WBEZ | France http://www.wbez.org/tags/france Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Israeli airstrikes continue as rockets fly into Israel http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-07-14/israeli-airstrikes-continue-rockets-fly-israel-110487 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP361057861992.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Israel says it has shot down a drone launched by Hamas. The death toll is Gaza has reached at least 170 as Israel continued its airstrikes as part of Operation Protective Edge. We&#39;ll discuss the ongoing conflict with J.J. Goldberg, editor-at-large for The Jewish Daily Forward.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-21/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-21.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-21" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Israeli airstrikes continue as rockets fly into Israel" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Mon, 14 Jul 2014 11:29:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-07-14/israeli-airstrikes-continue-rockets-fly-israel-110487 When la Mode Became Modern http://www.wbez.org/series/chicago-amplified/when-la-mode-became-modern-107180 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/130416_AF_When La Mode Became Modern.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Between 1685 and 1720, the phenomenon know as the Querelle des Anciens et des Modernes dominated cultural life in France. For the first time, the concept of modernity was discussed on a broad scale. By the time the Querelle had subsided, a new style had been created: it became known as the &quot;modern style.&quot; The modern style revolutionized not only literature, music and the fine arts, but all the decorative arts as well - from furniture and clothing to candlesticks and clocks.&nbsp;</p><p>Art historian <strong>Joan DeJean</strong>&nbsp;discusses this influencial style as part of the&nbsp;series, <em>Mode et Modernité: The Object of Fashion </em>which explores <em>modernité</em> as a concept valid over the centuries, with a special emphasis on the dialogue between <em>la mode</em> in interior decoration and <em>la mode</em> in fashion.</p><p>Recorded live Tuesday, April 16, 2013 at&nbsp;Alliance Française de Chicago.</p></p> Tue, 16 Apr 2013 11:08:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/chicago-amplified/when-la-mode-became-modern-107180 In France, abortion no longer a political issue http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-08/here-there-france-abortion-no-longer-political-issue-90000 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/france%20abortion%20de%20beauvoir%20AP.jpg" title="In 1971, Simone de Beauvoir signed the 'Le Manifeste des 343,' a list of famous women claiming to have had illegal abortions. (AP/Jean-Jacques Levy)" /></div><p><em>This episode of Worldview was originally broadcast on August 8, 2011.</em></p><p>As part of our occasional&nbsp;series <a href="http://www.wbez.org/herethere" target="_blank"><em>Here, There</em></a>, we compare the abortion debate in countries other than the U.S. Monday we start in France.</p><p>At first blush, it would seem as though France has a lot in common with the U.S. when it comes to reproductive rights issues: Both legalized abortion in the 1970s and both had influential feminist movements that advocated changing the law and removing barriers to access.</p><p>But the similarities end there. In France, abortion has moved outside the political realm and into accepted medical practice.</p><p>What&rsquo;s behind this divergence? In an interview, Indiana University political science professor Jean Robinson argued it all started with a reframing of the concept in public debate.&nbsp;</p><p>In the 1970s, a group of several hundred prominent and powerful women, including renowned philosopher Simone de Beauvoir, signed a major newspaper ad admitting to having had an illegal abortion at some point in their lives. The media spectacle made it clear that abortion was an issue for&nbsp;<em>all</em>&nbsp;women, not just women seen as promiscuous or uneducated, spurring a national mood change towards the discussion.</p><p>The language that was used to talk about abortion was also changed. Beginning in the &#39;70s, the French word for abortion was taken out of use in public debates, and replaced by a term that translates as &ldquo;voluntary interruption of pregnancy.&rdquo; The change helped desensitize the issue and kept the conversation about abortion within a medical scope.</p><p>&ldquo;In France, abortion is a health care issue for women &mdash; not a moral, political or religious issue,&rdquo; Robinson said.</p><p>That&#39;s a sharp contrast to the way the issue is framed in the U.S. &mdash; where abortion activists are still referred to as &ldquo;pro-choice&rdquo; or &ldquo;pro-life.&rdquo;</p><p>The difference shows. &ldquo;France has fewer abortions than the United States &mdash; some of the lowest rates in Europe,&rdquo; Robinson pointed out.&nbsp;</p><p>There are several reasons for this, Robinson said, a big one being that sex education in France starts in the 6<sup>th</sup> grade. Also, there&rsquo;s a family stipend provided by the government: For every child born, the family gets money from the state.