for Chicago’s Estonian-Americans.</p><p><strong>France</strong>—The first European to reside in Chicago, Fr. Jacques Marquette, was French. Chicago’s founder, Jean Baptiste Pointe Du Sable, was half-French. And yet, the city has never had a significant French colony. Why not? There’s a likely subject for a doctoral dissertation here.</p><p><strong>Italy</strong>—A few Italians began coming to Chicago as early as the 1850s. The great wave of immigration began in the 1880s. Over the next four decades the Italians established a significant presence in the city.</p><p>The main Italian community was on the Near West Side, along the Taylor Street corridor. Smaller settlements developed on the Near North Side, in North Austin, and in Pullman. During this era Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini helped establish a school, two hospitals, and other social agencies among her people.</p><p>The second half of the 20<sup>th</sup> Century saw many Italians leaving the city and moving into suburbs such as Elmwood Park and Oakbrook. In 2012 about 500,000 people in metro Chicago claim Italian ancestry. The historic focus of the community remains Taylor Street’s Little Italy, now home to the National Italian American Sports Hall of Fame. And don’t forget the Columbus Day Parade!&nbsp;</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Italy-street%201903%20%28LofC%29.jpg" title="Italians on the Near North Side, 1903 (Library of Congress)"></div><p><strong>Latvia</strong>—Latvia is a small country, and Chicago never had a large number of Latvians. The 1990 census counted about 7,000 in the metro area. Independence came the next year, and many Latvians have returned to their homeland.</p><p><strong>Netherlands</strong>—The most obvious reminder of Dutch settlement in metro Chicago is suburban South Holland, founded by immigrant farmers from the Netherlands in 1846. The more urban Dutch people later established an enclave just to the north, in the Roseland neighborhood. The Dutch community is now largely assimilated and dispersed.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Romania-Queen%20Marie%2C%201926%20%28CDN%29.jpg" title="Chicago Romanians greet Queen Marie of Romania, 1926 (Chicago Daily News)"></div><p><strong>Romania</strong>—The earliest of the city’s Romanian settlements were on the North Side, in Lakeview and in Edgewater. As with other immigrant groups, many activities revolved around the ethnic parish. Immigration to America has increased in the last two decades, and the Chicago area now has an estimated 100,000 people of Romanian ancestry.</p><p><strong>United Kingdom</strong>—So who are we talking about here? English? Scots? Welsh? Ulster Irish? None of these peoples lived in distinctive ethnic neighborhoods, but all helped build our city. And I’m writing this—and you’re reading it—in English.</p></p> Tue, 15 May 2012 07:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-05/how-nato-peoples-helped-settle-chicago-part-1-99022 Italians may have to say goodbye to life-long job security http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-03-23/italians-may-have-say-goodbye-life-long-job-security-97570 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2012-March/2012-03-23/iHRwxtfa7z_c.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>In Italy, having a job for life is as Italian as pasta or a cappuccino. But that may not be the case for much longer. Italian Prime Minister <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-15695056" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Mario Monti</a> has proposed changes to the Italian labor law which would make it easier for companies to hire and fire employees. It’s part of a series of reforms meant to end decades of stagnant growth. Currently, the only way to fire an employee is if the entire company fails. Italy’s cabinet meets today to decide whether or not to fast track the measure. <em>Worldview </em>talks with <a href="http://www.economist.com/topics/alberto-alesina" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Alberto Alesina</a>, professor of political economy at Harvard University, about the potential consequences of the reform.</p></p> Fri, 23 Mar 2012 16:24:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-03-23/italians-may-have-say-goodbye-life-long-job-security-97570 Worldview 3.23.12 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-03-23 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/episode/images/2012-march/2012-03-23/ap120322128121.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Yesterday the UN Human Rights Council voted in favor of a U.S.