WBEZ | Barack Obama http://www.wbez.org/tags/barack-obama Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Morning Shift: November 16, 2015 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-11-16/morning-shift-november-16-2015-113800 <p><p>The story of the simultaneous terrorist attacks in Paris is still developing, three days after one of the deadliest attacks in France since World War Two. President Obama spoke at a news conference from the G20 Summit in Turkey Monday morning. Worldview&#39;s Jerome McDonnell and Slate&#39;s Joshua Keating<a href="http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-11-16/analysis-obamas-speech-isil-and-paris-113799"> provide analysis </a>of the president&#39;s speech.</p><p>Plus we check in with the<a href="http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-11-16/local-leader-french-cultural-center-was-paris-during-attacks"> head of Alliance Francaise de Chicago</a> who was in Paris when the attacks occurred. And over the weekend, there were many gatherings to remember the 129 dead and hundreds wounded in the attacks, including a solidarity rally in Chicago in front of the French Consulate Sunday with many French expatriates in attendance.</p><p>Then, not surprisingly, social media has played a huge role in expressions of support and empathy from people all over. A philosopher and author of a new <a href="http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-11-16/how-have-empathy-and-why-its-important-113796">book on empathy</a> joins us with his thoughts on why empathy is an important human characteristic that needs more nurturing.</p></p> Mon, 16 Nov 2015 11:03:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-11-16/morning-shift-november-16-2015-113800 Analysis of Obama's speech on ISIS and Paris http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-11-16/analysis-obamas-speech-isis-and-paris-113799 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/obama g20 web.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>President Barack Obama held a news conference following the G-20 Summit in Antalya, Turkey to discuss ISIS and the terrorist attacks in Paris.</p><p><a href="https://twitter.com/WBEZWorldview?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor">Worldview</a>&#39;s Jerome McDonnell and <a href="http://www.slate.com/">Slate</a>&#39;s <a href="https://twitter.com/joshuakeating?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor">Joshua Keating</a> provide analysis.</p></p> Mon, 16 Nov 2015 10:58:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-11-16/analysis-obamas-speech-isis-and-paris-113799 Let's tell Obama #WhatObamaShouldKnow about women in Malaysia http://www.wbez.org/programs/world/2015-11-13/lets-tell-obama-whatobamashouldknow-about-women-malaysia-113787 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/obama-visits-malaysia.jpg" alt="" /><p><div>&nbsp;</div><div style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/story_main/public/obama-visits-malaysia.jpg?itok=iGdpRZrk" style="height: 349px; width: 620px;" title="US President Barack Obama pauses after being introduced at the Young Southeast Asian Leaders Initiative Town Hall at University of Malaya in Kuala Lumpur April 27, 2014. (PRI/Larry Downing)" typeof="foaf:Image" /></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;Selamat Datang, Mr. President!&rdquo; As a Malaysian, I would like to welcome President Barack Obama who is making his second visit to Malaysia in less than seven months.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Obama&rsquo;s last trip here in April made him the first US president to visit Malaysia in nearly 50 years. On that visit, Obama called for equal opportunities for the Malaysia&rsquo;s non-Muslim minority.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>But this time his top priority will be the Trans-Pacific Partnership, a massive free trade deal with Malaysia and 11 other countries across the region.</div><p>However, we at Across Women&#39;s Lives would like to invite you and your friends to help Obama to look at the status of women in the three countries that he will visit in this trip &mdash;&nbsp;Malaysia, Philippines and Turkey.</p><p>Malaysia was ranked 107th out of 142 countries in the WEF Global Gender Gap 2014, one of the two worst performing country in Southeast Asia together with Cambodia. (East Timor and Myanmar were not ranked.)</p><div style="text-align: center;"><iframe allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" allowtransparency="true" frameborder="0" height="400" mozallowfullscreen="mozallowfullscreen" msallowfullscreen="msallowfullscreen" oallowfullscreen="oallowfullscreen" src="http://datawrapper.dwcdn.net/PVUkQ/1/" style="width: 813.25px;" webkitallowfullscreen="webkitallowfullscreen" width="100%"></iframe></div><div style="text-align: center;"><iframe frameborder="0" height="330" scrolling="no" src="http://admin.pri.org/sites/default/files/whatobamashouldknow-malaysia-gap.html" style="width: 813.25px;" width="100%"></iframe></div><p>A closer look at this annual index published by the World Economic Forum to measure gender equality revealed that Malaysia was given some of the lowest scores in term of women&#39;s political empowerment. The chart below shows the details.</p><div style="text-align: center;"><iframe allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" allowtransparency="true" frameborder="0" height="500" mozallowfullscreen="mozallowfullscreen" msallowfullscreen="msallowfullscreen" oallowfullscreen="oallowfullscreen" src="https://charts.datawrapper.de/agzjF/index.html" style="width: 813.25px;" webkitallowfullscreen="webkitallowfullscreen" width="100%"></iframe></div><div><div style="text-align: center;"><iframe frameborder="0" height="330" scrolling="no" src="http://admin.pri.org/sites/default/files/whatobamashouldknow-malaysia-cabinet.html" style="width: 813.25px;" width="100%"></iframe></div></div><div>The weak position of Malaysian women in the public space is further confirmed by another international gender index. The Social Institutions &amp; Gender Index 2014 published by OECD Development Center ranked Malaysia as the country with the highest &quot;restricted civil liberties&quot;&nbsp;in Southeast Asia. This includes negative attitudes toward women as public figures or as leaders.</div><p>The same index found that Malaysia has the second highest &quot;discriminatory family code&quot;&nbsp;in the region after Indonesia. &quot;Discriminatory family code&quot;&nbsp;refers to social institutions that limit women&rsquo;s decision-making power and undervalue their status in the household. This is especially true for Muslims women who are deprived of certain rights under the Sharia laws. For example, Muslim men are allowed to marry up to four women, and they are granted an automatic right to divorce, while women need the approval of a judge if they want a divorce.