</p><p>&ldquo;There isn&rsquo;t real pressure to <em>not</em> have the abortion in most urban centers,&rdquo; Robinson said. &ldquo;But there is an attempt to reassure women from the state, that they will have full support if they keep the child.&rdquo;</p></p> Mon, 16 Jul 2012 10:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-08/here-there-france-abortion-no-longer-political-issue-90000 How the NATO peoples helped settle Chicago, Part 1 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-05/how-nato-peoples-helped-settle-chicago-part-1-99022 <p><p>How about something on the impending NATO summit that's free of controversy? For the next three days, I’ll be doing capsule summaries of how the peoples from the 28 countries each did their part to build Chicago. &nbsp;</p><p><strong>Bulgaria</strong>—The first Bulgarians settled in Chicago during the first years of the 20<sup>th</sup> Century. Their numbers were not great, though distinct enclaves developed in Lincoln Square and Albany Park. Immigration has increased in the last 20 years and some sources claim that over 100,000 Bulgarians currently live in metro Chicago.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Bulgaria-Church.JPG" title="St. John of Rila Bulgarian Orthodox Church--5944 W. Cullom Ave."></div></div><p><strong>Canada</strong>—In 1880, Canadians were Chicago’s third-largest immigrant group, after the Germans and the Irish. Most of them were English-speaking and could easily assimilate into the local culture. Today there are probably a lot of Chicagoans with a Canadian background, but you’d never know it—unless you ask one of them to say “about.”</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Czech-Cermak%20%28LofC%29.jpg" style="float: left;" title="A Czech immingrant to Chicago: Anton Cermak (Library of Congress)"></div><p><strong>Czech Republic</strong>—Czechs were commonly referred to as Bohemians in the earliest census reports. Their homeland was then ruled by foreign powers. In the 1870s, large numbers of Czechs began coming to Chicago.</p><p>Most of the immigrants settled on the Lower West Side, along the axis of 18<sup>th</sup> Street. The neighborhood became known as Pilsen, after a city in Bohemia. The more prosperous Czechs later moved west into South Lawndale and suburban Cicero and Berwyn.</p><p>Anton Cermak was the Czech prototype of the poor immigrant who made good. He entered politics, got rich, became Mayor of Chicago, and had a major street named after him. Though almost all Chicagoland’s 500,000 Czechs now live in the suburbs, the old 18<sup>th</sup> Street area is still known as Pilsen.</p><p><strong>Estonia</strong>—Because their homeland was ruled by their bigger neighbors, early Estonian immigrants were classified as Russian or German. Independence came in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Estonian House, in Lake County, serves as a cultural center for Chicago’s Estonian-Americans.</p><p><strong>France</strong>—The first European to reside in Chicago, Fr. Jacques Marquette, was French. Chicago’s founder, Jean Baptiste Pointe Du Sable, was half-French. And yet, the city has never had a significant French colony. Why not? There’s a likely subject for a doctoral dissertation here.</p><p><strong>Italy</strong>—A few Italians began coming to Chicago as early as the 1850s. The great wave of immigration began in the 1880s. Over the next four decades the Italians established a significant presence in the city.</p><p>The main Italian community was on the Near West Side, along the Taylor Street corridor. Smaller settlements developed on the Near North Side, in North Austin, and in Pullman. During this era Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini helped establish a school, two hospitals, and other social agencies among her people.</p><p>The second half of the 20<sup>th</sup> Century saw many Italians leaving the city and moving into suburbs such as Elmwood Park and Oakbrook. In 2012 about 500,000 people in metro Chicago claim Italian ancestry. The historic focus of the community remains Taylor Street’s Little Italy, now home to the National Italian American Sports Hall of Fame. And don’t forget the Columbus Day Parade!&nbsp;</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Italy-street%201903%20%28LofC%29.jpg" title="Italians on the Near North Side, 1903 (Library of Congress)"></div><p><strong>Latvia</strong>—Latvia is a small country, and Chicago never had a large number of Latvians. The 1990 census counted about 7,000 in the metro area. Independence came the next year, and many Latvians have returned to their homeland.</p><p><strong>Netherlands</strong>—The most obvious reminder of Dutch settlement in metro Chicago is suburban South Holland, founded by immigrant farmers from the Netherlands in 1846. The more urban Dutch people later established an enclave just to the north, in the Roseland neighborhood. The Dutch community is now largely assimilated and dispersed.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Romania-Queen%20Marie%2C%201926%20%28CDN%29.jpg" title="Chicago Romanians greet Queen Marie of Romania, 1926 (Chicago Daily News)"></div><p><strong>Romania</strong>—The earliest of the city’s Romanian settlements were on the North Side, in Lakeview and in Edgewater. As with other immigrant groups, many activities revolved around the ethnic parish. Immigration to America has increased in the last two decades, and the Chicago area now has an estimated 100,000 people of Romanian ancestry.