WBEZ | aid http://www.wbez.org/tags/aid Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en How a Chicago Firefighter is Helping Flint (And How You Can Too) http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2016-01-22/how-chicago-firefighter-helping-flint-and-how-you-can-too-114582 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Chicago Help Flint.jpeg" alt="" /><p><p>The fall-out over the <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/flint-mayor-politics-and-profit-perpetuated-lead-tainted-water-crisis-114566">Flint Michigan water crisis continues</a>.</p><p>Here&rsquo;s the backstory: for nearly two years some residents have been exposed to toxic waste levels more than 10 times higher than the EPA limit, leading to lead-contaminated drinking water across the city.</p><p><a href="http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2016-01-22/indifference-no-smoking-gun-michigan-governor%E2%80%99s-emails-flint-crisis">Michigan Governor Rick Snyder has come under intense pressure</a>, with calls for him to resign. President Obama has declared a federal state of emergency.</p><p>Yesterday the EPA said it would begin testing the city&rsquo;s water and ordering an independent review of what happened. But it&rsquo;s not just Michigan residents who are concerned. People outside of Flint<a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/more-help-headed-flint-residents-need-lead-free-water-114438"> have been lending a helping hand.</a></p><p>Chicago firefighter Eric Washington is one of them. He&rsquo;s collecting cases of bottled water to send to Flint and joins us to tell us about his effort.</p></p> Fri, 22 Jan 2016 16:49:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2016-01-22/how-chicago-firefighter-helping-flint-and-how-you-can-too-114582 What Happens to the Body and Mind When Starvation Hits? http://www.wbez.org/news/what-happens-body-and-mind-when-starvation-hits-114543 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/starvation-50_custom-6e45682e2a9f9879976c749063539169ace99ffd-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res463714505" previewtitle="Adolfo Valle for NPR"><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Adolfo Valle for NPR" src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2016/01/20/starvation-50_custom-6e45682e2a9f9879976c749063539169ace99ffd-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 400px; width: 620px;" title="(Adolfo Valle for NPR)" /></div><div><div>It&#39;s an awful question, but it&#39;s the question of the moment. In what United Nations&nbsp;<a href="http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=53003#.VphIgxgrL-Y">Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon&nbsp;</a>has called a &quot;war crime,&quot; thousands of people in Syria have been starving because both government and rebel blockades have kept food from reaching them.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The town of Madaya has been under siege for months. U.N. relief staff members reported seeing elderly people, children, men and women who are little more than skin and bones. &quot;Gaunt, severely malnourished, so weak they could barely walk and utterly desperate for the slightest morsel,&quot; Ban Ki-moon said, according to the U.N. News Service.</div></div></div><p>This is not just a problem in Syria. People suffer from extreme malnutrition all over the world in places where there is war, economic crisis, floods, drought and all manner of human suffering. About one in nine, or 795 million people in the world, suffer from undernourishment, according to the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.worldhunger.org/articles/Learn/world%20hunger%20facts%202002.htm">United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization</a>.</p><p>And that&#39;s how starvation can begin &mdash; with undernourishment. People do not get enough calories to keep up with the body&#39;s energy needs. (Although starvation may be staved off if edibles are available that would not previously have been considered &quot;food&quot; &mdash; grass, leaves, insects or rodents.</p><p>Over weeks and months, malnutrition can result in specific diseases, like anemia when people don&#39;t get enough iron or beriberi if they don&#39;t get adequate thiamine.</p><p>A severe lack of food for a prolonged period &mdash; not enough calories of any sort to keep up with the body&#39;s energy needs &mdash; is starvation. The body&#39;s reserve resources are depleted. The result is substantial weight loss, wasting away of the body&#39;s tissues and eventually death.</p><p>When faced with starvation, the body fights back. The first day without food is a lot like the overnight fast people between dinner one night and breakfast the next morning. Energy levels are low but pick up with a morning meal.