</p><div style="text-align: center;"><iframe allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" allowtransparency="true" frameborder="0" height="450" mozallowfullscreen="mozallowfullscreen" msallowfullscreen="msallowfullscreen" oallowfullscreen="oallowfullscreen" src="http://datawrapper.dwcdn.net/bisIa/1/" style="width: 813.25px;" webkitallowfullscreen="webkitallowfullscreen" width="100%"></iframe></div><div style="text-align: center;"><iframe frameborder="0" height="330" scrolling="no" src="http://admin.pri.org/sites/default/files/whatobamashouldknow-malaysia-family.html" style="width: 813.25px;" width="100%"></iframe></div><p>Malaysia practices a unique dual justice system that allows the Sharia laws to run in parallel with secular laws. The Islamic laws only applicable to Muslims who make up approximately 61 percent of the population. The growing of conservative Islam since the 1970s has led to a narrower interpretation of Islamic laws and teachings.</p><p>The discrimination against Muslim women was epitomized by a recent debate over the definition of marital rape following a&nbsp;<a href="http://www.themalaymailonline.com/malaysia/article/dap-rep-launches-rape-awareness-campaign-targeting-men" target="_blank">rape awareness campaign</a>&nbsp;launched in April with the tagline &quot;Rape is rape. No excuse.&quot;</p><p>But Islamic conservatives, including a state-appointed mufti, challenged the campaign, arguing that men can always have sex with their spouses even&nbsp;<a href="http://www.themalaymailonline.com/malaysia/article/women-must-give-husbands-sex-even-on-camels-islamic-scholar-says#sthash.qX1O4Ock.dpuf" target="_blank">without their consent</a>.</p><p>&ldquo;Even the Prophet says even when they&rsquo;re riding on the back of the camel, when the husband asks her, she must give ... So there&rsquo;s no such thing as rape in marriage. This is made by European people, why should we follow?&rdquo; Harussani Zakaria, mufti of the Malaysian state of Perak, told a local newspaper.</p><p>The muftis in Malaysia are given power to issue Fatwa which is legally binding for every Muslim.</p><p>Two months later, this view on marital rape was backed by the government when the law minister Nancy Shukri, one of the three female ministers in the cabinet, told the parliament that marital rape&nbsp;<a href="http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2015/06/10/govt-maintains-marital-rape-not-crime/" target="_blank">is not a crime</a>and there is no plan to amend the law.</p><p>The Islamic laws and religious norms also hold Malaysia back from fully complying with the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. The country has made several reservations with regard to women&#39;s equality in marriage and family relations.</p><div><iframe frameborder="0" height="330" scrolling="no" src="http://admin.pri.org/sites/default/files/whatobamashouldknow-malaysia-rape.html" style="width: 813.25px;" width="100%"></iframe></div><p>Criminalization of transgender</p><p>The discrimination does not stop at Muslim women. Muslim men who want to be women are also facing growing persecution by the religious authority.</p><p>In June this year, religious officials&nbsp;<a href="http://www.themalaymailonline.com/malaysia/article/negri-sembilan-islamic-department-crashes-wedding-for-transgender-hunt" target="_blank">raided a wedding party</a>&nbsp;held in a private home and arrested 17 transgender women invited as guests, including a minor. One was reportedly beaten, choked and kicked by the officials during the arrest. A Sharia court later fined and jailed the 16 adults for seven days. They were put in the male prison and had their heads shaved.</p><p>The offense? Men posing as women, which is a crime under a state Sharia law.</p><p>According to Human Right Watch, while some states in Malaysia also criminalize women posing as men, all arrests to date under these laws have targeted transgender women.</p><p>In a&nbsp;<a href="https://www.hrw.org/report/2014/09/24/im-scared-be-woman/human-rights-abuses-against-transgender-people-malaysia" target="_blank">report</a>&nbsp;released last year, the international human rights watchdog pointed out that transgender people in Malaysia are fired from their jobs, evicted from their homes, physically and sexually assaulted, and denied access to health care because of their gender identities.</p><p>&ldquo;When public officials or private individuals commit violence against transgender people, the victims face serious obstacles &mdash; and at times further sexual abuse &mdash; from the police who are supposed to be helping them,&rdquo; said the report.</p><p>The struggle for transgender right suffered a blow last month when the Malaysian federal court, the highest court in the country, overturned the judgments of two lower courts and reinstated a state law that criminalizes cross-dressing of males as females.</p><p>Rights group Justice for Sisters found that the court&#39;s decision has triggered a wave of&nbsp;<a href="https://www.malaysiakini.com/news/317227#ixzz3r5p5u7Fn" target="_blank">raids and arrests</a>against the transgender community in several states.</p><div><iframe frameborder="0" height="330" scrolling="no" src="http://admin.pri.org/sites/default/files/whatobamashouldknow-malaysia-transgender.html" style="width: 813.25px;" width="100%"></iframe></div><p>Sex trafficking</p><p>Malaysia was identified by the US State Department and the United Nations as both a destination as well as a transit country for women and children subjected to sex trafficking.</p><p>In her&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=15631&amp;LangID=E#sthash.bldkFj5x.dpuf" target="_blank">preliminary report</a>&nbsp;published in March this year after a visit to Malaysia, Maria Grazia Giammarinaro, UN Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, stated that trafficking of young foreign women and children particularly from neighboring countries for the purpose of sexual exploitation is prevalent in the country.</p><p>&ldquo;These young women and children mostly end up into the commercial sex trade following deceptive recruitment practices for legal work in Malaysia.</p><p>&ldquo;There is also information about women and girls from South Asia entering into brokered marriages with older men in Malaysia and subsequently being forced into domestic servitude and forced prostitution,&rdquo; her report states.</p><p>Human trafficking in Malaysia attracted international attention in May when several&nbsp;<a href="http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/may/24/mass-graves-trafficking-malaysia-perlis" target="_blank">mass graves</a>&nbsp;of suspected trafficking victims were found along Malaysia&rsquo;s border with Thailand, and again in July when the US&nbsp;<a href="http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-07-27/us-human-trafficking-report-called-toilet-paper-after-it-upgrades-malaysia-s" target="_blank">upgraded Malaysia</a>&nbsp;from tier three, the worst ranking in its 2015 Trafficking in Persons report, to tier two.