Where There's A Wheel, There's A Way. Where There Are 2, Things Can Get Weird
This week, Tour de France riders cranked through three grueling days in the Pyrenees mountains. Once more, they've all made the curious decision not to just get off their bikes and take a bus like sensible people.
Be that as it may, the Alps are still to come, and there's plenty of pedaling to go before they sprint into Paris on July 26.
So, while fans await that triumphant homecoming, there's no better time to turn to know-it-all journalist A.J. Jacobs. He takes NPR's Scott Simon on a tour of their own, talking trivia with a bit of bicycling lore.
On the scandal-ridden first Tour de France, in 1903, and the dangerous second one
The 1903 winner was a former chimney sweep named Maurice Garin. And during the race, Garin allegedly forced a rival's bike to crash. And then, Garin got off his own bike and stomped on the poor guy's back wheel until it was destroyed. So not quite as subtle as Lance Armstrong. ...
The next year was worse. The fans were hooligans, and they threw broken glass and nails on the road to give flat tires to the ones they didn't like. The leader of the race was actually attacked by four masked men. There were riots, broken fingers, gunfires in the air, racers secretly taking trains. ...
I'm sure it was very entertaining if you didn't get shot.
On the early bike models, which were a bit less than comfortable
The first bikes in the 1860s were called boneshakers. So they had an iron frame, iron tires. They weighed more than 40 pounds. And you were riding them over cobblestone. So it was not for the faint of heart or, as they said back then, the faint of derriere.
On the role of the bicycle in the women's movement
Cycling was actually a huge part of the women's movement. And Susan B. Anthony said that bicycling has done more to emancipate women than anything else in the world, because it gave them freedom to move around. And it helped them get rid of those huge, flowing dresses.
But there were men who thought it was a grave threat to women's sexual purity. And so they designed what they called the "hygienic saddle," which was an uncomfortable seat that would keep women properly chaste. So we can thank these guys for saving Western civilization.
On Annie Londonderry, one of the first female cycling superstars
She was a Jewish mother of three from Boston. And in 1894, because of a bet, she decided to ride around the world on her bike in 15 months. And she went off with a pearl-handled revolver, a change of underwear.
She did it. She was thrown in Korean jail, [but] she did make it. There is a wonderful book about it called Around The World On Two Wheels.
She also became a huge flashpoint for women's rights because she started wearing men's clothes by the end. Apparently, one spectator saw her in pants and ran screaming.