For many observers, the Catalan independence movement came out of nowhere. But tensions between Catalonia and Madrid have been building for years.
Dr. Gloria Arfelis is a Chicago-based clinical psychologist. She’s a dual US-Spanish citizen, originally from Catalonia.
Arfelis came to Chicago for graduate school and stayed to practice psychology. She travels to Catalonia frequently to visit family and went back to vote for independence in Catalonia’s October 1, 2017 independence referendum.