What’s That Building? Why This Hoffman Estates Warehouse Stores Barack Obama's Presidential Papers
If you drove past this suburban building, you likely wouldn't suspect it houses the classified and non-classified documents from Barack Obama's eight years as president.
Those documents will eventually be digitized and made available to the public in a different way from past presidential libraries. The Obama Presidential Library won't be a physical building — it'll live on the internet.
A digital library saves the Obama Foundation some money
The facility that may come to mind when you think “Obama Presidential Library” — the one that’s proposed for a site in Jackson Park and currently in limbo because of a lawsuit — is the Barack Obama Presidential Center. If it gets built, the only library there will be a new branch of the Chicago Public Library. It’ll also be home to a museum, a forum space, and a public plaza.
In May 2017, the National Archives announced Obama’s library would be entirely digital. The physical documents that traditionally fill a presidential library would instead be digitized, and ultimately stored outside of Illinois. It's a move that saves the Obama Foundation quite a bit of money.
When ex-presidents build their presidential libraries, they are required by law to provide an endowment to the National Archives, the agency that manages presidential libraries. Today, that endowment must equal 60 percent of the cost of the library. That means that if the Obama Presidential Center included a library, the Obama Foundation would also have to raise tens of millions more for the endowment.
Where will Obama's papers end up for good?
The documents won’t stay in Hoffman Estates forever. Under the digitizing plan, the National Archives will get custody of all the physical papers once they've been put online. The unclassified documents will go to a National Archives storage facility near Kansas City, Mo. and the classified ones will go back to Washington, D.C.
Until the digitizing work begins, the documents will stay in Hoffman Estates behind the the small security gate installed at the parking lot entrance.
Dennis Rodkin is a real estate reporter for Crain's Chicago Business and Morning Shift's "What's That Building?" contributor.