</p><p>Within days, faced with nothing to eat, the body begins feeding on itself. &quot;The body starts to consume energy stores &mdash; carbohydrates, fats and then the protein parts of tissue,&quot; says Maureen Gallagher, senior nutrition adviser to&nbsp;<a href="http://www.actionagainsthunger.org/about">Action Against Hunger</a>, a network of international humanitarian organizations focused on eliminating hunger. Metabolism slows, the body cannot regulate its temperature, kidney function is impaired and the immune system weakens.</p><p>When the body uses its reserves to provide basic energy needs, it can no longer supply necessary nutrients to vital organs and tissues. The heart, lungs, ovaries and testes shrink. Muscles shrink and people feel weak. Body temperature drops and people can feel chilled. People can become irritable, and it becomes difficult to concentrate.</p><p>Eventually, nothing is left for the body to scavenge except muscle. &quot;Once protein stores start getting used, death is not far,&quot; says&nbsp;<a href="http://psychandneuro.duke.edu/people?Gurl=%2Faas%2Fpn&amp;Uil=zucke001&amp;subpage=profile">Dr. Nancy Zucker,</a>&nbsp;director of the Duke Center for Eating Disorders at Duke University. &quot;You&#39;re consuming your own muscle, including the heart muscle.&quot; In the late stages of starvation, people can experience hallucinations, convulsions and disruptions in heart rhythm. Finally, the heart stops.</p><p>How long does this take? There&#39;s great variation in the amount of time people can survive without food, depending on age, body weight, whether they have adequate water, and whether they have other underlying health issues. Mahatma Gandhi, in his nonviolent campaign for India&#39;s independence, survived for&nbsp;<a href="http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-long-can-a-person-sur/">21 days</a>&nbsp;with only sips of water. One&nbsp;<a href="http://www.bmj.com/content/315/7112/829.full">study</a>&nbsp;found that hunger strikers in various parts of the world survived for up to 40 days.</p><p>&quot;There&#39;s really no specific number of days people can survive,&quot; says Gallagher.</p><p>Theoretically, women might have a survival advantage because they have a greater percentage of stored body fat. But, says Zucker, no study proves that. The most thorough study of near starvation in humans was a 1950 study by Ancel Keys,&nbsp;<a href="https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/8651329-the-biology-of-human-starvation">&quot;The Biology of Human Starvation,&quot;</a>&nbsp;in which&nbsp;<a href="ttp://www.apa.org/monitor/2013/10/hunger.aspx">36 volunteers</a>&nbsp;&mdash; all male &mdash; were given a semi-starvation diet of 1,570 calories (the average man needs about 2,500 calories a day) for six months. It is from that study that nutrition scientists began to understand how the body reacts to food deprivation.</p><p>Children are smaller and have fewer body fat stores to draw from. They fail much faster. &quot;Children are at a much greater disadvantage,&quot; says Zucker. &quot;With anorexia nervosa [an eating disorder characterized by an obsessive desire to lose weight by refusing to eat] we have to act a lot more quickly, because children and teens have fewer stores available, they&#39;re growing and their metabolic needs are greater.&quot;</p><p>What is going on during starvation internally, biologically and metabolically, is invisible. But physical and behavioral changes are on display.</p><p>Both adults or children can act very much out of character. They might be irritable or apathetic or lethargic. &quot;Starvation is a state of threat,&quot; says Zucker. And so people who are starving might act like a cornered animal, alert to any change around them and too quick to react to perceived threats. With a severe ongoing lack of food, people start doing things to ration food. &quot;They eat more slowly. They might start shredding food to make it look like there is more. You take a piece of bread and shred it so you have a pile of bread crumbs,&quot; says Zucker.</p><p>The body attempts to protect the brain, says Zucker, by shutting down the most metabolically intense functions first, like digestion, resulting in diarrhea.&nbsp;&quot;The brain is relatively protected, but eventually we worry about neuronal death and brain matter loss,&quot; she says. Just as the heart, lungs and other organs weaken and shrivel without food, eventually so does the brain. The concern for children is that their brains are still developing and any loss of function due to starvation could be permanent. But their brains are more plastic and might have a greater ability to bounce back, after they begin eating again.</p><p>&quot;It&#39;s hard to know. Children suffer more steeply, but their recovery might be better. It might be a tie,&quot; says Zucker. &quot;But adults and children alike can have permanent brain damage.