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Poker Players Left Hanging As Top Sites Shut Down

The people who played online poker — sometimes as full-time jobs — have been left in limbo since the Department of Justice shut down the three largest online poker sites last week. Some players have thousands of dollars on account which they can't access.

Shawn Lindstrom didn't think there was much risk involved with his favorite hobby.

"My self conception was that my online poker playing was legal," he says.

Lindstrom used to play in a home game that moved online when members of the game moved out of town. That game was kept alive until an estimated 8 million to 10 million online poker players found their favorite sites shut down Friday. Federal prosecutors charged three big poker sites and the banks that serviced them with fraud and illegal gambling. Go to, or, and you'll see an FBI seal.

Joseph Kelly, a professor at the State University of New York at Buffalo and the co-editor of Gaming Law Review, says there's a decent case that these players really didn't break the law.

"It's uncertain whether these laws actually prohibit online poker. The Justice Department says it does," Kelly says.

The actions of the DOJ must be taken seriously, even if no players were charged with violating the law. Poker site operators and bankers who facilitated transactions were charged, but that still leaves guys like Russell Fox out of luck.

"I consider it a part-time job. I consider it secondary income," Fox says.

He's a sales rep for a beverage company full time. The phrase he uses regularly to describe the state of online poker is "a joke." It is a joke, he says, that real-life poker is legal in some states and treated as the devil's downtime in others. It's a joke that websites have to put their headquarters in Costa Rica and the Isle of Man to serve guys from Fresh Meadows, Queens in New York, he says, and it's a joke to think that online players will be denied.

"They went after the big three to make a point, but meanwhile I can name 25 other poker websites that are up and running," Fox says.

Poker chat rooms are burning with website workarounds.

Mark Anderson is an online player from Los Angeles.

"If you go to those online forums, they're all talking about moving. And they're serious because they'd much rather try to find a way to move to Canada, where it's perfectly legal," Anderson says.

Another message board run by the Poker Players Alliance, an advocacy group whose president is former Republican Sen. Alphonse D'Amato, is full of stories about how the shutdown is affecting players.

One post says, "I recently graduated with two degrees, one in microbiology and one in molecular genetics. Currently looking for a full-time job, I play online poker for 3-4 times more per hour than I do at my part time job."

There are of course no testimonials from players saying online poker was costing them a few hundred dollars a month, but right now there are no online poker winners. Today, millions of players know that the government holds all the cards. Copyright 2011 National Public Radio. To see more, visit

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