In 1688 King James II of England was forced into exile. He was a Catholic, and the Protestant establishment feared he was going to promote the Catholic religion. James was also the King of Scotland, a Stuart. Some years later, when Scotland was joined to England as Great Britain, many Scots didn’t like it. These Scots considered the Stuarts their rightful kings. Starting in 1715, there were a series of unsuccessful risings against the Hanover dynasty. It all came to a head July 23, 1745. Historian John Schmidt tells us what happened.