WBEZ | Chicago Police http://www.wbez.org/tags/chicago-police Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Hundreds Block Retail Entrances in Protest of Laquan McDonald Investigation http://www.wbez.org/news/hundreds-block-retail-entrances-protest-laquan-mcdonald-investigation-113965 <p><div><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 22px;">▲&nbsp;</span><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 14px; line-height: 22px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">LISTEN:</strong><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 22px;">&nbsp;</span><em>Hear the scene on the&nbsp;Magnificent Mile from WBEZ&#39;s Linda Lutton, who spoke with&nbsp;protesters&nbsp;and shoppers during Friday&#39;s protests.</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>CHICAGO (AP) &mdash;&nbsp;Hundreds of protesters blocked store entrances and shut down traffic in&nbsp;Chicago&#39;s&nbsp;ritziest shopping district on Black Friday to draw attention to the 2014 police killing of a black teenager who was shot 16 times by a white officer.</div><p style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif, Geneva; font-size: 15px; line-height: 15px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">&nbsp;</p><div><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">Protesters line Michigan Ave sidewalks, block stores. &quot;Shut it down! Justice for <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Laquan?src=hash">#Laquan</a>&quot; <a href="https://t.co/0iiAkdogxs">pic.twitter.com/0iiAkdogxs</a></p>&mdash; WBEZeducation (@WBEZeducation) <a href="https://twitter.com/WBEZeducation/status/670308391999418368">November 27, 2015</a></blockquote><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>Demonstrators stood shoulder to shoulder in a cold drizzling rain to turn the traditional start of the holiday shopping season on Michigan Avenue&#39;s Magnificent Mile into a high-profile platform from which to deliver their message: The killing of 17-year-old Laquan McDonald &mdash; captured on a&nbsp;squad car&nbsp;video made public earlier this week &mdash; was another example of what they say is the systemic disregard police show for the lives and rights of black people.</p><p>They chanted &quot;16 shots! 16 shots!&quot; and stopped traffic for blocks to express their anger over&nbsp;the Oct.&nbsp;20, 2014, shooting and the subsequent investigation, which they say was mishandled.</p><p style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif, Geneva; font-size: 15px; line-height: 15px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/IMG_1112.JPG" style="text-align: center; height: 437px; width: 620px;" title="(WBEZ/Linda Lutton)" /></p><iframe frameborder="no" height="20" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/235045297&amp;color=ff5500&amp;inverse=false&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_user=true" width="100%"></iframe><p>While shoppers continued to make their way along sidewalks and the empty street, some major retailers were forced to close, at least temporarily. Among them was the typically swamped Apple store, where dozens of employees in red shirts stood in an otherwise empty two-story space and watched through store windows as protesters linked arms to stop anyone from entering.</p><p>It was the largest demonstration in&nbsp;Chicago&#39;s&nbsp;streets since police on Tuesday released the video under a court order to make it public.</p><p>The footage shows McDonald jogging down a street and then veering away from Officer Jason Van Dyke and another officer who emerge from a police SUV drawing their guns. Within seconds, Van Dyke begins firing. McDonald, who authorities allege was carrying a three-inch knife and was suspected of breaking into cars, spins around and falls to the pavement as Van Dyke keeps shooting.</p><p>Prosecutors charged Van Dyke with first-degree murder on Tuesday, hours before the video&#39;s release.</p><p>Frank Chapman, 73, of&nbsp;Chicago, said the video confirms what activists have said for years about&nbsp;Chicago&nbsp;police brutality.</p><p>&quot;That needs to end,&quot; Chapman said. &quot;Too many have already died.&quot;</p><p>Chicago&nbsp;police blocked off roads to accommodate the march down Michigan Avenue, and officers in some areas formed a barrier of sorts between protesters and stores and helped shoppers get through the doors. But protesters succeeded in blocking main entrances on both sides of the street for more than three blocks.</p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/IMG_0537.JPG" style="height: 413px; width: 310px; float: left; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="Demonstrators block the entrance of AT&amp;T on Michigan Avenue in Chicago. (WBEZ/Linda Lutton)" /><p>When one person tried to get through the front door of Saks Fifth Avenue, protesters screamed at him, shouting, &quot;Shut it down! Shut it down.