</p><p><strong>United Kingdom</strong>—So who are we talking about here? English? Scots? Welsh? Ulster Irish? None of these peoples lived in distinctive ethnic neighborhoods, but all helped build our city. And I’m writing this—and you’re reading it—in English.</p></p> Tue, 15 May 2012 07:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-05/how-nato-peoples-helped-settle-chicago-part-1-99022 Worldview 5.3.12 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-05-03/worldview-5312-98781 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP120422044566.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>As the presidential election in France approaches this Sunday, Socialist candidate Francois Hollande is only slightly ahead of current president and conservative party leader Nikolas Sarkozy. <a href="http://wws.princeton.edu/people/display_person.xml?netid=smeunier&amp;all=yes" target="_blank">Sophie Meunier</a>, co-director of the EU program at Princeton University, joins <em>Worldview</em> to discuss. Also, the Supreme Court should rule on Arizona's controversial immigration law in June. The law takes effect on July 29 unless&nbsp; blocked by the Court. Historian <a href="http://www.vanderbilt.edu/historydept/kramer.html" target="_blank">Paul Kramer</a>, author of <em>The Blood of Government</em>, explains why a 19th century Supreme Court case involving 22 Chinese immigrants should influence the Court's decision. And on <a href="http://www.wbez.org/globalactivism" target="_blank"><em>Global Activism</em></a>, Chicagoan <a href="http://vanavevhu.org/board.htm" target="_blank">Elizabeth Mhangami</a>, founder of <a href="http://vanavevhu.org/" target="_blank">Vanavevhu: Children of the Soil</a>, is back from Zimbabwe and provides an update on her organization's new initiative, "Theory of Change."</p></p> Thu, 03 May 2012 17:16:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-05-03/worldview-5312-98781 French President Nicolas Sarkozy faces uphill battle for reelection http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-05-03/segment/french-president-nicolas-sarkozy-faces-uphill-battle-reelection-98774 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP120501015081.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>This weekend France is set to elect its next president. The race remains tight with Socialist Party candidate Francois Hollande only slightly ahead of current president Nicolas Sarkozy. Last night, the two faced off in a three-hour debate, during which both candidates heaped on personal attacks and accusations of lying. Sarkozy did not lose the debate, but observers believe he likely didn&#39;t hold up well enough to make up his six point lag in the polls.</p><p><a href="http://wws.princeton.edu/people/display_person.xml?netid=smeunier&amp;all=yes" target="_blank">Sophie Meunier</a>, co-director of the EU program at Princeton University, joins <em>Worldview</em> to discuss the election and what issues are at stake for voters.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 1in;">&nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 1in;">&nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 1in;">&nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 1in;">&nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 1in;">&nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 1in;">&nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 1in;">&nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 1in;">&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 03 May 2012 16:46:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-05-03/segment/french-president-nicolas-sarkozy-faces-uphill-battle-reelection-98774 Milos Stehlik reviews the Henri-Georges Clouzot film 'Wages of Fear' http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-20/milos-stehlik-reviews-henri-georges-clouzot-film-wages-fear-95694 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2012-January/2012-01-20/Wages.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Made in 1953, the film <em>Wages of Fear</em> will be re-issued in a new reconstructed print. This is one terrific thriller — and unlike most thrillers which terrorize the audience or shock them with gratuitous fear, <em>Wages of Fear</em> is different and special in how it brilliantly manipulates our positive empathy. We cheer for the characters to make it out alive.</p><p>Master postwar French filmmaker Henri-Georges Clouzot directs the film. His body of great work includes such films as <em>Diabolique</em>. <em>Wages of Fear</em> is set in a squalid South American town — basically owned by an American oil company. It’s feels like you're on the outskirts of civilization. Stranded characters fill this nowhere and nothing of a place, where boredom is the major event of the day.</p><p>With great mastery, Clouzot reveals to us shades of near-desperation, similar to the hell of Jean-Paul Sartre’s play, “No Exit.”</p><p>For the film's main characters, the distant promise of escape comes out of the blue, with the offer of a $2,000 reward, a huge sum in 1953. The job is to drive 300 miles with two trucks filled with nitroglycerin. The destination? An oil well burning out of control in the middle of the jungle.</p><p>The men who take their chances are Luigi, an Italian bricklayer, and Bimba, an arrogant and fearless German. Jo, a middle-aged gangster, and Mario, a Corsican, drive the second truck. Yves Montand plays Mario in a career-defining performance.