WBEZ | Politics http://www.wbez.org/news/politics Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Opiate Addiction in New Hampshire http://www.wbez.org/news/opiate-addiction-new-hampshire-114781 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/opiate.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>In New Hampshire, more people now die of drug overdoses than car accidents, according to&nbsp;<a href="http://www.unionleader.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20150412/NEWS12/150419848" target="_blank">state statistics</a>. As part of&nbsp;<a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2016/02/09/recover-together-new-hampshire"><em>Here &amp; Now&rsquo;s</em></a>&nbsp;<a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/tag/election-road-trip" target="_blank">Election Road Trip</a>, host Robin Young visited an addiction center called&nbsp;<a href="http://www.recovertogether.us/" target="_blank">Recover Together</a>, in Manchester.</p><p>It is a private clinic that does not take insurance, and charges patients $65 a week. For that, patients can see a doctor, get a prescription for the maintenance drug Suboxone and participate in group therapy sessions.</p><p>The group serves 500 people across New Hampshire and Maine, and was founded by Jeff DeFlavio when he was a medical student at Dartmouth. Robin Young speaks with&nbsp;Brian Cressy, a counselor for the center, and with&nbsp;Paul, who is in recovery.</p><ul><li><a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/tag/election-road-trip" target="_blank">See more stories from our 2016 Election Road Trip</a></li><li><a href="http://nprhereandnow.tumblr.com/tagged/ElectionRoadTrip" target="_blank">See behind-the-scenes photos on our Tumblr</a><br /></li></ul><hr /><p><strong><span style="font-size:20px;">Interview Highlights: Brian Cressy</span></strong></p><p><strong>On the presidential candidates talking about the addiction problem</strong></p><p>&ldquo;Everybody bangs the drum and then when the song&rsquo;s over they forget about it. It&rsquo;s great to talk about. My job is to encourage the client to understand one thing: the behavior that they&rsquo;ve ingrained into their lifestyle needs to be completely wiped out and started over again.&rdquo;</p><p><strong>On the overprescribing problem</strong></p><p>&ldquo;Prescribers are one of the main problems, of course, with overprescribing. I heard from Massachusetts one of the things they were thinking about doing is allowing that, if somebody came into an emergency room on Friday night with an injury, that they would give a three or four day dose with a non-refillable prescription where they would have to go to primary care afterwards and get reevaluated for their injury, so that way there would be some monitoring not carte-blanche, whip a quick prescription out of the emergency room that would cause the problem.&rdquo;</p><p><strong>On the </strong><strong>extent</strong><strong> people go to to get their hands on pills</strong></p><p>&ldquo;I&rsquo;ve had people who&rsquo;ve had teeth pulled because they wanted the pain medication. I&rsquo;ve had people have cosmetic surgery because they wanted the pain medication. It&rsquo;s just ridiculous. I can tell you stories. How about people taking their dying mothers&rsquo; cancer medication? Their dying fathers&rsquo; medication? Breaking into their neighbors&rsquo; house and stealing their pain pills?&rdquo;</p><p><strong>On Recover Together&rsquo;s success</strong></p><p>&ldquo;We have an unbelievable success rate here at this clinic. Over 80 percent. It&rsquo;s people who haven&rsquo;t worked in three years because of their heroin addiction now are holding two jobs. It&rsquo;s a person that&rsquo;s just getting their daughter back after three years of being in foster care. It&rsquo;s something to be able to take the people and sit them down and say you are now worth something and let&rsquo;s move on from there. Instead of just being classified as useless, or no good, or an addict. I&rsquo;d rather tell a person that they have a problem and I don&rsquo;t classify them and I work with them to get rid of the problem.&rdquo;</p></p> Tue, 09 Feb 2016 16:33:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/opiate-addiction-new-hampshire-114781 5 Things to Know About President Obama's Budget http://www.wbez.org/news/5-things-know-about-president-obamas-budget-114779 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/gettyimages-509158914-4f1cb8a19e6a3b899bd501a21bc94f279d7da0a1-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res466145095" previewtitle="Copies of President Obama's budget sit on a table in the Senate Budget Committee room."><div data-crop-type="">President Obama unveils his 2017 budget proposal today. It&#39;s an aspirational blueprint that details how he would set priorities if he controlled the government&#39;s checkbook ... which he doesn&#39;t.</div></div><p>&quot;This budget is not about looking back at the road we have traveled,&quot; Obama said. &quot;It is about looking forward.&quot;</p><p>But congressional Republicans are looking past the president. House Speaker Paul Ryan dismissed the budget as &quot;a progressive manual for growing the federal government at the expense of hardworking Americans.&quot;</p><p>Here are five big things you need to know about Obama&#39;s eighth budget blueprint.</p><p><strong>1. It&#39;s his last ... and least influential</strong></p><p>The president&#39;s budget is invariably described as &quot;dead on arrival&quot; when it reaches Capitol Hill. This one got that label weeks earlier.</p><p>Republican leaders of the House and Senate Budget Committees don&#39;t even plan to hold a token hearing on the $4 trillion White House spending plan. Obama will be out of office less than four months into the budget year. And the roll-out of the budget itself is overshadowed by the New Hampshire primary.</p><p><strong>2. </strong><strong>More red</strong><strong> ink</strong></p><p>President Obama boasted in his State of the Union address of cutting the deficit as a share of the economy by three-quarters during his time in office. This year, however, the deficit is creeping up again &mdash; largely as a result of tax breaks extended by Congress at the end of 2015.