WBEZ | morality http://www.wbez.org/tags/morality Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Morals vs. manners: The great divide? http://www.wbez.org/blog/bez/2012-03-13/morals-vs-manners-great-divide-96778 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/photo/2012-March/2012-03-13/table manners_flickr_sam dreilinger.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Rarely, if ever, do we equate manners with morals. Most of us think they’re two entirely different endeavors.</p><p>But I’m convinced the divide isn’t as great as we think it to be. At their core, both manners and morals consciously reflect concern for members of our community.</p><p>I explain in the video below:</p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe allowfullscreen="" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/TnJqhPf1dSk" frameborder="0" height="315" width="560"></iframe></p><p><em>Al Gini is a professor of business ethics and chair of the department of management at Loyola University Chicago. He is also the co-founder and associate editor of&nbsp;</em>Business Ethics Quarterly,<em>and the author of several books, including</em>&nbsp;My Job, My Self&nbsp;<em>and</em>&nbsp;Seeking the Truth of Things: Confessions of a (catholic) Philosopher.</p></p> Tue, 13 Mar 2012 14:40:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blog/bez/2012-03-13/morals-vs-manners-great-divide-96778 Church-going CEOs: Do a company leader's beliefs affect the bottom line? http://www.wbez.org/blog/bez/2012-02-27/church-going-ceos-does-company-leaders-beliefs-affect-bottomline-96753 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/photo/2012-February/2012-02-27/Chick fil a.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2012-February/2012-02-27/chick.jpg" style="width: 600px; height: 401px; " title="(Flickr/Steve Webel)"></p><div class="inset"><div class="insetContent"><p><span style="font-size:10px;">Listen to this conversation</span></p><p><audio class="mejs mediaelement-formatter-identified-1332740954-1" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/sites/default/files/120227 moral marketing.mp3">&nbsp;</audio></p></div></div><p>Some companies are explicit about the beliefs that leaders and employees practice. Fast food chain <a href="http://www.chick-fil-a.com/Company/Highlights-Sunday" target="_blank">Chick-fil-a is one of them; they're famously closed on Sundays</a> because the restaurant's founder believed it should be a day of rest and a chance for religious worship.&nbsp;Tyson Foods, Inc. <a href="http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704853404575322742500015642.html" target="_blank">employs chaplains</a> for employees seeking spiritual guidance.</p><p>But the agendas of these companies aren't all about religion and faith. Politics can become intertwined with business when CEOs attach themselves to candidates with platforms that may conflict with consumers. Like Target CEO Gregg Steinhafel, who got himself into hot water in 2010 when he gave a contribution to a gubernatorial candidate opposed to same-sex marriage (<a href="http://consumerist.com/2010/08/target-ceo-explains-support-of-anti-gay-politician-to-employees.html" target="_blank">Steinhafel later apologized</a> saying that stance did not motivate his choice to give money).</p><p>So what do consumers do if they disagree with these ideologies? Are our convictions stronger than our wants and needs? Monday on <em>Eight Forty-Eight</em>, we ask YOU that question. Give us a call at<strong> 312-923-9239</strong> to tell us how you've reacted-if at all-if you felt conflicted about a company's message. Marketing and advertising professor <a href="http://www.medill.northwestern.edu/faculty/imcfulltime.aspx?id=128377" target="_blank">Clarke Caywood</a> and religion and ethics professor <a href="http://www.religion.northwestern.edu/faculty/traina.html" target="_blank">Cristina Traina</a> help us wade the waters.</p></p> Mon, 27 Feb 2012 14:15:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blog/bez/2012-02-27/church-going-ceos-does-company-leaders-beliefs-affect-bottomline-96753 Clever Apes #11: Deconstructing disgust http://www.wbez.org/blog/clever-apes/2011-04-26/clever-apes-11-deconstructing-disgust-85712 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/photo/2011-April/2011-04-27/Mr20Yuck.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><img alt="" class="caption" height="369" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-April/2011-04-26/Mr Yuck.jpg" title="" width="500"></p><p>Last time around on Clever Apes we dipped into realms of science that <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blog/clever-apes/2011-04-13/clever-apes-10-yuck-85105">some might consider disgusting</a>. Now we turn to the science of disgust itself.</p><p><audio class="mejs mediaelement-formatter-identified-1332483487-1" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/sites/default/files/Clever_Apes_11_Deconstructing_Disgust.mp3">&nbsp;</audio></p><p>What is disgust, and where does it come from? There are a few places where scientists can look for clues, starting with what disgusts people. We did a decidedly unscientific survey of kids at the <a href="http://msichicago.org/whats-here/exhibits/body-worlds/">Museum of Science and Industry</a>, and the results line up pretty well with what <a href="http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/1993-98937-034">actual experts say</a>. They break out in a few categories: bodily secretions (blood, vomit, feces, puss), animals that could carry disease (insects, vermin), and certain foods (pot pies … don’t ask). A few common ones our pint-sized sample group didn’t bring up, thankfully, include corpses and incest.