</p><p>The treacherous journey and dangerous roads push each man to their limit. It’s hot, sweaty, dirty, noisy, dark and far. <em>Wages of Fear</em> exhibits its greatness as Clouzot pushes us to understand and empathize with these men’s weaknesses as their bravado, courage, perseverance or sheer force of will fail them. Clouzot emphasizes their humanity, reveals their heroism, their tragic flaws, by revealing these moments of fragility and vulnerability.</p><p>Clouzot himself revealed much about the film by saying he deliberately steered away from the exotic, and instead chose a solid, realistic setting and focused on “complex human material and the gripping accessory of a truck loaded with nitroglycerin.” This allowed him to develop the grand elements of the film. “Yes,” Clouzot continues, “This is an epic whose main theme is courage — and the opposite.” It’s an illuminating dichotomy because of how anti-heroism exposes the characters’ courage.</p><p><em>Wages of Fear</em> is also ingenious for its sharpness. We see South America exploited by the American oil company, quite daring for a film in 1953. Ruthless and incessant greed — broken and shattered lives left in its wake — profit at all cost, all done with impunity: these themes are old-hat now, but Clouzot demonstrates their tragedy because he underpins their absurdity and their blindness.</p><p><em>Wages of Fear</em> was a resounding international success and became a timeless classic. It still is, and much more today<span style="font-style: italic;">.</span></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><em><a href="http://www.wbez.org/contributor/milos-stehlik" target="_blank">Milos Stehlik</a> is the director of <a href="http://www.facets.org/" target="_blank">Facets Multimedia</a>. His commentaries&nbsp;reflect his own views and not necessarily those of Facets Multimedia, </em>Worldview<em> or WBEZ.</em></p></p> Fri, 20 Jan 2012 18:46:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-20/milos-stehlik-reviews-henri-georges-clouzot-film-wages-fear-95694 Worldview 1.9.12 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-1912 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/episode/images/2012-january/2012-01-09/corn1.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The 2012 Farm Bill has now opened up for debate by Congress after the bi-partisan super committee failed to reach an agreement on how to make allocated cuts to reduce the federal budget deficit. The Farm Bill began as legislation to protect farmers against risks such as drought. But over the years, it's come to encompass programs that range from school lunch to organic food production. <em>Worldview</em> talks to <a href="http://steinhardt.nyu.edu/faculty_bios/view/Marion_Nestle" target="_blank">Marion Nestle</a>, professor of nutrition, food studies, and public health at New York University, about what some of the changes we could see in this year's bill. And, France has long been a country with a reputation for some of the best food in the world. But some say that's all changing. The BBC's Robyn Bresnahan&nbsp;reports on the battle between the old and new in French cuisine.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 09 Jan 2012 15:46:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-1912 In France, modernists and traditionalists clash over the definition of French cuisine http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-09/france-modernists-and-traditionalists-clash-over-definition-french-cuisi <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2012-January/2012-01-09/french1.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>France has long been a country with a reputation for some of the best food in the world. But in recent years, many critics have argued that French cuisine has lost its way.</p><p>Today, there's a new generation of food-lovers hoping to reclaim France's place at the top table. But what do the traditionalists make of it all? Robyn Bresnahan reports.</p><p><em>This segment originally aired on the BBC's <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p002vsn0" target="_blank">Assignment</a>. </em></p></p> Mon, 09 Jan 2012 15:36:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-09/france-modernists-and-traditionalists-clash-over-definition-french-cuisi Worldview 8.8.11 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-8811 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/episode/images/2011-august/2011-08-02/indiana.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The battle over abortion has divided this country since the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in <em>Roe v. Wade</em>. To try to gain some insights into our cultural divide, we'll spend the week comparing the debate in the U.S. to those of other countries. It's part of our occasional series <a href="http://www.wbez.org/herethere" target="_self"><em>Here, There</em></a>, where we examine how other cultures approach universal issues. We kick off the series with WBEZ's <a href="http://www.wbez.org/staff/michael-puente" target="_self">Michael Puente</a>, who tells us why Indiana has become ground zero in the country’s battle over abortion. We also take a look at France, where, like the U.S., abortion became legal in the 1970s. Rather than having a protracted political debate, the French have reached a consensus on the issue.</p></p> Mon, 08 Aug 2011 14:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-8811