WBEZ | Chicago Police http://www.wbez.org/tags/chicago-police Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Congressman calls for removal of police commander accused of assault http://www.wbez.org/news/congressman-calls-removal-police-commander-accused-assault-110642 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/Danny Davis AP.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>U.S. Rep. Danny Davis says Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel&rsquo;s administration should remove a West Side police commander to help avert the sort of violence that has roiled a St. Louis suburb this week.</p><p>Davis (D-Chicago) said Harrison District Cmdr. Glenn Evans, who is under criminal investigation for allegedly assaulting an arrested man, should be reassigned until the case is over.</p><p>&ldquo;Let&rsquo;s just find some other work right now for the commander to do,&rdquo; Davis said late Tuesday in his East Garfield Park office. &ldquo;That&rsquo;s what I think would be in the best interests of promoting the kind of relationships between law enforcement and community&rdquo; that prevents rioting like what hit Ferguson, Missouri, after one of that suburb&rsquo;s police officers fatally shot an unarmed black teenager.</p><p>&ldquo;It has happened many, many times in Chicago,&rdquo; Davis said. &ldquo;So I think an ounce of prevention is worth much more than a pound of cure.&rdquo;</p><p>Evans last year allegedly&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/cpd-leaves-commander-post-despite-assault-allegation-dna-match-110581">jammed his pistol into an arrested man&rsquo;s mouth and threatened his life</a>. After a lab test found the arrestee&rsquo;s DNA on that gun, the Independent Police Review Authority recommended in April that police Supt. Garry McCarthy relieve Evans of his police powers and &ldquo;evaluate&rdquo; the commander&rsquo;s assignment.</p><p>The agency also referred the case to State&rsquo;s Attorney Anita Alvarez&rsquo;s office.</p><p>The investigation follows at least 45 excessive-force complaints against Evans between 1988 and 2008, <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/report-embattled-commander-no-1-excessive-force-complaints-110605">according to a report detailed last week by WBEZ</a>. Authorities responsible for looking into the complaints found that two warranted disciplinary action.</p><p>McCarthy has credited Evans, a 28-year department veteran, for a drop in shootings in a South Side district he commanded until March.</p><p>Davis, who has campaigned against police brutality in the past, said Evans may be a great police officer but the department should still reassign him &ldquo;until this is cleaned up, so that there are no misunderstandings of what the department believes ought to be the approach to policing.&rdquo;</p><p><strong><a href="http://www.wbez.org/tags/glenn-evans">Read all our coverage about Cmdr. Glenn Evans</a></strong></p><div>&ldquo;If there is a cloud right now, relative to his use of force and how he might be training officers,&rdquo; said Davis, whose district includes nearly all of Evans&rsquo; district, &ldquo;I would think he not be in the command position.&rdquo;</div></p><p>Neither McCarthy nor Emanuel have answered questions about the decision to leave Evans in his post as the investigation continues.</p><p>Reached Tuesday evening about Davis&rsquo;s statements, Emanuel&rsquo;s office did not comment.</p><p>A McCarthy spokesman wrote that the police department takes &ldquo;any allegations seriously but, as is always the case, we cannot comment on an ongoing investigation.&rdquo;</p><p>Some rank-and-file officers and community members&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/despite-excessive-force-complaints-police-commander-maintains-support-110618">have spoken up for Evans</a>, calling him an attentive and hard-working crime fighter.</p><p>Evans has declined to comment about the investigation.</p><p><em><a href="http://www.wbez.org/users/cmitchell-0">Chip Mitchell</a> is WBEZ&rsquo;s West Side bureau reporter. Follow him on Twitter <a href="https://twitter.com/ChipMitchell1">@ChipMitchell1 </a>and <a href="https://twitter.com/WBEZoutloud">@WBEZoutloud</a>, and connect with him through <a href="https://www.facebook.com/chipmitchell1">Facebook</a>, <a href="https://plus.google.com/111079509307132701769/posts">Google+</a> and<a href="http://www.linkedin.com/in/ChipMitchell1"> LinkedIn</a>.</em></p></p> Wed, 13 Aug 2014 09:48:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/congressman-calls-removal-police-commander-accused-assault-110642 New vigor in Chicago for the war on drugs http://www.wbez.org/news/new-vigor-chicago-war-drugs-110343 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/Heroin Operation map.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>Drug enforcement officials are singing an old tune with renewed vigor as they fight the war on drugs.</p><p>&ldquo;Hey, it&rsquo;s another great day for the good guys in Chicago,&rdquo; said Jack Riley, standing at a podium surrounded by federal and local officials Thursday.</p><p>He was announcing the arrest of 27 people in connection with a heroin operation on Chicago&rsquo;s West Side.</p><p>Authorities say the heroin ring operated in a 12-block area just off the Eisenhower expressway near Douglas Park.</p><p>It&rsquo;s a popular location for kids from the western suburbs because they can buy heroin and then hop back on the highway.</p><blockquote><p><strong>Related: <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/heroin-moves-chicago-suburbs-small-amounts-through-users-109326">How heroin moves to Chicago&#39;s suburbs</a></strong></p></blockquote><p>Riley says a new strike force with federal and local authorities sharing information gives him hope that they can make some headway in the decades old war on drugs.</p><p>&ldquo;And to the bad guys out there, hey, we&rsquo;re coming,&rdquo; said Riley. &ldquo;This is a marathon, not a sprint, we&rsquo;re in it for the long haul. We&rsquo;re gonna continue this fight, we&rsquo;re not going to let anybody down and it really makes a difference in the communities when we do things like this.&rdquo;</p><p>Chicago police say they&rsquo;ll continue to do undercover buys in the 12-block area even though many of the dealers in that area were arrested this week.