-backed resolution that urges Sri Lanka to investigate allegations of atrocities during its 25-year civil war. <em>Worldview </em>talks with <a href="http://www.hrw.org/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Human Rights Watch</a>’s legal and policy director <a href="http://www.hrw.org/bios/james-ross" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">James Ross</a>, who’s worked on human rights in Sri Lanka for two decades, about the vote's significance. Also, the Italian prime minister has announced plans to introduce legislation that would make it much easier for companies to fire their employees. As it stands, employees can only be fired if the company fails. Political economist&nbsp; <a href="http://www.economist.com/economics/by-invitation/contributors/Alberto%20Alesina" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Alberto Alesina</a> tells <em>Worldview </em>how the legislation could impact the Italian economy. And film contributor Milos Stehlik gives his take on the Dardenne brothers' latest film, <em><a href="http://www.ifcfilms.com/films/the-kid-with-a-bike" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">The Kid With a Bike</a>.</em> Lastly, global citizen Nari Safavi tells us where to head this weekend for some multicultural fun on our weekly segment, <em><a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/weekend-passport" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Weekend Passport</a></em>.</p></p> Fri, 23 Mar 2012 14:11:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-03-23 Global Notes: What happens when music and politics mix http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-11/global-notes-what-happens-when-music-and-politics-mix-95459 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2012-January/2012-01-11/silvio1.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>On today's <em>Global Notes</em>, Jerome and <em>Eight Forty-Eight </em>and <em>Radio M </em>host Tony Sarabia listen to what happens when music and politics intersect.</p><p>This collision is familiar all over the world. In Senegal, recording artist Youssou N'Dour recently announced he’s running for president. Silvio Berlusconi, who just stepped down as Italy's Prime Minister, was once a well-known cruise ship singer. And Haitian President Michel Martelly used to go by the stage name of "Sweet Micky;" as a keyboardist, he interspersed political commentary in his live sets.</p><p>Today, <em>Worldview</em> dives into the best and worst in the small but spirited genre of musicians turned politicians.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>Watch Berlusconi perform with his regular music collaborator, </strong><strong>Apicella</strong><strong>:</strong></p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe allowfullscreen="" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/1uMuV2iKWpw" frameborder="0" height="315" width="420"></iframe></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><em>To hear all our </em>Global Notes<em> segments with </em>Eight Forty-Eight<em> and </em>Radio M<em> host Tony Sarabia, check out <a href="http://wbez.org/globalnotes" target="_blank">our series page</a>. Or, download <a href="http://wbez.org/podcasts" target="_blank">our podcast</a> so you don’t miss a beat.</em></p></p> Wed, 11 Jan 2012 16:31:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-11/global-notes-what-happens-when-music-and-politics-mix-95459 Is Italy on the verge of financial collapse? http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-11-10/italy-verge-financial-collapse-93930 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-November/2011-11-10/italy2.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>This week, Italy’s financial woes have dominated international headlines. The European Union is concerned the country won’t be able to pay off its massive debt. The economic crisis is so acute it looks like the country’s prime minister, Silvio Berlusconi, may be stepping down. That’s a feat, given Berlusconi has survived more than 50 no-confidence votes in the past.&nbsp;</p><p>Harvard economist <a href="http://www.economics.harvard.edu/faculty/alesina/bio" target="_blank">Alberto Alesina</a> is author of the book <a href="http://mitpress.mit.edu/catalog/item/default.asp?ttype=2&amp;tid=11574" target="_blank"><em>The Future of Europe: Reform or Decline</em></a>. He tells <em>Worldview </em>he fears Italy, unlike Greece, is too big to bail out.</p></p> Thu, 10 Nov 2011 16:15:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-11-10/italy-verge-financial-collapse-93930 Worldview 11.10.11 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-111011 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/episode/images/2011-november/2011-11-10/italy1.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>In response to Italy’s financial woes, Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi has promised to resign after parliament approves tough economic reforms. We get analysis from Harvard economist <a href="http://www.economics.harvard.edu/faculty/alesina" target="_blank">Alberto Alesina</a>, who says the Eurozone can't afford an Italian bailout. And, ARZU, which means "hope" in Dari, is a model of social entrepreneurship that empowers destitute but highly skilled Afghan women by providing fair, artisan-based employment and access to education and healthcare. ARZU's <a href="http://www.arzustudiohope.org/home" target="_blank">founder</a> joins us on <a href="http://www.wbez.org/globalactivism" target="_self"><em>Global Activism</em></a>. Also, Africa’s Marange diamond fields were discovered in 2006 and possess some of the largest gem deposits in the world. We talk to <a href="http://www.hrw.org/node/100833" target="_blank">Farai Maguwu</a>, who was recently honored by Human Rights Watch for his efforts to stop government abuse and illegal diamond trafficking in eastern Zimbabwe.