WBEZ | Cook County Clerk David Orr http://www.wbez.org/tags/cook-county-clerk-david-orr Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Orr pushes Chicago to tap special tax dollars for schools http://www.wbez.org/news/orr-pushes-chicago-tap-special-tax-dollars-schools-108364 <p><p>Cook County Clerk David Orr is joining the chorus of public officials calling on Chicago politicians to tap money from controversial special taxing funds to help shore up the city&rsquo;s struggling public schools.</p><p>Orr said Thursday that Chicago&rsquo;s 154 tax increment financing districts - or TIFs - contain untold millions of dollars that could help close Chicago Public School&rsquo;s estimated $1 billion budget gap for the next school year.</p><p>&ldquo;The ideal would be - is, before we open the schools, that some of these things could be resolved,&rdquo; Orr said at a press conference Thursday. &ldquo;I&rsquo;m not sure they can do it. I&rsquo;m glad some of the aldermen called for this, but the sooner they declare a surplus, the sooner that money could be distributed.&rdquo;</p><p>Orr didn&rsquo;t say exactly how much unused TIF money he thought should flow back into the city&rsquo;s school district, but suggested it should be &ldquo;much more&rdquo; than the $10.5 million that CPS got during the last calendar year.</p><p>The Democratic clerk is hardly the first person to call for TIF money to help Chicago&rsquo;s schools. <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/more-officials-call-use-tif-funds-stop-school-cuts-107933">Several Chicago politicians</a> recently urged Mayor Rahm Emanuel and aldermen to declare a so-called TIF surplus to benefit the school system, and the Chicago Teachers Union and advocates have been asking that for years.</p><p>Chicago&rsquo;s TIF districts generated $457 million in revenue during 2012, up slightly from the year before, according to an annual report Orr released Thursday. In a TIF, any property tax revenue generated from an increase in property values is funneled into a special fund reserved for economic development projects in the district.</p><p>But that also means tax dollars are being diverted away from local governments and school districts. And at a time when Emanuel&rsquo;s administration is in the midst of the largest round of <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/cps-board-votes-close-50-schools-107294">school closures</a> in American history- in part, it maintains, to save money - many have called on City Hall to distribute surplus TIF dollars that aren&rsquo;t already earmarked for specific projects.</p><p>Declaring a TIF surplus would require approval by Chicago&rsquo;s City Council. Emanuel&rsquo;s administration said Thursday that CPS will already be getting $18 million in TIF money over the next school year.</p><p>Right now, his administration estimates there is $80 million to $100 million in unallocated Chicago TIF money. But the city would likely tap only about a fifth of that if it declared a surplus, in order to leave cash for other projects or unexpected revenue shortfalls, according to a top Emanuel budget aide. That would ultimately leave just about $8 million to $10 million for Chicago Public Schools.</p><p>Emanuel helped balance this year&rsquo;s budget with $25 million in surplus TIF money, and mayoral spokeswoman Kathleen Strand said Emanuel likely tap some special taxing funds again this year.</p><p>&ldquo;But, let&#39;s be clear, any amount of surplus available would be a drop in the bucket compared to the $1 billion structural gap CPS is facing,&rdquo; Strand said. &ldquo;We need pension reform now or further cuts will be unavoidable and fall on the doorsteps of our classrooms.&quot;</p><p>Chicago Public Schools estimates its teacher pension costs will <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-public-schools-new-pension-headache-107512">explode</a> by upwards of $400 million next year, after state lawmakers refused to give the district another break from paying into the retirement fund. Some schools have already reported <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-schools-facing-cuts-under-new-funding-system-107692">steep budget cuts</a>, though CPS has not yet released its budget for next year.</p><p>But however modest, Orr still said a TIF surplus could provide some respite for city schools.</p><p>&ldquo;How do you explain to the kids in many of these schools that gym, music, art, other kinds of things, are cancelled, while profitable businesses...downtown receive $25, $30, $40, $50 million, whatever, to help their development?