WBEZ | Qaddafi http://www.wbez.org/tags/qaddafi Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en What’s next for U.S. strategy in Libya? http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-29/what%E2%80%99s-next-us-strategy-libya-91201 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-August/2011-08-29/libya.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><audio class="mejs mediaelement-formatter-identified-1332483673-1" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/sites/default/files/MON 2of3.mp3">&nbsp;</audio></p><p>Moammar Qaddafi still poses a danger for Libya and the world, says the head of the Libyan rebels. President Obama stresses cautious optimism in the aftermath of major military operations in Libya. Many experts and observers believe the Libya mission is the beginning of a so-called "Obama Doctrine."</p><p>We'll ask <a href="http://mearsheimer.uchicago.edu/">John Mearsheimer</a>, R. Wendell Harrison Distinguished Service Professor of Political Science and co-director of the Program on International Security Policy at the University of Chicago. He's author of <em>Why Leaders Lie: The Truth about Lying in International Politics</em>.</p></p> Mon, 29 Aug 2011 19:49:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-29/what%E2%80%99s-next-us-strategy-libya-91201 Some observers continue to doubt the U.S. intervention in Libya http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-04-13/some-observers-continue-doubt-us-intervention-libya-85141 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-April/2011-04-13/111957323.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>It’s been three weeks since President Obama ordered American intervention in Libya, and the early hope that outside involvement would be quick and cheap doesn’t seem to be panning out, <a href="http://walt.foreignpolicy.com/">according </a>to&nbsp;<a href="http://www.hks.harvard.edu/about/faculty-staff-directory/stephen-walt" style="color: rgb(2, 122, 198); text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">Stephen Walt</a>, Professor of International Affairs at the Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. Walt spoke Wednesday with host Jerome McDonnell on WBEZ’s <em>Worldview</em>.</p><p>While NATO has taken over the mission, Walt fears a stalemate in Libya is a growing possibility. Most analysts initially believed that a modest degree of Western intervention from United States and European nations would tip the balance to the rebel forces in Libya. But as time has passed, Walt notes, Gaddafi’s departure has looked less likely, and the ability of the Libyan rebels to taken control of the situation themselves seems to have dwindled. “[Gaddafi] appears to have a sizable number of loyalists” said Walt. “They seem to be more effective militarily than we might have thought.”</p><p>One of Walt’s greatest concerns is the possibility that intervention could enflame a civil war, instead of abating one. If forces do not dissolve quickly, Walt notes that interference can unwittingly exaggerate issues by providing literal “fuel to the flame”. As a result, he fears the potential cost and damage to the United States’ image has increased.&nbsp;</p><p>That’s, in part, because the United States does not have a consistent history with Middle Eastern nations. For every Afghanistan, there is a Bahrain, which has largely been ignored during its own times of crisis. Walt called Libya the “perfect case”, given Gaddaffi’s own unsavory reign and lack of allies in the Arab world, and said that this was the biggest impetus for U.S. involvement. He also cited few other American interests in the region as the cause for Obama’s pressure on other European nations to take the brunt of the work.</p><p>One surprising thing about involvement in Libya has been the bipartisan support, though Walt argued that this is more typical than it appears. Both neoconservatives and liberals have supported intervention, disagreeing only in regards to how much multilateral support is required to go into another country; neoconservatives are often wary of the United Nations as a constraint on American power, while liberals prefer the legal support of the UN.</p><p>But Walt also spoke of the dangerous precedent intervention in Libya might create, citing Gaddafi’s choice to give up his weapons of mass destruction in 2003, only to find out now that this is “what happens to a leader who agrees to go along with the United States and the West,” he noted. “If I were an Iranian, I’d be thinking long and hard about what message to draw from this,”said Walt. He believes it is in the best interest of the U.S. to show more restraint in the future, as it is “usually easier to begin military operations than it is to stop them.”