</p><p>The president&#39;s budget projects that deficits will remain in a manageable range &mdash; less than 3 percent of GDP &mdash; for the next decade. That includes some rosy assumptions, though, about tax revenues, health care savings and immigration reform.</p><p><strong>3. Domestic shots across the bow</strong></p><p>The president&#39;s budget includes a variety of proposals designed to provoke a debate with Republicans. On the revenue side, these include a new $10/barrel tax on crude oil which would add up to 24 cents a gallon to the price of gasoline, higher taxes on capital gains, and a renewed push to close what the White House calls the &quot;trust fund loophole.&quot; On the spending side, the president has proposed more investments in clean energy, mass transit, summertime meal subsidies for poor children, and expanded unemployment insurance.</p><p><strong>4. Security spending, on the ground and online</strong></p><p>Obama is seeking $11 billion for the battle against ISIS, $3.4 billion to shore up European defenses and discourage Russian aggression, and $19 billion to enhance the nation&#39;s cybersecurity.</p><p><strong>5. A few nods to bipartisanship</strong></p><p>While the overall budget is going nowhere, a few of its more modest ideas may have legs. The White House notes there&#39;s bipartisan support for accelerating cancer research, offering more treatment to people addicted to heroin and prescription pain medication, and expanding a tax credit to help low-income workers who don&#39;t have children.</p><p><a href="http://www.npr.org/2016/02/09/466143593/five-things-to-know-about-president-obamas-budget?ft=nprml&amp;f=466143593"><em>&mdash; via NPR</em></a></p></p> Tue, 09 Feb 2016 15:06:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/5-things-know-about-president-obamas-budget-114779 Obama Administration Releases Budget Plan, but it’s Dead on Arrival http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2016-02-09/obama-administration-releases-budget-plan-it%E2%80%99s-dead-arrival-114778 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/0209_presidential-budget-624x429.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Although President Obama is ready to release his budget for the 2017 fiscal year, Congress has the final say on how the country&rsquo;s money can be spent.</p><p>While the legislature can allocate more or less money to certain suggestions in the $4 trillion plan, Republicans in control of the Senate and the House have already said they&rsquo;re not even considering the president&rsquo;s proposal. One sign of this: the White House budget director was not invited to present the proposal for the first time in 40 years.</p><p>The president&rsquo;s initiatives include a huge oil tax, Vice President Joe Biden&rsquo;s &ldquo;moonshot&rdquo; to cure cancer, education and employment, and Medicaid expansion.&nbsp;NPR White House correspondent&nbsp;<a href="https://twitter.com/HorsleyScott?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor">Scott Horsley</a>&nbsp;speaks with&nbsp;<a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2016/02/09/budget-plan-obama"><em>Here &amp; Now&rsquo;s </em></a>Jeremy Hobson to discuss what&rsquo;s next for the budget.</p></p> Tue, 09 Feb 2016 15:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2016-02-09/obama-administration-releases-budget-plan-it%E2%80%99s-dead-arrival-114778 After New Hampshire, Some GOP Campaigns May Stagger on in Zombie Phase http://www.wbez.org/news/after-new-hampshire-some-gop-campaigns-may-stagger-zombie-phase-114777 <p><p>Who will drop out after losing in New Hampshire? Possibly no one.<em>&nbsp;(On to South Carolina! This race is still wide open! We can win this thing!)</em></p><p>We&#39;ll consider the real reasons to stick around in a moment.</p><p>But for several candidates, whether they make it official or not, the Granite State will be the rock on which their ships ran aground.</p><p>Their campaigns may stagger on into a zombie phase, but it will not affect the outcome of further proceedings.</p><p>On the Democratic side, both Bernie Sanders and Hillary Clinton&nbsp;<em><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Georgia, serif; font-size: 17px; line-height: 29px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">&nbsp;</span>will&nbsp;</em>continue on to the Nevada caucuses of Feb. 20, regardless of the outcome or the margins in New Hampshire. Sanders and Clinton will meet in Milwaukee for a debate on PBS Thursday night.</p><p>Their erstwhile third wheel, Martin O&#39;Malley, already suspended his bid after the Iowa caucuses, and two other long shots (Jim Webb and Lincoln Chafee) quit last year.</p><p>The reaper is nearer in the Republican field. The end of the dream may come for any of six candidates who desperately need at least a respectable finish in New Hampshire. That is a hefty majority of the nine remaining Republican candidates who have appeared in at least one of the party-sanctioned, televised debates.</p><p>For those Republicans who qualify for Saturday night&#39;s debate in South Carolina (which will air on CBS News), there is always a chance of turning things around in that state&#39;s vote on the following Saturday. In any event, there is a chance of being seen one more time.</p><p>(If that is not enough incentive to stay in, candidates facing the prospect of campaign debt know they can raise money more readily while still running than after they strike the tent.)</p><p>Not everyone may make it onto the CBS stage, of course, and some might scarcely be missed.</p><p><strong>Jim Gilmore</strong></p><p>Jim Gilmore, the former Virginia governor, has been in and out of the TV debates, and his campaign appearances have been limited. Having barely registered in Iowa, he has had little visibility in New Hampshire. He may think this will change south of the Mason-Dixon Line, but evidence for this is scant at best.</p><p>Gilmore is more likely to join the ranks of Republicans who hung it up after Iowa: Mike Huckabee, Rick Santorum and Rand Paul. (It is worth remembering, too, that Rick Perry, Scott Walker, Bobby Jindal, Lindsay Graham and George Pataki all dropped out back in 2015.)</p><p>But several other contenders who have been far more important to the real discussion may also be seeing the checkered flag signaling their final lap.