</p><p>Al Wysinger is the first deputy superintendent of the Chicago Police Department and the top guy while Superintendent Garry McCarthy is on medical leave recovering from his heart attack.</p><p>He said they&rsquo;ll now saturate the area with officers and continue to make undercover drug buys, &ldquo;to ensure that,&nbsp; A, this gang doesn&rsquo;t come back and try to take over and B, that a new gang doesn&rsquo;t come in and try to take over and they try to start a turf war over this very same territory.&rdquo;</p><p>U.S. attorney Zach Fardon says no one in this case is charged with violence but he says these arrests are an important tool for reducing violence in Chicago.</p><p>He says shutting down this drug operation is going to improve life for the people living in the neighborhood.</p></p> Fri, 13 Jun 2014 11:52:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/new-vigor-chicago-war-drugs-110343 Cook County paying costs when CPD fails to register sex offenders http://www.wbez.org/news/cook-county-paying-costs-when-cpd-fails-register-sex-offenders-110262 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/Amy-Campanelli.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Some Cook County public defenders say they&rsquo;re having to try cases in which sex offenders are charged with failure to register, even though they&rsquo;ve tried to do so. It means overburdened attorneys in an overburdened court system are having to deal with cases that shouldn&rsquo;t have been brought in the first place.</p><p>As WBEZ has been reporting, the criminal registration office at the Chicago Police Department is&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/crowded-chicago-police-office-forces-sex-offenders-violate-parole-109798">regularly turning away people who are trying to register as sex offenders</a>&nbsp;because the office is too busy. Police records show the department&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-police-fail-register-sex-offenders-601-times-just-three-months-110236">turned men away 601 times in just the first three months of this year</a>.</p><p>Meaning those men can be arrested for failure to register, which results in incarceration costs, and court costs.</p><p>Amy Campanelli with the Cook County Public Defender&rsquo;s Office says the office has had to take a number of those cases to trial.</p><p>&ldquo;We have had successful jury trials and successful bench trials and sometimes we&rsquo;ve had success at convincing the prosecutor to drop the charges when we can prove that they actually did try to register and it wasn&rsquo;t a willful failure to register on the defendant&rsquo;s part,&rdquo; said Campanelli.</p><p>A spokesman for the Chicago Police Department said there are plans to expand the criminal registration office and construction should be completed by August.</p></p> Mon, 02 Jun 2014 08:04:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/cook-county-paying-costs-when-cpd-fails-register-sex-offenders-110262 Police records show Chicago man tried to register before he was arrested for failing to register http://www.wbez.org/news/police-records-show-chicago-man-tried-register-he-was-arrested-failing-register-110248 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/Williams house.JPG" alt="" /><p><p dir="ltr">On February 18th of this year, a man named Byron Williams went to Chicago police headquarters to register as a sex offender, as the law requires. He was turned away because the registration office was too busy that day. Ten days later he was arrested for failing to register.</p><p dir="ltr">According to police records reviewed by WBEZ, Chicago police turned away registrants 601 times in just the first three months of this year. It&rsquo;s an issue WBEZ has been reporting on and you can read our previous stories <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-police-fail-register-sex-offenders-601-times-just-three-months-110236">here</a> and <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/crowded-chicago-police-office-forces-sex-offenders-violate-parole-109798">here</a>.</p><p dir="ltr">Back to Byron Williams, I met him in mid-February outside police headquarters where he was nervously waiting to get into the criminal registration office to register as a sex offender. I had spent several days in the line reporting on the strange process people in Chicago have to navigate as they try to register. They spend hours in line at CPD headquarters and then are regularly turned away because police are too busy.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;This is like my seventh or eighth day coming trying to register, and each day I come, and then they cut the line off and tell us you got to come back another day and I work every day and I can&rsquo;t make it here early in the morning,&rdquo; said Williams, as he shifted back and forth on his feet trying to stay warm (This was February and the almost exclusively male registrants had waited outside for hours and hours).</p><p dir="ltr">Williams told me he worked as a security guard from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. on weekdays, which made it impossible to get to the registration office.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;They don&rsquo;t do it on the weekends so you can&rsquo;t come on the weekends, and I actually just changed my work schedule, I switched it just so I can be able to make sure I make my registration, but I still can&rsquo;t register!&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">One day, when I waited with sex offenders trying to register, an officer came out and told everyone to line up against the wall. I moved to the wall along with the rest of the group. The officer told the men that the police wouldn&rsquo;t be able to register them. I asked her what the issue was. Angrily, she said she didn&rsquo;t have time to explain it to me.</p><p dir="ltr">She wrote down the names of the men who were in line on a criminal registration log but she told them they could still be arrested. After writing down a few names she looked at me apologetically, and seemingly exasperated, perhaps overworked, she told me that the office was at capacity and that&rsquo;s why everyone would have to come back another day.