&quot; Entrances were also blocked at the Disney Store, the Apple Store, Nike, Tiffany &amp; Co., and Neiman Marcus, among others.</p><p>Several protesters were seen lying face-down on the ground in handcuffs, but a police spokeswoman said she hadn&#39;t been informed of any arrests.</p><p>Shoppers seemed to take the disturbance in stride, with some even snapping photos of the crowd.</p><p>&quot;Honestly it&#39;s the cold that&#39;s likely to scare us away first,&quot; said Christopher Smithe, who was visiting from London with his girlfriend.</p><p>With the rain and the protests, there seemed to be less foot traffic than on a normal Black Friday, said John Curran, vice president of the Magnificent Mile Association, which represents 780 businesses on North Michigan Avenue.</p><p>&quot;The storefronts that were blocked by the demonstrators certainly had an impact on some of the businesses,&quot; he said.</p><p>Throughout the week, protesters have expressed anger over the video of the shooting. They&#39;ve also harshly&nbsp;criticised&nbsp;the department for its months-long effort to prevent the video from being released and the state&#39;s attorney&#39;s office for taking more than a year to file charges against Van Dyke, despite having footage of the incident.</p><p>All previous marches have been largely peaceful. There have been isolated clashes between police and protesters, with about 10 arrests and only a few minor reports of property damage.</p><p>Van Dyke is being held without bond. His attorney said Van Dyke feared for his life when he fired at McDonald and that the case should be tried in an actual courtroom, not the court of public opinion.</p></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 27 Nov 2015 10:36:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/hundreds-block-retail-entrances-protest-laquan-mcdonald-investigation-113965 Database Shows Complaints Against Chicago Officer Charged In Teen's Death http://www.wbez.org/news/database-shows-complaints-against-chicago-officer-charged-teens-death-113946 <p><p>NPR&#39;s Ari Shapiro talks with Jamie Kalven, co-founder of the Invisible Institute, which with the University of Chicago put together a database of police misconduct in Chicago.</p><p><a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/complaints-against-chicago-cops-published-after-20-year-saga-113715" target="_blank">RELATED: You Can Now Search Complaints Against Chicago Police Officers</a></p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/gettyimages-498665158_custom-9c648367ac84089a77935afb947a597730c6d83b-s700-c85%20%281%29.jpg" style="height: 359px; width: 540px;" title="Demonstrators march through downtown Chicago on Tuesday following the release of a video showing Jason Van Dyke, a police officer, shooting and killing Laquan McDonald. Van Dyke is charged with first-degree murder for the October 2014 shooting in which McDonald was hit with 16 bullets. So far this year, 15 officers have been charged with murder or manslaughter resulting from an on-duty shooting. (Scott Olson/Getty Images)" /></div><p><em><a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-officer-charged-murder-killing-black-teen-113933">Read more of our coverage of the Laquan McDonald case</a>.</em></p></p> Wed, 25 Nov 2015 15:16:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/database-shows-complaints-against-chicago-officer-charged-teens-death-113946 Chicago gun violence high despite tough city laws http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-gun-violence-high-despite-tough-city-laws-113726 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/1110_chicago-vigil-624x417.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The death of a 9-year-old child, allegedly at the hands of Chicago gang members, has shocked the country and prompted many to call for tougher gun laws. But gun supporters say Chicago<a href="http://www.wbez.org/programs/all-things-considered/2015-10-09/superintendent-garry-mccarthy-discusses-strategies-curb" target="_blank"> already has tough laws</a>.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">Mourners arrive to St. Sabina Catholic Church for funeral of 9-year-old Tyshawn Lee. Chicago Mayor Emanuel here. <a href="https://t.co/vJcK96TaLL">pic.twitter.com/vJcK96TaLL</a></p>&mdash; Michael Puente (@MikePuenteNews) <a href="https://twitter.com/MikePuenteNews/status/664124283401187330">November 10, 2015</a></blockquote><p>&nbsp;</p><p><a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2015/11/10/chicago-gun-violence-laws" target="_blank">Here &amp; Now&rsquo;s</a> Robin Young talks with a researcher and a Chicago journalist about where guns used in illegal activities come from, and how laws in surrounding communities may affect the availability of guns on Chicago streets.