</p><p><strong>Carly Fiorina</strong></p><p>Carly Fiorina, the firebrand former corporate executive, flirted with top-tier status in the early going and battled her way onto the main stage of the debates. But her over-the-top claims about Planned Parenthood, never substantiated, tied her to an issue that was losing altitude by the month.</p><p>Fiorina tried to compensate with increasingly personal attacks on Hillary Clinton. Surefire applause lines in the debates, these sorties did not reverse her decline in the polls. She was excluded from the ABC debate the weekend before New Hampshire, and she is not expected to rise above single digits in Tuesday&#39;s vote.</p><div id="res466167868" previewtitle="Republican presidential candidate, Dr. Ben Carson speaks with members to the media after the GOP debate Saturday."><div><div><img alt="Republican presidential candidate, Dr. Ben Carson speaks with members to the media after the GOP debate Saturday." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2016/02/09/ap_160370542047-41b9c0f2a1d513119333e8bd503398ce23de0162-s400-c85.jpg" style="height: 233px; width: 310px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" title="Republican presidential candidate, Dr. Ben Carson speaks with members to the media after the GOP debate Saturday. (Matt Rourke/AP)" /><p><strong>Ben Carson</strong></p><p>Ben Carson, the pediatric neurosurgeon, has also been losing ground in recent weeks. His share of time in the debates has dwindled as his poll numbers have drifted downward, generally since the Paris attacks on November 13 shifted the issue mix to emphasize national security.</p></div></div></div><p>In the last debate, Carson had less camera time than anyone on stage, less than half as much as the leaders. He also suffered some embarrassment when he could not hear his name called and failed to come on stage when introduced. The famous physician from Baltimore may look past a poor showing here to pin his hopes on South Carolina. Or he may bow to what looks inevitable.</p><p><img alt="Republican Chris Christie of New Jersey has invested nearly his entire campaign on New Hampshire. A poor result will almost certainly effectively end his candidacy." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2016/02/09/ap_556538263281-3770a48b7dfdace7f2e6dba2f263ff4d5a029ec8-s400-c85.jpg" style="height: 232px; width: 310px; float: right; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="Republican Chris Christie of New Jersey has invested nearly his entire campaign on New Hampshire. A poor result will almost certainly effectively end his candidacy. (Robert F. Bukaty/AP)" /></p><p><strong>Chris Christie</strong></p><p>Chris Christie has been a major factor in New Hampshire, and it will be ironic if he fails to reach double digits or finishes below the top five in New Hampshire. Christie had his best debate of the whole six-month season last Saturday night, skewering rival Marco Rubio as a robotic speechmaker who had never made any real executive decisions.</p><div id="res466167515" previewtitle="Republican Chris Christie of New Jersey has invested nearly his entire campaign on New Hampshire. A poor result will almost certainly effectively end his candidacy."><div><div><p>If Rubio&#39;s rapid rise hits an air pocket in New Hampshire, it will be because of that surface-to-air strike from former prosecutor Christie. But it is entirely possible the benefit of that will go to other candidates, such as John Kasich or Jeb Bush, who had been polling closer to Rubio than Christie.</p></div></div></div><p>Christie worked this state more than any other. He won the endorsement of the&nbsp;</p><p>Gilmore, Fiorina, Carson and Christie all seem to be &quot;on the bubble&quot; as the actual primary voting begins. But there also exists the possibility that one or two other Republicans will hit a pot hole at just the wrong time.</p><p><strong>John Kasich</strong></p><p>John Kasich, the governor of Ohio, has campaigned in the Granite State as much as or more than any other 2016 hopeful. He has clearly found an audience here, and he has won some editorial backing as well. Late polls showed him making a move.</p><p>If he were the only option aside from Donald Trump or Ted Cruz &mdash; or even aside from Trump, Cruz and Rubio &mdash; Kasich might well be in the sweet spot. But he is splitting that &quot;mainstream Republican&quot; role with several others, including two other relatively pragmatic governor-types from the Eastern seaboard.</p><p>Kasich may do well enough to stake a strong claim on the vice presidential nod. If he does not do well, such as in challenging for second place, New Hampshire may well be the end of his formal campaign for the top spot on the ticket.</p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/gettyimages-509162396-e6a7d677c99ff17797a2652e91809bc576744c1b-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 233px; width: 310px; float: right; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="New Hampshire could be Jeb Bush's last stand in the 2016 presidential race. Here, the Republican presidential candidate thanks his supporters outside the polling place at Webster School on February 9, 2016 in Manchester, New Hampshire. (Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)" /><strong>Jeb Bush</strong></p><p>Jeb Bush might once have expected to have this day be a blazing victory, compensating for a lackluster showing in Iowa. But his finish in Iowa was less than lackluster, and his prospects here, while better, are far from blazing.</p><p>As the scion of America&#39;s best-known Republican dynasty, Bush&#39;s realistic hopes of the Oval Office will not survive a second setback. A loss seems inevitable, but the actual percentage and place in the finishing order will matter a great deal.</p><p>The first President Bush won here in 1988 and 1992, but the latter year saw him share the primary vote with his upstart right-wing challenger, Pat Buchanan. The second President Bush was embarrassed here in 2000, losing to Senator John McCain by 20 points.</p><p>But the other &quot;Bush Boys&quot; moved on in every case to a solid win South Carolina, thus setting a sure course to the nomination. A win in South Carolina now seems well out of reach for Jeb Bush, who is not polling in the top three there.