</p></p> Wed, 13 Apr 2011 16:49:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-04-13/some-observers-continue-doubt-us-intervention-libya-85141 In Libya, al-Beidi's story raises awareness of sexual violence under Qaddafi http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-04-07/libya-al-beidis-story-raises-awareness-sexual-violence-under-qaddafi-848 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-April/2011-04-07/109382376.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Libyan Iman al-Obeidi caught the world’s attention last month when she burst into a Tripoli hotel and told the international press she was detained and gang-raped by Qaddafi’s militiamen. The scene—and her subsequent seizure by pro-Qaddafi hotel workers—was captured on video.</p><p>Obeidi’s frankness won her many supporters among Libyan rebels. Her story also raises the issue of rape in a society that rarely speaks about sexual violence.</p><p>Asma Magariaf, a Libyan-American activist based in Washington D.C., discusses the significance of Obeidi’s tragic ordeal.</p></p> Thu, 07 Apr 2011 16:51:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-04-07/libya-al-beidis-story-raises-awareness-sexual-violence-under-qaddafi-848 Farrakhan defends Libya http://www.wbez.org/story/black-supremacy/farrakhan-defends-libya-84572 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2011-April/2011-04-01/Farrakhan_Getty_Scott Olson.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Nation of Islam Min. Louis Farrakhan said the United States is a hypocrite for its current military action against Libya.</p><p>Calling Col. Muammar Qaddafi "brother leader," Farrakhan said the embattled Libyan dictator has been a friend to him. He added that he doesn’t understand why President Barack Obama authorized military intervention in Libya.</p><p>"I love Muammar Qaddafi and I love our president. It grieves me to see my brother president set a policy that would remove this man," Farrakhan said.</p><p>The minister made those remarks at Mosque Maryam, the headquarters of the Chicago-based Nation of Islam. Farrakhan says in 1972 Qaddafi lent the Nation $3 million to buy the mosque, a former Greek church.</p><p>In the early 1980s, Qaddafi lent $5 million to help Farrakhan start a line of black-owned personal care products.</p></p> Fri, 01 Apr 2011 22:40:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/black-supremacy/farrakhan-defends-libya-84572 Arabs react to Western coalition in Libya with skepticism http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-23/arabs-react-western-coalition-libya-skepticism-84140 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-March/2011-03-23/110407549.jpg" alt="" /><p><div>It went almost unnoticed in major media this year, but we just passed the eight-year anniversary of the U.S. invasion of Iraq. Most commentators now refer to the U.S. fighting in Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya, but the U.S. has occasional military operations in Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia as well. The Libyan bombing, however, puts a new twist on U.S. interventions with the goal of civilian protection. Arabs in the Middle East broadly supported the enforcement of a no-fly zone over Libya, but after five days of missile and air attacks, there are signs of wavering. We'll get analysis from Laith Saud, who lectures on Islamic world studies at DePaul University.</div></p> Wed, 23 Mar 2011 17:10:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-23/arabs-react-western-coalition-libya-skepticism-84140 Chicagoan reflects on the meaning of military action against the Qaddafi regime http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-21/chicagoan-reflects-meaning-military-action-against-qaddafi-regime-84027 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-March/2011-03-21/110407552.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Airstrikes by American forces continued for a second night in Libya. Over the weekend British forces targeted Qaddafi&rsquo;s compound in Tripoli, but today the chief of the UK Defence Staff said Qaddafi himself was &ldquo;absolutely not&rdquo; a target. President Obama has said the goal of the mission is to fulfill the U.N. resolution and protect the Libyan people. Chicagoan Tawfik Sharkasi is originally from Benghazi, Libya. He still has family there and joins us to discuss the ongoing airstrikes in Libya. &nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 21 Mar 2011 17:04:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-21/chicagoan-reflects-meaning-military-action-against-qaddafi-regime-84027 Libya: Military intervention by an international coalition is now a possibility http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-18/libya-military-intervention-international-coalition-now-possibility-8392 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-March/2011-03-18/110404430.