&rdquo;</p><p><em>Alex Keefe covers politics for WBEZ. Follow him <a href="https://twitter.com/akeefe">@akeefe</a>.</em></p><div>&nbsp;</div></p> Thu, 11 Jul 2013 10:01:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/orr-pushes-chicago-tap-special-tax-dollars-schools-108364 Cook County facing $152M budget hole next year http://www.wbez.org/news/cook-county-facing-152m-budget-hole-next-year-107887 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/20130625_PRECKWINKLE_006_0.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Cook County is staring down an estimated deficit of &ldquo;just $152 million&rdquo; for the next fiscal year, a budget hole that Board President Toni Preckwinkle says is the smallest in years, though she is not ruling out some tax hikes or layoffs to close the gap.</p><p>&ldquo;We&rsquo;re trying to close a $152 million gap, in an environment in which we&rsquo;ve already picked the low-hanging fruit,&rdquo; Preckwinkle said Thursday, as her office released preliminary numbers for the fiscal year beginning in December 2014. &ldquo;So we&rsquo;re gonna have tough choices ahead of us.&rdquo;</p><p>The Chicago Democrat, who <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/board-president-preckwinkle-seek-second-term-107642" target="_blank">announced earlier this month</a> that she&rsquo;s running for a second term in office, vowed that she wouldn&rsquo;t raise property or sales taxes to close the gap, but declined to give specifics on what kind of tax or fee hikes might be looming.</p><p>&ldquo;Well, we&rsquo;re trying to put everything on the table,&rdquo; Preckwinkle said.</p><p>The 2014 budget will get a $74 million boost thanks to a provision in Obamacare to expand Medicaid, the government health insurance program for the poor.</p><p>But that shot in the arm is more than offset by $166 million in rising costs and a projected $60 million drop in revenue next year, thanks in part to Preckwinkle&#39;s rollback of her predecessor&rsquo;s penny-on-the-dollar sales tax increase, and <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/preckwinkle-defends-disputed-use-tax-107844" target="_blank">recent changes</a> to her controversial &ldquo;use tax&rdquo; on some items purchased outside of Cook County.</p><p>Additionally, the county&rsquo;s juvenile detention center is being saddled $12 million more in annual costs, thanks to a recent state law that allows 17-year-olds to be tried as minors, rather than as adults, Preckwinkle said.</p><p>Though Preckwinkle is trying to make public safety a hallmark of her re-election campaign, there are already signs of possible budget tension between her and Cook County&rsquo;s Sheriff and State&rsquo;s Attorney.</p><p>Sheriff Tom Dart, who has clashed with Preckwinkle&rsquo;s administration over budget issues in the past, is asking for more than $490 million in his budget for next year. That&rsquo;s about $13 million more than the president is recommending, according to budget documents released Thursday.</p><p>The president&rsquo;s office also revealed Thursday that the county must come up with $18 million to end the current fiscal year in the black. Preckwinkle said her office will eliminate 20 percent of the vacant positions in her office, and urged other elected officials to do the same.</p><p>That request didn&rsquo;t sit well with Cook County State&rsquo;s Attorney Anita Alvarez, whose office said they need all the bodies they can get.</p><p>&ldquo;We have approximately 20 Assistant State&#39;s Attorney positions that are technically vacant at the moment, but we have extended job offers to law students for all of those positions already and will be filling those sorely-needed attorney positions over the summer and into the fall,&rdquo; said Alvarez spokeswoman Sally Daly.</p><p>Three other Cook County officials in charge of smaller officers - Treasurer Maria Pappas, Recorder of Deeds Karen Yarbrough and Clerk David Orr - said they&rsquo;d be willing to make the cuts. Others either declined to comment or did not respond to interview requests.<br /><br />Preckwinkle faced a nearly half billion dollar deficit when she first took office, but has whittled that down over last two the years through myriad tax and fee hikes, as well as other belt-tightening measures. She helped balance <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/taxes-guns-gambling-and-cigarettes-coming-cook-county-103780" target="_blank">this year&rsquo;s budget</a> with higher so-called &ldquo;sin&rdquo; taxes on tobacco, guns and gambling.