</p><p>The last several days have been a kind of family reunion for the Bush clan here.&nbsp;Bush has had his mother and brother here to campaign for him. The Bushes have also welcomed many veterans of previous Bush administrations as sober-minded, sensible surrogates.</p><p>Older, more traditional New England conservatives may still feel more comfortable with a Bush than with Trump or the Tea Party heroes of the new Republican wave. But that alone may not be enough to lift Bush much past New Hampshire&#39;s&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/2016/02/08/465916627/why-a-vote-for-jeb-bush-could-be-a-vote-for-trump-in-the-new-hampshire-primary">threshold of 10 percent</a>.</p><p>Bush has vowed to press on to South Carolina regardless of the results here. But one has to wonder if this vow will hold if he fails to crack the top three or four in New Hampshire.</p><p>Rumors have swirled of a reassessment coming after today&#39;s results are in. Trailing as he has in South Carolina, it is not clear where Bush would get his candidacy back on track before the Florida primary on March 15.</p><p>And even that home field advantage may not be enough against whichever candidate is leading at that time, especially if it turns out to Rubio, the Florida senator who was once regarded as Bush&#39;s protégé.</p><p><a href="http://www.npr.org/2016/02/09/466145039/after-new-hampshire-some-gop-campaigns-may-stagger-on-in-zombie-phase?ft=nprml&amp;f=466145039"><em>&mdash; via NPR</em></a></p></p> Tue, 09 Feb 2016 14:20:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/after-new-hampshire-some-gop-campaigns-may-stagger-zombie-phase-114777 Voter Registration Deadline Looms http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2016-02-08/voter-registration-deadline-looms-114768 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Voter_Flickr_afagen.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>February 16 is the deadline to register to vote or file a name or address change for the March 15 Primary Election. And for teens born on or before Nov. 8, 1998, they&rsquo;re eligible to register. Cook County Clerk David Orr tells us what else we need to know.</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 08 Feb 2016 22:45:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2016-02-08/voter-registration-deadline-looms-114768 Emanuel: CPS Bankruptcy Could Ruin Educational Gains http://www.wbez.org/news/emanuel-cps-bankruptcy-could-ruin-educational-gains-114766 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/RahmReading_LChooljian.jpg" style="height: 465px; width: 620px;" title="Mayor Rahm Emanuel reads to students in Pilsen Monday. Emanuel announced he’d be expanding full-day pre-kindergarten to 1,000 more students. (WBEZ/Lauren Chooljian)" /></div><p>Mayor Rahm Emanuel says if Chicago Public Schools files for bankruptcy, it could undo the progress he&rsquo;s made on education.</p><p>Illinois Governor Bruce Rauner has <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/rauners-vision-chicago-public-schools-future-114545">pushed bankruptcy, and a state takeover of CPS</a>, as a way for the cash-strapped district to restructure its debt. Emanuel has publicly blasted Rauner for that idea many times, but in an interview with WBEZ, he offered a new argument: That it could ruin some of the achievements he frequently touts.&nbsp;</p><p>Usually, when the mayor talks about education, he finds a way to fit in his extension of the longer school day or year. But he says if court appointed administrators or accountants came in to manage a bankrupt CPS, who knows how much of that progress would stick?</p><p>&ldquo;They could recommend a four-day school week. They could recommend a shorter school day. They could recommend eliminating kindergarten. They could recommend getting rid of high school and arts programs as a way to balance the budget. Now, what have we done?&nbsp; We&rsquo;ve made a fiscal set of changes all on the backs of our kids&rsquo; future,&rdquo; Emanuel said.</p><p>Emanuel repeated his charge that declaring bankruptcy wouldn&rsquo;t fix the unequal funding CPS gets from the state, which, in his mind, is the core of CPS&rsquo; financial problems.</p><p>Emanuel pitched his latest argument against Rauner&rsquo;s plan while in Pilsen for an announcement about early childhood education. Emanuel announced Monday that his administration has come up with a creative way to <a href="https://soundcloud.com/wbez/emanuel-expanding-full-day-pre-kindergarten">expand pre-kindergarten</a> for low-income families.</p><p>The mayor says through restructuring and reinvesting savings from central office cuts, the city can offer around 1,000 more students full-day pre-kindergarten by the 2017-18 school year, bringing the total of full day spots up to 17,000.</p><p>&ldquo;If you&rsquo;re not reading at third-grade level, if you&rsquo;re not doing math at a third-grade level, it&rsquo;s not like fourth grade is a success,&rdquo; Emanuel told WBEZ.&nbsp; &ldquo;And if you want a child to succeed at third grade, you have to do things at three weeks old and three years old.&rdquo;</p><p>To expand part-time spots to full-time, Emanuel said he would take $1 million dollars in savings from cuts to the early childhood division in the district&rsquo;s central office. His administration will also move all community-based pre-k programs from CPS to the department of Family and Support Services (DFSS).</p><p>&ldquo;That&rsquo;s our strength, that&rsquo;s the way DFSS goes to market now, if you will,&rdquo; <a href="http://www.cityofchicago.org/city/en/depts/mayor/press_room/press_releases/2015/june/mayor-rahm-emanuel-nominates-lisa-morrison-butler-to-be-commissi.html">Commissioner Lisa Morrison Butler said.</a> &ldquo;This is a model that&rsquo;s already in place at DFSS and it made sense therefore for us to just continue to do what we&rsquo;ve already done.&rdquo;</p><p>The mayor&rsquo;s office says they expect about $6 million in savings by eliminating redundancies, but Morrison Butler says they&rsquo;re still figuring out all the details.</p><p>In other school news, Emanuel said that calls for his resignation by the Chicago Teachers&rsquo; Union has not changed the tenor at the bargaining table.