</p><p>The upgrade was criticized by anti-trafficking groups and activists as a political decision to facilitate Malaysia&rsquo;s participation in the Trans-Pacific Partnership as US legislation bars Obama to fast-track the trade negotiation with countries in tier three.</p><p>A&nbsp;<a href="http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/08/04/us-usa-humantrafficking-disputes-special-idUSKCN0Q821Y20150804" target="_blank">Reuters report</a>&nbsp;published in August revealed that human rights experts at the State Department concluded that Malaysia should remain in tier three as the trafficking conditions in the country hadn&rsquo;t improved. However they were overruled by senior American diplomats and pressured to inflate the assessments of Malaysia.</p><p>Several US lawmakers have since called for&nbsp;<a href="http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/09/28/us-usa-malaysia-humantrafficking-idUSKCN0RS2QI20150928" target="_blank">internal probe</a>&nbsp;into the controversial ranking.</p><p>On top of all this, Malaysian prime minister Najib Razak, who recently claimed he is the only prime minister in the world to be able to&nbsp;<a href="http://www.malaysiakini.com/news/313831" target="_blank">play golf with Obama</a>, has been implicated in a financial scandal.</p><div><img alt="obama plays golf with malaysian prime minister najibi razak" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/original_image/public/obama-malaysia-najib-golf.jpg?itok=cYje0RJv" title="US President Barack Obama and Malaysia's Prime Minister Najib Razak walk off the 18th hole while playing a round of golf at th" typeof="foaf:Image" /><div><p>US&nbsp;President Barack Obama and Malaysia&#39;s Prime Minister Najib Razak walk off the 18th hole while playing a round of golf at the Clipper Golf course on Marine Corps Base Hawaii during Obama&#39;s Christmas holiday vacation in Kaneohe, Hawaii, December 24, 2014.</p></div><div>Credit:&nbsp;<p>Hugh Gentry</p></div></div><p>Razak&rsquo;s opponents say he&rsquo;s capitalizing on his cozy relationship with Obama while his support within the country wavers. Hence there are more reasons for Obama to raise the issues above during his visit to Malaysia.</p><div>&nbsp;</div></p> Fri, 13 Nov 2015 14:41:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/world/2015-11-13/lets-tell-obama-whatobamashouldknow-about-women-malaysia-113787 For Obama's top science guy, the climate outlook is partly sunny http://www.wbez.org/programs/world/2015-11-12/obamas-top-science-guy-climate-outlook-partly-sunny-113765 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Holdren.jpg" alt="" /><p><header><figure><div id="file-93503"><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/story_main/public/story/images/Holdren.jpg?itok=fz-QLkhL" style="height: 349px; width: 620px;" title="John Holdren, President Obama's chief science advisor, says he's optimistic about the world's nations striking a strong climate deal next month in Paris, in part because both the motivation and the means to fight the climate crisis are &quot;growing all the time.&quot; (Reuters/Joshua Roberts)" typeof="foaf:Image" /><div><p>&nbsp;</p></div></div></figure></header><div><div><article about="/stories/2015-11-12/obamas-top-science-guy-climate-outlook-partly-sunny" typeof="sioc:Item foaf:Document"><div><p>The global climate crisis has only gotten worse in the six years since the last big international climate summit in Copenhagen ended in near-failure. The pollution-cutting pledges made by the world&rsquo;s nations heading into the next big UN climate summit in Paris in a few weeks aren&rsquo;t enough to avoid likely catastrophic warming&nbsp;of the earth&rsquo;s atmosphere. The US Congress&nbsp;remains dead-set against any action to address climate change.</p></div><p>And yet&nbsp;<a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ostp/about/leadershipstaff/director" target="_blank">John Holdren</a>, president Obama&rsquo;s chief adviser on climate change and other scientific issues, is optimistic about our ability to meet the challenge and avert a climate catastrophe.</p><p>&ldquo;I think (the world&rsquo;s countries) will meet&rdquo; the challenge, Holdren told PRI. &ldquo;And the reason I think they will&hellip; is not only is the motivation for meeting it growing all the time, but the capability for meeting it is growing all the time.&rdquo;</p><p>Holdren, who&rsquo;s an MIT and Stanford-trained physicist and now heads the&nbsp;<a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ostp" target="_blank">White House Office of Science and Technology Policy</a>, says the technology for reducing our dependence on carbon-intensive fossil fuels is advancing rapidly.</p><p>&ldquo;The cost of solar energy is plummeting,&rdquo; Holdren says. &ldquo;The cost of wind energy is falling. The ability to increase energy efficiency in ways that reduce emissions continues to impress. So as time goes on, and as our technologies get even better, countries are going to be able to be more ambitious (in their de-carbonizing efforts) because they&#39;re going to understand they can actually do it, and they can do it in a cost-effective way.&rdquo;</p><p>One of the keys to making this happen, Holdren says, is to come out of the Paris summit in early December with a flexible global agreement that encourages countries to do more to cut greenhouse gas pollution as time goes on.</p><p>Holdren acknowledges that the commitments countries have made so far heading into to the Paris summit &ldquo;are not sufficient&rdquo; by themselves to avoid overshooting the 2-degree&nbsp;Celsius rise in global temperatures from pre-industrial levels agreed in Copenhagen as the upper limit of tolerable. In fact, he says, &ldquo;no one ever imagined that these commitments&hellip; would suffice.&rdquo; But, he says, they are a big step in the right direction.</p><p>&ldquo;So the aim of the Paris conference is to come up with the framework that embeds the possibility&mdash;indeed the likelihood&mdash;of additional ambition&rdquo; over time, Holdren says. &ldquo;We think that will happen. Countries are going to continue to ratchet up their ambition as a matter of self-interest.&rdquo;</p><p>Of course the &ldquo;self-interest&rdquo; of countries stems from the fact that since the Copenhagen summit the danger from climate change has only become more clear and present.</p><p>&ldquo;We&#39;ve learned a lot more and it&rsquo;s increased our sense of urgency&rdquo; since 2009, Holdren says. &ldquo;All around the world we are experiencing torrential downpours in increased frequency and magnitude. We&#39;re seeing climate impact on the severity of drought in many parts of the world. Wildfires, which people had hardly thought about in 2009, are proving to be a big deal. And the understanding of sea level rise has improved greatly since then. We now know that there is the possibility of as much as two meters (6.5 feet) of sea-level rise in this century.