&quot;</p><p>People who are in the throes of starvation look apathetic, lethargic &mdash; almost mechanical in their slow-motion reactions.</p><p>Starving people may not look as if they&#39;re in acute pain. But that doesn&#39;t mean they&#39;re not suffering. &quot;I&#39;ve seen kids who are not kids anymore. They&#39;re either irritated and crying; or they&#39;re apathetic and not playing,&quot; says Gallagher. &quot;And their mothers are hopeless and not showing any signs of caring.&quot;</p><p>Treatment for someone who has been starved begins with a thorough medical exam. People might need hospitalization or antibiotics to treat underlying illnesses or infections. But therapeutic foods, like a&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/11/05/454052372/in-an-email-hillary-clinton-once-wrote-plumpynut-plumpy-what">fully nutritious peanut butter paste</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=-5ArAAAAYAAJ&amp;pg=PA59&amp;lpg=PA59&amp;dq=dry+skim+milk+nutrition+starvation&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=kX3d4X5O9x&amp;sig=eJo58sO-J9YJkArmvefYHm4mjIA&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=0ahUKEwi5krH-srnKAhVBqR4KHYqDATQQ6AEIKzAC#v=onepage&amp;q=dry%20skim%20milk%20nutrition%20starvation&amp;f=false">dry skim milk</a>&nbsp;and a wide set of vitamins and minerals work well in the developing world.</p><p>And there&#39;s one curious observation that&#39;s been made. It&#39;s not clear why, but the problem of peanut allergies in the west is not an issue in sub-Saharan Africa and other areas where severe malnutrition is most common. &quot;We haven&#39;t come across any allergic reactions to peanuts,&quot; says Gallagher.</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/01/20/463710330/what-happens-to-the-body-and-mind-when-starvation-sets-in?ft=nprml&amp;f=463710330" target="_blank"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Wed, 20 Jan 2016 17:06:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/what-happens-body-and-mind-when-starvation-hits-114543 Global Activism: Bright Hope International gives aid and comfort to the extreme poor http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-bright-hope-international-gives-aid-and-comfort-extreme-poor <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/BH_Haiti_fixed_0.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F86395084&amp;color=ff6600&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p><em><strong>Join Worldview on Saturday, 4/6/13 for WBEZ&#39;s <a href="http://www.wbez.org/air-events-6th-annual-global-activism-expo-102172">6th Annual Global Activism Expo</a>, hosted by the UIC Social Justice Initiative.</strong></em></p><p><a href="http://www.brighthope.org/">Bright Hope International</a> helps faith communities provide aid and assistance to the extreme poor in some of the world&rsquo;s most devastated countries. The group aligns many of its programs with the UN Millennium Development Goals. Some of Bright Hope&#39;s primary goals are in: extreme poverty and hunger eradication; universal primary education; combating infectious disease and promoting environmental sustainability - all this with a focus on gender equality, reducing child mortality and improving maternal health. Bright Hope recently started a program to rescue girls from the sex trade in northern India.</p><p>We&rsquo;ll talk with Bright Hope&#39;s CEO and president, C.H. Dyer about the group&#39;s work. Dyer has encountered a number of memorable people in his travels:</p><p style="margin-left:1.0in;">Justine Nkandu is a single mother of six from the rural area of Samfya, Zambia. She is thriving after being given the opportunity of a microloan through Bright Hope in 2009. From three years on the program, Justine increased production of beans by 300%. Last year, she harvested 84 gallons of peanuts and used the profits from her farming business to build a house and iron sheets for her roof. &ldquo;My vision is to save money for my children&rsquo;s education before they reach high school, and to maintain food security for my family,&rdquo; she said.</p><p style="margin-left:1.0in;">Justine now feels that she has made enough capital to stand on her own and has requested that the leadership from her church allow her to step aside from the microloan program so that others may benefit. &ldquo;My family no longer worries about where our next meal will come from. We are not poor anymore. Now we can bless others. I thank the Lord for giving me knowledge and wisdom to make me reach this far in sustaining my livelihood and my family,&rdquo; she said. Justine is expecting to double her harvest of peanuts, cassava, and maize this year.</p></p> Thu, 04 Apr 2013 07:05:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-bright-hope-international-gives-aid-and-comfort-extreme-poor Chicago-area groups mobilize to aid Japanese quake victims http://www.wbez.org/story/aid/chicago-area-groups-mobilize-aid-japanese-quake-victims <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//story/photo/2011-March/2011-03-11/AP Japan Tsunami Victims 110311.