</p><p dir="ltr">WBEZ has reviewed the criminal registration logs kept by police and found the department turned men away 601 times in the first three months of this year. It means the police don&rsquo;t know where the sex offenders are until they come back to register, if they bother coming back at all.</p><p dir="ltr">Williams says his boss allowed him to switch shifts with someone else so he could register, but he says he keeps getting turned away, &ldquo;and my boss is like okay you need to make something happen but everytime I get up to close by they cut it off and say we can&rsquo;t register, you got to come back the next day. I&rsquo;m explaining that to my boss, but he&rsquo;s understanding but he&rsquo;s not understanding and I&rsquo;m like at risk of losing my job and you know how hard it is for a sex offender to find a job? Are you kidding me?&rdquo; said Williams.</p><p dir="ltr">Police records show that Williams was at the registry office on February 18th and 19th and turned away both days. On February 23rd the sticker on his license plate expired. On February 28th he was pulled over by police because of the expired sticker. (He also had a cover on his license plate obscuring it and was driving on a suspended driver&rsquo;s license.)</p><p dir="ltr">Police ran his name. According to the arrest report the name check revealed that Williams was quote, &ldquo;a registered sex offender who was overdue in registering.&rdquo; Since then Williams has been in the Cook County Jail, where it costs taxpayers $52,000 a year to house each inmate.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;What are they expected to do? Come back the next day and stand in line again? &nbsp;People can&rsquo;t go every day of their life and await the same fate!&rdquo; said Herb Goldberg, the attorney representing Williams in his case. He says Williams is looking at a long sentence.</p><p>&ldquo;He&rsquo;s basically facing possibly six years to thirty years for failing to register in a situation where, I believe, he did make valid three attempts to register and was turned away,&rdquo; said Goldberg. &ldquo;And filling the penitentiary up with more people for these types of violations isn&rsquo;t doing anybody any good.&rdquo;</p><p>For months, WBEZ has been seeking an interview with Police Supt. Garry McCarthy to discuss the issues with the criminal registration office. For months McCarthy has refused, and there&rsquo;s been no explanation as to why the media-savvy police chief can&rsquo;t discuss this with WBEZ. In an emailed statement CPD spokesman Adam Collins says the department is planning an expansion of the criminal registration office and construction should be done by August, which should increase efficiency. We&rsquo;d like to talk to McCarthy about that as well, but he continues to refuse.</p></p> Wed, 28 May 2014 20:45:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/police-records-show-chicago-man-tried-register-he-was-arrested-failing-register-110248 Chicago police fail to register sex offenders 601 times in just three months http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-police-fail-register-sex-offenders-601-times-just-three-months-110236 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/Sex Registry Line_0.JPG" alt="" /><p><p><em>Updated June 6, 6 p.m.</em></p><p>On February 13 of this year, Bruce Harley went to the Chicago Police Department Headquarters to register as a sex offender. He was one of 22 people who were turned away that day because the office was simply too busy. That&rsquo;s according to police records. A month later, on March 21, Bruce Harley was approached by Chicago police officers on the West Side of Chicago.</p><p>According to an arrest report, Harley wasn&rsquo;t doing anything illegal but was &ldquo;loitering in an area known for narcotic activity.&rdquo; Officers ran Harley&rsquo;s name and found he had failed to register. Harley told the officers he had tried to register on February 13 but had been turned away. He was arrested anyway and is now in the Cook County Jail, where it costs taxpayers $52,000 a year to house him.</p><p>I first heard about sex offenders being prevented from registering a few months ago.<a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/crowded-chicago-police-office-forces-sex-offenders-violate-parole-109798"> I spent several days waiting in line with offenders</a> outside the criminal registration office at Chicago police headquarters. I couldn&rsquo;t believe it when officers came out of the office and told dozens of men who had been waiting for hours that they might as well go home because the office was too busy to register them all. Then the officers warned the men that they could be arrested for failing to register even though they&rsquo;d just waited for hours in line to do just that.</p><p>I went back several times and saw the same scenario play out.</p><p><strong>&#39;Setting people up to be violated&#39;</strong></p><p>&ldquo;It&rsquo;s like they&rsquo;re purposely setting people up to be violated to go back to jail.&nbsp; You can&rsquo;t conclude nothing else but that,&rdquo; said Reggie White as he tried to help his brother register back in February.</p><p>Another frustrated man who just gave his name as Terry said, &ldquo;We&rsquo;re the guys that are trying to do the right thing. We&rsquo;re showing up here, we&rsquo;re trying to do the right thing; we&rsquo;re trying to follow the law to the letter of what&rsquo;s on that piece of paper and they turn us away and say, sorry, but you can still be arrested. Yeah, well, how are we supposed to feel?&rdquo;</p><p><strong>Police records detail the failure</strong></p><p>As officers turned offenders away, they wrote down the names of the offenders who had shown up. Using the Freedom of Information Act, WBEZ got copies of those lists. The lists have fields for name, date, time, several other things and then one space for &ldquo;reason for being turned away.&rdquo; In the first three months of this year the office turned people away 601 times, and in that space for the reason it put &ldquo;capacity.&rdquo;</p><p>In the first three months of this year the office turned people away 601 times and in that space for the reason it said, &ldquo;capacity.&rdquo; On some days, like January 14th for example, no one was turned away. But on February 14, 31 people were turned away because the office was at &ldquo;capacity.