</p><p>That&nbsp;sea level rise would put much of the&nbsp;<a href="https://coast.noaa.gov/slr/" target="_blank">New York, Miami, San Francisco Bay and Boston areas under water</a>.</p><p>And Holdren believes it&rsquo;s already too late to avoid truly dangerous effects of climate change.</p><p>&ldquo;I believe, and I think most climate scientists believe, we are already experiencing dangerous&rdquo; effects, Holdren says. &ldquo;The question is, can we avoid truly unmanageable, truly catastrophic degrees of climate change?&rdquo;</p><p>In answer to his own question, Holdren says, &ldquo;we very much hope that we can.&rdquo;</p><p>Holdren says that despite a constant stream of international crises and domestic challenges, president Obama &ldquo;puts a very high priority&rdquo; on addressing the climate crisis. And in the last few months the administration believes it has set the stage for considerable progress in Paris with its new&nbsp;<a href="http://www2.epa.gov/cleanpowerplan/clean-power-plan-existing-power-plants" target="_blank">plan to cut emissions from power plants</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a href="http://thediplomat.com/2015/09/why-the-us-china-climate-deal-matters/" target="_blank">agreements with China</a>, now the world&rsquo;s largest CO2 polluter, to work together &ldquo;<a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/09/china-cap-emissions-climate-change-deal-150925170203500.html" target="_blank">toward a low-carbon transformation of the global economy this century</a>.&rdquo;</p><p>Still, given the scale and consequences of the crisis, Holdren&rsquo;s optimism is not unbounded, especially given the political divide on the issue in Washington.</p><p>&ldquo;I worry, and I know the president&nbsp;worries, that we haven&#39;t done enough,&rdquo; Holdren says. &ldquo;We are doing everything we can right now using executive authorities, things we can get done without requiring an act of Congress. But we could get more done if we had the congress with us. And I very much look forward to the day when Congress comes on board and works with the executive branch to do more to address this challenge.&rdquo;</p></article></div></div><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-11-12/obamas-top-science-guy-climate-outlook-partly-sunny" target="_blank"><em> via PRI&#39;s The World</em></a></p></p> Thu, 12 Nov 2015 16:33:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/world/2015-11-12/obamas-top-science-guy-climate-outlook-partly-sunny-113765 Obama featured on the cover of LGBT magazine, 'Out' http://www.wbez.org/news/obama-featured-cover-lgbt-magazine-out-113744 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/OutObama_0.JPG" style="height: 479px; width: 400px; float: right; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="(Courtesy of Out Magzine)" />President Obama will be featured on the cover of&nbsp;<em>Out Magazine&#39;s</em>&nbsp;&quot;Out 100&quot; issue as the publication&#39;s Ally of the Year.</p><p>Obama earned the distinction for his administration&#39;s support in helping secure the legalization of same-sex marriage earlier this year. His appearance on the cover &mdash; the first time a sitting president has been photographed for the cover of an LGBT publication, according to the magazine &mdash; is a historic moment in itself.</p><p><em>Out&nbsp;</em>editors&nbsp;<a href="http://www.out.com/out100-2015/2015/11/10/out100-2015-cover-revealed-president-barack-obama">wrote in a post Tuesday</a>:</p><blockquote><div><p><em>&quot;The 44th President of the United States is our Ally of the Year &mdash; a president who came to office on a wave of euphoria, appeared to lose momentum halfway through, and has since rallied, helping us secure marriage equality, among other landmark initiatives that are transforming our place in America.&quot;</em></p></div></blockquote><p>In the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.out.com/out100-2015/2015/11/10/out100-president-barack-obama-ally-year">interview with the magazine</a>, Obama talks about a number of topics, such as the first openly gay person he knew (a professor at Occidental), how Malia and Sasha and their generation view LGBT people (no tolerance for intolerance), and about Kentucky clerk Kim Davis and religious freedom (nobody is above the rule of law).</p><p>The magazine says the Out 100 issue hits newsstands next week.</p></p> Wed, 11 Nov 2015 15:49:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/obama-featured-cover-lgbt-magazine-out-113744 Appeals court deals blow to Obama's immigration plan http://www.wbez.org/news/appeals-court-deals-blow-obamas-immigration-plan-113719 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/obama_immigration_custom-736ffe3644f565465e50f2237116dc6cad6f0c2a-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res455440370" previewtitle="It was about a year ago that President Obama announced executive actions that would shield millions of immigrants from deportation."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="It was about a year ago that President Obama announced executive actions that would shield millions of immigrants from deportation." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/10/obama_immigration_custom-736ffe3644f565465e50f2237116dc6cad6f0c2a-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 414px; width: 620px;" title="It was about a year ago that President Obama announced executive actions that would shield millions of immigrants from deportation. (Pool/Getty Images)" /></div><div><div><p>&nbsp;</p><p>(UPDATED AT 11:32 A.M. ET.)</p></div></div></div><p>A federal appeals court in New Orleans dealt President Obama a big blow on Monday&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ca5.uscourts.gov/opinions/pub/15/15-40238-CV0.pdf">when it ruled</a>&nbsp;that Obama had overstepped his legal authority in&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2014/11/20/365519963/obama-will-announce-relief-for-up-to-5-million-immigrants">attempting to shield</a>up to 5 million immigrants from deportation.</p><p>The Obama administration has vowed to appeal the decision to the Supreme Court.</p><p>NPR&#39;s Richard Gonzales filed this report for our Newscast unit:</p><blockquote><div><p><em>&quot;The 2-to-1 ruling upholds&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/02/17/386905806/federal-judge-blocks-obama-s-executive-actions-on-immigration">an injunction by a federal judge in Texas</a>&nbsp;who blocked President Obama&#39;s executive actions on immigration.</em></p><p><em>&quot;It was just about a year ago when the president announced his plan to allow parents of U.S. citizens and permanent residents to remain here and work without fear of deportation.