</p><p>Then there’s the strong physiological response to disgust, especially nausea and facial contortions. According to psychologist <a href="http://www.psych.upenn.edu/%7Erozin/">Paul Rozin</a>, that evidence indicates that disgust has its origins in <a href="http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/rev/94/1/23/">avoiding toxic agents in stuff we eat</a>. Evolutionary anthropologist <a href="http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/anthro/faculty/fessler/">Dan Fessler</a> adds that the feeling then gets generalized to all sorts of other things, from sexual mores all the way up to our deepest moral convictions.</p><p>One place where Rozin and Fessler part ways: Rozin, <a href="http://www.sas.upenn.edu/sasalum/newsltr/fall97/rozin.html">one of the forefathers of disgust theory</a>, believes disgust serves to <a href="http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/xge/130/3/427/">distance us from our most animalistic behaviors</a>: dying, procreating, eating, pooping. By this view disgust is existential armor, protecting us from having to come to terms with our bestial nature. Fessler is skeptical of that argument (in part because of <a href="http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/anthro/faculty/fessler/pubs/NavarreteNormativeBiasEP.pdf">his own experimental results</a>). He argues the disgust response has become a way to <a href="http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/anthro/faculty/fessler/pubs/Fessler&amp;HaleyOrganDisgust.pdf">define and protect boundaries</a> – from national borders right down to the boundaries of our own bodies.</p><p>In any case, disgust seems to be a basic human emotion, written into our nature by evolution, shaping and shaped by our culture.&nbsp;</p><p>Subscribe to the Clever Apes&nbsp;<a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/CleverApesPodcast" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(0, 104, 150);" target="_blank" title="http://feeds.feedburner.com/CleverApesPodcast">podcast</a>, follow us on&nbsp;<a href="http://twitter.com/#%21/cleverapes" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(0, 104, 150);" target="_blank" title="http://twitter.com/#!/cleverapes">Twitter</a>, or find us on&nbsp;<a href="http://www.facebook.com/pages/Clever-Apes-on-WBEZ/118246851551412" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(0, 104, 150);" target="_blank" title="http://www.facebook.com/pages/Clever-Apes-on-WBEZ/118246851551412">Facebook</a>.</p></p> Tue, 26 Apr 2011 20:51:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blog/clever-apes/2011-04-26/clever-apes-11-deconstructing-disgust-85712 Does the American workplace support or discourage moral agendas? http://www.wbez.org/content/does-american-workplace-support-or-discourage-moral-agendas <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-March/2011-03-30/Cubes office flickr Carlos Villela.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><img alt="" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/insert-image/2011-March/2011-03-30/848office.jpg" style="width: 589px; height: 298px;" title=""></p><p>On Wednesday, the U.S. Supreme Court heard oral arguments in a proposed class action sex-discrimination law suit against Walmart. The plaintiffs allege company-wide policy reinforces gender stereotypes. Walmart disagrees. But the retail giant has long faced criticism over its treatment of employees. Whether or not its policies are explicitly sexist some argue that Walmart’s corporate culture isn’t friendly toward women.<br> <br> Other companies have also been taken to task for trying to impose or promote a certain set of values. The owners of Chick-fil-A are Christians and close up shop on Sundays. But some consumers claim the company also supports anti-gay rights groups.<br> <br> How do corporate values shape the American workplace? And what recourse do employees have if their views aren’t in line with their employers? <em>Eight Forty-Eight</em> heard from listeners, and spoke to Chicago News Cooperative Deputy Editor <a href="http://www.chicagonewscoop.org/staff/david-greising/" target="_blank">David Greising</a>, <em>Chicago Tribune</em> religion reporter <a href="http://www.chicagotribune.com/chi-brachear-bio-story,0,6147675.htmlstory" target="_blank">Manya Brachear</a>, and professor <a href="http://www.sociology.northwestern.edu/faculty/nielsen/home.html" target="_blank">Laura Beth Nielsen</a>. Nielsen is a research professor at the American Bar Foundation and director of the <a href="http://www.legalstudies.northwestern.edu/" target="_blank">Center for Legal Studies at Northwestern University</a>.<br> <br> <em>Music Button: REM, "Moral Kiosk", from thie CD Murmur, (IRS) </em></p></p> Wed, 30 Mar 2011 13:36:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/content/does-american-workplace-support-or-discourage-moral-agendas