There are three statues in the United States honoring Dr. James Marion Sims, a 19th-century physician dubbed the father of modern gynecology.
Invisible in his shadow are the enslaved women whom he experimented on.
Today, they are unknown and unnamed except for three: Anarcha, Lucy, and Betsey.
This week, we grapple with their story and the troubling history of medical experimentation on African Americans.
The Hidden Brain Podcast is hosted by Shankar Vedantam and produced by Kara McGuirk-Alison, Maggie Penman and Max Nesterak. To subscribe to our newsletter, click here.