&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;You know, my view is, I&rsquo;ve been in public life a long time. I kinda basically block out the noise and focus on what&rsquo;s essential,&rdquo; Emanuel said.</p><p>In the past, Emanuel has had a rocky relationship with Chicago Teachers Union president Karen Lewis. But now, the mayor says he respects her &ldquo;toughness and grit,&rdquo;&nbsp; and he likes that she says what she thinks.</p><p>CPS and CTU are back at the negotiating table after the union last week rejected the city&rsquo;s most recent offer. Union members said they didn&rsquo;t trust Emanuel&rsquo;s schools team would deliver on its promises.</p><p><em>Lauren Chooljian covers Chicago politics for WBEZ. Follow her <a href="http://twitter.com/laurenchooljian">@laurenchooljian.</a></em></p></p> Mon, 08 Feb 2016 21:32:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/emanuel-cps-bankruptcy-could-ruin-educational-gains-114766 10 Things to Know About New Hampshire http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2016-02-08/10-things-know-about-new-hampshire-114765 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/24268946534_1d3eec32e6_o-e1454956256939.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="attachment_101326"><img alt="Dublin, New Hampshire. (Allegra Boverman/NHPR)" src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/media.wbur.org/wordpress/11/files/2016/02/24268946534_1d3eec32e6_o-e1454956256939-624x384.jpg" style="height: 382px; width: 620px;" title="Dublin, New Hampshire. (Allegra Boverman/NHPR)" /><p>Every four years, national presidential candidates descend upon the Granite State, with the national media in tow. While much of the focus is on the primary race Tuesday, we decided to do a little digging about what sets this state apart from the other 49.</p></div><p>Here are the 10 things you should know about New Hampshire:</p><p>1.&nbsp;<strong>The state owns the liquor stores</strong>:&nbsp;As a state with&nbsp;<a href="http://www.politifact.com/new-hampshire/statements/2012/jul/23/jackie-cilley/no-income-or-sales-tax-new-hampshire-does-rely-hea/" target="_blank">no income or sales tax</a>, New Hampshire relies heavily on other sources of income to keep the state running. Part of that money comes from the state&nbsp;<a href="https://www.nh.gov/liquor/index.shtml" target="_blank">liquor stores</a>&nbsp;&mdash;&nbsp;and the lottery, which New Hampshire can boast is the&nbsp;<a href="https://www.nhlottery.com/About-Us/History.aspx" target="_blank">oldest legal lottery</a>&nbsp;in the U.S.</p><div id="attachment_101316"><img alt="N.H. Liquor and Wine Outlet in Lebanon, New Hampshire. (Mary Dooe/Here &amp; Now)" src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/media.wbur.org/wordpress/11/files/2016/02/0208_liquor-store-624x463.jpg" style="height: 460px; width: 620px;" title="N.H. Liquor and Wine Outlet in Lebanon, New Hampshire. (Mary Dooe/Here &amp; Now)" /><p>2.&nbsp;<strong>It&rsquo;s a pretty secular state:&nbsp;</strong>In fact, it consistently ranks as&nbsp;<a href="http://www.gallup.com/poll/12091/tracking-religious-affiliation-state-state.aspx" target="_blank">one of the least religious states</a>in the country. That&rsquo;s partly because it has historically had a mix of different religions, says Jere Daniell, retired Dartmouth history professor.</p></div><p>3.&nbsp;<strong>New Hampshire is one of the healthiest states:</strong>&nbsp;That starts from a young age, says Marcella Bobinsky of the Department of Health and Human Services. They have really&nbsp;<a href="http://www.concordmonitor.com/news/18371502-95/nh-vaccination-rates-for-toddlers-among-best-in-nation" target="_blank">high vaccination rates</a>&nbsp;for children, for starters.</p><p>4.&nbsp;&ldquo;<strong>Live Free or Die&rdquo; &mdash; it&rsquo;s more than just a license plate slogan:</strong>&nbsp;Traffic laws here aren&rsquo;t very stringent: It&rsquo;s one of a number of states with no helmet law for motorcyclists over 18, and it&rsquo;s the only state in the nation with&nbsp;<a href="http://www.dmv.org/nh-new-hampshire/safety-laws.php" target="_blank">no primary or secondary seat belt laws</a>&nbsp;for adults.</p><p>5.<strong>&nbsp;People love the outdoors &mdash; especially skiing, the state sport:</strong>&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wmur.com/escape-outside/new-hampshire-ski-industry-adds-record-sales-to-state-tourist-market/24600620" target="_blank">Ski resorts</a>&nbsp;are a big contributor to the tourism industry in the state.</p><div id="attachment_101317"><a href="http://s3.amazonaws.com/media.wbur.org/wordpress/11/files/2016/02/0208_jeremy-skiing.jpg" title="Here &amp; Now host Jeremy Hobson skiing at Loon Mountain Resort in Lincoln, New Hampshire. (Mary Dooe/Here &amp; Now)"><img alt="Here &amp;amp; Now host Jeremy Hobson skiing at Loon Mountain Resort in Lincoln, New Hampshire. (Mary Dooe/Here &amp; Now)" src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/media.wbur.org/wordpress/11/files/2016/02/0208_jeremy-skiing-624x832.jpg" style="height: 827px; width: 620px;" title="Here &amp; Now host Jeremy Hobson skiing at Loon Mountain Resort in Lincoln, New Hampshire. (Mary Dooe/Here &amp; Now)" /></a><p>6.&nbsp;<strong>Their most famous tourist attraction doesn&rsquo;t even exist anymore:</strong>&nbsp;<a href="http://www.oldmanofthemountainlegacyfund.org/about/geology.aspx" target="_blank">The Old Man in the Mountain</a>&nbsp;collapsed back in 2003, but thousands of visitors still go to its former site each year.</p></div><p>7.&nbsp;<strong>Smart manufacturing is a big part of the economy:&nbsp;</strong>These aren&rsquo;t the dirty, old-fashioned&nbsp;<a href="https://stateimpact.npr.org/new-hampshire/tag/manufacturing/" target="_blank">factories</a>&nbsp;you might be picturing &mdash; they&rsquo;re high tech, like&nbsp;<a href="https://www.hypertherm.com/en-us/" target="_blank">Hypertherm</a>&nbsp;in Lebanon, New Hampshire.</p><p>8.&nbsp;<strong>People are funny here:&nbsp;</strong>Just ask Sarah Silverman, Adam Sandler and Seth Meyers, who all hail from the Granite State.</p><div><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="386" scrolling="no" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/DJZhSH4eVzc" width="620"></iframe></div><p>9.