WBEZ | Discovery http://www.wbez.org/tags/discovery Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Final Report Issued on Deaths at Florida Reform School http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2016-01-22/final-report-issued-deaths-florida-reform-school-114576 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/0122_dozier-school-ap-624x416.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The University of South Florida this week released its&nbsp;<a href="http://news.usf.edu/article/articlefiles/7173-usf-final-dozier-summary-2016.pdf" target="_blank">final report</a>&nbsp;on a terrible chapter in Florida&rsquo;s not-so-distant past. The report is about the Arthur G. Dozier School for Boys in Marianna, Florida. It was a state-run reform school predominantly for African-American boys.</p><p>The school closed in 2011 after men who had attended as boys came forward to say they were beaten, raped and that some there were killed. Scores of unmarked graves have been discovered at the school.</p><p>There have never been any criminal charges filed.&nbsp;<em>Here &amp; Now&rsquo;s</em> Robin Young speaks with <a href="https://twitter.com/SaschaCordner" target="_blank">Sascha Cordner</a>&nbsp;of WFSU in Tallahassee about this week&rsquo;s news.</p></p> Fri, 22 Jan 2016 16:07:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2016-01-22/final-report-issued-deaths-florida-reform-school-114576 Welcome, New Prime Number! http://www.wbez.org/programs/marketplace/2016-01-21/welcome-new-prime-number-114556 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/prime.png" alt="" /><p><p>We like to do the numbers on Marketplace. and this week, a new number has arrived: M74207281</p><p>If you think that name sounds long, be warned: it is an extreme abbreviation. The largest known prime number, discovered this week by University of Central Missouri computer science professor Curtis Cooper, actually has more than 22 million digits.</p><p>When was the last time you talked about prime numbers? High School? &nbsp;Reminder: it&rsquo;s when a number only has multiples of one and itself.&nbsp; Examples include two, five, seven, et cetera. The higher you get, the harder it is to find primes.&nbsp;</p><p>So why are they important? Curtis Cooper tells us: &ldquo;They&rsquo;re used routinely for encryption when you do transactions across the internet, making sure the information is encrypted so that nobody can hack in and steal that information.&rdquo;</p><p>Granted, encryption with the new massive prime is a long way away. Most encryption these days uses numbers that are 2 to 300 digits long.&nbsp;</p><p>If you want to discover more primes all by yourself, there&#39;s free software to help &mdash;&nbsp;<a href="http://www.mersenne.org/download/">it&#39;s called prime 95.</a></p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://cms.marketplace.org/2016/01/20/world/welcome-new-prime-number" target="_blank"><em> via Marketplace</em></a></p></p> Thu, 21 Jan 2016 15:57:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/marketplace/2016-01-21/welcome-new-prime-number-114556 Way to go science! You found a squid. http://www.wbez.org/blogs/claire-zulkey/2013-01/way-go-science-you-found-squid-104790 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/4240283_97825b9b35.jpg" title="(Flickr/Mike Monteiro)" /></p><p><span id="internal-source-marker_0.33492507917404524">Way to go, science! I am very proud of you.</span><br /><br />You haven&rsquo;t been up to much, lately, have you? I am still waiting to hear about that cure for cancer or cure for AIDS, not to mention the invention that disables cell phones in cars except for 911 calls. Have you really had much to say for yourself since, I don&rsquo;t know, the cure for polio? It&rsquo;s gotten to the point where your stock has gotten so low there&rsquo;s been a backlash against you. Vaccines? Pssh. Hate them! Dinosaurs? Not in my back yard. Global warming? POLITICAL AGENDA.<br /><br />But this week you delivered. In the form of footage of <a href="http://dotearth.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/01/08/giant-squid-videotaped-for-the-first-time-in-its-deep-domain/">the giant squid.</a><br /><br />I didn&rsquo;t think you had it in you. I figured the giant squid was one of those things like &ldquo;Bigfoot&rdquo; or &ldquo;black holes&rdquo; or &ldquo;germs&rdquo; that everybody talks about but you can&rsquo;t really prove. How could you really establish that the &ldquo;giant squids&rdquo; that kept washing up on the beach weren&rsquo;t really just trash bits from some factory in Japan? Giant squids just started seeming like something some crazy old guy with syphilis drew in the middle of the ocean on an old-timey map to take up space.<br /><br />But now we know that you&rsquo;re not completely full of it, scientists. This is very exciting. However! You&rsquo;re now going to have to step up your game. I guess this 3-D printer thing is pretty cool, but you know what comes next. That&rsquo;s right. Unicorns. Show them to me, or else I&rsquo;m going to lose faith in you all over again.</p></p> Tue, 08 Jan 2013 21:46:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/claire-zulkey/2013-01/way-go-science-you-found-squid-104790 Taking a look at the history and future of HIV/AIDS http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-06-06/taking-look-history-and-future-hivaids-87450 <p><p>Thirty years ago scientists discovered the first cases of AIDS in the U.S. At that point there weren’t even names for the disease, and contracting the HIV virus was in virtually every case a death sentence.<br> <br> Medical advancements have changed that prognosis, but for those living with the disease, HIV/AIDS is still a struggle involving physical side effects and social attitudes. There are organizations that distribute federal, state and local resources. And many work to educate and prevent further spread of the disease.<br> <br> One of those organizations is the <a href="http://www.aidschicago.org/" target="_blank">AIDS Foundation of Chicago</a>. David Ernesto Munar is president and CEO there, and he joined <em>Eight Forty-Eight</em> to look at the history and future of HIV and AIDS.</p><p><em>Music Button: Karsh Kale, "Island," from the release Cinema (Six Degrees)</em></p></p> Mon, 06 Jun 2011 13:19:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-06-06/taking-look-history-and-future-hivaids-87450 A NASA space shuttle may find a new home at Adler Planetarium http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-22/nasa-space-shuttle-may-find-new-home-adler-planetarium-84068 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2011-March/2011-03-22/Adler Flickr Caribb.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>More than 20 museums across America are competing to house one of two retired shuttles from NASA&rsquo;s fleet. Discovery is thought to be heading to the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C. That just leaves Atlantis and Endeavour.<br /><br />Among the competitors are the <a href="http://www.kennedyspacecenter.com/" target="_blank">Kennedy Space Center</a>, <a href="http://www.museumofflight.org/" target="_blank">Seattle&rsquo;s Museum of Flight</a> and Chicago&rsquo;s <a href="http://www.adlerplanetarium.org/educate?gclid=CPyCk5Kl4qcCFQprKgodnxc1_w" target="_blank">Adler Planetarium</a>. <em>Eight Forty-Eight</em> spoke with Dr. Marvin Bolt, Vice President for Collections at the Adler, to find out why the Alder wants a Shuttle, and why he thinks it should get one.</p></p> Tue, 22 Mar 2011 12:31:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-22/nasa-space-shuttle-may-find-new-home-adler-planetarium-84068