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><strong><a href="http://http://www.wbez.org/news/justice-tyshawn-mother-pleads-her-south-side-community-113645" target="_blank">RELATED:&nbsp;<font face="inherit"><span style="line-height: inherit; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit;">Justice for Tyshawn: Police launch &lsquo;Operation Wake-Up&rsquo;</span></font></a></strong></p></p> Tue, 10 Nov 2015 13:12:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-gun-violence-high-despite-tough-city-laws-113726 CPD holds community meeting for information in Tyshawn Lee shooting death http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-11-04/cpd-holds-community-meeting-information-tyshawn-lee-shooting-death <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/tyshawn lee.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Tyshawn Lee was killed in broad daylight Monday in an alley in Chicago&rsquo;s south side Gresham neighborhood. Residents there are outraged and police are pleading with the community to find out who did it.</p><p>Tuesday night police held an outdoor community meeting to get the word out that it needs help finding the killer.<a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/justice-tyshawn-mother-pleads-her-south-side-community-113645" target="_blank"> WBEZ&rsquo;s </a><a href="https://twitter.com/MikePuenteNews?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor">Michael Puente</a><a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/justice-tyshawn-mother-pleads-her-south-side-community-113645" target="_blank"> was there and shares more details.</a></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong><a href="http://www.wbez.org/half-black-millennials-know-victim-police-violence-113628" target="_blank">RELATED: Study shows 17.4% of black millennials &#39;very afraid&#39; of victimization from gun violence</a></strong></p></p> Wed, 04 Nov 2015 12:40:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-11-04/cpd-holds-community-meeting-information-tyshawn-lee-shooting-death Chicago alderman questioning IPRA investigation of police misconduct http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-alderman-questioning-ipra-investigation-police-misconduct-113117 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/283201_187501511309757_7602640_n.jpg" alt="" /><p><div>Chicago aldermen are holding hearings over the next couple weeks to vet Mayor Rahm Emanuel&rsquo;s budget. One of the departments funded by the city is IPRA, the Independent Police Review Authority. IPRA investigates serious police misconduct but several aldermen are expressing concerns about the effectiveness of that agency.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/ipra-fails-pursue-potential-crime-cops-caught-video-113018" target="_blank">One case involving the verbal and physical abuse of an Asian-American woman</a> has been getting particular attention because it was caught on tape. But it&rsquo;s also getting attention because when the officers realized the abuse was on tape they tried to take possession of the recording.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>That seeming attempted obstruction of justice was never investigated by IPRA.</div><div>To view police officer&#39;s attempts at finding and taking possession of the video click <strong><a href="https://youtu.be/fHTTy9D8x2w?t=32m30s" target="_blank">here </a></strong>and <strong><a href="https://youtu.be/fHTTy9D8x2w?t=38m34s" target="_blank">here</a></strong>.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Ald. Ameya Pawar of the 47th ward joined WBEZ&rsquo;s Robert Wildeboer in studio Tuesday to talk about the case and its implications for community trust of police.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><hr /><p><strong>WILDEBOER</strong>: First off, IPRA is recommending a 25-day suspension for a police officer who told Jessica Klyzek, an Asian-American woman, that she wasn&rsquo;t American. The officer said he was going to put her in a UPS box and send her back to wherever she came from. Is a 25-day suspension appropriate?</p></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>PAWAR</strong>: I mean, I thought what was said on that tape was incredibly offensive and not just to the woman but to the broader Asian-American community, and I think if we&rsquo;re going to say that we are an immigrant-friendly city then our public safety agencies along with all our departments have to reflect that and I think the 25 days is light in my opinion.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>WILDEBOER</strong>: Asian-American community groups in Chicago are calling for the officers to be fired. You&rsquo;ve seen the video. Should these officers should be fired?</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>PAWAR</strong>: I think what I want to know is what they&rsquo;ve done in the past and how they arrived at 25 days. Again, I&rsquo;m a process-oriented person so I want to know how they got from point &lsquo;A&rsquo; to point &lsquo;B.