</em></p><p><em>&quot;He also wanted to extend that protection to younger immigrants brought here as children. That plan was challenged by 26 states, led by Texas. The appellate court agreed that the president had overreached his authority.</em></p><p><em>&quot;Immigration activists argued that the president was acting within his authority.&quot;</em></p></div></blockquote><p>In a statement, Department of Justice spokesman Patrick Rodenbush said the department disagrees with the ruling.</p><p>&quot;The Department of Justice remains committed to taking steps that will resolve the immigration litigation as quickly as possible in order to allow DHS to bring greater accountability to our immigration system by prioritizing the removal of the worst offenders, not people who have long ties to the United States and who are raising American children,&quot; Rodenbush said.</p><p>At issue here is whether the executive actions fit within the powers of prosecutorial discretion granted to the executive branch.</p><p>A three-judge panel of the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals said Obama&#39;s executive action goes beyond merely saying that the executive would not try to deport these immigrants. Instead, the majority argues, Obama&#39;s executive action also allows those individuals to be &quot;lawfully present&quot; in the United States.</p><p>&quot;[Obama&#39;s immigration plan] is foreclosed by Congress&#39; careful plan; the program is &#39;manifestly contrary to the statute&#39; and therefore was properly enjoined,&quot; the two judges in the majority write.</p><p>In English, it means that the Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1952 expressly lays out how and when an immigrant can legally remain in the country. The president, the court ruled, cannot unilaterally change that, even if Congress refuses to enact new immigration laws.</p><p>Another sticking point in this case is that the Obama administration argued that the court should not even be taking up this issue because it cannot review prosecutorial discretion action that the executive is making on a case-by-case basis.</p><p>The Obama administration argued that&#39;s how it would roll out this program, but the court dismissed that argument.</p><p>The lone dissenter in the case, Judge Carolyn Dineen King, writes that when the court dismissed that claim, it went way too far.</p><p>&quot;Although the very face of the Memorandum makes clear that it must be applied with such [case-by-case] discretion, the district court concluded on its own &mdash; prior to [the immigration program&#39;s] implementation, based on improper burden-shifting, and without seeing the need even to hold an evidentiary hearing &mdash; that the Memorandum is a sham, a mere &#39;pretext&#39; for the Executive&#39;s plan &#39;not [to] enforce the immigration laws as to over four million illegal aliens,&#39; &quot; King writes.</p><p>King concludes: &quot;I have a firm and definite conviction that a mistake has been made.&quot;</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/11/10/455438464/appeals-court-deals-blow-to-obamas-immigration-plan?ft=nprml&amp;f=455438464" target="_blank"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Tue, 10 Nov 2015 11:46:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/appeals-court-deals-blow-obamas-immigration-plan-113719 Obama, Netanyahu meet for first time in over a year http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-11-09/obama-netanyahu-meet-first-time-over-year-113712 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/1109_obama-netanyahu-624x428.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="attachment_95749"><img alt="U.S. President Barack Obama (R) and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu hold a meeting in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, DC, November 9, 2015. Netanyahu meets Obama in a bid to set aside their frosty personal ties, turn the page on the Iran nuclear deal and talk defense in the first encounter by the two leaders since October 2014. (Saul Loeb/AFP/Getty Images)" src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/media.wbur.org/wordpress/11/files/2015/11/1109_obama-netanyahu-624x428.jpg" style="height: 425px; width: 620px;" title="U.S. President Barack Obama (right) and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu hold a meeting in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, D.C., November 9, 2015. (Saul Loeb/AFP/Getty Images)" /><p>Despite a strained relationship, President Barack Obama welcomed Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to the White House today for their first meeting in over a year.</p></div><p>Netanyahu has infuriated the White House by urging Congress to reject the Iran nuclear deal, and Obama angered the prime minister by signing the deal. NPR&rsquo;s White House correspondent&nbsp;Scott Horsley&nbsp;joins&nbsp;<em>Here &amp; Now&rsquo;s</em> Jeremy Hobson to recap the two leaders&rsquo; meeting.</p></p> Mon, 09 Nov 2015 16:37:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-11-09/obama-netanyahu-meet-first-time-over-year-113712 How Obama's trade deal might stir up your dinner http://www.wbez.org/news/how-obamas-trade-deal-might-stir-your-dinner-113697 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/gettyimages-482696700_custom-3b2d86bc315805c0070f8c4b608510712b8875be-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res455064880" previewtitle="Tajima Wagyu beef cows at a cattle farm in Yabu City, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. Japan won a provision in the new Pacific Rim trade deal that would push tariffs back up if its beef imports surge."><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Tajima Wagyu beef cows at a cattle farm in Yabu City, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. Japan won a provision in the new Pacific Rim trade deal that would push tariffs back up if its beef imports surge." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/06/gettyimages-482696700_custom-3b2d86bc315805c0070f8c4b608510712b8875be-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 412px; width: 620px;" title="Tajima Wagyu beef cows at a cattle farm in Yabu City, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. Japan won a provision in the new Pacific Rim trade deal that would push tariffs back up if its beef imports surge. (Buddhika Weerasinghe/Bloomberg/Getty Images)" /></div><div><div><p>When President Obama announced the details of the Trans-Pacific Partnership on Thursday &mdash; and released them on&nbsp;<a href="https://medium.com/the-trans-pacific-partnership">Medium.com</a>&nbsp;&mdash; there was a lot of talk about labor, the environment and manufacturing. But trade deals have a way of changing the way we eat, too.