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99% Invisible


As President Barack Obama stepped up to Air Force One for the first time, he greeted the pilot and exclaimed “I gotta say you’re out of Central Casting. You’re exactly what I want the pilot of Air Force One to look like.”

The phrase ‘from Central Casting’ has become a kind of cultural shorthand for a stereotype or archetype, a subject so visually suited to its part it appears to have been designed for that role. Search the news for ‘straight out of Central Casting’and you will find examples referring to athletes, executives, politicians and philanthropists.


Not everyone who uses the reference realizes that there is an actual Central Casting, located in Burbank, California (with additional offices in New York and New Orleans). Nor do most people realize that this company is the single biggest source of extras for Hollywood productions.



Waiting in line for Central Casting

Turn up at their office building early on any Monday, Wednesday, or Friday, and you will see a line of people queued up to be added to Central Casting’s database of background actors. Many will have been waiting since three or four o’clock in the morning.

They are not there for auditions, but to be catalogued and (hopefully) contacted at a later date for non-speaking roles. Then, if they are very lucky, a director or producer might give them a line. Just like how John Wayne, and Marilyn Monroe, and Brad Pitt got started.


Marion Caroline Dougherty, American casting director, drowning in a candidate pool via NorthJersey

The movie extra dates back to the earliest days of cinema. These days, movie extras are known in the industry as “background actors.” Novelist and journalist Theodore Dreiser called these silent scene-creating characters “atmospherians.”

movie extras historical article

The Tragedy of 15,000 Extras from Photoplay Magazine, November 1934

In the early 1900s, extras were often exploited and abused. By 1925, the State of California had begun threatening to investigate Hollywood over their treatment of extras—so the Motion Pictures Association of America (MPAA) responded by creating Central Casting.


The early days of Central Casting

Today, Central Casting is responsible for a database of about 100,000 extras. It draws on this massive index for everything from photo doubles and stand-ins to restaurant patrons and circus acts. Extras can be found by searching for physical traits and abilities, including shoe size, bust size, limbs missing and tattoos (both general presence and specific location).

In virtually any other industry, this kind of typecasting would be frowned upon (if not downright illegal), and it can still at times be controversial. A typical (and real) example of a public casting call: “looking for hip, attractive men and women that appear to be ASIAN in their 20s with trendy wardrobe. No visible tattoos.”


The cast of Central Casting – employee headshots straight outta

Casting directors populate backgrounds with the kinds of people they would expect to find there. Whether their choices reflect reality, or simply what they think a director (or audience) expects, is up for debate.

Background casting is about designing for invisibility; the real key is not to show off these actors but to keep them from being too obvious and thus distracting. The more the scene matches the audience expectations of a place, the more they will remain focused on the foreground action.

straight outta central casting tshirt

There’s a cynicism one could take about this operation, but there is an undeniable fairness about Central Casting. Here, everyone has a potential role to play. All who get in line early enough will be seen, catalogued and perhaps called for a suitable part.

Producer Sam Greenspan spoke with Central Casting’s Jennifer Bender, Brandi Hawkins, Kristan Berona, Russell LeBlanc, Jimmy Mackay; aspiring background actors Charissa Gerro, Corey Lowe, Caroline Mahar, and Eric Bird (aka Kid Radioactive); and Anthony Slide, author of Hollywood Unknowns: a History of Extras, Bit Players, and Stand-Ins.

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