&rsquo; Looking at that tape in its entirety it doesn&rsquo;t seem to reflect the values of the police department. It doesn&rsquo;t seem to reflect the values of all the men and women who serve in the Chicago Police Department so my question is how they got to that penalty.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>WILDEBOER</strong>: After the verbal abuse officers realize that they are being recorded and they appear to try to destroy the video. You&rsquo;ve watched that portion of the video. What&rsquo;s your take? Does this look like an attempt to obstruct justice and is this something you think IPRA should have investigated?</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>PAWAR</strong>: I think that second question is the right one, which is, why weren&rsquo;t there any questions asked about, it seemed to me that the conversation was, well, if we seize the video then it&rsquo;s better us than them. That to me is highly problematic. And again, I have a lot of questions on why there wasn&rsquo;t a broader investigation, or at least a question, a simple question as to why they were discussing seizing that surveillance video. I mean I think this is why people are suspicious of the people who are supposed to serve them. Remember, we&rsquo;re all supposed to be on the same team here.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>WILDEBOER</strong>: You&rsquo;ve previously said it&rsquo;s important to question and challenge police agencies and I wanted to see if you could talk a little bit more about that.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>PAWAR</strong>: So I&rsquo;ll give you some political context. I marched with a &lsquo;Black Lives Matter&rsquo; processional prior to the election and during the election that came up as me being anti-police, that I don&rsquo;t support police officers. Questioning a police officer or a police department is seen as being anti-police and I think that is really problematic because you have to be able to question your public institutions. That&rsquo;s what makes them stronger. That&rsquo;s what make democracy stronger. I think it&rsquo;s also important to know that as an alderman--and I support the police department, I&rsquo;m about to vote on one of the largest property tax increases in history to fund their pensions--so I just think we have to move beyond this idea of ...this being a binary conversation, that either you&rsquo;re with the police or you&rsquo;re against the police. It just doesn&rsquo;t make any sense. It doesn&rsquo;t lead to good results and it&rsquo;s going to continue to divide communities. And I think that also means that the FOP, the police department, the superintendent, city council, we all have a role in this and making sure we&rsquo;re addressing the legacy issues. We have to.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>Robert Wildeboer is a WBEZ criminal and legal affairs reporter. Follow him at&nbsp;<a href="https://twitter.com/robertwildeboer">@robertwildeboer</a>.</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div></p> Tue, 29 Sep 2015 17:28:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-alderman-questioning-ipra-investigation-police-misconduct-113117 City sends police-shooting investigators to trainer accused of pro-cop bias http://www.wbez.org/news/city-sends-police-shooting-investigators-trainer-accused-pro-cop-bias-113077 <p><p dir="ltr">The agency that investigates Chicago police shootings is beginning a week of training led by a controversial psychologist who often testifies in support of officers who have shot civilians, WBEZ has learned.</p><p dir="ltr">Independent Police Review Authority investigators and supervisors on Monday will begin a five-day course led by Bill Lewinski, founder and leader of the Minnesota-based Force Science Institute, according to internal IPRA records.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;This training is extraordinarily important and was very difficult to make possible,&rdquo; IPRA Supervising Investigator Joshua T. Hunt wrote in email to the agency&rsquo;s staff.</p><p dir="ltr">But some civil-rights attorneys say IPRA could hardly find a worse instructor. &ldquo;Neutrality goes out the window when you deal with Bill Lewinski,&rdquo; said Melvin Brooks, a Chicago lawyer who has faced the psychologist in court. &ldquo;His opinions are so skewed toward police, it&rsquo;s a disservice to the citizens of Chicago.&rdquo;</p><p>Lewinski has testified about at least seven shootings by Chicago officers, a WBEZ review of his consulting work has found. Each time, the psychologist invoked science to help justify the lethal force.</p><p dir="ltr">Those cases are among dozens of police shootings across North America in which Lewinski has defended the officers as an expert witness. But that work faces more challenges as scientists raise flags about his research.