</p></div></div></div><p>Consider NAFTA, which&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2015/02/13/385754265/how-nafta-changed-american-and-mexican-food-forever">boosted&nbsp;</a>the availability of cheap avocados and winter tomatoes for Americans, while expanding Wal-Mart and processed food in Mexico. So now that we know the details of this new Pacific Rim trade deal, what might it mean for dinner &mdash; both in the U.S. and the 11 other nations party to the treaty? Herewith, a cheat sheet on the 2,000-plus-page deal:</p><div id="res455132443"><div>&nbsp;</div></div><p><span style="font-size:18px;"><strong>Food Safety</strong></span></p><p>Supporters of the TPP highlight the fact that the chapter on food safety and inspections will bring other countries up to U.S. standards and set rapid deadlines for resolving disputes over rejected shipments. Critics say the agreement gives&nbsp;<a href="http://www.foodandwaterwatch.org/news/tpp-details-released-and-it%25E2%2580%2599s-worse-we-thought">countries new power to challenge food safety laws</a>, which could be framed as &quot;barriers to trade.&quot;</p><p>&quot;It&#39;s hard right now for inspectors to make sure everything is safe,&quot; said Karen Hansen-Kuhn, director of trade, technology and global governance for the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy. Currently, about&nbsp;<a href="http://www.nbcnews.com/id/44701433/ns/health-food_safety/t/flood-food-imported-us-only-percent-inspected/">2 percent of food imported to the U.S</a>. is inspected. With more imports coming in, pressure to resolve disputes quickly, and no mandate for more regulatory staff, says Hansen-Kuhn, it&#39;s unlikely that inspections will improve.</p><p><span style="font-size:18px;"><strong>GMOs</strong></span></p><p>Since&nbsp;<a href="http://www.businessinsider.com/afp-us-says-new-eu-plan-for-gmo-imports-is-no-solution-2015-4">rules on genetically modified foods differ from country to country</a>, the agreement&#39;s market access chapter includes a section on &quot;products of biotechnology&quot; &mdash; think engineered corn and soy &mdash; and&nbsp;sets up a protocol for importing countries to decide on product safety.&nbsp;It also establishes a working group for the topic, suggesting that there&#39;s plenty more to be worked out.</p><p><strong><span style="font-size:18px;">Dairy, </span></strong><strong><span style="font-size:18px;">Meat</span></strong><strong><span style="font-size:18px;"> And Booze</span></strong></p><p>The TPP does away with more than 18,000 tariffs in the countries party to the deal. American producers will gain access to new markets &mdash; and foreign producers will get access to ours. That includes a lot of food, much of which could become cheaper here, as low-cost imports intensify competition on price.</p><p><strong>Dairy</strong>:&nbsp;After significant battle during negotiations, Canada and New Zealand agreed to modest tariff reductions on dairy, opening their markets to American milk and cheese. In return, Americans may see more New Zealand milk &mdash;&nbsp;<a href="http://www.thecollectivedairy.com/nz/our-products/suckie-spouch-apple-bircher/">apple bircher &quot;yogurt suckies,&quot;</a>&nbsp;anyone? &mdash; on shelves.</p><p><strong>Pork</strong>:&nbsp;The American pork industry has become a net exporter in the past 20 years, says Nick Giordano, vice president for global government affairs at the National Pork Producers Council. The TPP will pave the way for exports to continue to grow. But America also imports a significant amount of pork. Tariff reductions on imports here could make all that foreign pork cheaper and push prices down in the U.S. &mdash; but also potentially threaten the livelihood of hog farmers.</p><p><strong>Beef</strong>:&nbsp;The agreement doesn&#39;t do much for American beef producers, says the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.nfu.org/nfu-says-tpp-will-fail-family-farmers-and-ranchers/3620">National Farmer&#39;s Union</a>, because Japan won a&nbsp;<a href="http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-10-06/tpp-to-cut-food-costs-for-japan-on-lower-tariffs-more-imports">provision</a>&nbsp;that would push tariffs back up if imports surged.&nbsp;<a href="http://www.r-calfusa.com/r-calf-usa-says-tpp-will-worsen-cattle-and-sheep-price-volatility/">Smaller beef producers in the U.S. say</a>&nbsp;that increased competition from imports will put more farmers out of business.</p><p><strong>Booze</strong>:&nbsp;California&#39;s&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wineinstitute.org/resources/pressroom/10062015">Wine Institute has been supportive of the TPP</a>, as have&nbsp;<a href="http://www.just-drinks.com/analysis/what-does-the-trans-pacific-partnership-mean-for-the-drinks-industry-focus_id118361.aspx">most American drink industry group</a>s &mdash; think Kentucky bourbon &mdash; because the deal opens the massive Pacific market to their products. It also should mean lower prices here for Pacific Rim wines and spirits, like New Zealand&#39;s <em>sauvignon</em><em> </em><em>blancs</em> and Japanese shochu&nbsp;&mdash; though the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative notes that American wine tariffs are already pretty low.</p><p><span style="font-size:18px;"><strong>Labeling Issues</strong></span></p><p>Junk food:&nbsp;Prepackaged food companies can be required to list all ingredients in their foods and additives, but regulators are required to provide importer companies the same confidentiality afforded domestic ones &mdash; i.e. no requesting, say, the formula for Coca-Cola to verify nutrition information and then sharing it with a local producer. So those food labels should still tell you whether you can&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=89876927">pronounce what you&#39;re eating</a>.</p><p>Organic Products:&nbsp;Countries can enforce organic standards and are encouraged to come up with a way to unify them across borders. But there&#39;s no provision about whether stricter or looser standards should prevail. According to the agreement&#39;s draft text, if a country &quot;maintains requirements relating to the production, processing, or labeling of products as organic, it shall enforce such requirements.&quot; The USTR was unable to provide specifics by publishing time.</p><p>Challenging other nations&#39; laws:&nbsp;The Investor State Dispute Settlement provision &mdash; which Elizabeth Warren called &quot;the TPP clause everyone should oppose&quot; &mdash; gives member states the power to challenge other states&#39; laws that impact trade and sales. The clause is similar to the provision in NAFTA that overturned a Mexican tax on high fructose corn syrup in favor of American companies&#39; right to sell it, though the TPP does contain explicit language giving countries the right to &quot;regulate in the public interest.&quot; No word yet from USTR&nbsp;on whether labeling provisions for genetic modification and country of origin would reach that standard, or who defines &quot;public interest.