&rdquo; On March 4, 34 people were turned away; on&nbsp; the 5th, 27 people; on the 6th, 26 people.</p><p><strong>A semi-reluctant advocate</strong></p><p>&ldquo;These registrants try and follow the law. They try and report and register and fulfill their duties but the police department doesn&rsquo;t let them and the police department isn&rsquo;t fulfilling their responsibility to the public,&rdquo; said attorney Patrick Morrissey in a recent interview in the lobby of the Cook County criminal court building at 26th and California. He had just come from a hearing where he was representing a sex offender who is currently in the Cook County Jail for failing to register.</p><p>A year and a half ago Morrissey was in his law office when he got a call from a sex offender who was having trouble registering with the Chicago Police Department. Morrissey was outraged, though his boss, who happens to also be his dad, was not too interested in getting involved in the issue. Morrissey pushed ahead anyway.</p><p>&ldquo;By the City of Chicago refusing to register people and causing them to walk the streets unregistered subject to arrest, is unconscionable,&rdquo; said Morrissey. &ldquo;You know it doesn&rsquo;t only harm these people who have to register and who are subject to arrest, but it harms the public because it detracts from what this law is about, about keeping track of people.&rdquo;</p><p>It&rsquo;s also costly, not for the police department, but for the taxpayers who have to fund the county jail where it costs $52,000 a year to house inmates. Morrissey has a client who went to the Chicago police registration office and was turned away and then later arrested for failing to register.</p><p>&ldquo;He was in the Cook County Jail from about July of 2011 until April of 2014,&rdquo; said Morrissey. &ldquo;I think there&rsquo;s a lot of people who are currently in the Cook County Jail on a failure to register charge.&rdquo;</p><p>Morrissey is right. According to the Cook County Sheriff&rsquo;s office, on April 25 of this year, there were 190 people in the jail on failure to register charges.</p><p>One of them was Bruce Harley, the guy I mentioned at the top of the story, who wasn&rsquo;t doing anything illegal but was approached by police, and when they ran his name they found he had failed to register even though he&rsquo;d tried to register.</p><p>In another example of penny wise but pound foolish, on January 22, police records show that Jerome Sanders, a homeless man, was turned away from the registration office because, not surprisingly, he didn&rsquo;t have the hundred dollar fee sex offenders have to pay once a year. He was arrested less than two weeks later, February 3, for failure to register and is in the county jail, where he&rsquo;s costing taxpayers $143 a day.</p><p>Or take Larry Hill. He went to police headquarters March 4, 5, 6 and 7. The records show that each time the Chicago police refused to register him because they were too busy. Finally on March 10 he made it into the office and he was arrested because something called an investigative alert had been issued for him. The Chicago police had been looking for this guy and for a week he&rsquo;d been standing in a line outside CPD headquarters.</p><p><em>In the original version of this story we had one more example here of a man named Robert Mitchell who was turned away from the registration office because he was deaf and needed sign language assistance. According to Cook County records a Robert Mitchell was in jail in late April. WBEZ identified two dozen cases in which men who were turned away from CPD&rsquo;s registration office and later turned up in jail. WBEZ brought all those cases to CPD and repeatedly asked before our story aired for information and reaction to those cases, &nbsp;but got no information on the cases until several days after our story was published. The Chicago Police Department provided documents on only three cases. It did provide records showing that there are two Robert Mitchells and the one who was deaf, who was indeed turned away from the registration office, has not been arrested. He returned to the registration office and successfully registered. We regret the error. Over the last few months CPD has provided little information to WBEZ &nbsp;as we have sought to report on this story. &nbsp;CPD spokesperson Adam Collins has now promised an interview with the deputy chief in charge of the registration office.</em></p><p><strong>Little information and some misinformation from Chicago Police</strong></p><p>For several months WBEZ has repeatedly requested an interview with Police Supt. Garry McCarthy to have a substantive and thoughtful discussion about this complicated issue and for several months, he has refused, and he continues to refuse. Instead of insightful conversations we&rsquo;ve gotten dismissive emails. We&rsquo;ve also gotten written statements containing misleading information that minimizes the extent of the problem.</p><p>For example, in February, department spokesman Adam Collins sent us a 14-sentence statement saying the police department proactively sends the names of registrants who were turned away to the &ldquo;Illinois State Police so they know the individual came in to register and he or she should not be subject to arrest.&rdquo;</p><p>According to Tracie Newton with the Illinois State Police, which maintains the sex offender registration, that list from CPD is absolutely useless. Newton says CPD just started sending lists over one day without any discussion or explanation and there&rsquo;s nothing in the statutes that allows the state police to do anything with the lists.</p><p>This past week, Collins sent another email statement saying the department is expanding the registration office and construction should be done by August. Collins provided no details about how much the project will cost or whether there will be additional officers detailed to that section. He also provided no explanation for the hundreds of men that have been turned away from the registration office and have been arrested or are subject to arrest.