</p><p dir="ltr">This week&rsquo;s course is the second time Lewinski has trained IPRA&rsquo;s staff. The first was a two-day session last year, according to the records, obtained by WBEZ through an Illinois Freedom of Information Act request.</p><p dir="ltr">Mayor Rahm Emanuel&rsquo;s administration is defending its link to Lewinski. Training for investigating police shootings is &ldquo;highly specialized and very difficult to find,&rdquo; a written statement from IPRA Chief Administrator Scott M. Ando says.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;We are constantly looking for high-quality training for our investigators through universities and other models,&rdquo; Ando&rsquo;s statement says. &ldquo;Our hope is that more training opportunities relative to [police shootings] will become available.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">But Lewinski&rsquo;s role raises new questions about the city&rsquo;s ability to hold officers accountable when they use deadly force without justification.</p><p dir="ltr">Of about 400 civilian shootings by police that IPRA has investigated since 2007, the agency has found the officers at fault in only two, both off-duty incidents. IPRA has never concluded that an on-duty shooting was unjustified.</p><p dir="ltr">WBEZ has revealed that former <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/who-polices-police-chicago-its-increasingly-ex-cops-111194">sworn law-enforcement personnel</a> now manage IPRA and that the agency <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/city-fires-investigator-who-found-cops-fault-shootings-112423">dismissed a supervising investigator</a> who had refused orders to change findings that officers were at fault in several shootings.</p><p dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:22px;">Myths and cold facts</span></p><p dir="ltr">Lewinski&rsquo;s institute claims to have &ldquo;destroyed myths and discovered cold facts&rdquo; about why cops shoot people. Much of the science consists of his own experiments, including studies measuring how quickly civilians can attack officers and how fast the cops can react.</p><p dir="ltr">He concludes that it may be lawful and valid for officers to use deadly force when it seems inappropriate &mdash; to shoot someone in the back, shoot someone who is falling down or keep firing rounds after a threat has ended.</p><p dir="ltr">That message has proved popular with officers. Lewinski has trained thousands of them across the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. He also trains people responsible for finding out whether police shootings were excessive.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;We believe it&rsquo;s necessary for civilian investigators to have access to the same level of high-standard, scientifically validated base training that many law-enforcement professionals have,&rdquo; Lewinski told WBEZ. &ldquo;If they&rsquo;re going to be judging an officer&rsquo;s behavior, they need that.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr"><a href="https://www.scribd.com/doc/282983852/IPRA-training-email"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/image_0.jpeg" title="An excerpt of an internal IPRA evaluation of a Lewinski training session last year. Click the image to read the full evaluation." /></a></p><p dir="ltr">Brooks, the attorney, battled Lewinski while representing the mother of Darryl Hamilton, 18, who was fatally shot in the back of the head by Chicago police officer David Garza in 2003.</p><p dir="ltr">Garza&rsquo;s version of events did not seem to square with some physical evidence and witness accounts. But the mother lost her suit, partly because of Lewinski&rsquo;s testimony.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;He gives credibility to that officer&rsquo;s story by suggesting that there is this phenomenon that these officers are going through, especially when lethal force is used,&rdquo; Brooks said.</p><p dir="ltr">That phenomenon is what psychologists call inattentional blindness. &ldquo;Under high stress, officers focus intently on particular elements,&rdquo; Lewinski said. &ldquo;If you pay attention to something, you&rsquo;re inattentionally blind to other things.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">Officers do not see them, in other words, even when they are looking right at them.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;We have done research in which we have put eye scans on elite and regularly trained officers,&rdquo; Lewinski said. &ldquo;We have looked at exactly what they&rsquo;re looking at in the middle of a rapidly unfolding gunfight.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">Apart from gunfights, Lewinski has suggested inattentional blindness to help justify countless police shootings of people who are unarmed.</p><p dir="ltr">His institute <a href="http://www.forcescience.org/fsnews/59.html">touts a 2003 case</a> in Hartford, Connecticut, where an officer shot at a car, hit the driver and later claimed that the car had sped right at him and knocked him to the ground.