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>As Japanese-Americans in the Chicago area struggled to reach their friends and loved ones in and around the devastation in Japan, several local organizations began relief efforts. The magnitude 8.9 earthquake and devastating tsunami that followed have snagged phone communications to that country.</p><p>&ldquo;The first half an hour to an hour, we couldn&rsquo;t reach them,&rdquo; said Mishie Baba, who tried to call his daughter and other relatives as soon as he heard about the earthquake this morning. Baba said he finally reached his daughter and confirmed that his relatives are unharmed. <br /> <br /> Baba, who heads the <a href="http://www.jaschicago.org/en/home/default.aspx">Japan America Society of Chicago</a>, still worries for his friends in the city of Sendai, which is closest to the epicenter of the quake. &ldquo;At this point still I cannot contact anybody,&rdquo; said Baba. &ldquo;Now I am asking my friend (who) lives in the Tokyo (area) to find out (the) status for that friends in Sendai area, but still no news yet.&rdquo;<br /> <br /> A spokesman for <a href="http://www.chicago.us.emb-japan.go.jp/">The Consulate General of Japan at Chicago</a> said the office staff were occupied Friday with helping people reach friends and relatives in Japan. &ldquo;People have just been calling us and saying that they can&rsquo;t get through,&rdquo; said Chris Kelly.&nbsp; Kelly said it&rsquo;s been a very slow process, but Japanese cell phone companies have provided some relief. &ldquo;(They&rsquo;re) providing an Internet sort of emergency service where people there can leave a message,&rdquo; said Kelly, &ldquo;and if you have their number you can enter their number at the website and it will let you know if they&rsquo;ve left a message concerning their status.&rdquo;<br /> <br /> Meanwhile, several local organizations are considering setting up funds to provide earthquake relief. Baba says his organization should be accepting monetary donations that could be directed to the <a href="http://www.redcross.org/">Red Cross</a> by early next week, though he says the group will likely only collect from members. &nbsp;<br /> <br /> Another group that announced that it would help was the <a href="http://www.ciogc.org/">Council of Islamic Organizations of Greater Chicago</a>, which often sends relief to disaster-struck parts of the world. &ldquo;We announced about it in our community centers and our mosques,&rdquo; said CIOGC Executive Director Zaher Sahloul. &ldquo;Today is the Friday prayer, so what we did (was) that we sent the announcement to our imams and asked them to mention the opening of the fund in the Friday prayer.&rdquo; Sahloul said the money will be send to Islamic charities that do relief work in other countries.<br /> <br /> Sahloul hopes the humanitarian effort will eclipse the negative publicity many Muslims feel they&rsquo;ve received since the <a href="../../../../../../story/news/politics/us-house-committee-focuses-muslim-radicalization">U.S. House&rsquo;s Homeland Security Committee held hearings yesterday</a> on the radicalization of Muslims in America. Sahloul also said there was a certain symbolism to the Muslim community&rsquo;s offering of aid to Japan at this time.</p><p>&ldquo;As everyone else knows, Japanese-Americans were singled out during the Second World War, and they were labeled and targeted and put in internment camps and demonized as a community because of the actions of a few,&rdquo; said Sahloul. &ldquo;We do not want that to happen to the Muslim community, we do not want that to happen to any other community.&rdquo;</p><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:PunctuationKerning/> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas/> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:Compatibility> <w:BreakWrappedTables/> <w:SnapToGridInCell/> <w:WrapTextWithPunct/> <w:UseAsianBreakRules/> <w:DontGrowAutofit/> </w:Compatibility> <w:BrowserLevel>MicrosoftInternetExplorer4</w:BrowserLevel> </w:WordDocument> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:LatentStyles DefLockedState="false" LatentStyleCount="156"> </w:LatentStyles> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if !mso]><object classid="clsid:38481807-CA0E-42D2-BF39-B33AF135CC4D" id=ieooui></object> <style> st1\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } </style> <![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 10]> <style> /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} </style> <![endif]--> <p>&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 11 Mar 2011 22:11:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/aid/chicago-area-groups-mobilize-aid-japanese-quake-victims