Your NPR news source
Freedman Seating Company

The first and second floors of the west building of Freedman Seating Company features classic, rounded Art Deco stylings instead of sharp corners.

Jason Marck

What’s That Building? The Streamline Moderne Factories

Lots of Chicago-area buildings make you stop and ask: “What’s that building?” WBEZ’s Reset is collecting the stories behind them! You can also find them on this map.

It may not be obvious at first glance, but a pair of old industrial buildings on the western edge of West Humboldt Park are siblings.

The one at 4545 W. Augusta Blvd. is the showoff of the two, a long, streamlined building in blue, white and glass that suggests the cruise ships and fast trains of the 1930s.

Immediately to its east, at 4501 W. Augusta Blvd., is the more restrained sibling. It’s almost exactly the same shape but made of brick: long and low with rounded edges, plus horizontal stripes and bands of windows.

A brick building at 4501 W. Augusta Blvd., left, and a blue and white one at 4545 W. Augusta Blvd. share a strong resemblance and are now one factory, the Freedman Seating Company. Jason Marck/WBEZ

That the two buildings have a strong family resemblance isn’t an accident: Designed by the same architect, they were built one year apart in the late 1930s, both for car accessory companies. The blue-and-white one was built in 1937 for Motorola, the first company to popularize car radios. The sober one was built the next year for Tropic-Aire, a company whose invention heated a car’s interior using water, the way radiators heat a house.

While they were originally separate buildings, they’re now connected into one 450,000-square-foot factory for the Freedman Seating Company, a fourth-generation family business that manufactures seats for public transit agencies, including the CTA, airport shuttle buses and New York City ferries.

Today Freedman is run by Craig Freedman, the great-grandson of Hyman Freedman, who upholstered baby carriages and other vehicles for Columbia Cab Company at the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition. He took home honorable mention for his skills.

“I love driving up to our building because it’s this majestic Art Deco façade that brings a little bit of joy to me,” Freedman said of the blue-and-white building he bought out of bankruptcy in 1998. He bought the brick building in 2010, and said he’s proud to be carrying on the manufacturing tradition of those who used the space before his family.

Streamline Moderne’s popularity

The first of those users was Galvin Manufacturing, founded in 1928 by brothers Paul and Joseph Galvin. Beginning in 1928, Paul led a team of engineers in developing a radio that could be installed in cars more cheaply. Other car radios were selling for $235; the first Galvin model sold for $110 (about $1,600 today). The company would later be renamed for that brand of car radios -- Motorola.

As business boomed, the company moved to a big new factory on Augusta Boulevard in 1937. It joined many other factories located on the West Side at a time when Chicago held a dominant role in U.S. manufacturing, including the Brach’s and Mars candy factories, the Zenith Radio Corporation and Pines Winterfront.

Architect Victor Charn designed Motorola’s factory in the Streamline Moderne style that emphasized color and motion. Motorola was a zippy, fast-growing business associated with making driving fun, and the factory it built matched that personality.

Streamline Moderne, known for its big curves and sleek lines, is a style from late in the Art Deco design period -- and Chicago-made products like chairs and blenders played a big part in popularizing the look.

A year after the Motorola factory opened, it got a new neighbor one door east. This time, Charn designed a brick version for Tropic-Aire.

Tropic-Aire didn’t last. (Heating cars by blowing hot air into the cabin became standard soon after.) In the 1960s, Motorola moved out to Schaumburg. The toy company Playskool moved into the Motorola building for a couple of decades, moving out in the mid-1980s.

It wasn't until 1998, when the Freedman family transplanted its own long roots to the Augusta site, that a pair of Streamline Moderne factories got their vitality back.

Dennis Rodkin is a real estate reporter for Crain's Chicago Business and Reset’s "What's That Building?" contributor. Follow him @Dennis_Rodkin

More From This Show
Alanis Morissette, Carly Rae Jepsen, and the Black Pumas are all scheduled to hit the Chicago stage this weekend.
“Texture often is the quality you can’t quite put your finger on,” says Aneka Saxon, beverage director for a local hospitality group.
The movement is as much about lobbying corporations and governments as it is about individual responsibility.