</p><p>Still, the president&rsquo;s budget sailed through the County Board last year, with the single no vote coming from then-Cook County Commissioner William Beavers, who was kicked out of office after being <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/jury-convicts-william-beavers-tax-evasion-106207" target="_blank">convicted of tax evasion</a> this spring.</p><p><em>Alex Keefe covers politics for WBEZ. Follow him <a href="http://twitter.com/akeefe" target="_blank">@akeefe</a>. </em></p></p> Thu, 27 Jun 2013 15:29:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/cook-county-facing-152m-budget-hole-next-year-107887 Cicero’s Dominick coasts to re-election in first-round triumph http://www.wbez.org/news/cicero%E2%80%99s-dominick-coasts-re-election-first-round-triumph-105777 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/larry_dominick_4_c%20%281%20of%201%29.jpg" style="margin: 4px 0px 0px 0px; float: left; height: 347px; width: 230px;" title="Cicero Town President Larry Dominick, celebrating Tuesday night, tells WBEZ he hopes to keep the office for 'the rest of my life.' (WBEZ/Charlie Billups)" />Despite allegations of corruption and nepotism, Cicero Town President Larry Dominick nearly doubled the vote total of his strongest rival Tuesday and won a third four-year term.</p><p>With all precincts reporting, Dominick had 60.0 percent of the vote in the western suburb&rsquo;s&nbsp;nonpartisan primary &mdash; more than the simple majority he needed to avert a runoff.</p><p>The campaign of Juan Ochoa, the race&rsquo;s only Latino, was counting on heavy support from Hispanics, who constitute most of Cicero&rsquo;s population. But Ochoa won just 30.5 percent of the vote. Joe Pontarelli, a former Cicero senior services director, trailed with 9.5 percent.</p><p>Dominick supporters, celebrating at an Italian banquet hall, said his victory margin proved that town residents are satisfied with his economic-development efforts and crime-fighting tactics.</p><p>But Ochoa blamed the results on &ldquo;apathy&rdquo; among fellow Mexican-Americans and said they lack &ldquo;a belief in the democratic process,&rdquo; having endured too much corruption south of the border.</p><p>&ldquo;So when they come here, when we come here, some of us tend to believe that all politicians are the same and that, no matter who you elect, it&rsquo;s all the same,&rdquo; Ochoa said.</p><p>Told of that analysis, Dominick did not seem to agree. &ldquo;Tell Juan Ochoa [to] go scratch his ass and move back to Berwyn, where he belongs,&rdquo; the town president said. &ldquo;Tell him that&rsquo;s not a good thing to say about our people of Cicero.&rdquo;</p><p>Dominick, 64, told WBEZ he hopes to keep the president&rsquo;s post for &ldquo;the rest of my life.&rdquo;</p><p>On the way to his reelection, Dominick weathered a series of unflattering news reports and lawsuit filings. The <em>Chicago Sun-Times</em> linked a close Dominick ally who heads a local school board to a wholesale cocaine dealer and a motorcycle-gang leader with mob ties.<br /><br />Another report by the newspaper revealed that the town had spent more than $3 million at a small hardware store in Berwyn, a suburb west of Cicero, while the shop&rsquo;s owners contributed cash and in-kind support worth tens of thousands of dollars to Dominick&rsquo;s campaign fund.<br /><br />A series of sexual harassment and whistleblower suits, meanwhile, named Dominick as a defendant. Newspapers spotted dozens of Dominick relatives and family friends on the Cicero payroll. And WBEZ focused on <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/cicero-president-seeks-third-term-town-employees-wear-two-hats-105673">town employees doubling as members of Dominick&rsquo;s reelection campaign</a>.<br /><br />Ochoa blasted Dominick on those issues but had some baggage of his own. In 2007, Ochoa accepted an appointment by Gov. Rod Blagojevich to head the Metropolitan Pier and Exposition Authority, better known as McPier. He served three years in that post before Blagojevich went to prison on a federal corruption conviction.</p><p>During his Cicero campaign, Ochoa denied that politics influenced his McPier contracting and personnel decisions and insisted he ran a clean ship.<br /><br />But Dominick kept reminding voters about his challenger&rsquo;s tie to the disgraced former governor.