&nbsp;<strong>Politicians take &ldquo;The Pledge&rdquo;:&nbsp;</strong>That&rsquo;s an&nbsp;<a href="https://stateimpact.npr.org/new-hampshire/2012/10/10/a-history-of-the-pledge/" target="_blank">agreement to not create a state income or sales tax</a>, and it&rsquo;s really hard to win without taking it. The last governor to win who didn&rsquo;t take the pledge was now-Sen. Jeanne Shaheen (<a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2016/02/08/shaheen-woman-president" target="_blank">listen to our interview with her about this year&rsquo;s primary</a>).</p><p>10.&nbsp;<strong>New Hampshire residents are politically active &mdash; and not just during primary season:&nbsp;</strong>They&rsquo;re politically engaged in their towns as well, according to historian Jere Daniell.</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2016/02/08/ten-things-new-hampshire"><em>via Here &amp; Now</em></a></p></p> Mon, 08 Feb 2016 15:48:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2016-02-08/10-things-know-about-new-hampshire-114765 UNICEF Estimate of Female Genital Mutilation Up by 70 Million http://www.wbez.org/news/unicef-estimate-female-genital-mutilation-70-million-114764 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/gettyimages-164496099-50_custom-3a55eb017a23e50d7af50b88c8b9646ca9e620f9-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Forget about the conventional wisdom that Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) rarely takes place outside of Africa and the Middle East. Recalibrate that to 30 countries on several continents, according to a new&nbsp;<a href="http://www.unicef.org/media/files/FGMC_2016_brochure_final_UNICEF_SPREAD.pdf">statistical analysis</a>&nbsp;by UNICEF that calculates that at least 200 million females today have undergone some form of the procedure.</p><p>About 60 million of affected females come from one country: Indonesia, where about half of the girls age 11 and below have undergone the practice. Yet this is the first time that Indonesia has been included in UNICEF data. We asked&nbsp;<a href="http://www.equalitynow.org/people/tanya_sukhija">Tanya Sukhija</a>, program officer with&nbsp;<a href="http://www.equalitynow.org/">Equality Now</a>, an organization that supports the rights of women and girls, about FGM in Indonesia and around the world. The interview has been edited for clarity and length.</p><p><strong>In light of the high numbers in Indonesia, why wasn&#39;t it included before?</strong></p><p>The Population Council [a research and programmatic group] had conducted a study in Indonesia in 2003, but that is outdated. This is the first time the government collected the information.</p><p>I think they are seeing a lot of international pressure to take the issue seriously.</p><p>Collecting the data is a great step forward in Indonesia and around the world.</p><p><strong>What do the numbers &mdash; 70 million more worldwide in 2016 than in 2014 &mdash; tell us?</strong></p><p>The data shows that this really is a huge problem and action is needed to curtail it. Beyond the 60 million added from Indonesia, the additional 10 million comes from population growth. Growing populations mean that if we do not do more to end the practice, the numbers will also grow.</p><p><strong>Is FGM ongoing in other countries not accounted for in the latest UNICEF report?</strong></p><p>There are many other places where the data is not robust. There is one particular community in India, the Dawoodi Bohra, that does practice FGM &mdash; but without the data we don&#39;t know the extent. This is just one example. There have been reports in Europe, Australia, North America, South America. This is really a global issue.</p><p><strong>Does the FGM practice in Indonesia differ from elsewhere?</strong></p><p>There are definitely&nbsp;<a href="http://www.equalitynow.org/what_is_FGM">variations</a>&nbsp;in the way it is performed among and within countries.</p><p>But regardless of the type, it is all considered female genital mutilation. It can result in being more susceptible to infections after the procedure, to obstetrical complications, pain during intercourse and childbirth and mental health consequences.</p><p><strong>What needs to be done to stop the practice?</strong></p><p>We need laws in place anywhere that girls are affected. Law is the foundation for protection of any human rights of women and girls. In Indonesia, we are working with our partner there,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.kalyanamitra.or.id/en/">Kalyanamitra</a>&nbsp;calling for a clear law criminalizing FGM and also anyone who practices it.</p><p>Medicalization of the procedure [allowing medical personnel to perform it] is also problematic. It lends it legitimacy. In 2010, the Indonesia government authorized medical personnel to do this. Under international pressure the [government] revoked that in 2014. The new regulation says instead that the procedure should be done with regard to the health and safety of the girl. It isn&#39;t much better but it shows that they are making changes, even though they are not going far enough.</p><p><strong>Are there programs that have succeeded in other countries?</strong></p><p>I would point to Kenya as an example: They have a law banning FGM, and they are also doing a lot to implement it. They have an anti-FGM board, a government body charged with making sure the law is followed, and with education and raising awareness [of the issue].</p><p>The bottom line is that we need laws in place anywhere that girls are affected, as well as support and education. FGM is not just an African problem. This is an international issue.They also have a special unit in their public prosecutions office to investigate and prosecute FGM cases, and prosecutors who are specially trained to pursue such cases. There are also a number of organizations in Kenya helping girls trying to escape FGM, by providing shelters, for instance, and working with local, traditional and religious leaders. People also use alternative rites of passage ceremonies, celebrating reaching puberty not with cutting but with rituals. This highlights the need for having a law as well as other mechanisms to support the law.