</p><p dir="ltr">Then a <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kWMyBg6Zt-o&amp;t=0m33s">police dashboard video</a> showed that the car was not coming at the officer and did not hit him. It showed that the cop opened fire as the car was passing him by.</p><p dir="ltr">So the defense brought in Lewinski, who said such discrepancies often stem from inattentional blindness.</p><p dir="ltr">The officer would have filled in the gaps caused by that blindness, according to Lewinski. The cop would have constructed a logical story and believed it. Parts of the story turned out to be inaccurate but, Lewinski says, that is not unusual after a traumatic event.</p><p dir="ltr">The Connecticut jury, like the one in Chicago, sided with the officer.</p><p><span style="font-size:22px;">Science or pseudoscience?</span></p><p dir="ltr">Daniel Simons, a University of Illinois psychology professor, said inattentional blindness does not clarify much about any particular police shooting.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;It&rsquo;s really impossible to say, in any given case, whether somebody failed to see something &mdash; and they&rsquo;re telling the truth that they just didn&rsquo;t see it &mdash; or whether they&rsquo;re lying,&rdquo; Simons said.</p><p dir="ltr">Lewinski&rsquo;s use of inattentional blindness also bothers a researcher who helped coin that phrase two decades ago. &ldquo;To go in and say, &lsquo;This is what happened and it&rsquo;s because of inattentional blindness,&rsquo; I just think is completely inappropriate,&rdquo; said Arien Mack, a psychology professor at the New School in New York.</p><p dir="ltr">Mack&rsquo;s research subjects had no reason to twist the truth about what was happening in her experiments, she said, &ldquo;whereas a policeman who has fired a gun and hurt somebody has a great deal of motivation to misrepresent what he actually experienced.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">Lewinski, asked whether he had ever testified he believed a cop was lying about a shooting, said that is a task for judges, investigators and administrators. &ldquo;I have never been qualified,&rdquo; he said.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;But we certainly know that all human beings, once they begin to focus, lose the ability to report on other things,&rdquo; Lewinski said. &ldquo;That is well-documented. All you gotta do is look at the research on cell-phone use and driving. And, so, does it have application in the police world? It sure does.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">Lewinski&rsquo;s own studies have also come under fire. In 2011, the U.S. Justice Department asked for a review of them by Lisa Fournier, an associate psychology professor at Washington State University. She looked at his doctoral dissertation and eight other samples. She was not impressed.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;Either he failed to use statistics to evaluate the timing measures that he has, or he has not had sufficient control groups,&rdquo; Fournier told WBEZ. &ldquo;Often times, too, he overgeneralizes his results or what he is claiming to occur.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">Lewinski&rsquo;s work, Fournier said, &ldquo;seemed to ignore basic concepts in research design, hypothesis testing, internal validity and reliability, which are basically concepts covered in an undergraduate research-design course.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">Fournier went as far as to label his work &ldquo;pseudoscience.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">Lewinski responded that Fournier focused too much on his magazine articles and not enough on his journal publications. &ldquo;Either she is naïve or her ethics are seriously compromised,&rdquo; he said.</p><p dir="ltr"><span style="font-size:22px;">Glowing reviews</span></p><p dir="ltr">In recent months Lewinski has been getting a lot of bad press, including a <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/02/us/training-officers-to-shoot-first-and-he-will-answer-questions-later.html?_r=0">front-page report in the New York Times</a>. The attention convinced a North Carolina police department to cancel a training from Lewinski&rsquo;s institute scheduled for this month.</p><p dir="ltr">Lewinski&rsquo;s course this week will cost Chicago $50,000, including $25,000 paid in advance, according to city records. The session will take place at a facility run by Lewinski&rsquo;s institute in Des Plaines, a northwestern suburb.</p><p dir="ltr">David W. Rivers, who teaches police-shooting investigators for the Indianapolis-based Public Agency Training Council, said Lewinski&rsquo;s training will help IPRA do its job. &ldquo;I think it&rsquo;s a very good idea,&rdquo; he said.