WBEZ | WHO http://www.wbez.org/tags/who Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Changing your habits based on food study results http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-10-27/changing-your-habits-based-food-study-results-113517 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/steak Flickr Sheila.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>So much for hot dogs, beef jerky and bologna...the World Health Organization says those and other processed meats are <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2015/10/26/451211964/bad-day-for-bacon-processed-red-meats-cause-cancer-says-who">carcinogenic</a>. And the same report suggests that red meat probably is, too. We couldn&#39;t find any significant studies touting the health benefits of red meat, but those opinions can carry significant weight. It&rsquo;s all the back and forth that confuses people and could make it more of a chore to choose the right diet. We hear listeners&#39; reactions to the WHO report.</p><p>Bethany Doerfler, registered dietitian at <a href="http://www.nm.org/">Northwestern Medicine</a>, and WBEZ food reporter <a href="https://twitter.com/monicaeng">Monica Eng</a> share advice about navigating food studies.</p></p> Tue, 27 Oct 2015 10:46:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-10-27/changing-your-habits-based-food-study-results-113517 The world is not as hungry as you think http://www.wbez.org/news/world-not-hungry-you-think-113385 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/hunger1.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>Back in 1798, English philosopher&nbsp;<a href="http://www.britannica.com/biography/Thomas-Robert-Malthus">Thomas Malthus</a>&nbsp;predicted that the world would eventually run out of food for its growing population.</p><p>&quot;The power of population is so superior to the power in the earth to produce subsistence for man, that premature death must in some shape or other visit the human race,&quot; he&nbsp;<a href="http://www.esp.org/books/malthus/population/malthus.pdf" target="_blank">wrote</a>.</p><p>The newly released&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ifpri.org/publication/2015-global-hunger-index-armed-conflict-and-challenge-hunger" target="_blank">Global Hunger Index</a>&nbsp;paints a different picture.</p><p>Deaths due to mass famine have plummeted, according to data from the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ifpri.org/">International Food Policy Research Institute</a>,<a href="http://www.welthungerhilfe.de/en/home-en.html">Welthungerhilfe</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a href="https://www.concern.net/">Concern Worldwide.</a></p><p>Between 1870 and 1970, about 1.4 million people died each year in what Alex de Waal, one of the Index report authors, calls &quot;epidemics of starvation.&quot; By contrast, about 40,000 people have died each year since 2000 from large-scale hunger.</p><div id="res447203419"><div id="responsive-embed-table-hunger-index-20151008" style="text-align: center;"><iframe frameborder="0" height="740px" marginheight="0" scrolling="no" src="http://apps.npr.org/dailygraphics/graphics/table-hunger-index-20151008/child.html?initialWidth=582&amp;childId=responsive-embed-table-hunger-index-20151008&amp;parentUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.npr.org%2Fsections%2Fgoatsandsoda%2F2015%2F10%2F16%2F447157158%2Fthe-world-is-not-as-hungry-as-you-might-think%3Fft%3Dnprml%26f%3D447157158" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;" width="600px"></iframe></div></div><p>And hunger levels have dropped by about a third in developing countries&nbsp;since 2000.</p><p>&quot;All the doom and gloom population people would say population growth causes famine. Well, look at the data. It doesn&#39;t,&quot; says de Waal, who&#39;s the executive director of the World Peace Foundation and a&nbsp;<a href="http://fletcher.tufts.edu/Fletcher_Directory/Directory/Faculty%20Profile?personkey=6D6C9778-0DD9-4125-963C-62E636338014" target="_blank">professor</a>&nbsp;of international affairs at Tufts University.</p><p>Nonetheless, hunger is still a critical issue. About 800 million people are chronically undernourished, according to the report.</p><p>For a positive perspective, the report singles out countries that are making progress. Like kids on a soccer team, the ones that get the &quot;Most Improved&quot; award still have a long way to go. But they&#39;re trying.</p><p>Azerbaijan&#39;s oil boom is&nbsp;<a href="http://www.az.undp.org/content/azerbaijan/en/home/mdgoverview/overview/mdg1.html">one reason</a>&nbsp;for its dramatic improvement since breaking from the Soviet Union.