</p></p> Wed, 28 May 2014 05:10:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-police-fail-register-sex-offenders-601-times-just-three-months-110236 Civil rights case has tiny payout but big implications for Chicago police http://www.wbez.org/news/civil-rights-case-has-tiny-payout-big-implications-chicago-police-110122 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/Fields-Nathson-Horizontal.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>When he got back home from court Thursday, Nathson Fields sat at his dining room table, with his elbow on the glass tabletop and his forehead resting on his hand, trying to figure out what went wrong, why the jury in his civil suit awarded him only $80,000 dollars after he spent 18 years in prison.</p><p>&ldquo;I told them about how death row was,&rdquo; said Fields, looking both glum and perplexed. &ldquo;And I told them how I watched men who I became to know, walk to their execution, and walk past my cell, and being locked in a cell twenty-three hours a day for twelve years and say it&rsquo;s only worth 80 thousand dollars, to me that is a travesty.&rdquo;</p><p><strong>The bribe-taking judge</strong></p><p>In 1984, two men were gunned down in a housing project at 706 East 39th Street on Chicago&rsquo;s South Side. Fields was charged in the double murder along with Earl Hawkins. Hawkins paid the judge in the case $10, 000 to find them not-guilty. The judge took the money but then feared, rightly, that the FBI was watching him, so he gave the bribe back and found Fields and Hawkins guilty and sent them to death row.</p><p>In 1993 Judge Thomas Maloney was found guilty of taking bribes in murder cases, including in the Fields/Hawkins case. Fields won a retrial, and in 2009 he was found not guilty.</p><p>That paved the way for a civil lawsuit that has played out in a federal courtroom over the last three weeks-- in which Fields claimed Chicago cops framed him for a murder he didn&rsquo;t commit. But that 2009 retrial where he was found not guilty, that meant prosecutors couldn&rsquo;t prove Fields guilty beyond a reasonable doubt 25 years after the murder. It wasn&rsquo;t a finding of innocence, and the jury in the civil trial this last couple weeks didn&rsquo;t seem to think Fields was innocent.</p><p><strong>City says police got the right guy</strong></p><p>Lawyers for the City of Chicago argued that cops didn&rsquo;t frame Fields because he was actually one of the shooters.</p><p>Len Goodman represents Fields.</p><p>&ldquo;During the trial they threw a lot of mud at our client and a lot of it stuck,&rdquo; said Fields&rsquo; attorney Len Goodman after the jury gave his client just $80,000.</p><p>Lawyers for the city told jurors about Fields&rsquo; lengthy criminal history. He did time for a 1971 murder where he was part of a fight in which a friend of his killed a rival gang member. City attorneys talked about Fields&rsquo; role in the El Rukns, a notorious street gang, and they asked Fields on the stand about the time he was arrested in a car in which police also found a gun, a Tec-9.</p><p>There was also testimony from a witness to the 1984 double murder who pointed at Fields and said he was the shooter, and an El Rukn enforcer who has admitted participating in a score of murders said he committed that shooting with Fields.</p><p>&ldquo;Basically what their defense was, well, he&rsquo;s a bad guy, he&rsquo;s a gang member, he&rsquo;s an El Rukn, he mighta done it anyway, he probably did something else,&rdquo; said Goodman. &ldquo;So don&rsquo;t give him any compensation and that was basically their tactic and it was obviously somewhat effective but not completely.&rdquo;</p><p>The jury did find that Chicago police sergeant David O&rsquo;Callaghan violated Fields&rsquo; due process rights. It&rsquo;s unclear exactly what the jury was relying on to make that decision, but as one possible example, a witness to the double homicide in 1984 said he told police that he didn&rsquo;t see the shooters but police pushed him to identify Nathson Fields anyway.</p><p><strong>Fields is potentially start of a deluge of street-file-related cases</strong></p><p>Beyond specific violations by one officer, the Fields&rsquo; case shed light on something that extends to potentially thousands of cases. Attorneys proved that Chicago police continued to maintain so-called street files long after a department special order prohibited the practice in 1983.</p><p>Jon Loevy is a civil rights attorney who often sues over police misconduct and is currently suing the department over the issue of street files.</p><p>&ldquo;You know the way it played out, if you&rsquo;re accused of a murder, say, they give you the official file, and I&rsquo;ve done a lot of this work so I&rsquo;ve seen a lot of these files and in the official file are all the evidence, and witnesses and documents that point at you, the stuff that makes you look guilty,&rdquo; said Loevy. &ldquo;But what&rsquo;s not in the file is the stuff that points at other suspects, or stuff that might help your defense.&rdquo;</p><p>The street file contains all the notes made by detectives as they investigate murders. All those notes are supposed to be included in the main investigative file that goes to prosecutors and defense attorneys, but Fields&rsquo; case shows that those notes aren&rsquo;t always turned over. Some of the material in Fields&rsquo; street file points to other suspects and the file wasn&rsquo;t handed over until 2011, after Fields had been tried twice. By law, his attorneys in his first trial for the double murder should have had the exculpatory information that pointed to other suspects.</p><p>&ldquo;Well you know the police officers are not the judge and they&rsquo;re not the jury and their job is to gather the facts and turn the facts over to the state&rsquo;s attorney who gives them to the criminal defense attorney,&rdquo; said Loevy. &ldquo;It is a problem if the police overstep their role and make their own decision about what the criminal defendants should get because the rule is they&rsquo;re supposed to get everything.&rdquo;</p><p><strong>Police testify they&rsquo;ve done little to nothing to investigate further</strong></p><p>In Fields&rsquo; civil trial several Chicago police commanders and detectives testified that they didn&rsquo;t know why Fields&rsquo; street file wasn&rsquo;t turned over for two and a half decades. And they didn&rsquo;t know how it was found, or who found it or when. But Fields&rsquo; file was just one in a large filing cabinet filled with hundreds of other files dating back to 1944. And that filing cabinet was just one of 20 in the basement of the police department&rsquo;s area central headquarters.