</p><p><a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/02/08/466033967/unicef-estimate-of-female-genital-mutiliation-up-by-70-million?ft=nprml&amp;f=466033967"><em>&mdash; via NPR</em></a></p></p> Mon, 08 Feb 2016 15:31:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/unicef-estimate-female-genital-mutilation-70-million-114764 Fact Check: GOP Candidates On Taxes And Downgrades http://www.wbez.org/news/fact-check-gop-candidates-taxes-and-downgrades-114776 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/gettyimages-508800640-111c42a7496636f73f4a2e00c2a76168470c7a61-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Everyone knows the GOP is the party of small government and low taxes. At Saturday night&#39;s debate, the 2016 Republican presidential candidates sparred over who had the best fiscal conservatism cred.</p><p>We decided to look at how well candidates told the truth on a few of these claims in our latest debate fact check.</p><p><strong>&quot;After New Jersey raised taxes on millionaires, we lost, in the next four years, $70 billion in wealth [that] left our state.&quot; &mdash; New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie</strong></p><p>It&#39;s not that simple.</p><p>He seems to be talking about New Jersey&#39;s so-called millionaire&#39;s tax that was instituted in 2004 &mdash; well before Christie took office &mdash; upping the tax rates of high-income people. Christie&#39;s number most likely comes from a&nbsp;<a href="https://www.bc.edu/content/dam/files/research_sites/cwp/pdf/njreport.pdf">2010 study</a>&nbsp;from Boston College that found an outflow of $70 billion in wealth from the state between 2004 and 2008. (Christie vetoed another&nbsp;<a href="http://www.nbcnewyork.com/on-air/as-seen-on/Christie-Vetoes-Millionaires-Tax-Ahead-of-2016-Announcement_New-York-310179001.html">&quot;millionaire&#39;s tax&quot; last year</a>&nbsp;before announcing his candidacy.)</p><p>But as is usually the case with economic causes and effects, things are more complicated than that. For one thing, the study&#39;s author later cautioned that taxes were &quot;<a href="http://blog.nj.com/njv_tom_moran/2010/02/cant_blame_taxes_for_flight_of.html">just one possibility</a>&quot; for wealth fleeing the state, as he told NJ.com. And another<a href="http://www.ntanet.org/NTJ/64/2/ntj-v64n02p255-83-millionaire-migration-state-taxation.pdf">2011 study</a>, from researchers at Stanford and Princeton, found that &quot;the policy effect [of the tax increase] is close to zero&quot; in terms of driving millionaires out of the state, as the&nbsp;<a href="http://blogs.wsj.com/wealth/2011/04/20/millionaire-tax-didnt-chase-the-rich-from-new-jersey-study-says/">Wall Street Journal reported</a>.</p><p>So Christie is using a number that represents his position well, but there&#39;s context and other evidence he is not mentioning here.</p><p><strong>&quot;Under Chris Christie&#39;s governorship of New Jersey, they&#39;ve been downgraded nine times in their credit rating.&quot; &mdash; Florida Sen. Marco Rubio</strong></p><p>That&#39;s true, but Christie may not be totally to blame.</p><p>Rubio is referring to credit rating agencies&#39; grades that they assign to states. These ratings are considered measures of states&#39; financial and economic well-being.</p><p>Three agencies tend to get the most attention: Fitch, Moody&#39;s, and Standard &amp; Poor&#39;s. So to be clear, it wasn&#39;t that one agency downgraded New Jersey nine times. Rather, those three agencies did it three times each.</p><p>For all of the candidates who have served as governors, NPR looked into their states&#39; credit rating records&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/itsallpolitics/2015/06/04/411812133/how-state-credit-ratings-could-impact-the-2016-race">last year</a>&nbsp;and found that Christie&#39;s New Jersey had the worst record of all.</p><p>Sometimes when a rating agency downgrades a state, it does mention a governor specifically. In a&nbsp;<a href="http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-09-10/new-jersey-has-credit-rating-lowered-by-one-step-to-a-by-s-p">downgrade in 2014</a>, for example, S&amp;P called Christie out for delaying pension payments.</p><p>But it&#39;s not all in governors&#39; hands. Rating agencies are trying to take &quot;a fairly long-term view&quot; in estimating a state&#39;s fiscal health, as Don Boyd, director of fiscal studies at the Rockefeller Institute, explained to NPR last year. That view extends beyond even when the current governor is in office. Not only that, but governors can&#39;t really directly control a state&#39;s economy, he added.</p><p>(Interestingly, two governors who did pretty well on this measure &mdash; former Texas Gov. Rick Perry and former Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal &mdash; are no longer in the presidential race.)</p><p><strong>&quot;Right now, we&#39;re the </strong><strong>highest-taxed</strong><strong> country in the world.&quot; &mdash; Donald Trump</strong></p><p>That&#39;s not true.</p><p>When it comes to individual income tax rates, the U.S. is about middle of the pack among its peers. As of 2014, the U.S. had the 18th-highest top statutory individual tax rate out of 34 countries, according to the OECD, a group of mostly advanced economies.</p><p>And when it comes to total tax revenue, the U.S. is&nbsp;<a href="https://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=TABLE_I7">close to the back of that pack</a>. U.S. tax revenue in 2014 equaled 26 percent of its GDP in 2014. The OECD average share that year, by comparison, was 34.4, and at the opposite end of the spectrum, Denmark&#39;s figure is nearly 51 percent &mdash; a far cry from U.S. revenues.</p><p>But then, Trump did go on to mention corporate taxes in his next few sentences. And if he was trying to refer to corporate tax rates, he&#39;s much closer to correct. In 2015, the Tax Foundation, a right-leaning tax policy think tank,&nbsp;<a href="http://taxfoundation.org/article/corporate-income-tax-rates-around-world-2015">found that</a>&nbsp;the U.S. had the third-highest corporate tax rate in the entire world, behind Chad and the United Arab Emirates.