</p></p> Thu, 10 Nov 2011 15:36:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-111011 Milos Stehlik reviews the Italian film 'Le Quattro Volte' http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-06-24/milos-stehlik-reviews-italian-film-le-quattro-volte-88281 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-June/2011-06-24/movie still.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Terrence Malick’s grand ambition for his film, <em>The Tree of Life</em>, is to look at man’s connection to the universe. It begins with a somewhat operatic “overture” – 20 minutes of beautiful, sometimes abstract images and music, portraying the birth of the universe.</p><p><em>Le Quattro Volte</em>, Italian filmmaker Michelangelo Frammartino’s magical, most deceptively simple film, stands in unique contrast. It lacks the grand concept and vision of <em>Tree of Life</em> — but a beautiful film it is. And that beauty is in the detail — the small and quiet moments of ordinary life in a remote village — largely left behind by industrialized civilization. The actors are all non-professionals, and the film has no dialogue.</p><p><em>Le Quattro Volte</em> is about this small village in Calabria, an old man, his incredible dog and his goats. The old man dies, about midway through the film — Life continues — and not much else happens. Yet, I remember experiencing the film a year-and-a-half ago at the Cannes Film Festival, and I recall the terrible anxiety that gripped me over what would happen to the dog. Equally terrifying was the moment when the goats, left unattended, got into the old man’s house, and one goat, stupidly gets itself trapped on top of a kitchen table.</p><p>Those of us lucky enough to survive the acquisitiveness of youth, now know that less is always more. <em>Le Quattro Volte</em> embodies this as elegantly and with as much quiet power as a Kazimir Malevich painting.</p><p>We first encounter the old man as he rests under a tree, barely tending his goats. With his dog’s help, he returns to his village. When we later see the man in the old local church, he’s gathering dust. But he eats the dust, believing it to be sanctified and a cure for his illness.</p><p>After the old man’s death and burial, the scene shifts: a baby goat drops from its mother’s womb. Months later, the kid gets lost in a ditch, and panicked and bleating, seeks shelter underneath a large fir tree. But nature is unforgiving, and as the seasons turn from winter to spring — the cycle of life continues — and villagers cut down the huge tree and move it to the village to create a stripped pole. It becomes the object of a pole-climbing rite that suggests the villagers’ not-too-distant pagan past. The film ends as the villagers work to turn the wood into coal.</p><p>One humorous moment is when the dog pulls out a wooden log serving as a brace from underneath a truck parked on a small hill by the old man’s house setting an unlikely set of sequences into motion.</p><p>These sequences are undramatic and simplistic. But great filmmakers and artists allow us to see what we already know with new eyes. We know that life is the eternal cycle of birth, death, and new birth. This cycle contains for us the possibility of hope, renewal, and resurrection. Yet in today’s age — this cycle seems far removed. It’s been industrialized, mechanized, and polluted — perverted and unrecognizable to many — a process with which we have little physical connection.</p><p><em>Le Quattro Volte</em> — the title of the film means something like “The Four Times” — reclaims this magical territory, and re-imagines for us the elegant linearity of this harmonious cycle. For Frammartino — to truly live — and feel connected to nature’s primal forces — is as much a privilege as to have one’s body after death reclaimed by that nature — from dust to dust — to restoration and new birth…</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><em>Milos Stehlik’s commentaries&nbsp;reflect his own views and not necessarily those of <a href="http://www.facets.org/" target="_blank">Facets Multi-media</a>, </em>Worldview<em> or 91.5 WBEZ. His reviews air on Fridays.</em></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Trailer for <em>Le Quattro Volte</em></p><p><iframe allowfullscreen="" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/kwkBOFx9McE" frameborder="0" height="349" width="560"></iframe></p></p> Fri, 24 Jun 2011 15:05:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-06-24/milos-stehlik-reviews-italian-film-le-quattro-volte-88281