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;When you&rsquo;ve got people doing these types of investigations, you expose them to anything new, from a science side, to help them understand the dynamics of what&rsquo;s going on in these shootings,&rdquo; said Rivers, a retired detective sergeant in Florida who earned a &ldquo;force science certification&rdquo; by attending a weeklong Lewinski-led course.</p><p dir="ltr">Other leaders in the police-oversight field say a reason to bring in Lewinski for training is to keep tabs on what he is telling cops.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;That group trains so many police officers and police executives,&rdquo; said consultant Julie Ruhlin, who has reviewed hundreds of police shootings in Los Angeles County. &ldquo;There just needs to be an appropriate amount of skepticism about how this is being portrayed as a science.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">It&rsquo;s not clear that IPRA is providing its investigators the tools to be skeptical. Apart from the sessions led by Lewinski, the agency has held no other training about police shootings since 2012, according to the statement from Ando, who did not grant a WBEZ request to interview him about the Lewinski training.</p><p dir="ltr">After IPRA&rsquo;s first session with Lewinski, held in August 2014 at the FBI&rsquo;s Chicago office, a few of the city investigators told WBEZ they found him too pro-cop.</p><p dir="ltr">Others were apparently satisfied. Through an open-records request, WBEZ obtained 11 IPRA staff evaluations of the training. Most of those reviews were glowing.</p><p dir="ltr">IPRA Supervising Investigator Alexis Serio called Lewinski&rsquo;s training &ldquo;extremely beneficial.&rdquo; He showed that &ldquo;body movements and time lapsed between shots is a mere fraction of a second,&rdquo; she wrote. &ldquo;The officers have fractions of a second to make the decision to shoot or not.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">The course material, Serio added, &ldquo;gave me a better way to articulate why the shootings are almost always justified.&rdquo;</p><p><em><a href="http://www.wbez.org/users/cmitchell-0">Chip Mitchell</a> is WBEZ&rsquo;s West Side bureau reporter. Follow him on Twitter <a href="https://twitter.com/ChipMitchell1">@ChipMitchell1</a> and <a href="https://twitter.com/WBEZoutloud">@WBEZoutloud</a>, and connect with him through <a href="https://www.facebook.com/chipmitchell1">Facebook</a>, <a href="https://plus.google.com/111079509307132701769" rel="me">Google+</a> and <a href="http://www.linkedin.com/in/ChipMitchell1">LinkedIn</a>.</em></p></p> Mon, 28 Sep 2015 04:56:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/city-sends-police-shooting-investigators-trainer-accused-pro-cop-bias-113077 IPRA fails to investigate potential CPD criminal activity shown in video http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-22/ipra-fails-investigate-potential-cpd-criminal-activity-shown-video <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/CPD video.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Two years ago, a Chicago police officer used racial slurs during the arrest of a tanning salon owner. Another officer punched her in the head while she was handcuffed, and it was all caught on video.</p><p>WBEZ reported earlier this month that the city&rsquo;s Independent Police Review Authority is recommending the two officers be <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/three-police-officers-asian-salon-raid-recommended-suspension-112786">suspended</a> for those acts. But what the IPRA review doesn&rsquo;t mention are <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/ipra-fails-pursue-potential-crime-cops-caught-video-113018">other potential criminal activities</a> by the police during the incident.</p><p>WBEZ&rsquo;s <a href="https://twitter.com/robertwildeboer">Rob Wildeboer</a> has been looking into the issue and joins us with details.</p></p> Tue, 22 Sep 2015 11:36:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-22/ipra-fails-investigate-potential-cpd-criminal-activity-shown-video IPRA recommends Dante Servin be fired http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-17/ipra-recommends-dante-servin-be-fired-112968 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/chicago police ap.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Three years ago, Chicago Police Detective Dante Servin shot and killed an unarmed woman &mdash; Rekia Boyd &mdash; while firing over his shoulder into a crowd. He was off duty at the time.</p><p>Servin was acquitted of the fatal shooting in April, but yesterday the Independent Police Review Authority recommended he be fired from the force. Servin&rsquo;s lawyer says IPRA&rsquo;s ruling is the result of pressure by the media and Boyd&#39;s family.</p><p>Boyd&rsquo;s brother, Martinez Sutton, joins us.