</p><p>&ldquo;There is sitting in the police basement hundreds if not thousands of files that criminal defendants accused of crimes have never seen and Fields&rsquo; file was one among those hundreds if not thousands of files, and in Fields&rsquo; file when it finally surfaced was a bunch of exculpatory information. It remains to be determined whether the other files in those street file cabinets also contain exculpatory information. Some of them presumably don&rsquo;t but some of them presumably do and in at least some of those cases men are innocent that are in prison for crime they didn&rsquo;t commit and the evidence that could help them show their innocence is in those file cabinets,&rdquo; said Loevy.</p><p>In one lawsuit against the city Loevy is asking a judge to let him go through the files to see what&rsquo;s there.</p><p>The police don&rsquo;t seem terribly curious about what&rsquo;s in the cabinets. On the stand in the Fields trial several current police department personnel testified that they hadn&rsquo;t done any investigating as to what might be in the other files next to Fields&rsquo; long-lost street file.</p><p>Thursday I called police department spokesman Adam Collins to ask what was happening with the files and was anyone reviewing them?</p><p>Despite the high profile nature of the Fields case and the street file issue, Collins could not provide any information.</p></p> Fri, 02 May 2014 07:37:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/civil-rights-case-has-tiny-payout-big-implications-chicago-police-110122 Chicagoans nearly 6 times more likely to be shot by police than New Yorkers are http://www.wbez.org/news/chicagoans-nearly-6-times-more-likely-be-shot-police-new-yorkers-are-110117 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Ortiz%20Glaze%20Bullet%20hole.JPG" style="float: left; margin-left: 5px; margin-right: 5px;" title="Ortiz Glaze looks at where a bullet left his arm when he was shot by Chicago Police. (WBEZ/Robert Wildeboer)" />On April 30 last year Ortiz Glaze says he was barbecuing with friends, neighbors and church members when police cars rode up. He says he&rsquo;s not sure what happened but an officer got out of a car and shot into the air.</p><p>&ldquo;Oh, when I heard the gunshot, the first shot, my first motion was to run,&rdquo; said Glaze.</p><p>Glaze says while he was running away from officers he was shot in the back of the leg and the back of the arm. He&rsquo;s now suing police. Glaze&rsquo;s attorney Russell Ainsworth says Glaze didn&rsquo;t have a gun, has no criminal record and he stresses Glaze was running away from police. Ainsworth says this is part of a pattern in Chicago.</p><p>Chicagoans are nearly 6 times more likely to be shot by police than residents of New York City. Here&rsquo;s the math:</p><p>New York City has 8.3 million people. Chicago is a little less than a third of that size with 2.7 million people, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.</p><br /><p>Nonetheless, in 2012, police here shot 57 people, while police in New York shot 30 people.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><iframe allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" allowtransparency="true" frameborder="0" height="281" mozallowfullscreen="mozallowfullscreen" msallowfullscreen="msallowfullscreen" oallowfullscreen="oallowfullscreen" src="http://cf.datawrapper.de/AOxNk/1/" webkitallowfullscreen="webkitallowfullscreen" width="620"></iframe></p><p>&ldquo;What&rsquo;s different about Chicago that causes their police officers to shoot more people than anywhere else?&rdquo; Ainsworth asked reporters Wednesday.&nbsp; &ldquo;Well, part of the allegations in the complaint is that the system that Chicago has in place to prevent abuses like this is broken.&rdquo;</p><p>The Independent Police Review Authority was established in 2007 to investigate Chicago police shootings. According to a spokesman, the seven-year-old agency has never found a police shooting unjustified. Not once.</p><p>Ainsworth says that sends a message to police officers that they don&rsquo;t have to worry about the consequences of shootings.</p><p>The Chicago Police Department did not comment on this story despite several requests.</p></p> Thu, 01 May 2014 10:01:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/chicagoans-nearly-6-times-more-likely-be-shot-police-new-yorkers-are-110117 McCarthy dismissive of crime research http://www.wbez.org/news/mccarthy-dismissive-crime-research-110026 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/RS3567_Police Supt. Garry McCarthy and Anita Alvarez_1.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>In the wake of a violent weekend Chicago Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy is picking up an old talking point.</p><p>According to the Chicago police there were 26 shooting incidents this weekend, leaving 32 victims. Three people died from their wounds.</p><p>McCarthy says Illinois needs tougher gun laws, including mandatory minimum sentences for people caught carrying illegal guns.</p><p>&ldquo;We&rsquo;ve had this conversation,&rdquo; McCarthy said at a press conference Monday. &ldquo;We&rsquo;ve been having this conversation since I got here.&rdquo;</p><p>Crime researchers say there&rsquo;s no evidence to suggest that mandatory minimums reduce gun violence,&nbsp; but they say there&rsquo;s evidence that additional police officers would bring down violence.</p><p>McCarthy&rsquo;s response: &ldquo;Research is research, right?&nbsp; And you can make an argument any which way you want to based on what data says.&nbsp; It&rsquo;s real simple.&nbsp; If you don&rsquo;t go to jail for gun possession you continue to carry guns.&nbsp; You continue to carry guns, people get shot.&rdquo;</p><p>Mayor Rahm Emanuel was unable to push the mandatory minimums bill through the legislature last year. The sponsor, Rep. Mike Zalewski, a Democrat,&nbsp; has said he plans to make another push,&nbsp; though there&rsquo;s no movement on the bill right now.