</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/2016/02/07/465930394/fact-check-gop-candidates-on-taxes-and-downgrades?ft=nprml&amp;f=465930394"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Mon, 08 Feb 2016 13:55:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/fact-check-gop-candidates-taxes-and-downgrades-114776 States Not Waiting to Close Gender Wage Gap http://www.wbez.org/program/weekend-edition/2016-02-08/states-not-waiting-close-gender-wage-gap-114755 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/promo-map-seamus-5ff26edc77e279223fabd9c52ebce6cf20981954.png" alt="" /><p><div id="storytext"><p>Emily Martin created a&nbsp;<a href="http://nwlc.org/resources/wage-gap-state-state/">state-by-state map</a>&nbsp;of the gender wage gap in the United States. She calculated: Washington, D.C., has the smallest wage gap where women average nearly 90 cents to a man&#39;s dollar; Louisiana has the largest gap &mdash; women there earn just 65 percent of what men do.</p><div id="res465740798"><div id="responsive-embed-map-wage-gap-20160204"><iframe frameborder="0" height="650px" marginheight="0" scrolling="no" src="http://apps.npr.org/dailygraphics/graphics/map-wage-gap-20160204/child.html?initialWidth=774&amp;childId=responsive-embed-map-wage-gap-20160204" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;" width="620px"></iframe></div></div><p>Nationally, women earn an average 79 cents for every dollar men do. The gender wage gap is even wider for black and Hispanic women.</p><p>Martin is the vice president and general counsel of the&nbsp;<a href="http://nwlc.org/">National Women&#39;s Law Center</a>. The gender wage gap that she reported is not a new issue. It was President Obama&#39;s priority from the start, and the first piece of legislation he signed into law was the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=100027479">Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act in 2009</a>. On the seventh anniversary of the signing last month, he again made headlines by&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/01/29/464856100/to-shine-a-light-on-salary-gaps-obama-wants-companies-to-disclose-pay-data">announcing new rules</a>&nbsp;that would require companies to disclose pay data.</p><p>But the issue has gone nowhere in Congress.</p><p>There are lots of reasons for the gender gap, but Martin says a stubborn, small part is still discrimination.</p><p>&quot;There&#39;s really disturbing social science studies out there that show that supervisors, male and female alike, without realizing it, will recommend lower salaries for women with equivalent qualifications to men,&quot; she says.</p><p>Facing pressure from a growing number of activists &mdash; who point out that more women than ever are primary breadwinners for their families &mdash; states are forging ahead on their own efforts. They have passed a string of equal pay laws in recent years, and more proposals have been introduced in two dozen states so far this year.</p><p><strong>A Patchwork&nbsp;Of State Laws</strong></p><p>The measures take a variety of approaches. At least five states have banned companies from retaliating if workers talk about their pay and compare notes. Some have made it easier for workers to sue over pay, while others have made it harder for companies to justify paying men more because of a &quot;factor other than sex.&quot; Martin says some courts have interpreted that to mean just about anything. A few proposals would bar employers from asking job applicants up front or in an interview about their pay history.</p><p>&quot;Because often your pay is set with some reference to how much you made at your last job,&quot; Martin says, &quot;the impact of pay discrimination can follow people through their careers.&quot;</p><p>Another trend is moving beyond equal pay simply for the exact same job title. Nick Rathod heads the&nbsp;<a href="https://stateinnovation.org/">State Innovation Exchange</a>, a network of progressive lawmakers. He says a&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/2016/01/01/461674998/calif-employers-must-comply-with-new-fair-pay-law">law passed last year in California</a>&nbsp;requires companies to offer similar pay for &quot;substantially similar&quot; jobs, such as a housekeeper and a janitor.</p><p>&quot;They&#39;ll do worker-based evaluation on things like their skill, their effort, their experience, that type of thing,&quot; Rathod says.</p><p><strong>Opposition Remains Despite Bipartisan Support</strong></p><p>Although it is mostly Democrats proposing these measures, Rathod says an equal pay bill recently&nbsp;<a href="https://malegislature.gov/Bills/189/Senate/S2107">passed the Massachusetts Senate</a>&nbsp;unanimously with the support of the local Chamber of Commerce.</p><p>&quot;It is a bipartisan issue,&quot; he says. &quot;And I think it&#39;s hard to be on the side of arguing that mothers and daughters should be paid less than men.&quot;</p><p>But that doesn&#39;t mean there isn&#39;t opposition.</p><p>&quot;When we look at each one of these bills, I&#39;m not sure if they&#39;re accomplishing the end goal,&quot; says Loren Furman, chief lobbyist with the&nbsp;<a href="http://cochamber.com/">Colorado Association of Commerce and Industry</a>. She finds the newly proposed legislation redundant given all the other regulations that are already in place.</p><p>&quot;We have a state wage act,&quot; she says. &quot;We have an anti-discrimination act. We have the federal NLRB (National Labor Relations) Act.&quot;</p><p>Furman says companies worry more laws could mean more lawsuits. She says they also worry about a Colorado measure that would ban them from asking job candidates up front about their pay history. Employers tell her they need that to know who is serious about a particular job, and who may be looking for anything they can get.</p><p>&quot;The worst thing for an employer is to hire somebody and then lose that person because they ultimately wanted (for example) $100,000,&quot; she says.</p><p>Whatever laws are enacted, states will be looking to see if they have any impact on a gender wage gap that has hardly budged for a decade.</p><p><a href="http://www.npr.org/2016/02/06/465587253/states-not-waiting-to-close-gender-wage-gap?ft=nprml&amp;f=465587253"><em>&mdash; via NPR</em></a></p></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 08 Feb 2016 11:32:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/program/weekend-edition/2016-02-08/states-not-waiting-close-gender-wage-gap-114755