&quot;</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2015/11/08/455054676/how-obama-s-trrade-deal-might-change-your-dinner?ft=nprml&amp;f=455054676" target="_blank"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Mon, 09 Nov 2015 11:49:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/how-obamas-trade-deal-might-stir-your-dinner-113697 President Obama rejects Keystone XL Pipeline Plan http://www.wbez.org/news/president-obama-rejects-keystone-xl-pipeline-plan-113674 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/obama_wide-66bfd975409a47f143a536e3c56e1bae55be30c2-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res455016904" previewtitle="President Obama, flanked by Secretary of State John Kerry (right) and Vice President Joe Biden, announced the Keystone XL pipeline decision Friday in the Roosevelt Room of the White House."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="President Obama, flanked by Secretary of State John Kerry (right) and Vice President Joe Biden, announced the Keystone XL pipeline decision Friday in the Roosevelt Room of the White House." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/06/obama_wide-66bfd975409a47f143a536e3c56e1bae55be30c2-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 348px; width: 620px;" title="President Obama, flanked by Secretary of State John Kerry (right) and Vice President Joe Biden, announced the Keystone XL pipeline decision Friday in the Roosevelt Room of the White House. (Mandel Ngan/AFP/Getty Images)" /></div><div><div><p>Ending a process that has lingered for much of his time in the Oval Office, President Obama announced Friday that the U.S. has rejected TransCanada&#39;s application for a permit to complete the Keystone XL pipeline.</p></div></div></div><p>The president said that &quot;after extensive public outreach&quot; and consultations, the State Department determined that the proposal &quot;would not serve the national interests of the United States.&quot; He added, &quot;I agree with that decision.&quot;</p><div id="res455008724"><div style="text-align: center;"><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/n1dBoQk8_vE?rel=0" width="560"></iframe></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Back in February, Obama&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/02/24/388738159/obama-to-veto-keystone-xl-pipeline-today-without-drama-or-fanfare-or-delay">vetoed congressional legislation</a>&nbsp;that approved the project. The Senate failed to override that veto in March. The first application for approval of TransCanada&#39;s plan was&nbsp;<a href="http://blogs.wsj.com/washwire/2014/04/24/the-keystone-xl-pipeline-timeline/">filed in September of 2008</a>.</div></div><p>After the formal rejection was announced, TransCanada issued a statement saying it&#39;s reviewing the U.S. administration&#39;s reasons for denying the permit, and that it might reapply.</p><p>We&#39;ve updated this post with news from the event.</p><p>Obama made the announcement in the White House&#39;s Roosevelt Room, alongside Vice President Joe Biden and Secretary of State John Kerry, whose agency has been conducting a review of the project for more than seven years. The statement came shortly after Obama and Kerry met privately Friday morning.</p><p>In rejecting the proposal, President Obama said the Keystone debate has played an &quot;overinflated role in our political discourse&quot; &mdash; something for which he blamed both parties.</p><div id="res455009131"><h3>Proposed And Existing TransCanada Pipelines</h3><div><img alt="" src="http://www.npr.org/news/graphics/locator-maps/map-keystone-xl-624.png" style="height: 431px; width: 620px;" title="Proposed And Existing TransCanada Pipelines (Source: TransCanada Stephanie d'Otreppe and Alyson Hurt / NPR)" /></div><div><p>The president also disagreed with what he described as critics&#39; claims that the completed pipeline would be &quot;the express lane to climate disaster.&quot;</p></div></div><p>Discounting Keystone supporters&#39; claims that the pipeline would boost the U.S. economy, Obama later added, &quot;Shipping dirtier crude oil into our country would not increase America&#39;s energy security.&quot;</p><p>Obama also said that American industries have moved quickly to adopt renewable energy.</p><p>&quot;Today, the United States of America is leading on climate change,&quot; he said, citing gains in efficiency and environmental protections.</p><p>&quot;Ultimately, if we&#39;re going to prevent large parts of this Earth from becoming not only inhospitable but uninhabitable in our lifetimes, we&#39;re going to have to keep some fossil fuels in the ground rather than burn them and release more dangerous pollution into the sky,&quot; Obama said.</p><p><a href="http://www.transcanada.com/news-releases-article.html?id=2000066&amp;t=">TransCanada says</a>&nbsp;that despite the permit rejection, the company is reviewing its options &mdash; including the possibility that it will file a new application for a cross-border pipeline.</p><p>&quot;TransCanada and its shippers remain absolutely committed to building this important energy infrastructure project,&quot; said Russ Girling, the companiy&#39;s president and CEO.</p><p>Reacting to the news, Natural Resources Defense Council President Rhea Suh called Obama&#39;s rejection of the permit &quot;a courageous leap forward in the climate fight.&quot;</p><p>She added that the pipeline extension &quot;would have locked in, for a generation or more, massive development of among the dirtiest fuels on the planet &ndash; posing a serious threat to our air, land water, and climate.&quot;</p><p>Bill McKibben, co-founder of the group&nbsp;<a href="http://350.org/">350.org</a>, said the move gives Obama &quot;new stature as an environmental leader, and it eloquently confirms the five years and millions of hours of work that people of every kind put into this fight.&quot;</p><p>McKibben added: &quot;We&#39;re still awfully sad about Keystone south and are well aware that the next president could undo all this, but this is a day of celebration.&quot;</p><p>On Tuesday, TransCanada asked the State Department to suspend its review of its permit application, citing ongoing debate over its route in Nebraska. Plans for the pipeline had called for it to stretch from Alberta, Canada, to the Gulf of Mexico. Hundreds of miles of the projected route&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/2014/11/17/364727163/what-you-need-to-know-about-the-keystone-xl-oil-pipeline">have already been completed</a>.</p><p>As NPR&#39;s Jeff Brady&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/2015/11/03/454342274/keystone-xl-pipeline-company-asks-u-s-to-pause-review-of-application">reported this week</a>, the Keystone project became a target for activists and others who want new energy policies to focus on renewable energy, instead of on fossil fuels.</p><p>Jeff added, &quot;A big reason environmentalists don&#39;t like the Keystone XL is because of the oil it would transport. Much of it would come from Alberta&#39;s oil sands, which have to be mined. Then the gunky mixture has to be processed before it&#39;s usable. That emits more pollution than traditional methods of oil production.