</p></p> Tue, 15 Apr 2014 13:07:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/mccarthy-dismissive-crime-research-110026 8,000 Chicago cops now a little friendlier http://www.wbez.org/news/8000-chicago-cops-now-little-friendlier-109425 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/Bruce Lipman.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>There&rsquo;s a video that&rsquo;s gone viral of a Baltimore police officer getting some kids in trouble for skateboarding. He puts a seemingly compliant 14-year-old in a headlock and pulls him to the ground. &ldquo;Sit down!&rdquo; the officer yells. &ldquo;I&rsquo;m not a dude!&nbsp; When I&rsquo;m talking to you, you shut your mouth and you listen!&rdquo;</p><p>The officer is unhinged. The video is about three and a half minutes and there are several times when the confrontation seems to be over. The kids stand around looking down and shuffling their feet but then the cop turns around, comes back and kicks it off again.</p><p>&ldquo;Son, what is your problem?&nbsp; Do you go to school and give your teacher this kind of lip and back-talk your teacher?&nbsp; Now what makes you think you can do it to a police officer?&rdquo;</p><p>The teen, flabbergasted, says Duuuude.&rdquo;</p><p>&ldquo;Stop calling me dude!&rdquo; the officer yells. &ldquo;A dude is somebody who works on a ranch!&nbsp; I&rsquo;m not man, I&rsquo;m not dude, I am officer Rivieri.&rdquo;</p><p>It was probably helpful that Officer Rivieri identified himself on tape for future disciplinary proceedings. He was fired.</p><p>Cops are trained to take control, but Chicago police are being taught there&rsquo;s more than one way to do that. You don&rsquo;t always have to come on strong, yelling out commands. In fact, officers are learning that that approach can actually make policing much harder.</p><p><strong>McCarthy cites research</strong></p><p>The video with Officer Rivieri is being used in a class at the Chicago police academy in what NOT to do. The one-day training on something called police legitimacy, an idea based on academic research into effective policing. Superintendent Garry McCarthy has been pushing it since he came to Chicago. He often drops the names of researchers and academics Tracey Meares and Tom Tyler who have articulated and championed the twin ideas of procedural justice and police legitimacy.</p><p>McCarthy explained those ideas on WBEZ&rsquo;s Afternoon Shift in February of 2012.</p><p>&ldquo;It&rsquo;s not what you do, it&rsquo;s how you do it,&rdquo; said McCarthy. &quot;So you can stop somebody but when you explain to them why you stopped them, and when you leave them with a different taste in their mouths rather than saying now, get the hell off the corner, there&rsquo;s a whole different intention that people take away from that encounter.&rdquo;</p><p>So, let&rsquo;s say you get pulled over and get a ticket but the cop was really nice. The research finds that you could leave that interaction feeling good about police even though you got a ticket. On the flip side, let&rsquo;s say you don&rsquo;t get the ticket but the cop is a total&hellip; well, let&rsquo;s keep it clean for the kids and just say he&rsquo;s not nice. Even though you didn&rsquo;t get a ticket you&rsquo;ll likely leave that interaction with a negative view of police.</p><p>The point is, it&rsquo;s not just the outcome that matters. The process is important, hence the name: procedural justice. McCarthy explains. &ldquo;You explain to them why you stopped them, somebody got shot here, there&rsquo;s somebody with a gun around the corner, whatever the case might be, instead of just saying, &lsquo;Shut up.&nbsp; I&rsquo;ll ask the questions.&rsquo;&nbsp; Whole different dynamic there, so that&rsquo;s a cultural change in policing that we have to infuse into the department-- of respect.&rdquo;</p><p>Since McCarthy made those comments almost two years ago the department has trained 8,000&nbsp; officers. McCarthy says this is a step towards repairing the legacy of mistrust between poor communities of color and the police.</p><p><strong>At the police academy</strong></p><p>By seven on a fall morning, Mike Reischl is getting a couple dozen officers settled in a class room at the Chicago Police Academy on the city&rsquo;s West Side. He tells the officers there&rsquo;s coffee in the back and asks them to contribute 50 cents. He clarifies that all the money goes to purchasing the coffee and drinks at the back. I guess it&rsquo;s just in case you think someone might be skimming a couple quarters here and there.</p><p>&ldquo;Police legitimacy, it&rsquo;s got a lousy name doesn&rsquo;t it?&nbsp; It does!&rdquo; Reischl tells the class. &ldquo;Somewhere along the line you get the connotation that somehow you&rsquo;re illegitimate, right?&nbsp; So you got to come here and be legitimate.&rdquo;</p><p>Reischl tells the officers that they&rsquo;re not here because something went wrong, or because someone filed a lawsuit.</p><p>Like the other instructors Reischl wears a shirt and tie and there&rsquo;s a gun on his hip. Police officers sit in plainclothes at desks pushed together into groups of four. Half the lights are off in the room so it&rsquo;s easier to see the powerpoint presentation on the screen. Reischl casts a shadow on the screen as he moves around the front of the classroom and lays out a scenario.</p><p>&ldquo;You got four gangbangers up against the car,&rdquo; Reischl says. &ldquo;It&rsquo;s Friday night in the summertime, it&rsquo;s a real hot night.&nbsp; It&rsquo;s going to be rocking and rolling all night long and all weekend long.&nbsp; So you start your tour of duty, you want to find out what&rsquo;s going on, what&rsquo;s the conflicts?&nbsp; What&rsquo;s the problems I&rsquo;m going to have to manage?&nbsp; So you see the usuals on the corner and you throw &lsquo;em up against the car and you start going through &lsquo;em. You want that intelligence, okay, you build that rapport. All of a sudden they start talking to you. Yeah, Junebug&rsquo;s mad at Mookie.&nbsp; Mookie&rsquo;s mad at Junebug, all that kind of nonsense. Alright?&nbsp; But there&rsquo;s four of them and there&rsquo;s two of you. Good officer safety technique, hey get another unit over there. Go on the radio get back-up. The gangbangers, they start giving you the information you need. All weekend long you&rsquo;re going to need this information. All of a sudden your back-up shows up, car pulls up, all of a sudden copper hops out of the car, starts walking toward those kids, every one of those kids shut up because they realize who&rsquo;s walking towards them. All of a sudden all of that intel goes out the window.