&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 17 Sep 2015 13:54:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-17/ipra-recommends-dante-servin-be-fired-112968 Board recommends Chicago officer who killed woman be fired http://www.wbez.org/news/board-recommends-chicago-officer-who-killed-woman-be-fired-112954 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/chicagopolice_ap_file.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>A board that reviews allegations of misconduct by Chicago police officers recommended Wednesday that an officer who shot and killed an unarmed black woman in 2012 be fired.</p><p>The Independent Police Review Authority found that Officer Dante Servin violated the department&#39;s &quot;deadly force policy by discharging a firearm into a crowd, striking Rekia Boyd, an innocent bystander,&quot; Chief Administrator Scott M. Ando said in a statement. The board also said Servin made inconsistent statements to detectives, county prosecutors and the authority.</p><p>The recommendation now goes to Superintendent Garry McCarthy, who will review it and decide whether to make the same recommendation to the Chicago Police Board, which makes disciplinary decisions.</p><p>&quot;We take the use of force by our officers, and the recommendations of IPRA, extremely seriously and we will carefully review the matter,&quot; Chicago Police spokesman Anthony Guglielmi said in a statement.</p><p>The 22-year-old Boyd was with friends in March 2012 when Servin, who was off duty at the time, asked them to quiet down. He said he then fired shots over his shoulder from inside a car because he believed another person in the group was moving toward him with a gun. Police later said they only found a cellphone. Boyd was struck in the head.</p><p>The city settled a wrongful-death lawsuit in 2013 with Boyd&#39;s family for $4.5 million, and Cook County prosecutors charged Servin with involuntary manslaughter.</p><p>But during Servin&#39;s trial this April, the judge issued a surprising acquittal, explaining in a seven-page ruling that Servin was improperly charged because manslaughter requires &quot;recklessness&quot; while the Illinois courts have consistently held that the act of pointing a gun and firing is an intentional act, not a reckless one.</p><p>&quot;It is intentional and the crime, if any there be, is first-degree murder,&quot; Judge Dennis Porter ruled.</p><p>The ruling stunned friends and family of Boyd, who angrily shouted at Servin as he left the courthouse. It also sparked protests, with demonstrators demanding that Servin be fired.</p><p>Servin contended that he acted properly, telling reporters after he was acquitted that other officers in his situation would have reacted the same. &quot;I saved my life that night,&quot; he told reporters.</p></p> Wed, 16 Sep 2015 16:15:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/board-recommends-chicago-officer-who-killed-woman-be-fired-112954 Asian-American community: IPRA not holding cops accountable http://www.wbez.org/news/asian-american-community-ipra-not-holding-cops-accountable-112932 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Salon IPRA (1)_0.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Members of Chicago&rsquo;s Asian-American community said their meeting with Scott Ando shows his agency, the Independent Police Review Authority, has a problem holding cops accountable. Ando is the head of IPRA, which investigates police misconduct.</p><p>In a 2013 police raid caught on video, an officer makes racists comments to an Asian- American woman he&rsquo;s arresting, and then he threatens her and her family with death. IPRA has recommended a 25-day suspension for the officer.</p><p>Andy Kang with Asian Americans Advancing Justice said Scott Ando defended that decision in a meeting Monday.</p><p>&ldquo;For those that engage in police brutality, I think the message unfortunately, what it tells us is that those officers will get a slap on the wrist,&rdquo; said Kang.</p><p>For weeks Ando has refused to discuss the case with WBEZ. Instead the agency sent a 12-sentence statement on the case to WBEZ on Monday.</p><p>According to the statement, the officers accepted responsibility for their actions. The statement goes on to say, &ldquo;The average discipline in a sustained case of verbal abuse with bias ranges from a reprimand to a 15-day suspension. If there are aggravating factors present, which we certainly believed to be the case here, discipline would generally range from 16 to 30 days.&rdquo;</p><p>Kang said, &ldquo;It really is just baffling how you could watch the video and think that those officers are fit to carry a badge and a gun.&rdquo;</p><p>Kang said Asian American community members are seeking a meeting with Chicago Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy to demand that he fire the officers involved.<br />&nbsp;</p></p> Tue, 15 Sep 2015 08:52:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/asian-american-community-ipra-not-holding-cops-accountable-112932