Chicago’s Got 1 Thai Restaurant For About Every 33 Thai People: How Come?

Thai restaurant thumb
Katherine Nagasawa / WBEZ
Thai restaurant thumb
Katherine Nagasawa / WBEZ

Chicago’s Got 1 Thai Restaurant For About Every 33 Thai People: How Come?

Fourteen-year-old Evan Robinson is a Chicago foodie — you might have even seen him on Master Chef Junior. Over the years, when he’s gone to see his orthodontist on 55th Street in Hyde Park, he’s noticed a tasty mystery.

“We always see all these different Thai restaurants,” he says, referring to Snail Thai Cuisine, Siam Thai Cuisine and Thai 55 Restaurant.. “I think that’s crazy that there are three [within] one block right here.”

Evan’s dad, Christopher, has lived in a lot of Chicago neighborhoods and says he’s noticed similar situations there, too.

“There seemed to be a Thai restaurant in almost every neighborhood,” Christopher says.

So Evan and Christopher wrote in to Curious City asking:

Why are there so many Thai restaurants in Chicago?

While there may not be a Thai restaurant in every Chicago neighborhood, there are a lot. According to Thai officials, the greater metropolitan area has about 300 Thai restaurants, but only about 10,000 Thai residents. This breaks down to about one restaurant for every 33 Thai people — twice the national average.

In the 1970s, thousands of Thai doctors, nurses and students started immigrating to the U.S., and Illinois was the third most popular destination (behind Los Angeles and New York City). A few of these immigrants started opening restaurants in the early ‘70s, and by the 80’s and ‘90s Chicago was in the middle of a Thai restaurant boom.

“It seemed like every few months a Thai restaurant popped up,” says nurse-turned-chef Chanpen Ratana, who at one point owned four Thai restaurants in Chicago.

Experts believe this big early wave of Thai immigration laid the familiarity with — and demand for — the solid Thai restaurant scene we have today.

As to why so many of these Thai immigrants decided to go into the restaurant business: Thai chefs, business scholars and government officials say it has to do with a culture of cooking and entrepreneurship. Plus, a Thai government “gastrodiplomacy” program aimed at promoting Thai cuisine across the world has given many local restaurants an extra boost.

Thai restaurant tryptich
Questioners Evan and Christopher Robinson wondered about the number of Thai restaurants in Chicago after they noticed a cluster of three Thai restaurants within one block of one another in Hyde Park. (Courtesy Google Maps)

Thais know food

Chef Arun Sampathavivat of Arun’s Thai Restaurant says a big reason for the large number of Thai restaurants in Chicago — and across the world — is that Thais are natural cooks.

“Thai people usually love to cook. They can cook anything,” Sampathavivat says. “Unlike most people who are not comfortable in the kitchen, most Thais can cook spontaneously right away. It’s in them.”

While it might sound like hyperbole, several people interviewed for this story gave a similar explanation, and Sampathavivat’s own story suggests there’s some truth to it. He came to Chicago as a University of Chicago graduate student with no cooking training, then became one of the most celebrated Thai chefs in the world.

Sampathavivat also notes that many Thais are exposed to quality food culture at an early age as a part of their religious practice.

“When Thais go to temple, we bring food to offer to the Buddha, and we have to bring the best we can,” he says. “There is almost an implicit contest. Like, ‘The better I do, the higher level of heaven I can go to.’ The result is that you learn about great food at the temple even outside of your own family.”

Arun's Thai food
Arun Sampathavivat came to Chicago for graduate school with no cooking training. Now, he’s a world-renowned chef known for his artistic presentation of Thai dishes like Tom Yum Goong, or hot and sour river prawn soup. (Courtesy Arun’s Thai)

Thai culture promotes entrepreneurship

In a 2016-2017 survey, Thailand ranked second among 65 countries in number of business owners, which carries a high social status in the country.

“Thailand is very positive toward entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship” says Ulrike Guelich of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor in Bangkok. “We have 20% of the population who are starting a business and 20% who run established businesses.”

For Sampathavivat, Thai entrepreneurship comes out of his countrymen’s love of freedom.

“Thai people don’t like to be hired by anyone,” he says. “They are not [very] good employees, but they can be a good boss, because they like to have their own thing. They like to be independent.”

Arun Sampathavivat
In Thai culture, owning a business carries a high social status. Chef Arun Sampathavivat says a big reason he started his own restaurant is because he wanted to be his own boss. (WBEZ/Monica Eng).

Despite this independent streak, Sampathavivat says, many Thais are happy to replicate the models of existing businesses and even open them in the same area.

“Thai people like to follow the kind of fashion or trend,” Sampathavivat says. “When one is doing this, the other one likes to do it, too. And before you know it [the same businesses are] all over the market just as fast as they can start.”

This may help explain some of Chicago’s Thai restaurant clusters — past and present — in Hyde Park, Lakeview, Lincoln Square, Albany Park and downtown.

The Thai government gives restaurants support

And if a culture of cooking and entrepreneurship isn’t enough?

In 2000, the Thai government launched a gastrodiplomacy program aimed at expanding tourism to Thailand by promoting authentic Thai restaurants around the world. The program funded food research and provided money to help restaurateurs design, launch, market and maintain standards in their restaurants.

Some have credited the program with the heavy presence of Thai restaurants in the U.S., but data show many were well-established long before the program started.

“We go to events like Chicago Gourmet and promote Thai food. We don’t subsidize the restaurants but just do the marketing campaigns for them,” says Chicago Thai Trade representative Usasri Kheorayab.

Thai Select seal
Thai commerce officials award the “Thai Select” seal to restaurants that maintain specific quality standards and levels of authenticity — part of the Thai government’s gastrodiplomacy efforts.

Part of that marketing campaign includes something called the “Thai Select” program. It highlights restaurants that maintain specific quality standards and levels of Thai authenticity. Thai commerce officials award qualifying restaurants with the “Thai Select” seals that you can find in the windows of dozens of Chicago-area Thai restaurants.

More about the question asker

Questioner Bio Evan Robinson
Evan Robinson and his dad Christopher met up with reporter Monica Eng for a meal at Snail Thai in Hyde Park. (WBEZ/Monica Eng)

Evan Robinson was born and raised in Chicago, where he’s now a freshman at William Jones College Preparatory High School. He became a finalist on MasterChef Junior when he was just 10 years old.

“That was an amazing experience, because I got to meet a lot of other kids who like cooking like I do,” he says.

After MasterChef Junior, “I got a lot of opportunities to do things like work with Whole Foods and the Mushroom Council, where I had a series of videos where we substituted meat with mushrooms for healthier dishes that tasted as amazing, if not better, than they did before.”

When he’s not at school or cooking, “I like to play video games and hang out with my friends.”

His favorite dish at Snail Thai in Hyde Park is an egg noodle dish called birds nest noodles.

But he’s alway up for trying new restaurants with his family. A big fan of eel rolls and spicy salmon rolls, Evan says he’s been eyeing “a new sushi place that opened up in Hyde Park that looks pretty cool.”

Monica Eng is a reporter for Curious City. You can follow her @MonicaEng.