</p><p>Hunger in Ukraine has decreased as the economy improves, though political unrest has made access to food unpredictable,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wfp.org/ukraine-crisis" target="_blank">according</a>&nbsp;to the World Food Program.</p><p>Brazil cut its hunger score by about two-thirds, largely due to national&nbsp;<a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/joac.12131/abstract?userIsAuthenticated=false&amp;deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=">programs</a>&nbsp;like Bolsa Familia, which&nbsp;gives&nbsp;cash to poor households when they&nbsp;<em>meet&nbsp;</em>certain health and education requirements. Researchers at the Federal University of Bahia&nbsp;<a href="http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2813%2960715-1/abstract" target="_blank">found that&nbsp;</a>child mortality declined as coverage of the program increased.</p><p>The end of large-scale civil wars caused hunger levels to drop in Angola, Ethiopia and Rwanda. Those countries saw the biggest reductions in hunger since 2000. After stagnating in the 1990s, the regional hunger score of sub-Saharan Africa has been improving in line with other regions.</p><p>And, says de Waal, &quot;China is really spectacular.&quot; The country used to be responsible for more than half the world&#39;s death toll from famine has plunged over the last 50 years, since the end of the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/2012/11/10/164732497/a-grim-chronicle-of-chinas-great-famine">Great Famine</a>&nbsp;that killed an estimated 30 million people.</p><p>But there&#39;s bad news, too.</p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">Not only a root cause of hunger, armed conflict can create a critical data blackout <a href="http://t.co/9jdXOp6r6J">http://t.co/9jdXOp6r6J</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/GHI2015?src=hash">#GHI2015</a> <a href="http://t.co/KLrlMPKneR">pic.twitter.com/KLrlMPKneR</a></p>&mdash; IFPRI FSP (@IFPRI_FSP) <a href="https://twitter.com/IFPRI_FSP/status/654429363807588352">October 14, 2015</a></blockquote><p>Hunger levels are labeled &quot;alarming&quot; in the Central African Republic, Chad, Zambia, Timor-Leste, Sierra Leone, Haiti, Madagascar and Afghanistan. Due to conflict, some countries have gotten nowhere or grown worse in the last 25 years, including Burundi, Comoros, Iraq, and Sudan. An HIV/AIDS epidemic&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3121140/">crippled</a>&nbsp;Swaziland, bringing nourishment levels down with it.</p><div id="res448309714">Afghanistan just made it onto the map after a decade when data was not available, and when the country should have been marked dark red for &quot;extremely alarming&quot; levels of hunger, de Waal says. Some of the current grey zone countries, like Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Somalia, could be in the same situation right now.</div><p>Piero Conforti, a statistician with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, says they undernourishment estimates can&#39;t be generated for countries with unreliable data. &quot;I don&#39;t want to name any countries,&quot; he says, but &quot;there are instances in which the government is telling you there is a lot of food around, and this seems not to be the case.&quot;</p><p>Conforti says the FAO is trying to switch to monitoring food insecurity with&nbsp;<a href="http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/ess-fs/voices/en/" target="_blank">a new measure</a>&nbsp;that would be less reliant on government stability.</p><p>In some of those missing countries starvation is still being used as a tactic of war, de Waal adds. Take the village of Keilak, Darfur. &quot;It was case of deliberate starvation,&quot; says de Waal,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2808%2961641-4/fulltext" target="_blank">who wrote</a>&nbsp;about the case in the journal&nbsp;<em>The&nbsp;Lancet</em>:</p><blockquote><p><em>&quot;Militiamen and soldiers torched the surrounding villages, forcing 17 000 people to flee to the town. Then the armed men surrounded the makeshift camp and stopped anyone leaving. They robbed families of their possessions and beat or shot them if they foraged for food in the remains of their homes or gathered roots and berries in the woodlands. An age-old siege tactic was applied to a defenseless civilian population.&quot;</em></p></blockquote><p>The case exemplifies a fact about hunger today, he says: that &quot;the extremes of starvation that we see are often man-made.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Not woman-made,&quot; he specifies. &quot;Man-made.