&quot;</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/11/06/455007054/president-obama-expected-to-reject-keystone-xl-plan-friday?ft=nprml&amp;f=455007054" target="_blank"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Fri, 06 Nov 2015 11:44:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/president-obama-rejects-keystone-xl-pipeline-plan-113674 When it comes to counterterrorism, why Bush and Obama aren't so far apart http://www.wbez.org/news/politics/when-it-comes-counterterrorism-why-bush-and-obama-arent-so-far-apart-113603 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/President Barack Obama responds to questions on Russia&#039;s intervention in Syria during a news conference in the State Dining Room of the White House, October 2, 2015, in Washington, D.C..jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res453253849" previewtitle="President Barack Obama responds to questions on Russia's intervention in Syria during a news conference in the State Dining Room of the White House, October 2, 2015, in Washington, D.C."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="President Barack Obama responds to questions on Russia's intervention in Syria during a news conference in the State Dining Room of the White House, October 2, 2015, in Washington, D.C." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/30/63374001_h39845986-1--154c244304a2fe7486dfb0cbb95e02b133e2af00-s800-c85.jpg" title="President Barack Obama responds to questions on Russia's intervention in Syria during a news conference in the State Dining Room of the White House, October 2, 2015, in Washington, D.C." /></div><div><div><p>President Barack Obama responds to questions on Russia&#39;s intervention in Syria during a news conference in the State Dining Room of the White House, October 2, 2015, in Washington, D.C.</p></div>Mike Theiler /UPI /Landov</div></div><p>In a pile of books about the Obama presidency,&nbsp;Power Wars: Inside Obama&#39;s Post-9/11 Presidency&nbsp;stands out.</p><p>Author Charlie Savage&nbsp;<a href="http://www.amazon.com/Power-Wars-Inside-Obamas-Presidency/dp/0316286575" target="_blank">provides the most thorough look</a>yet at how this administration has handled counterterrorism and national security. There are sections on drones, detainees, spying, leak prosecutions and much more.</p><p>The Pulitzer prize-winning reporter with&nbsp;The New York Times&nbsp;tells NPR&#39;s Ari Shapiro why Obama&#39;s approach to national security differs from his predecessors.</p><p>&quot;All these years after 9/11, this is still a moment of flux,&quot; Savage says. &quot;You know, what are things going to be like later in the 21st century? Is this the new normal? Is this a &#39;forever war&#39;? Obama wanted to get us out of the war in Afghanistan and to sort of declare it over, but events made that impossible.&quot;</p><hr /><p><img alt="Power Wars" src="http://media.npr.org/assets/bakertaylor/covers/p/power-wars/9780316286572_custom-cf435b4a5a70d52f65157bee49b89e156ee74909-s400-c85.jpg" style="height: 465px; width: 300px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" title="(Power Wars: Inside Obama's Post-9/11 Presidency, by Charlie Savage)" /></p><p><span style="font-size:20px;"><strong>Interview Highlights</strong></span></p><p><strong>On why it matters where the U.S. picks up terrorist detainees</strong></p><p>Typically we think of the world as being divided into two types of places &mdash; war zones where there&#39;s ground troops engaged in hostilities, and normal countries with functioning governments and police forces, where if there&#39;s a threat emanating from that country, the person can go and be arrested.</p><p>But especially in the 21st century, in the sort of &quot;War on Terror&quot; era, the world is encountering this problem of badlands &mdash; ungoverned, broken states, failed states. Places where there&#39;s neither a normal war happening in any kind of sustained way&nbsp;or&nbsp;a functioning government.</p><p>And so when al-Qaida or its allies go into those places, the old rules don&#39;t really seem to apply.</p><div id="res453255736"><div>&nbsp;</div></div><p><strong>On why Bush was a CEO president and Obama is a lawyer president</strong></p><p>A lot of the situations the government is encountering now in the sort of post-9/11 world are completely different than what the rules were written for. The rules were developed for 20th century situations &mdash; wars between nation-state armies and so forth. And the government is then encountering new problems for which they do not quite map onto very well. And the Bush administration responded to that disconnect by essentially saying &quot;there are no rules&quot;: The president as commander-in-chief, can do what he thinks is necessary &mdash; whether it&#39;s Geneva Conventions or domestic laws on things like interrogation or surveillance, we can just override those.</p><p>The Obama administration has taken a very different approach &mdash; in part because they are extremely &quot;lawyerly.&quot; Bush and Cheney were CEOs by background, not lawyers; Biden and Obama are lawyers, and they put a lot of lawyers into policymaking roles throughout their administration &mdash; and so they&#39;re trained to think like lawyers, and they&#39;re exceedingly interested in the law.</p><p>And so that has led them &mdash; when encountering this disconnect between what the rules were written for and the situations arising today &mdash; to think about things through a legal lens.</p><p><strong>On how Obama&#39;s approach is less transformational and more transitional</strong></p><p>All these years after 9/11, this is still a moment of flux. You know, what are things going to be like later in the 21st century? Is this the new normal? Is this a &quot;forever war&quot;? Obama wanted to get us out of the war in Afghanistan and to sort of declare it over, but events made that impossible: The Islamic State arose and now the Taliban is sort of coming back, and we&#39;re sort of getting &mdash; staying &mdash; sucked in over there.</p><p>And I think that the next president will have a lot to say about whether this was en route to the ... rolling back of some of this stuff, or was en route to the entrenchment and the normalization and the making permanent of all these post-9/11 policies that have such implications for individual rights and collective security.</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/2015/10/30/453217073/when-it-comes-to-counterterrorism-why-bush-and-obama-arent-so-far-apart?ft=nprml&amp;f=453217073" target="_blank"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Mon, 02 Nov 2015 16:41:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/politics/when-it-comes-counterterrorism-why-bush-and-obama-arent-so-far-apart-113603