</p><p>Dominick also accused Ochoa of recruiting Chicago gang members for his campaign. That charge, the topic of a mobile Dominick billboard and campaign mailings, proved to be at least partially untrue. One of the alleged gang members, for example, is a 51-year-old town resident who has worked for years within Ceasefire, an anti-violence group backed by the city of Chicago.</p><p>Among many extraordinary moments in the campaign, a Cook County judge in December ruled that the Cicero Election Board&rsquo;s three members &mdash; Dominick and two other town officials seeking reelection on his slate &mdash; all had potential conflicts of interest. The judge replaced them with election-law experts from outside Cicero.</p><p>The reconstituted board considered objections to Dominick&rsquo;s candidacy. Ochoa and another Dominick foe claimed that the incumbent shared ownership in a plumbing business that failed to pay town license fees and that he failed to pay permit fees for some garage construction at his home.</p><p>The board left Dominick on the ballot because, in part, the town never went after him over the business fees and never decided the garage work required a permit.</p><p>In January, a candidate on Ochoa&rsquo;s slate blamed politics for a violent attack. Sharon Starzyk, who ran for town collector after filing one of the sexual harassment claims, suffered a head gash as she campaigned door-to-door, she said.</p><p>The campaign also included accusations of fraud and voter intimidation. The claims led Cook County Clerk David Orr&rsquo;s office to request investigation by county and federal authorities. Orr also warned Dominick about &ldquo;illegal campaigning&rdquo; near an early-voting location and threatened to close that site.<br /><br />Two weekends before the election, the Ochoa campaign videotaped uniformed town employees canvassing voters door-to-door. The Ochoa team called the canvass an effort to suppress the Latino vote.</p><p>The Dominick campaign disputed that characterization and tried to shift the focus to Orr, accusing the clerk&rsquo;s office of failing to investigate town claims that mail-in ballot applications had come from vacant homes and properties.</p><p>Orr&rsquo;s office said all the applications had come from registered voters and had passed a signature-veracity test.</p><p>Throughout the campaign&rsquo;s final months, Dominick remained largely outside public view. On Saturday, just hours before a planned news conference to address &ldquo;false charges&rdquo; against him, Dominick&rsquo;s team cancelled the event due to &ldquo;scheduling conflicts.&rdquo;</p><p>After the polls closed Tuesday night, Orr&rsquo;s office reported a Cicero turnout of less than 33 percent, down from 38 percent in 2009, when Dominick won his second term.</p><p><em>Follow <a href="http://www.wbez.org/users/cmitchell-0">Chip Mitchell</a> on <a href="https://twitter.com/ChipMitchell1">Twitter</a>, <a href="https://www.facebook.com/chipmitchell1">Facebook</a> and <a href="http://www.linkedin.com/in/ChipMitchell1">LinkedIn</a>.</em></p></p> Tue, 26 Feb 2013 20:32:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/cicero%E2%80%99s-dominick-coasts-re-election-first-round-triumph-105777 Asian Indians to gain election help http://www.wbez.org/story/asian-indians-gain-election-help-93829 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2011-November/2011-11-07/RS4265_Election 2010_2.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Cook County and Chicago election officials are on a tight deadline to meet a new requirement to offer language assistance to Asian Indians before the March primary. The Department of Justice has told the election offices that the minority group has met strict thresholds under <a href="http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/vot/42usc/subch_ib.php#anchor_1973aa-1a">Section 203 of the Voting Rights Act</a>, according to the latest numbers from the American Community Survey.</p><p>The law requires that the offices translate all written election materials, including voter registration forms and ballots, into the language spoken by the minority group. The offices will also have to provide translation of all pre-election publicity, as well as oral assistance through hotlines on election day. The Cook County Clerk’s Office and the Chicago Board of Elections already provide similar assistance for Spanish and Chinese.