&nbsp; Why did they shut up when that one officer shows up on the scene?&nbsp; Didn&rsquo;t treat them fairly and respectfully, and now guess what?&nbsp; You don&rsquo;t know what&rsquo;s going on on your beat.&rdquo;</p><p>I can&rsquo;t help but think that if there are any cops in this room who have used bull-headed techniques in the past, they might be shrinking in their chairs at the thought that their brothers and sisters in blue might view their tactics as moronic. Reischl goes on to tell his students they need to listen to the citizens they&rsquo;re serving.&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;If you don&rsquo;t give anybody a voice and you don&rsquo;t listen, the people on the other end get irritated and get mad.&nbsp; How many coppers, &lsquo;sit down, shut up.&rsquo;&nbsp; &lsquo;I didn&rsquo;t even tell you why I&hellip;.&rsquo; &lsquo;Sit down and shut up!&rsquo;&nbsp; Well, I didn&rsquo;t even tell you why i called you&hellip;.&rsquo;&nbsp; &lsquo; SIT DOWN AND SHUT UP I&rsquo;M THE POLICE I&rsquo;LL LOCK YOU UP!&rsquo;&nbsp; Coppers do that, right?&nbsp; They don&rsquo;t give em the voice,&rdquo; says&nbsp; Reischl.</p><p>All this training is based on research measuring how citizens engage with police. But Reischl knows his audience and he and the other instructors sometimes poke fun at the &ldquo;pointy headed&rdquo; researchers and academics who come up with the phrases like, &ldquo;giving voice.&rdquo; But one instructor tells the cops that even the best batters in the major leagues take advice on their swing from people who can&rsquo;t hit a ball but know the physics of hitting the sweet spot on the bat.</p><p>And the instructors appeal to the officers&rsquo; self-interest.</p><p><strong>Chill out.&nbsp; You&rsquo;ll be less stressed.</strong></p><p>Reischl asks each pod of four officers to write down their goals on a large white sheet of paper that&rsquo;s taped to the wall. Each group comes up with essentially the same list. The officers want to make it home safe each night, make it to retirement and avoid lawsuits or getting sent to prison themselves.</p><p>Instructors then talk about how treating citizens with respect is a way to get more trust and compliance from citizens. Compliance means less stress and less physical contact and that means cops get to go home safe.</p><p>For Officer Nicholas Gould, a lot of this is just common sense. &ldquo;It&rsquo;s a good day if you don&rsquo;t throw down.&nbsp; I don&rsquo;t need to come to work and get hurt.&nbsp; I don&rsquo;t need broken bones or skinned knees or, what&rsquo;s the one rule?&nbsp; To go home safely,&rdquo; Gould says.</p><p>Gould is 6&rsquo;1&rdquo; and more than 300 pounds and in this classroom he kind of looks like an adult sitting in a child-sized desk. We chat during a break and he tells me perhaps because of his size, he rarely needs to put his hands on people to get them to comply ,but he also says he&rsquo;s respectful and able to keep his cool even in heated situations.</p><p>&ldquo;I&rsquo;m able to, I don&rsquo;t know how you say this, like, just calm people.&nbsp; I&rsquo;m very good at that,&rdquo; he says..</p><p><strong>Does it work?</strong></p><p>A couple officers I talk to make fun of this class. One who is a couple months from retirement says it&rsquo;s a little bit late.&nbsp; But most of the officers say it&rsquo;s a good reminder. That&rsquo;s what Lt. Bruce Lipman hoped when he developed the training.</p><p>&ldquo;It&rsquo;s a fairly nasty part of society that police see,&rdquo; Lipman says during the lunch break of the legitimacy training. &ldquo;We very seldom get called to a house and asked, &lsquo;Hey listen, you want to come over and have tea and coffee?&rsquo; Even people who are, you know, just victimized, we feel bad for those victims. Just over time, just starts to make officers cynical and they start to kind of lose their way a little bit about why they started on the job.&nbsp; Most of the officers, 99 percent of the time, I mean really, and the statistics bear this out, do the right thing. They&rsquo;ve learned this is the way to do it but this is more like a refresher for them.&rdquo;</p><p><strong>More research</strong></p><p>Lipman says the police department isn&rsquo;t just hoping that this training has an impact. They&rsquo;re measuring it with help from Wesley Skogan at Northwestern University. Lipman says thousands of officers have been surveyed, some before taking the training and some after. They were asked to rate statements like &ldquo;listening and talking to people is a good way to take charge of situations.&rdquo; Officers who filled out the survey after the training gave that statement significantly more importance than officers who hadn&rsquo;t yet had the training.</p></p> Sat, 21 Dec 2013 23:29:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/8000-chicago-cops-now-little-friendlier-109425 Chicago Police: 6,500 guns seized so far this year http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-police-6500-guns-seized-so-far-year-109337 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP758722197507.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Chicago Police say they have seized more than 6,500 illegal firearms this year.</p><p>The department routinely leads the nation in the number of guns seized by a wide margin. The latest totals put the force on pace to confiscate about 7,000 illegal guns for the year.</p><p>Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy has said that the seizure of illegal firearms is part of a crime fighting effort that has resulted in a significant drop in the number of homicides and shootings this year. In 2012 the city&#39;s violence &mdash; and a total of more than 500 homicides &mdash; caught the attention of the national media.</p><p>In a news release, McCarthy reiterated his contention that even tougher state and federal gun laws are needed to reduce those numbers.</p></p> Tue, 10 Dec 2013 10:46:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-police-6500-guns-seized-so-far-year-109337