&quot;</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/10/16/447157158/the-world-is-not-as-hungry-as-you-might-think?ft=nprml&amp;f=447157158" target="_blank"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Fri, 16 Oct 2015 14:50:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/world-not-hungry-you-think-113385 How Nigeria contained Ebola http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-10-21/how-nigeria-contained-ebola-110972 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP63365074299.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>After 20 people were infected with Ebola in Nigeria, the country has not seen a new case in 42 days. The World Health Organization has declared the country free of Ebola virus transmission. WHO&#39;s Incident Manager for Ebola in Nigeria tells us how they contained the virus.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-how-nigeria-defeated-ebola/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-how-nigeria-defeated-ebola.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-how-nigeria-defeated-ebola" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: How Nigeria contained Ebola" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Tue, 21 Oct 2014 10:59:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-10-21/how-nigeria-contained-ebola-110972 After WBEZ report, hospital steps up breastfeeding efforts http://www.wbez.org/story/after-wbez-report-hospital-steps-breastfeeding-efforts-90006 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//story/photo/2011-August/2011-08-02/HolyCrossHospital.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>A Southwest Side hospital with the Chicago area’s lowest newborn breastfeeding rate is trying to step up its game. Holy Cross has become the first Chicago hospital to register in a United Nations program called the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative.</p><p>Holy Cross opened a new maternity ward in February 2010. A year later, however, less than 7&nbsp;percent of the ward’s 263 newborns had breastfed there, according to Illinois birth-certificate data.<br> <br> A May <a href="http://www.wbez.org/story/regulators-let-breast-milk-compete-formula-hospitals-86129">report by WBEZ</a> about Holy Cross’s breastfeeding performance made improvement a priority, says Anna Carvalho, the hospital’s vice president of strategic planning and business development. “Your [report] put it front-and-center for us,” she says.<br> <br> To achieve the Baby Friendly designation, Holy Cross is planning to tap federal help for staff training. “A safety-net hospital like this is scrambling for every opportunity,” Carvalho says. “So this one was a no-brainer.”<br> <br> Carvalho points out that many Holy Cross maternity-ward patients did not receive prenatal care. “We’re trying to figure out ways to work with the community so that the first conversation about breastfeeding isn’t happening at the time of delivery but is happening in advance,” she says.<br> <br> The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that babies get nothing but breast milk for their first six months to avoid health problems such as obesity and diabetes.<br> <br> But a federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns/Breastfeeding/index.html">report out Tuesday</a> says nearly 80&nbsp;percent of U.S. hospitals give babies formula when not medically necessary.</p></p> Tue, 02 Aug 2011 20:30:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/after-wbez-report-hospital-steps-breastfeeding-efforts-90006 The world's first public health treaty combats cigarette smoking http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-25/worlds-first-public-health-treaty-combats-cigarette-smoking-84209 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2011-March/2011-03-24/104296351.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>In America, cigarette smoking seems like it&rsquo;s on the way out. There are restrictions on where you can smoke, and socially, it&rsquo;s a downer. To varying degrees, smoking is more taboo worldwide as well. From Australia to Uruguay, cigarettes are in the crosshairs. There&rsquo;s even a world treaty &ndash; the first ever from the World Health Organization &ndash; called the <a href="http:// http://www.who.int/fctc/en/" target="_blank">Framework Convention on Tobacco Control</a>. So far, more than 160 countries have ratified it. The United States has not. We&rsquo;ll speak with Dr. Judith Mackay, senior policy advisor to the <a href="http://www.worldlungfoundation.org" target="_blank">World Lung Foundation</a>, about all these new efforts to curb smoking and why smoking rates worldwide continue to rise.</p></p> Fri, 25 Mar 2011 15:15:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-25/worlds-first-public-health-treaty-combats-cigarette-smoking-84209