</p><p>But meeting the requirement for South Asians will be a bigger challenge, because of the diversity of languages spoken by Indian-American immigrants.&nbsp;</p><p>“There could be fifty-plus different languages or dialects in the Asian Indian language,” said Kelly Bateman, Assistant Executive Director of the Chicago Board of Elections. “So we need to narrow it down to one language that is recognizable and understandable by the community.”</p><p>According to the latest data from the <a href="http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/language/data/acs/index.html">American Community Survey</a>, about 21,000 South Asians living in Cook County speak Urdu, about 18,000 speak Gujarati, and another 18,000 speak Hindi. &nbsp;Bateman says Chicago has enlisted a data survey company to identify the precincts where Indian-Americans are concentrated. With the company’s help and through partnerships with local Asian American organizations, the office will determine which language to translate the written materials to. Bateman said it’s possible that oral assistance will be provided in more than one language.</p><p>Bateman said the election office will have to move quickly on determining the language and translating materials. “The election’s March 20,” she said, referring to the Illinois primary election. “So you go back a good six weeks before the election, if not more.”</p><p>According to the <a href="http://www.aaichicago.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=40&amp;Itemid=188&amp;lang=en">Asian American Institute</a>, the Indian American population in Illinois increased 52 percent between 2000 and 2010, and about one-third of Indian-American voters in Cook County have limited proficiency in English.</p></p> Mon, 07 Nov 2011 22:32:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/asian-indians-gain-election-help-93829 Cook county lobbyists were paid $1 million during the first half 2011 http://www.wbez.org/story/cook-county-lobbyists-were-paid-1-million-during-first-half-2011-89625 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/AP10020318110.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Cook County Clerk David Orr said he expects gambling to become an increasingly bigger issue for lobbyists in the coming year.</p><p>Lobbyists were paid nearly $1 million and made 632 contacts with Cook County officials so far this year, <a href="http://lobbyist.cookcountyclerk.com/Public/SearchHome.aspx">according to a government website</a> that tracks lobbying in the county.</p><p>Orr said the spending could be because of the recent elections of Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel and Cook County Board President Toni Preckwinkle.</p><p>"In some ways you'd expect with new administrations there perhaps could be more lobbying going on because they have to establish new relationships with those people," he said.&nbsp;</p><p>Though Orr said that "lobbyists themselves are not inherently good or bad", he noted that the site "is important [because of] how much money is being spent."</p><p style="margin: 0.6em 0px 1.2em; padding: 0px;">This year, county lobbyists spent large sums on the debate over raising cigarette taxes and the future of the Oak Forest Hospital.</p><p style="margin: 0.6em 0px 1.2em; padding: 0px;">County Commissioner Larry Suffredin of the 13th District was the most lobbied official, with 44 contacts reported.&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 25 Jul 2011 21:43:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/cook-county-lobbyists-were-paid-1-million-during-first-half-2011-89625 Suburbs, 14 Chicago wards head to polls http://www.wbez.org/story/chicago-board-election-commissioners/suburbs-14-chicago-wards-head-polls-84748 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2010-October/2010-10-22/polling place web.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Polls open around Illinois at 6 o'clock Tuesday morning.</p><p>The media glare's been a bit less bright since Rahm Emanuel breezed past his opponents to win the Chicago mayor's office without a runoff. But much more has to be settled.</p><p>Voters in <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blog/city-room-blog/2011-04-04/chicago-runoff-muscle-whos-backing-whom-and-how-much-cash-84680">14 Chicago wards</a> - from the South Side to the far North side - will pick their aldermen.