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Muammar Qaddafi called last night into a radio station in Benghazi to threaten people. Then today his regime said it would instituting a cease fire. The UN resolution that passed on Thursday to allow military action in Libya will do more to shape the conflict in the coming days. National Security expert <a href="http://csis.org/expert/anthony-h-cordesman" target="_blank">Anthony Cordesman</a> from the <a href="http://csis.org/" target="_blank">Center for Strategic and International Studies</a> will discuss what a no-fly zone and other military options can accomplish in Libya.</p></p> Fri, 18 Mar 2011 17:27:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-18/libya-military-intervention-international-coalition-now-possibility-8392 Chicagoan gives firsthand account of fighting on the frontlines in Benghazi http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-17/chicagoan-gives-firsthand-account-fighting-frontlines-benghazi-83867 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-March/2011-03-17/Sanaf portrait.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>Earlier today, Qaddafi&rsquo;s forces continued their attacks on the rebel held city of Benghazi, which has a population of one million.&nbsp;According to news reports the bombings have targeted the Benghazi airport and other strategic locations. The Red Cross has said it is pulling out of Benghazi because of the deteriorating security situation on the ground.</p><p>The gains by Qaddafi's troops have pressed the international community to consider action. Last Saturday, the Arab League, in an extraordinary gesture, recommended Security Council action against one of its own members.&nbsp; The Obama administration says it will support a U.N. Security Council resolution that would authorize a wide range of possible military strikes against Qaddafi's forces as well as a no-fly zone. Sanad Abdalla lives in Chicago but is originally from Tobruk, Libya.&nbsp;He&rsquo;s just returned from Benghazi, where he joined his father in helping to provide logistical support and aid to opposition forces there. He shares what it was like to be on the ground there.</p></p> Thu, 17 Mar 2011 17:42:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-17/chicagoan-gives-firsthand-account-fighting-frontlines-benghazi-83867 Chicago-area Libyans watch with concern as Qaddafi's forces gain ground http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-15/chicago-area-libyans-watch-concern-qaddafis-forces-gain-ground-83743 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-March/2011-03-15/110023691.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Today forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Qaddafi seemed to inch closer to the rebel held capital of Benghazi. Qaddafi&rsquo;s forces have already taken back another rebel held town to the west of Tripoli. Opposition fighters have pleaded for a no-fly zone but the international community has remained reluctant.&nbsp;Yesterday, the United Nations Security Council took up the question but failed to reach a decision.&nbsp; We discuss Libya's ongoing political crisis with Sarah Burshan, &nbsp;a Libyan American who has helped organize several anti-Qaddafi protests in Chicago and Ali Elgheriani.&nbsp; Elgheriani was born and raised in Benghazi, Libya.&nbsp;</p></p> Tue, 15 Mar 2011 17:31:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-15/chicago-area-libyans-watch-concern-qaddafis-forces-gain-ground-83743 Is Libya in a civil war? http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-11/libya-civil-war-83558 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/109919129.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Yesterday, the president of the International Red Cross declared Libya as &ldquo;engaged in civil war.&rdquo; Last week, media hedged their bets, referring to escalating violence between pro- and anti-Qaddafi forces as the &ldquo;brink of civil war.&rdquo; More and more, headline writers drop those qualifiers. Media institutions like the <em>New York Times</em> use the terms &ldquo;insurgents&rdquo; and &ldquo;rebels&rdquo; interchangeably to describe Libyans in direct combat with pro-Qaddafi militias.</p><p>But what makes a conflict a civil war? And do insurgents engage in them? Do rebels - or both? To help with these questions, we talk with <a target="_blank" href="http://www.polis.leeds.ac.uk/about/staff/jones/">Clive Jones</a>, chair of Middle East Studies at the University of Leeds and former co-editor of the journal &quot;Civil Wars&quot;.</p></p> Fri, 11 Mar 2011 18:05:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-11/libya-civil-war-83558