Social exclusion, income disparity and mass incarceration of people of color have played a large role in this year's U.S. Presidential election. They're are also common themes for Muslims in Western-styled democracies.
In France, for example various estimates state that Muslims make up anywhere from 60 to 70 percent of the country's prison population.
We talk about some of these commonalities between minorities and Muslims with Rashid Khalidi, professor of Arab studies at Columbia University. He lives part-time in France.