</p><p>In suburban Cook County, <a href="http://www.cookcountyclerk.com/elections/2011Elections/Pages/4511Candidates.aspx">more than 700 elected posts</a> are up for grabs. <a href="http://cdn2.wbez.org/story/alex-lopez/suburban-cook-voters-pick-19-mayors-84553#">Nineteen mayors or village presidents</a> will be elected - in Country Club Hills, Schaumburg, Oakbrook and more.</p><p>Also, more than two dozen <a href="http://www.cookcountyclerk.com/elections/2011Elections/Pages/April52011Referenda.aspx">referenda</a> are before suburban Cook voters, with ten of them <a href="http://www.wbez.org/story/cook-county-illinois/suburbs-voting-tax-hikes-84550">focusing on property taxes</a>, and two that focus on block parties.</p><p>Polls close at 7 o'clock tonight.</p></p> Tue, 05 Apr 2011 09:36:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/chicago-board-election-commissioners/suburbs-14-chicago-wards-head-polls-84748 Some runoffs attract hundreds of early voters, others get forgotten http://www.wbez.org/story/brian-doherty/some-runoffs-attract-hundreds-early-voters-others-get-forgotten-84201 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2011-March/2011-03-25/voting booth chicago - Getty Scott Olson.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>There's one week to go for early voting ahead of the April 5th elections. In Chicago, some aldermanic runoff races are getting a lot more attention than others from voters.<br /><br />There are 14 Chicago runoffs, and one of them is getting more than its share of early voting love. According to the Chicago Board of Elections, the 41st Ward on the Northwest Side attracted more than 1,600 early voters through Wednesday. It's a tight race, an open seat where the current alderman, Brian Doherty, is retiring.</p><p>Another aldermanic race getting a lot of attention is the the 6th Ward on the South Side, where Ald. Freddrenna Lyle faces a challenge from the son of former Chicago Mayor Eugene Sawyer. In excess of a thousand early ballots have been cast in that election.</p><p>On the other side of the popularity scale is a nearby ward on the South Side. The 15th has the lowest turnout so far during early voting, with under 150 voters. The incumbent alderman there, Toni Foulkes, faces Raymond Lopez, a 32-year-old Southwest Airlines employee.<br /><br />There are 43 early voting sites scattered across suburban Cook County, which has more than 700 local races going on - ranging from school board members to mayors to fire protection district trustees.</p><p>According to Cook County Clerk David Orr's office, the busiest site so far is an ice rink in north suburban Wilmette, followed by the city hall in south suburban Chicago Heights.</p><p>Early voting continues through next Thursday, Mar. 31.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Turnout for early voting in Chicago, by ward<br /></strong></p><p><style type="text/css"> table.tableizer-table {border: 1px solid #CCC; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12px;} .tableizer-table td {padding: 4px; margin: 3px; border: 1px solid #ccc;} .tableizer-table th {background-color: #104E8B; color: #FFF; font-weight: bold;} </style></p><table height="430" align="center" width="122" class="tableizer-table" style=""> <tbody><tr class="tableizer-firstrow"><th>Ward</th><th>Early voters*</th></tr> <tr><td>41</td><td style="text-align: right;">1634</td></tr> <tr><td>6</td><td style="text-align: right;">1077</td></tr> <tr><td>50</td><td style="text-align: right;">842</td></tr> <tr><td>43</td><td style="text-align: right;">772</td></tr> <tr><td>45</td><td style="text-align: right;">705</td></tr> <tr><td>36</td><td style="text-align: right;">659</td></tr> <tr><td>46</td><td style="text-align: right;">624</td></tr> <tr><td>17</td><td style="text-align: right;">476</td></tr> <tr><td>24</td><td style="text-align: right;">440</td></tr> <tr><td>25</td><td style="text-align: right;">371</td></tr> <tr><td>20</td><td style="text-align: right;">320</td></tr> <tr><td>38</td><td style="text-align: right;">302</td></tr> <tr><td>16</td><td style="text-align: right;">196</td></tr> <tr><td>15</td><td style="text-align: right;">148</td></tr> <tr><td><strong>Total</strong></td><td style="text-align: right;"><strong>8566</strong></td></tr></tbody></table> <p style="text-align: right;">* Totals are up to date as of Wednesday.</p><p style="text-align: left;"><em>This story was corrected at 11:51 a.m. on Friday, Mar. 25 to fix a typo.</em></p></p> Thu, 24 Mar 2011 18:14:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/brian-doherty/some-runoffs-attract-hundreds-early-voters-others-get-forgotten-84201